Real Name: Ebenezer Laughton

Identity/Class: Human mutate; former disembodied spirit, +/- magic users;
    US citizen with a criminal record

Occupation: Professional criminal, serial killer; former carnival performer

Group Membership: Bagalia's Masters of Evil;
formerly Ghost Rider Assassination League (Big Wheel, Blackout (Lilin), Deacon, Madcap, Orb, Trull the Unhuman, Vengeance/Kowalski), Hood's Army (
Answer, Blackout (Lilin), Blood Brother, Brothers Grimm, Bushwacker, Centurius, Chemistro, Crossfire, Corruptor, Cutthroat, Deathwatch, Doctor Demonicus, Griffin, Hood + demon, Jigsaw, Living Laser, Madame Masque, Purple Man, Razor-Fist, Vermin, Wizard, Wrecking Crew (Bulldozer, Piledriver, Thunderball, Wrecker));
    former leader of a group of the Firm's creatures (mutates, creations, or other);
    formerly the Cowled Commander's
Crime Wave (Eel/Leopold Stryke, Plantman, Porcupine/Alex Gentry), Exterminators (Electro, Molten Man, Rhino, Swarm, Will O' The Wisp), Maggia, Nefaria's lieutenants (Eel, Plantman, Porcupine, Unicorn/Milos Masaryk);
    former agent of the Firm

Affiliations: Consistently works with a murder of trained crows, numbering from a half dozen up to hundreds in some instances;
    Absorbing Man, Armadillo, Avengers (Ares, Hawkeye/Bullseye, Iron Patriot/Norman Osborn, Ms. Marvel/Karla Sofen, Sentry/Robert Reynolds, Spider-Man/Mac Gargan), Raoul Bushman, Chameleon (Dmitri Smerdykov), Cowled Commander, Dragon Man, Eel (Leopold Stryke), 8-Ball, Electro (Max Dillon), Figment, Great Wall, Grey Gargoyle, Herman the German, Hood (Parker Robbins), Mad Thinker (robot), Mandrill, Mr. Hyde, Rhino, Plantman, Porcupine, Powderkeg, Sandman (William Baker), Scarecrow (Jonathan Crane), of Earth-DC mainstream, Scorpion (Mac Gargan), Silencer, Martin Sutter, Tiger Shark, U-Foes (Ironclad, Vapor, Vector, X-Ray), Viper (Jordan Dixon), Whirlwind, Wizard (formerly Bentley Wittman), Zadkiel;
    formerly Abyss, Blackheart, Count Nefaria, Cuban agents, Molten Man, Spook, Stern, Thornton;
    former unwitting pawn of Dr. Doom (Victor von Doom)
    possibly the Mandarin and his agents (including Ho Che)

Enemies: Asgardians, Avengers (Cage, Captain America/Steve Rogers, Captain America/James Barnes, Iron Man/Tony Stark, Ms. Marvel/Carol Danvers, Ronin/Clint Barton, Sentry/Rob Reynolds, Spider-Man/Peter Parker, Spider-Woman/Jessica Drew, Wolverine/Logan/James Howlett), Mrs. Batts and her two daughters, Arthur Bennett, Black Ant (Eric O'Grady LMD), Blackheart, Black Hole's physicians and staff, Black Rose (Roxanne Simpson), John Blaze, Brother Voodoo, Mr. Buckley, Mr. Burns, Captain America (Steve Rogers), Dr. Chaney, Coalition for an Upstanding America, Controller, Jaine Cutter, Capt. Arthur Dolan, Stacy Dolan, Jean-Paul DuChamp, Falcon (Sam Wilson), several unidentified FBI agents, Max Fury, Ghost Rider (Dan Ketch/Noble Kale), Guardsmen, Dr. Harris, Hawkeye (Clint Barton, now Ronin), Hellstorm, Harold "Happy" Hogan, Iron Man (Tony Stark), Barb Ketch, Frances Ketch, Klaw, Lois Lane of Earth-DC mainstream, Lilith (daughter of Dracula), James Winston McArthur, Donny McGill, Mr. Fantastic (Reed Richards), Liz Osborn/Allan, Normie Osborn, Professor X (Charles Xavier), Ray (NYPD), Redwing, Salomé, She-Hulk (Jennifer Walters), Roxanne Simpson, Skrulls, Spider-Man (Peter Parker), Spider-Man (Ben Reilly), John Steele, Thornton, Thunderbolts (Atlas/Erik Josten, Baron (Helmut) Zemo, Blizzard/Donny Gill, Fixer/Norbert Ebersol, Joystick, Radioactive Man, Songbird), Unicorn (Milos Masaryk), Venom (Eddie Brock), Wolverine (James "Logan" Howlett), X-Men (Angel/Warren Worthington, Beast/Hank McCoy, Cyclops/Scott Summers, Iceman/Bobby Drake, Marvel Girl/Jean Grey), several unidentified victims

Known Relatives: Ralph Laughton (brother), unidentified mother (deceased), unidentified father (deceased)

Aliases: Master of Fear, Umberto the Uncanny, the Uncanny Umberto

Base of Operations: Mobile throughout New York City;
    formerly the containment quadrant of Baron (Helmut) Zemo's folding castle (folded between pockets of reality, with various access points on Earth);
    formerly the Raft sub-section of Ryker's Island, New York;
    formerly Mephisto's Hell realm (while it was under Blackheart's rule);
    formerly Government Research and Containment Facility #24601 (the "Black Hole"), somewhere in the American Midwest?
    formerly Creedmoor Psychiatric Center in Queens, New York City, New York;
    formerly the Vault, Rocky Mountains, Colorado;
    spent early youth in Brooklyn Heights brownstone before apparently returning to Rhinebeck;
    born in Rhinebeck, New York

Education: High school dropout

First Appearance: Tales of Suspense I#51 (March, 1964)

Powers/Abilities: His implants from the Firm caused Scarecrow to produce a mutated pheromone that affected the adrenal glands of those within 20 feet of him, causing a sensory overload leading to a panic attack. The same pheromone affected his own adrenal system, he maintained a state of adrenal gland stimulation, and the epinephrine/adrenaline (and possibly other treatments) enhanced his strength to slightly superhuman levels. He soon found that others' fear bolstered his strength to even greater levels (Class 10). In his fear-boosted form, he had enhanced speed, could swiftly regenerate from even seemingly fatal wounds, was virtually inexhaustible, and his agility and reflexes were at superhuman levels. He could also apparently summon and control large numbers (hundreds or even thousands) of crows (and possibly blackbirds, as well) at this time without the need for special training.
    It is unclear what degree of abilities he currently retains, just as it is unclear if he was resurrected in his own body or has since possessed another form. He has not demonstrated superhuman strength, but he has been seen to cause panic attacks in others, and he has also been seen to seemingly take the form of others' greatest enemies in order to inspire fear in an opponent; it is unclear whether this was still a superhuman power on his part or whether it was a result of artificial chemicals he was using.

    After being resurrected as a disembodied spirit, he could possess and animate corpses, as well as possess and control a living person as well; he could apparently only take over a body after the person were rendered unconscious. A body he was possessing was then resistant to possession by other spirits. He could sense what others feared most and could cause his targets to see these things, often making them feeling as they were living out their greatest fears. He could also apparently summon and control large numbers (hundreds or even thousands) of crows (and possibly blackbirds, as well) at this time without the need for special training.

    In any of his forms, Scarecrow is a gifted contortionist and a talented acrobat, and he is highly skilled at picking locks and escaping various restraints. These skills make him a formidable and unconventional combatant, despite his lack of formal training. He can evade many assaults, roll with the force of those that do strike him, and slip out of most holds or restraints. He is experienced in using a pitchfork in combat.
    Scarecrow's original human form has athlete level strength, and exceptional speed and reflexes.

    Scarecrow is also experienced at training birds. He is assisted in his crimes and assaults by a murder of crows trained to perform a variety of actions, according to his signals, generally vocal commands and tone or hand gestures. They are trained to attack and even kill designated targets, and they specifically attack anyone who rushes or points a weapon at the Scarercrow. They are skilled at finding and carrying off jewelry and valuables, or anything at which the Scarecrow points.

    Scarecrow is a dangerous sociopath and a sadistic killer. He is guided by fear, often trying to frighten others and then to release their fear by tearing them open; he sometimes sees people's bodies as packages to unwrap. In some of his mental states, he has been virtually fearless and highly resistant to pain, while in others he has been quite afraid of being harmed, causing him to lapse back to memories of his childhood beatings. While in the former state, he proved immune to Ghost Rider's penance stare, as he neither felt guilt for his actions nor minded feeling the pain he had delivered to his victims.

    Scarecrow generally wields a pitchfork, his "trusty rusty," which he likes best when it is coated in bodily fluids, such as blood. He has used a variety of pitchforks, from handmade to commercial. He formerly used a virtually indestructible pitchfork composed of unspecified materials that proved capable of causing pain to the Ghost Rider's skeletal form.


Height: 6'
Weight: 165 lbs.
Eyes: Brown
Hair: Brown




(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear (fb) - BTS) - Ebenezer's family lived in a brownstone in Brooklyn Heights when he was a young boy.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb) - BTS) - Ebenezer's father had apparently been a geek, a circus performer who does disgusting acts.

(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear (fb) - BTS) - As a child, Ebenezer idolized his alcoholic mother who was sometimes abusive to him.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb) - BTS) - His mother was away a lot, while his father spent much of his time in his office, where Ebenezer sometimes overheard him crying.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb) - BTS) - His mother frequently abused him, sometimes punching him or putting out burning cigarettes on his flesh.

(New Avengers: Most Wanted Files: Scarecrow) - His mother gave him gifts after abusing him to ease her feelings of guilt. This dysfunctional discipline convinced Ebenezer that rewards always followed punishment, and his behavior grew worse as he sought beatings and the gifts that came with them. Ebenezer was socially awkward while growing up.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb)) - Ebenezer entertained himself by killing and cutting open animals, watching them die and learning what made them work. His mother warned him she would hurt him if he didn't stop this.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb) - BTS) - One time his parents argued about one of his mother's boyfriends, and his mother stabbed his father in the arm with a kitchen knife.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb)) - Ebenezer's mother came home to find him having cut open another pet. After yelling him and telling him she should have thrown him in the river after he was born, she broke one of his fingers. Contorting free from her grasp, he ran and hid in the house.

(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear (fb) - BTS) - After his father divorced his mother, Ebenezer, unable to live with the truth about his beloved mother, transferred the blame of the abuse onto his father.

(Captain America I#280 (fb) - BTS) - Ebenezer Laughton's father was a simple farmer.

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#9: Scarecrow) - A naturally lithe, flexible, and "double-jointed" youth, Ebenezer was inspired after seeing a "rubber man" perform at a traveling carnival and became obsessed with emulating him. Training himself almost incessantly, Laughton learned to twist and bend his body into numerous unusual positions and perform various acrobatic stunts.

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#9: Scarecrow) - A brief audition of his abilities gained him a job at a live variety show where he billed himself as Umberto the Uncanny.

(Tales of Suspense I#51) - In his role as the Uncanny Umberto, Laughton was in the middle of his stage act, slipping out of a set of chains when Iron Man chased a criminal, who had been trying to loot the box office, through his theater. Seeing the publicity he'd gain if he took out the criminal before Iron Man caught him, Umberto dove into a somersault and knocked the man over. Iron Man congratulated him on his success, noting that he was glad he operated on the side of the law. Inspired by that though, Laughton decided that he could make more money as a criminal, and he stole a scarecrow costume from a costume shop to disguise his identity. He then stole the trained crows of his former associate Thornton; recognizing Laughton, the crows trusted him. He took them home and swiftly trained them to pick out shiny jewelry.







    Later that same day, as the Scarecrow, Laughton was in the midst of looting Tony Stark's penthouse suite when Stark and "Happy" Hogan discovered him. Happy rushed him, but the Scarecrow agilely tossed him aside. When Iron Man confronted him, the Scarecrow fled, locked the door, then dropped a sash on him and had his crows swiftly bind him with it. By the time Iron Man broke free, Laughton had hidden inside a vase and sent his crows out the window to lead Iron Man to attempt to follow them to their master, which he did (the crows subsequently split up into different directions, and Iron Man abandoned his pursuit). Exiting the vase, the Scarecrow rifled through Stark's safe and grabbed a folder of military secrets, but then the revived Hogan grabbed him. Scarecrow leapt out the window, his remaining crows slowly his descent sufficiently for his skills to grant him a safe landing. Scarecrow soon tried to ransom Stark's plan back to him, and Stark allowed the Scarecrow to steal the money he'd brought, having placed a transistorized magnet in the briefcase. Scarecrow contacted some Cubans and arranged to meet them on a ship and deliver the plans. He took a motorboat out to sea to meet them, but then Iron Man, having followed by his own boat, activated the magnet and recovered the briefcase, into which Scarecrow had placed the plans. Iron Man then grabbed Scarecrow, tossed him in the ocean, then drilled holes in the Cuban's ship. Scarecrow escaped as several of his crows helped speed his trip to a not-too-distant Cuban ship, while the energy-exhausted Iron Man couldn't pursue by flight, or by his ship for fear that the Cuban ship would blow it up.
    On the shores of Cuba, the Scarecrow pondered vengeance, vowing not to underestimate Iron Man again.

(Iron Man: Enter the Mandarin#2) - Agents of the Mandarin met with Ebenezer Laughton in a Greenwich Village theater. He initially denied the head agent (Ho Che)'s efforts to recruit him into the Mandarin's service, noting he was on too many most wanted lists and that he wished to stay out of trouble. Ho Che grabbed Laughton by the neck when he disrespected the Mandarin, but after Laughton twisted free, he proved his skills. Ho Che gave him a new Scarecrow costume and told him he would be working in industrial sabotage.
    The Scarecrow was caught in the act of looting Stark's vault by Stark and Happy. When Happy rushed him he swiftly overpowered him. He pulled a knife on Happy, but by then Stark had had time to change into Iron Man (though only at 57% power), and he confronted Scarecrow.

(Iron Man: Enter the Mandarin#3) - Iron Man blasted the Scarecrow, who rolled with the assault and then attacked anew; his power levels further dwindling, Scarecrow's assault injured him. Happy grabbed Scarecrow, who flipped him over his back. Iron Man dazzled Scarecrow with a blinding light, but Scarecrow sent his crows to run interference for him, and they confused Iron Man's sensors sufficiently to make him back through a window and crash on the ground below. Scarecrow used the distraction to escape.
    Laughton delivered the discs he had stolen from Stark's vault to Ho Che aboard a ship, but Iron Man tracked his property and confronted them. Scarecrow leapt at Iron Man, who had recharged to full power and launched Laughton overboard.

(Untold Tales of Spider-Man#22) -  Back in the USA, Scarecrow, assisted by his crows, began robbing high rise apartments. One such endeavor was observed by Spider-Man (Peter Parker, who at the time was afraid to risk injury to himself, as his Aunt May had taken ill and, he thought, needed his care--but he also needed money, so was trying to get pictures for the Daily Bugle). Spider-Man tried to just take some pictures and depart, but he was discovered by the crows who moved to protect their master, and the panicked Spider-Man fell through the skylight, landing right in front of Scarecrow. Spider-Man tried to avoid a conflict and escape and eventually fled, forced to take Scarecrow's taunts about his cowardice.
    After his next theft, Scarecrow was confronted by the Green Goblin (Norman Osborn), who offered him a position in his gang. Scarercrow declined, preferring to work solo, and laughed after the Goblin tried to intimidate him by bragging about having recently defeated Spider-Man. "Ha! Join the club!"
    The next day, the Scarecrow was in the middle of another theft, when he was again confronted by Spider-Man (whose aunt was recovering well and given him a motivational speech about never giving up). Expecting Spider-Man to flee again, Scarecrow was surprised when Spider-Man grabbed him. Scarecrow slipped free, but was unable to lay a hand on Spider-Man, who continued to mock him. Scarecrow sent his crows after him and fled, but Spidey webbed them up and then tackled Scarecrow anew. Scarecrow dodged a number of assaults, but Spider-Man taunted him with a souvenir to mark his impending defeat. Disgusted, Scarecrow snapped the token in half, little realizing it was a web cartridge, the contents of which then covered him in an immense ball. Spider-Man left him for the police.

(Fantastic Four Annual#3 / Marvel: Heroes and Legends '96 - BTS) - Scarecrow was one of the many villains -- including Attuma and his barbarians, Batroc, the Beetle, the Black Knight (Nathan Garrett), the Cobra, Diablo, the Eel, Electro, the Enchantress, the Executioner, the Grey Gargoyle, Grogoom, the Human Top, HYDRA, Kang, the Mad Thinker and his Awesome Android, the Mandarin, the Melter, Mr. Hyde, the Mole Man and his Moloids, the Plantman, Porcupine, the Puppet Master, the Red Ghost and his Super-Apes, the Super-Skrull, the Trapster, and the Unicorn -- drawn by Dr. Doom (Victor von Doom)'s Emotion Charger to attack the Fantastic Four during the wedding of Sue Storm and Reed Richards. Apparently arriving late in the struggle, he was swiftly dispatched back through time, bereft of memories of the encounter, by Reed Richards, using the Sub-Atronic Time Displacer he had been allowed to take from the home of Uatu the Watcher.

(X-Men I#22) - Count Nefaria recruited the Scarecrow, alongside the Plantman, Eel (Leopold Stryke), Porcupine (Alex Gentry), and the Unicorn (Milos Masaryk), as part of a group of lieutenants to assist him after he had regained leadership of the Maggia; Nefaria realized, however, that each of them conspired to usurp leadership of the Maggia. Their first assignment as to capture the X-Men, widely suspected of being criminals, so Nefaria could recruit them to serve him as well. An image from Nefaria's machinery led the Angel (Warren Worthington) to Central Park, where the Scarecrow's crows trapped him in an adhesive net. Aided by Nefaria's Maggia agents, Scarecrow brought in Angel, while the rest of his teammates captured the other X-Men.

(X-Men I#23) - After Nefaria enveloped Washington DC in a virtually indestructible dome, he sent images of the X-Men to demand a ransom payment: 100 million dollars. Professor Xavier telepathically contacted the X-Men and instructed them to play along with Nefaria's plan, so they agreed to collect the ransom payment once the Senate had approved it. Nefaria sent his lieutenants to hide out just outside the dome and watch over the X-Men in case they attempted treachery, but -- after following the X-Men through a secret portal in the dome -- all five of them agreed to betray Nefaria and claim the 100 million for themselves; they further agreed to allow the Unicorn to be their temporary leader. When the DC residents assaulted the X-Men after they claimed the ransom money, Nefaria's lieutenants helped drive off the residents; Scarecrow's crows viciously attacked these people. After the X-Men and Nefaria's lieutenants escaped the dome, the lieutenants tried to claim the ransom money, but the X-Men opposed them. Scarecrow's crows made the Angel drop the money, but Marvel Girl (Jean Grey) reclaimed it. After Unicorn seemingly obtained the money and then betrayed his allies, Scarecrow and the others evaded capture by the US Army and escaped (as the X-Men had been the seeming criminals, the lieutenants were not the priority); Xavier later revealed that the money-containing briefcase that Unicorn had stolen was actually just a mental projection.

(Captain America I#159 (fb) - BTS) - Having abandoned Unicorn, the Scarecrow, Plantman, Eel, and Porcupine were recruited by the Cowled Commander into his Crime-Wave, to emphasize the need for the police to be able to work with less restrictions.

(Captain America I#158 - BTS) - Viper (Jordan Dixon) noted that he was subservient to the Cowled Commander's Crime-Wave (Eel, Plantman, Porcupine, Scarecrow).

(Captain America I#159) - As the Crime-Wave looted a jewelry store, they were discovered and attacked by Captain America. Cap kicked Scarecrow down, but his crows turned on Cap until the Falcon sent Redwing to drive them off. Falcon then drop-kicked Scarecrow while swinging into the battle. After the Eel blasted the Falcon out of the air, the Crime-Wave took advantage of the distraction to flee. Redwing traced the crows to the Crime-Wave's base and led Cap and the Falcon there, but they were both incapacitated by Plantman's giant plants. After Cap broke them out of the Cowled Commanders' prison-trap, they fought the Crime-Wave again; Scarecrow was dropped by Cap's shield, and the whole group was taken away by the police.

(X-23#3) - After demonstrating X-23's proficiency by slaying presidential candidate Greg Johnson, the Facility's Martin Sutter contacted a number of people, including Scarecrow to offer X-23's services.

(Captain America I#280 (fb) - BTS) - Scarecrow went mad in prison, and he came out thinking he was something he wasn't, making up a false past for himself. He chose his brother, Ralph, to be his chauffeur, but renamed him Anthony, because he thought that sounded like a better name for a chauffeur.

(Captain America Annual#6) - Captain America came upon the Scarecrow just as he left First City Bank, which he had just robbed as his crows kept the guards occupied. Scarecrow tried to convince Cap to split the loot and let him escape, but Cap punched him to the ground and then drove on top of him, continuing the assault. Scarecrow summoned his crows to attack Cap and fled into his waiting limousine and told his driver, Anthony, to take off. Cap caught up to them, but was then transported across the dimensions by the Contemplator, allowing Scarecrow to escape.

(Captain America I#280 - BTS) - After the Coalition for an Upstanding America picked Captain America as their representative/spokesman (without his permission), the Scarecrow started targeting members of the Coalition (or their family members).

(Captain America I#279 - BTS) - Scarecrow's crows assaulted the wealthy Mr. Burns, and his wife found his traumatized (apparently dead) body.

(Captain America I#279 - BTS) - Scarecrow and his crows assaulted and slew a young woman and then tied her body to a lamppost, leaving his crows to continue to pick at her.

(Captain America I#279) - Scarecrow watched from a hiding spot in Central Park as a couple fled upon encountered the woman's body.

(Captain America I#280) - Scarecrow sneaked into an apartment through a vent, then rang the doorbell of a Mr. Buckley, and his crows assaulted the man when he opened the door. The neighbors found the man, apparently dead.

(Captain America I#280 - BTS) - The Scarecrow's murder spree made the cover of the Daily Bugle.

(Captain America I#280 - BTS) - After learning of the Scarecrow's murder spree from members of the Coalition for an Upstanding America (whose members included the husband of the woman slain in Central Park), Captain America promised to take him down.

(Captain America I#280) - From the basement of his farmhouse in Rhinebeck, New York, the Scarecrow watched a TV speech of the Coalition's leader, James Winston McArthur, refusing to be intimidated by the Scarecrow's assault. "Anthony" brought him coffee and doughnuts, but Scarecrow flipped out when McArthur called him a madman. Vowing to prove that all men were men of straw underneath their holier-than-though facade, and he vowed revenge. Captain America encountered the Scarecrow and his crows assaulted advertiser Arthur Bennett, tackling him, but the Scarecrow dodged several other assaults and escaped out a window; Cap had to let him go in order to call an ambulance for the injured Bennett.

(Captain America I#280 - BTS) - Scarecrow assaulted and captured McArthur, then chained him up in the rafters of the Coalition's next rally's studio. Scarecrow used a latex mask to impersonate McArthur, while he had his men (who wore similar Scarecrow masks) impersonate the studio's security.

(Captain America I#280) - Scarecrow removed his McArthur mask in mid-speech at the Coalition rally, had his Scarecrow men reveal their presence, and revealed the real McArthur to be his prisoner. He told everyone his own father was like McArthur: he was a man of the cloth, but his sermons were straw (hollow and empty) and his religion was air. He further revealed his brother, "Anthony," telling everyone that his father had beat Anthony so severely that he was left brain-damaged. While Captain America covertly took out the Scarecrow's men, Scarecrow played a tape of McArthur reveal that he was using the Coalition to manipulate society to his own ends. Under duress from the Scarecrow, McArthur revealed this was true, but when Scarecrow pulled a straight razor, Cap kicked him out of the way. Scarecrow meekly asked Cap not to hit him, but Cap did anyway, after which the Scarecrow collapsed, begging his father not to hit him again. "Anthony" then revealed his real name to be Ralph, and explained that the Scarecrow had gone mad in solitary confinement, and that everything he had told everyone about his past was false.

(Avengers Spotlight#26) - As part of the "Acts of Vengeance," Loki helped the Wizard (Bentley Wittman) escape his cell at the Vault, and the Wizard opened the other cells. as another group of Guardsmen rushed in, a fully costumed (presumably via Loki's magic?), joined the Wizard, Mr. Hyde, Armadillo, and Electro in confronting them. He was seen punching a Guardsman as Electro zapped the same guy.

(Avengers Spotlight#26/2) - While Iron Man (Tony Stark) and Hawkeye (Clint Barton) worked to rescue the Guardsmen and contain the prisoners, Scarecrow ambushed Hawkeye, holding a knife to his neck. Hawkeye simply flipped Scarecrow off of him and then convinced him to go back into his cell with a conventional pointed arrow aimed at his face.

(Avengers: Deathtrap: The Vault) - When Venom (Eddie Brock), Goliath (Erik Josten), Ironclad, Klaw, Moonstone (Karls Sofen), Speed Demon, Titania (Mary MacPherran), the Wrecking Crew, and several other criminals tried to make a prison break from the Vault, Laughton joined with Armadillo and the Rhino to try to stop them. They confronted Venom, but Klaw stunned the trio with a sound blast, and Controller finished them off.

(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear (fb) - BTS) - Laughton transferred his intense hatred of his father to Captain America.

(Ghost Rider III#7 (fb) - BTS) - Scarecrow's lawyers arranged to have him transferred to Creedmoor Psychiatric Center in Queens, New York, under the care of Dr. Chaney. He somehow made contact with a number of his crows, which began to bring him Scarecrow masks.

(Ghost Rider III#7 (fb)) - Dr. Chaney and his men took away another Scarecrow mask, chiding Laughton for such behavior/masquerade, which was counterproductive. Laughton ignored his words, instead noting that Chaney had a nice neck and wondering what he was made of inside. As Laughton stared out his window, Chaney's assistant Donny McGill noted that Laughton was oblivious to him, waiting for a rescue of something, and Chaney chided him for his disrespect; Laughton wondered what was inside McGill, too. After Chaney left, the crows brought a new mask, as well as a straight razor for him.

(Ghost Rider III#7 (fb) - BTS) - Scarecrow escaped Creedmoor in a bloody massacre.

(Ghost Rider III#7 (fb) - BTS) - Seeking to bring Captain America to stop him, Scarecrow began a series of murders.

(Ghost Rider III#7 (fb) - BTS) <2 months after his escape> - Scarecrow was linked with the murder of a Brooklyn Heights resident found hanging from a lamppost; unconfirmed rumors noted that the body was disemboweled and filled with straw.

(Ghost Rider III#7) -  After slaughtering some rooftop pigeon pets, Scarecrow and his crows confronted and slew a mother and her baby with a pitchfork as they walked down the street. After seeing the murder and hearing that the Scarecrow had been contained in a two block area, Dan Ketch was drawn to the Ghost Rider's approaching motorcycle and then confronted Scarecrow as Ghost Rider. Scarecrow ordered his crows to attack, but Ghost Rider smashed them away, bound Scarecrow in his chains and transported him away, jumping from rooftop to rooftop. Scarecrow pulled free from the chains and then from Ghost Rider's grip before escaping down a drain.
    Later, Scarecrow plotted to release the fear from a couple walking the streets, disappointed that Cap hadn't come to stop him, but Ghost Rider located him again. Scarecrow attacked with his pitchfork, which Ghost Rider swatted away. After his penance stare failed to have any effect on Scarecrow (since he didn't feel guilt or mind pain), Ghost Rider tossed Scarecrow through the air, impaling him on his pitchfork. After Ghost Rider departed, agents of the Firm claimed his body.

(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear (fb) - BTS) - The Firm employed Dr. Harris to perform a series of surgeries on Laughton.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb)) - Unknown to all, Laughton was awake throughout each procedure and could feel the cutting and probing. One of the surgeons apparently severed one of his vocal cords, rendering him unable to scream/release his fear, though this later healed.

(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear) - As Dr. Harris completed the final implantation surgery, questioning the morality of what he'd done over the past few months, Laughton awakened (despite the anesthesia), slipped his restraints, and slaughtered everyone in the operating room with scalpels.

(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear (fb) - BTS) - Scarecrow committed another string of murders, leaving  the bodies as messages for Captain America.

(Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear) - Scarecrow and his crows slaughtered a passing couple. A pair of cops, Stacy Dolan and her partner, Ray, came upon the scene and drew on Scarecrow, but his fear powers incapacitated them. Scarecrow slew Ray and took Stacy captive, as he mistook her for his mother. He took her to his house and bound her, crucifixion style.
    Captain America used the psychiatrists' records to travel to Laughton's old neighborhood, after which they followed the immense murder of crows to locate his specific base. When Captain America entered the house, Scarecrow attacked him, overwhelming him with his enhanced strength and panic powers until Ghost Rider bound Scarecrow with his chain and pulled him away. Seeing Captain America and Stacy's father entering his base, Scarecrow slipped Ghost Rider's grip and escaped down the chimney. Captain America protected Captain. Dolan from Scarecrow's pitchfork, after which Ghost Rider battered him into a stupor. Sgt. Dolan nearly shot Scarecrow until realizing Stacy was still alive, but then Scarecrow attacked anew, summoning his crows. Stacy fired a shot that grazed Scarecrow's forehead, and when he turned on her, Ghost Rider through him out a window, and he landed on the spiked fence below, impaled again.
    Everyone left him for dead, but then Scarecrow pulled himself off the fence. Stern, the Firm's leader, then confronted Scarecrow, telling him how he would serve as their agent.

(Ghost Rider III#38 (fb) - BTS) - Stern's agents restored Scarecrow to physical health, gifted him with a new pitchfork (highly durable, possibly other properties), and then sealed him inside a steel vault with a number of other mutations/creatures, which he apparently intended Scarecrow to lead for him when the time was right.

(Ghost Rider III#38) - After the Firm had been taken apart by Ghost Rider, and Stern slain, the vault was discovered by the FBI, who opened it with blow torches. Scarecrow instructed the creatures to escape, though several of them attacked the cops before departing. After Scarecrow began attacking the panic stricken agents, Ghost Rider arrived and attacked him. Scarecrow's new pitchfork allowed him to do some damage to Ghost Rider, and he had pinned the spirit of vengeance through the neck and against the wall with it when Off. Stacy Dolan shot him in the back repeatedly. The remaining creatures dragged off Scarecrow and fled with him.

(Doctor Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#61) - As the sorceress Salomé fed on humanity's emotions, Scarecrow's loving followers were unable to protect him from her power. He screamed in agony, feeling as if he was burning alive.

(Marvel versus DC / DC versus Marvel#1 - BTS; 2; 3 & 4 - BTS) - When the Brothers began merging the Marvel and DC Megaverses, Scarecrow appeared on the mainstream DC Earth, where he joined that world's Scarecrow (Jonathan Crane) in taking Lois Lane hostage. She was saved by Ben Reilly (Spider-Man/Peter Parker's clone, who had been transported there as well), who kicked one Scarecrow into the other, then took her back to the Daily Planet.











(Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (fb) - BTS) - Scarecrow made a new home in a patch of poisoned Brooklyn waste ground. He further realized that he was healed by others' fear. He began capturing people, feeding on some, and keeping others prisoner in a Brooklyn house to constantly feed him fear. Over four nights he abducted about 30 people. He claimed to have made candles from human fat.

(Ghost Rider III Annual#2) - Scarecrow resolved to make the Ghost Rider fear him. While collecting a new male victim, he was caught in the act by a pair of NYPD cops, but his fear powers paralyzed them with panic, and he slew the male cop and took the female with him.
    Knowing Ghost Rider frequently used the rode outside his house,  Scarecrow attached a rope made from a policeman's intestines to his pitchfork. When Ghost Rider approached at high speed, he hurled the pitchfork into a telegraph pole on the opposite side of the street and clotheslined him. Recovering, Ghost Rider hurled his chain at Scarecrow, catching him in the chest. Feigning mortal injury, Scarecrow fled into the house, calling his crows to distract Ghost Rider, then smashed him out of a window onto the street below as he approached.
    Scarecrow escaped with all of his captives back to his wasteland home, then eavesdropped outside the 15th Precinct. Discussion of Capt. Dolan's feeling of helplessness amused him so much that he laughed himself sick. He tied his victims to his walls, binding the living next to the dead to increase the former's fear output. Scarecrow subsequently slew the two cops working with Captain Dolan and attempted to take Dolan hostage, but Dolan held him off until Ghost Rider arrived. Scarecrow escaped back home and completed his Scared House. As Ghost Rider approached on his motorcycle, he turned a corner, any promptly ran into human bodies Scarecrow had hung; the front one was alive when Scarecrow placed it there. Challenging Ghost Rider, Scarecrow caught his hurled chain and then pulled it, smashing the Rider into a building. He then led GR into his Scared House where they fought, and GR swiftly realized he had to control his strikes or risk injuring the still living people tied to the walls of the house's narrow maze. Scarecrow insisted that Ghost Rider submit to his torture or he'd kill a victim, but Ghost Rider shocked  him by telling him that after all of the victims had died that he would inflict vengeance on him a thousand times heavier. Too surprised to evade the subsequent chain through, Scarecrow was stunned, and Ghost Rider grabbed him and broke every bone in his body, holding them malpositioned so that they healed crooked, effectively crippling him. The police arrived soon after and dismantled the Scared House and took him captive, his fear trapped within him yet again.




(Ghost Rider III#63) - Within Government Research and Containment Facility #24601 (aka the Black Hole prison), Laughton underwent surgery to repair his damaged limbs; he assured them that they didn't need to restrain or sedate him for this. The doctors took multiple bone biopsies, after which they began breaking and re-seting his bones. After the Ghost Rider, who had been captured and was being tested at the facility, broke free and took out the main power batteries, Laughton broke free and slaughtered the doctors and staff working on him. Recovering his costume and pitchfork, Scarecrow confronted the Black Hole's leader, the Spook.

(Ghost Rider III#64) - Spook was unafraid of Scarecrow, which unnerved him. Spook then led Scarecrow to follow him deep into the facility, engaged the nuclear core (to destroy all evidence as SHIELD and the Avengers had arrived), and told Scarecrow to open up and release the fear of any who tried to enter the room. Ghost Rider arrived later, and Scarecrow attacked him with his pitchfork.

(Ghost Rider III#65) - Unwilling to toy with Scarecrow in the face of the nuclear threat, Ghost Rider knocked him unconscious with a single punch. SHIELD was unable to deactivate the device, and Ghost Rider, the SHIELD agents, and the Avengers narrowly escaped the subterranean facility before it exploded.

(Ghost Rider: Crossroads) - Within a realm of Hell, Scarecrow was summoned to a meeting with Blackheart, who had temporarily slain his father, Mephisto, and taken over his realm. Blackheart then summoned Dan Ketch to Hell, bereft of his Ghost Rider/Noble Kale bond/power. Scarecrow attacked Dan, but was swept away by the spirit of Barb Ketch. Blackheart finally brought John Blaze to Hell, briefly re-bound Blaze to Zarathos, and challenged Blaze, Ketch, and Scarecrow to escape from Hell. Whoever made it out of Hell would be allowed to escape and to take one thing with him.
    Barb Ketch and Roxanne Simpson took corporeal form and underwent the journey with Dan, and when Scarecrow ambushed them again, Roxanne knocked Dan to safety. Scarecrow shoved a pitchfork tine through Barb's shoulder, but Dan then grabbed the pitchfork, pulled it out, and smashed Scarecrow in the head with its handle, knocking him out. Dan took the pitchfork as they departed. As they approached the portal to Earth, Scarecrow attacked yet again. Dan stabbed Scarecrow with his pitchfork, but he proved immune to its effects. When Dan impaled him with a metal pipe, however, he collapsed, apparently mortally wounded. Curious, Dan asked him what he would have taken with him if he had gotten back to Earth first, and Scarecrow told him "an all the voices in my all the fear."
    Dan and John later thwarted Blackheart's efforts and returned to Earth, restoring the Ghost Rider to status quo.








(Ghost Rider III#84 (fb) - BTS / Ghost Rider III#86 (fb) - BTS) - Blackheart told Scarecrow's spirit if he could possess Dan Ketch's body for 24 hours, it was his to keep forever. Additionally, Scarecrow would have gained demonhood and power beyond his dreams.

(Ghost Rider III#77 - BTS) - Blackheart sent Scarecrow's spirit back to Earth, and it possessed the corpse of Barb Ketch, whose grave them exploded with energy, as a murder of crows flew overhead.
    Dan Ketch had a vision of a young girl carrying a scarecrow doll.

(Ghost Rider III#83 (fb) - BTS) - Barb/Scarecrow dug up a number of corpses and placed them in a car in an automobile junkyard, using their residual energies for power.

(Ghost Rider III#81) - Dan and Frances Ketch found Barb's grave uprooted and violated, with her body missing. Upon returning to Mrs. Ketch's home, they were assaulted by a murder of crows (hundreds of them) coming from inside the house. From the shadows, Barb/Scarecrow watched and smiled.

(Ghost Rider III#82) - Dan locked his mother in the garage to protect her, then turned into Ghost Rider and fought off the crows, while the Scarecrow/Barb's corpse laughed on their front lawn. Later, while Dan/Ghost Rider were away, "Barb" confronted her mother.
    Brother Voodoo and his then associate Lilith sensed the mystic forces at work.

(Ghost Rider III#83 (fb) - BTS) - "Barb" departed, leaving behind a gift.

(Ghost Rider III#83) - Dan returned home, learned "Barb" had been there, and opened the gift: a rotting, human heart. Dan sent his mom to stay with Stacy Dolan.
    Brother Voodoo and Lilith tracked the mystic power to an automobile graveyard, where they found decaying human remains. Barb/Scarecrow noted their arrival as well as that he needed a new host body, as Barb's was wasting rapidly. Scarecrow them summoned crows to attack them and watched from a distance as Lilith fought the crows.
    Later that night, "Barb" confronted Dan, pretending to want him to comfort "her," but Dan saw the pitchfork hidden behind Barb's back, so Scarecrow attacked him with it. Dan kicked "Barb" down and took the pitchfork then started to transform into Ghost Rider, but aborted the process because he wasn't 100% positive that Barb wasn't really in there. Scarecrow's crows attacked Dan, but then John Blaze arrived and picked Dan up on motorcycle. Inside Mrs. Ketch's house, however, Scarecrow/Barb stabbed Dan with his pitchfork, transferred his spirit into Dan's body, and then smashed a bottle over John's head, knocking him out.



(Ghost Rider III#84) - Dan/Scarecrow bound John and hung him from the ceiling. Ghost Rider tried to emerge into Dan or John's bodies to stop Scarecrow, but was unable to do so. They were confronted by Barb's spirit who told them that Ghost Rider could and had to possess her corpse.
    Scarecrow/Dan sensed what Ghost Rider had tried to do and slapped John, but then Frances Ketch arrived, seeking some liquor to help her deal with her stress. Dan/Scarecrow slapped her, knocking her out, and then set the house on fire before departing. Lilith soon arrived on the scene with a cloud of bats, but she was overwhelmed by bloodlust and focused her attack on John.

(Ghost Rider III#85) - Dan/Scarecrow enjoyed the idea of the bats tearing at Dan's flesh, then turned his attention to the battle between Lilith and John Blaze, with Frances Ketch distracting Lilith with assaults to help John; Blaze spine was traumatized by Lilith, rendering him unable to walk. Dan/Scarecrow then departed, but he ran into Brother Voodoo, who sensed his true nature. Voodoo physically overpowered Dan/Scarecrow but Voodoo's summoning of the spirit of war and blood failed to intimidate Scarecrow, who instead paralyzed Voodoo with fear of Lilith turning on him. Daniel Drumm tried to possess Dan to stop him from killing Jericho, but was driven out by feedback since Dan was already possessed. The flashback nonetheless disrupted Scarecrow's concentration, freeing Jericho from his influence, and Jericho punched him out. When Brother Voodoo focused his own concentration to force Lilith to stop her assault on John Blaze, Dan/Scarecrow clocked him across the back of the head with his pitchfork. Before Scarecrow could kill anyone, Ghost Rider possessed Barb's body and confronted him. Jericho grabbed Dan, preventing Scarecrow from making him injure himself, then Ghost Rider charged the pitchfork with hellfire and drove Scarecrow back into Hell before returning to Dan's body himself.

(Ghost Rider III#86 (fb) - BTS) - In Hell, Scarecrow was imbedded in Blackheart's flesh corridor, a wall cobblestoned with faces of sinners

(Ghost Rider III#86) - Blackheart criticized Blackheart for his failure and punched him when he made excuses. Noting that he had not placed Scarecrow in a situation that he could have won, Blackheart accused him of the sin of pride. Blackheart turned Scarecrow over to his underling, Black Rose (secretly an ensorcelled Roxanne Simpson) for punishment.





(Avengers III#64) - Apparently cast back to Earth and restored to mortal (and apparently powerless) form, Scarecrow kidnapped two young women, the daughters of Mrs. Batts, in a pickup truck filled with hay. He took them to a junkyard, skewered the guard with a wooden pitchfork, and then prepared to show the women what they did to him in prison. Receiving information from local birds, the Falcon tracked Scarecrow down, backed by a massive flock of birds. Scarecrow fired a gun at him, but the bullets bounced off the Falcon's wing. Scarecrow jumped on his back, but after Redwing pulled off Scarecrow's mask, he lost his grip and fell onto a car below, knocking him out.

(Alias#26) - Scarecrow was imprisoned in the Raft sub-section of Ryker's Island.

(She-Hulk I#5 (fb) - BTS) - Scarecrow was drafted to the "Big House" prison, where supervillains were kept imprisoned shrunk down by Pym particles.

(She-Hulk I#5) - Scarecrow was one of the prisoners recruited by a Mad Thinker robot in his breakout plan. Scarecrow and the other villains overpowered the guards, shrunk themselves down even further and stowed away on a female guard, who was controlled by Mandrill. The villains jumped over to She-Hulk's hand when the controlled guard shook it.

(She-Hulk I#6) - Scarecrow was one of the minituarized villains scratched off from her hand by She-Hulk after landing on Timely Plaza.

(She-Hulk I#6 - BTS) - Scarecrow was recaptured along with most other escapees.

(New Avengers I#1) - Scarecrow, masked but in a prison costume otherwise, was present when Electro opened up all of the cells.

(New Avengers I#2, 3 - BTS) - Scarecrow joined the others in fighting the group of heroes (who would become the New Avengers) -- Cage, Captain America, Spider-Man, Iron Man, Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew), Sentry (Rob Reynolds) -- who were trying to contain the breakout.

(New Avengers I#3 - BTS / New Avengers: Most Wanted Files: Scarecrow entry) - Scarecrow escaped during the breakout initiated by Electro, despite the efforts of the group that would become the New Avengers.

(Thunderbolts#103 (fb) - BTS) - During the onset of the super hero "civil war," Baron (Helmut) Zemo had the Thunderbolts begin capturing and imprisoning super-villains, including Scarecrow, with the intent of using them as part of a larger Thunderbolts Army. The captives were held in Fixer-created containment braces that kept them unconscious while they were indoctrinated via impulse stimulation that generated programmed REM cycle visions (dreams) that taught them what it meant to be a Thunderbolt.

(Thunderbolts#103) - Zemo and Songbird observed Scarecrow imprisoned on his wall, along with the other criminals.




(Sensational Spider-Man III#29 (fb) - BTS) - After Spider-Man's secret identity was revealed, the Chameleon (Dmitri Smerdykov) employed a Electro/Max Dillon, Molten Man (under duress), Rhino, Scarecrow, Swarm, and Will O' The Wisp as his Exterminators to try to assassinate Spider-Man.

(Punisher War Journal II#2) - Seeking information on the pro-registration group of heroes, the Punisher (Frank Castle) held Scarecrow upside down off a building to force him to reveal with whom he was working: Molten Man. Castle left Scarecrow on top of the building and incapacitated Molten Man.

(Sensational Spider-Man III#29) - Scarecrow ambushed Spider-Man, and the two fell out of a skyscraper. Spider-Man's webbing swung them into a lower building, but then Scarecrow used his powers to cause spider-Man to panic, while simultaneously making him believe he was the Green Goblin. Aware of this power, Spider-Man struggled to resist it, but his new "Iron Spider" armor identified the pheromone as a toxin and filtered it out, enabling Spider-Man to overcome it. He punched Scarecrow out. When Will O' the Wisp attacked Spider-Man, Scarecrow tried to stab him with his pitchfork, but, warned by his spider-sense, Spider-Man dodged, though both villains escaped.

(Sensational Spider-Man III#30) - Molten Man, Scarecrow, and Will O' The Wisp took young Norman Osborn hostage to force Liz to call Spider-Man to her house so they could ambush him.

(Sensational Spider-Man III#31) - The three Exterminators ambushed Spider-Man, but he had called in the Black Cat for back-up, and she arrived and tackled Scarecrow and Will O' The Wisp while Spider-Man fought Molten Man. Using nose filters as Spider-Man had recommended, she resisted his pheromone powers, and she eventually hog-tied him in his own rope.

(New Avengers#35) - Scarecrow was one of a large number of super-villains who met with the Hood, hearing and apparently accepting his position as the new Kingpin of super-villain crime. For his attendance, he was given $25,000.

(New Avengers Annual#2) - Scarecrow was part of the Hood's super-villain army that ambushed the "New" Avengers' base at Dr. Strange's Sanctum Sanctorum. He was incapacitated by the Zom-powered Dr. Strange and then taken into custody by SHIELD.

(New Avengers#46) - Scarecrow was present along with the rest of the Hood's army when they tortured a SHIELD agent who proved to be a Skrull. Guided by Demonicus, the Hood used his demonic powers to determine that a skrull was impersonating the Slug, and he shot and killed the imposter.

(Secret Invasion#6; 7-8 - BTS) - Scarecrow was part of the Hood's Army who joined the Central Park fight with the Skrull invaders. The Hood's army departed after Veranke's death.

(New Avengers I#50) - When Cage's Avengers tried to lure Osborn's Avengers into a trap at an old Hellfire Club base, Osborn instead contacted the Hood who led his super-villain army to assault Cage's Avengers (Cage, Captain America/James Barnes, Ms. Marvel/Carol Danvers, Ronin/Clint Barton, Spider-Man, Spider-Woman/Jessica Drew, Wolverine/Logan/James Howlett). Scarecrow joined the Hood, Answer, Blackout, Blood Brother, Brother(s) Grimm, Centurius, Chemistro, Corruptor, Crossfire, Cutthroat, Dr. Demonicus, [Dormammu], Griffin, Jigsaw, Living Laser, Madame Masque, Mandrill, Razor-Fist, Scarecrow, Shockwave, Slug, Vermin, Wizard, the Wrecking Crew in this assault. Ms. Marvel channeled Spider-Woman's power to stun the criminals and allow the Avengers to escape.

(Ghost Rider VI#33 - BTS) - Deacon and Blackout considered him as a possible agent in their fight against Ghost Rider (Blaze).

(Dark Reign: The Hood#2) - Scarecrow hung out at one of Hood's safe houses to party. John King suggested to the Hood to talk to Scarecrow about his occult problems or if he knew someone that could help him.

(Dark Reign: The Hood#4) - Scarecrow hung out at one of Hood's safe houses and under Satana's influence brought her boxes down to her new sanctum inside.

(Dark Reign: The Hood#5) - Scarecrow witnessed the Hood defeating Force on the Fresh Kills Landfill on Staten Island, New York.

(New Avengers I#55) - When the Hood went missing with Madame Masque and John King, the other members of his gang argued over who would take a leadership role. Jonas Harrow soon announced his plans to use a power inhibitor against the Avengers. Members of the Hood's gang included: Piledriver, Thunderball, Bulldozer, Wrecker, Griffin, Tiger Shark, Brothers Grimm, Living Laser, Blood Brother, Blackout, Corruptor, Crossfire, Mandrill, Dr. Demonicus, Shockwave, Scarecrow, Corruptor, Chemistro, and others.

(New Avengers I#56) - When the Hood's powers failed, his army revolted, under the leadership of Jonas Harrow, who used a device to cancel out the powers of the New Avengers (Ronin, Mockingbird, Captain America, Wolverine, Spider-Man, Spider-Woman, Ms. Marvel, Luke Cage) and Osborn's Avengers (Iron Patriot, Ms. Marvel, Spider-Man, Wolverine, Ares, Sentry, Hawkeye), Members of the Hood's army gathered to make their demands, including Crossfire, Cutthroat, the Brothers Grimm, Mr. Hyde, Mandrill, Razor-Fist, Armadillo, Scarecrow, Bulldozer, Piledriver, Wrecker, Thunderball, Chemistro, and Dr. Demonicus.

(New Avengers I#57) - Scarecrow watched Osborn agree to Harrow's terms. The power dampener switched off, allowing the New Avengers to escape via a Quinjet that blasted the assembled army of villains.

(Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#2 (fb) - BTS) - Blackout, Deacon and Orb recruited Scarecrow for Zadkiel's Ghost Rider Assassination League.

(Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#2) - Scarecrow was present when Blackout, Deacon and Orb picked up Vengeance (Kowalski) as the last member of their group.

(Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#4 (fb) - BTS) - Madcap and Scarecrow went to Jasper County and scared a few people at the county fair. They were arrested by the local police and sent to jail along with a bunch of drunk locals, the Bass Boys, who Madcap and Scarecrow slew over the night.

(Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#4 (fb) ) - The police found Madcap and Scarecrow in the cell with the corpses of the Bass Boys.

(Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#4) - Scarecrow murdered a few people while waiting for Hellstorm at the county fair. When Hellstorm arrived Scarecrow sent his crows against him and slashed Hellstorm's back with his poisoned pitchfork. Hellstorm started hallucinating when Jaine Cutter, controlled by Madcap, shot at him.

(Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#5) - Jaine's bullet only shot off Hellstorm's ear and he retaliated with a Hellfire blast, which freed her from Madcap's control. Afterward Jaine and Hellstorm easily defeated Madcap and Scarecrow, the latter beaten up and left stuck in a railing by Jaine Cutter.

(Vengeance of the Moon Knight#3) - Scarecrow broke into Ravencroft asylum and let in the Hood and Bushman to create soldiers with them against Moon Knight. Scarecrow lobotomized around fifty patients then released Herman the German and the Great Wall from Ravencroft's D Block. Bushman led his little army into NYC and caused death and destruction to lure Moon Knight to them.

(Vengeance of the Moon Knight#4) - Scarecrow watched Moon Knight fighting Herman the German and other patients then called in a large murder of crows.

(Vengeance of the Moon Knight#5) - Scarecrow observed the crows attacking Moon Knight, but they were all caught by Moon Knight's pilot Jean-Paul DuChamp with a net released from the Mooncopter. Moon Knight then tackled Scarecrow, who told him that it was not him leading the army, but Bushman, who had been resurrected by the Hood.

(New Avengers I#61) - The Hood used the Asgardian Norn Stones to give those in his army the ability to track down the targeted heroes, increasing their own strength and power as well.

(New Avengers I#64 (fb)) - The Hood approached his army and let them know of Osborn's offer to make them certified heroes if they participated in the siege on Asgard.

(New Avengers I#63/Siege#3) - Scarecrow participated in the ensuing battle with Asgard.

(New Avengers I#64 - BTS) - During the battle Loki withdrew the Norn Stones from the Hood and his whole army lost their enhanced powers mid-battle.

(Thunderbolts I#156) - Scarecrow was imprisoned at the Raft.

(Fear Itself: Wolverine#1) - When the Serpent's fear wave caused havok all over the US Scarecrow used the opportunity to attack New York City with a murder of crows. Wolverine, who tried to stop him, got stabbed in the back by Scarecrow with his pitchfork. Wolverine didn't care and started killing the crows then used a tear gas grenade and pushed it up Scarecrow's mask to defeat him. The police arrested Scarecrow.

(Secret Avengers I#29) - Scarecrow moved to Bagalia and joined the Masters of Evil alongside hundreds of others. They attacked John Steele on behalf of Max Fury; Steele later died.

(Secret Avengers I#30) - The Masters of Evil were taken over by the Abyss, who sought to spread them to the outside world.

(Secret Avengers I#31) - Scarecrow was among the Abyss-possessed Masters of Evil, who protected Taskmaster, wearer of the crown. They told LMD Max Fury that the Abyss was not a weapon to be wielded and that he would soon be ended.

(Secret Avengers I#32) - Scarecrow and Vengeance fought Ant-Man (secretly Black Ant) and Scarecrow stabbed him from behind. Max Fury shot Scarecrow and took Black Ant to safety. When the Abyss was vanquished the Secret Avengers let the villains go free, having no authority in Bagalia.

 Comments: Created by Stan Lee and Don Heck.

    Iron Man: Enter the Mandarin#2-3 don't really fit with Tales of Suspense#51, nor does it seem to be a subsequent adventure. I'd consider it an attempt at ret-con, but I'll stay with the original version until something else shows otherwise.

    The 1980s Official Index to the X-Men#3 confirmed/revealed that the Scarecrow was the tiny first figure being sucked into the Sub-Atronic Time Displacer on p22, panel 1 of FF Annual#3 (you can see the panel in the Sub-Atronic Time Displacer profile).

    Scarecrow became an interesting villain in the 1980s and 1990s, but for some reason he was just reverted back to status quo and has been pretty lame throughout the 21st century.

    I'm not sure how the Marvel vs. DC appearance fits in would have occurred after the Scarecrow was killed in that nuclear explosion and long before his resurrection, so perhaps there was some temporal shifting as well, or perhaps he had taken another human host but was wearing his original costume.

    I'm not positive about the order of the Civil War appearances. He was in Zemo's custody, then may have been considered too minor to worry about by the Punisher, but Molten Man was captured. Then both Scarecrow and Molten Man were free to attack Spider-Man, but were both captured again.

Thanks to Ron Fredricks for cleaning up the main image and the Ghost Rider possession cover.

Profile by Snood.

He should be distinguished from:

but has no known connection to:

images: (without ads)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#11: Scarecrow entry - main image - art by Mike Zeck
Tales of Suspense I#51 - cover - art by Jack Kirby
    p2, panel 3 (Umberto on stage)
        panels 4 & 5 (Umberto stopping thief)
    p4, panel 2 (unmasked face)
Ghost Rider III#37, p14, panel 5 (with pitchfork)
Ghost Rider Annual#2, p20, panel 5 (bare chested, with knife)
Ghost Rider III#83 cover (possessing Barb
        p11, panel 1 (possessing Barb, in shadows, with pitchfork)
    #84, p5, panel 1 (possessing Dan)
Sensational Spider-Man III#30, last page (with hat)
Vengeance of the Moon Knight#4, p19, pan3 (pitchfork in hand)

Tales of Suspense I#51 (March, 1964) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Don Heck (artist)
Fantastic Four Annual#3 (1965) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Jack Kirby (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker)
X-Men I#22 (July, 1966) - Roy Thomas (writer), Jay Gavin (penciler), Dick Ayers (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#23 (August, 1966) - Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (penciler), Dick Ayers (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Captain America I#158-159 (February-March, 1973) - Steve Englehart (script), Sal Buscema (art), John Verpoorten (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Captain America Annual#6 (1982) - J.M. DeMatteis (scripter), Ron Wilson (pencil breakdowns), Vince Colletta (finished art), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Captain America I#279-280 (March-April, 1983) - J.M. DeMatteis (scripter), Mike Zeck (penciler), John Beatty (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Avengers Spotlight#26 (December, 1989) - Dwayne McDuffie (writer), Dwayne Turner (penciler), Chris Ivy (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Ghost Rider III#7 (November, 1990) - Howard Mackie (writer), Mark Texeira (artist), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Avengers: Deathtrap: The Vault (1991) - Danny Fingeroth (writer), Ron Lim (penciler), Jim Sanders & Fred Fredricks (inkers), Kelly Corvese & Howard Mackie (editors)
Ghost Rider/Captain America: Fear (October, 1992) - Howard Mackie (writer), Lee Weeks (penciler), Al Williamson (inker), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Ghost Rider III#38 (June, 1993) - Howard Mackie (writer), Mike? Manley (penciler), Janice Chiang (inker), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Doctor Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#61 (January, 1994) - David Quinn (writer), Melvin Rubi (penciler), Fred Harper (inker), Evan Skolnick (editor)
Ghost Rider III Annual#2 (1994) - Warren Ellis (writer), Javier Saltares (penciler), Mike Witherby (inker), Chris Cooper (editor)
Ghost Rider III#63-64 (July-August, 1995) - Howard Mackie (writer), Salvador Larroca (penciler), Sergio Melia (inker), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Ghost Rider III#65 (September, 1995) - Howard Mackie (writer), Salvador Larroca (penciler), Sergio Melia (inker), James Felder (editor)
Ghost Rider: Crossroads (November, 1995) - Howard Mackie (story), Ivan Velez Jr. (script), Cary Nord (penciler), Bob McLeod, Al Milgrom, Al Williamson, & Mike Weatherby (inkers), James Felder (editor)
Ghost Rider III#77 (September, 1996) - Ivan Velez, Jr. (writer), Salvador Larroca (penciler), Sergio Melia (inker), James Felder (editor)
Marvel: Heroes and Legends '96 (October, 1996) - Stan Lee, Fabian Nicieza (writers), Sal Buscema (penciler), Tom Palmer (inker), Bob Harras (editor)
Marvel versus DC / DC versus Marvel#2 (1996) - Peter David (writer), Claudio Castellini & Dan Jurgens (pencilers), Paul Neary & Josef Rubinstein (inkers), Joe Andreani & Chris Duffy (assistant editors), Mark Gruenwald & Mike Carlin (editors)
Ghost Rider III#81 (January, 1997) - Ivan Velez, Jr. (writer), Salvador Larroca (penciler), ?? Pennington (inker), James Felder (editor)
Ghost Rider III#82 (February, 1997) - Ivan Velez, Jr. (writer), Pop Mhan (penciler), John Lowe (inker), James Felder (editor)
Ghost Rider III#83 (March, 1997) - Ivan Velez, Jr. (writer), Pop Mhan (penciler), John Lowe & Jason Martin (inkers), James Felder (editor)
Ghost Rider III#84 (April, 1997) - Ivan Velez, Jr. (writer), Pop Mhan (penciler), Jason Martin & Karl Story (inkers), James Felder & Tom Brevoort (editors)
Ghost Rider III#85 (May, 1997) - Ivan Velez, Jr. (writer), Gabe Alberola (penciler), Hilary Barta (inker), James Felder & Tom Brevoort (editors)
Ghost Rider III#86 (June, 1997) - Ivan Velez, Jr. (writer), Pop Mhan (penciler), Jason Martin & Andrew Pepoy (inkers), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Untold Tales of Spider-Man#22 (June, 1997) - Kurt Busiek (plot), Tom DeFalco (script), Pat Olliffe (penciler), Al Williamson (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Avengers III#64 (April, 2003) - Geoff Johns (writer), Ivan Reis (penciler), Oclair Albert (inker), Marc Sumerak & Andy Schmidt (assistant editors), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Alias#26 (November, 2003) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Michael Gaydos (art), Tom Brevoort (editor)
She-Hulk I#5 (September, 2004) - Dan Slott (writer), Paul Pelletier (pencils), Tom Simmons & Don Hillsman (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
She-Hulk I#6 (October, 2004) - Dan Slott (writer), Paul Pelletier (pencils), Roland Paris (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
New Avengers I#1-4 (January-April, 2005) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), David Finch (pencils), Danny Miki, Mark Morales (#2), Allen Martinez (#3) & Victor Olazaba (#3) (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
X-23#3 (April, 2005) - Craig Kyle (story), Craig Kyle & Christopher Yost (writers), Billy Tan (pencils), Jon Sibal (inker), Corry Sedlmeier (assistant editor), Axel Alonso (editor)
Thunderbolts#103 (August, 2006) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Tom Grummett (penciler), Gary Erskine (inker), Molly Lazer (editor), Tom Brevoort (consulting editor)
Sensational Spider-Man III#29-31 (December, 2006) - Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa (writer), Angel Medina (pencils), Scott Hanna (inks), Warren Simons (editor)
Punisher War Journal II#2 (December, 2006) - Matt Fraction (writer), Ariel Olivetti (artist), Warren Simons (assistant editor), Axel Alonso (editor)
New Avengers I#35 (December, 2007) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Leinil Yu (artist), Molly Lazer  (assistant editors), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Iron Man: Enter the Mandarin#2 (December, 2007) - Joe Casey (writer), Eric Canete (artist), Thomas Brennan (assistant editor), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Iron Man: Enter the Mandarin#3 (January, 2008) - Joe Casey (writer), Eric Canete (artist), Thomas Brennan (assistant editor), Stephen Wacker (editor)
New Avengers Annual#2 (March, 2008) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Carlo Pagulayan (penciler), Jeff Huet (inker), Molly Lazer  (assistant editors), Tom Brevoort (editor)
New Avengers I#46 (December, 2008) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Billy Tan (pencils), Matt Banning (inks), Jeanine Schaefer, Tom Brevoort (editor)
Secret Invasion#6-7 (November-December, 2008) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Lenil Francis Yu (penciler), Mark Morales (inker), Jeanine Schaefer (assistant editors), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Secret Invasion#8 (January, 2009) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Lenil Francis Yu (penciler), Mark Morales (inker), Jeanine Schaefer (assistant editors), Tom Brevoort (editor)
New Avengers I#50 (April, 2009) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Billy Tan (pencils), Matt Banning (inks), Jeanine Schaefer, Tom Brevoort (editor)
Ghost Rider VI#33 (May, 2009) - Jason Aaron (writer), Tony Moore (artist), Axel Alonso (editor)
Dark Reign: The Hood#2 (August, 2009) - Jeff Parker (writer), Kyle Hotz (artist), Bill Rosemann (editor)
New Avengers I#56 (October, 2009) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Stuart Immonen (penciler), Wade von Grawbadger (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Dark Reign: The Hood#4-5 (October-November, 2009) - Jeff Parker (writer), Kyle Hotz (artist), Bill Rosemann (editor)
New Avengers I#57 (November, 2009) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Stuart Immonen (pencils), Wade von Grawbadger (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#2 (November, 2009) - Jason Aaron (writer), Roland Boschi (artist), Sebastian Girner (editor)
Ghost Riders: Heaven's on Fire#4-5 (January-February, 2010) - Jason Aaron (writer), Roland Boschi (artist), Sebastian Girner (editor)
Vengeance of the Moon Knight#3-4 (January-February, 2010) - Gregg Hurwitz (writer), Jerome Opena (artist), Axel Alonso (editor)
Vengeance of the Moon Knight#5 (March, 2010) - Gregg Hurwitz (writer), Jerome Opena (pencils), Jay Leisten (inks), Axel Alonso (editor)
New Avengers I#61 (March, 2010) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Stuart Immonen & Daniel Acuna (pencils), Wade Von Grawbadger (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
New Avengers I#63-64 (May-June, 2010) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Mike McKone (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Siege#3 (May, 2010) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Olivier Coipel (pencils), Mark Morales (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#156 (June, 2011) - Jeff Parker (writer), Kev Walker (pencils/inks), Jason Gorder (inks), Tom Brennan (editor)
Fear Itself: Wolverine#1 (September, 2011) - Seth Peck (writer), Roland Boschi (artist), Jeanine Schaefer (editor)
Secret Avengers I#29-32 (September-December, 2012) - Rick Remender (writer), Matteo Scalera (penciler/inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)

First Posted: 03/01/2009
Last updated: 02/06/2019

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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