Real Name: Attuma
Identity/Class: Atlantean (Homo mermani), possible mutate
chieftain, Ruler of Skarka;
sometime ruler of Atlantis
The Worthy (Angrir (the Thing), Greithoth (Absorbing Man), Kuurth
(Juggernaut), Mok (Grey Gargoyle), Nul (Hulk), Skadi (Sin), Skirn
formerly Deep Six, Lethal Legion
Aradnea, Batroc, Beetle (Jenkins), Big
Brodar, Bulldozer, Burka,
Dorcas, Dr. Doom, Gorgul,
Ikthon, Kophinbeast, Kor-Konn,
Warlord Krang, Krona, Lemurians (Rasa, others), Lord
Human Killer Whale, Piledriver, Piranha,
Red Ghost, Sabretooth, Saru-San,
Sea Urchin, Serestus,
the Serpent, Servo-Robot,
U-Man, Unicorn, Whirlwind, Worta,
formerly Andromeda, Avengers, Beast (McCoy), Byrrah, Captain America/the Captain (Rogers), Lord Dara, Falcon, Ghaur, Hawkeye, Hercules, Hulk (Banner), Jocasta, Warlord Kro, Lemurians, Llyra, Red She-Hulk (Betty Ross), Sub-Mariner, Warlord Thakos, Valkyrie (Brunnhilde), Vashti, Yellowjacket (Demara)
Enemies: Advanced Idea Mechanics (AIM), Alpha Flight, Andromeda, Aquaman, Diane Arliss, Lord Arno, Atlanteans, Aurora, Avengers, Beast (McCoy), Black Knight (Whitman), Black Panther, Black Widow, Box (Bochs), Byrrah, Canor, Captain America/the Captain (Rogers), Captain Marvel (Rambeau), Colonel Dakkor, Lord Dara, Daredevil, Defenders (Black Panther, Blazing Skull, Cloak, Cloud, Dagger, Devil-Slayer, Doctor Strange, Gargoyle, Hellcat, Hulk, Loa/Alani Ryan, Moon Knight, Nighthawk, She-Hulk/Lyra, Son of Satan, Stingray, Valkyrie/Samantha Parrington), Destroyer (Aubrey), Doctor Strange, Dorma, General Epititus, Falcon, Fantastic Four, Nick Fury II, Ghaur, Giant-Man (Pym), Goldfire, Sara Grey, Hawkeye, Hercules, High Evolutionary, Hulk (Banner), Human Torch (Hammond), Human Torch (Storm), Hydro-Men, Invisible Girl, Iron Cross, Iron Man (Stark), Jack of Hearts, Dr. Jennings, Jocasta, Kang, Karthon, Warlord Kro, Lemurians, Leviathan (Marrina), Lin, Llyra, Mara, Marvel Girl/Phoenix (Jean Grey), Mister Fantastic, Mockingbird, MODOK, Ms. Marvel (Sharon Ventura), Namorita, Northstar, Nuklo, Betty Dean Prentiss, Puck (Eugene Judd), Quasar, Quicksilver, Rorak, Saru-San, Scarlet Witch, Sea Leopard, Sentry, Sersi, Seth, High Priest Shakkoth, Shaman, She-Hulk, Silver Surfer, Snowbird, Speedball (Robbie Baldwin), Squadron Supreme (Blur, Dr. Spectrum, Hyperion, Nighthawk, Power Princess), Stingray, Sub-Mariner, Sunfire, Tamara Rahn, Thing, Thor, Tigra, Topspin, Triathlon, Triton, Uatu the Watcher, V-Battalion, Valkyrie (Brunnhilde), Vashti, Vindicator (Heather Hudson), Vision, Wasp, Whizzer (Frank), Wonder Man, Xiomara, Yellowjacket (Rita DeMara), Yellowjacket/Dr. Pym (Henry Pym);
formerly Doctor Doom
Known Relatives: Mother (name unrevealed, deceased), Lady Gelva (former mate), Andromeda (daughter)
Aliases: Attuma from the Murky Depths, Attuma the Barbarian, Attuma the Warlord, Bunny-Skull (nickname from Hulk), Nerkkod, Destroyer/Breaker of Oceans
Base of Operations: Skarka, previously Atlantis
First Appearance: Fantastic Four I#33 (December, 1964)
Powers/Abilities: Attuma has
super-strength and can lift 40
tons on land and more underwater. Attuma can breathe underwater (but
not in air) and survive deep ocean pressures. Attuma is faster and
stronger than most other Atlanteans, due to unknown means. Attuma has
been known to wield a forked sword in battle. In addition, Attuma has
been known to use many types of scientific inventions both as artillery
and as personal weapons. These weapons include: Globules of Darkness,
sub-sonic soundwaves, ionic rays, titanium wire, nutro-nuclear
dissolve-bombs, disintegrator rays, paralysis geyser generators,
paralysis rays, Nautilium cannons, laser guns, tidal
mechanical pincers, sleep-guns, pincer tanks, Y-rays, nutro-rays, a
reprogrammed alien robot, a ‘supreme weapon’ gun, electrified armor,
earth-borers, Octo-meks, an oxygen-absorbing tank, electric guns, sonic
waves, Atomo-collars, psyche-energy powered slave collars, chloro-beam
guns, Omega rockets, a Mech-Crab,
and various other devices. Whether Attuma has scientific prowess
himself or whether he relies on others to develop these devices for him
is unknown (presumably others make these weapons for him).
After his resurrection at the hands of Dr. Doom, Attuma gained the abilities to breathe on land, strength the level of Namor's, and flight.
Weight: 410 lbs
(Fear Itself: the Worthy#6 (fb)) – “According to the ancient prophecies, a warrior will rise up from the tribe of Skarka and take the kingdom of Atlantis by force.” Seeking to prove that he was the one in this prophecy, Rorak, a warrior with an army, mounted an attack on Skarka, and they enslaved the women and children while putting many warriors to death. Attuma was born during this attack, though his mother died. He screamed furiously and they brought him before Rorak, who discovered the baby held a handful of blood in his fist. Rorak saw Attuma placed in the mines, where he seemed to toughen and thrive while others faltered and died. Attuma eventually united thousands from Skarka behind him and led a slave revolt, finding freedom and taking command of his people. Attuma grew determined to prove the prophecies were of him, and sought to conquer Atlantis.
(Fear Itself: the Worthy#6) – Attuma launched himself against Rorak, who had plagued Skarka years before, deftly striking with his sword. Though Rorak begged for mercy, Attuma seemingly slew him.
(Sub-Mariner I#31 (fb)) – Attuma was born to the barbarian race of Atlanteans, a race long since shunned and exiled from Atlantis.
(Iron Man Annual I#10/3) - Attuma sired a child with the Lady Gelva, and she bore him a daughter, Andromeda.
(Dark Reign: Made Men#1/2 (fb)) - When Attuma was a child, it was prophesied that Attuma would one day lead his people.
(X-Factor Annual I#4 (fb)) – Attuma was ashamed to have a female as his firstborn and quickly cast her aside. Andromeda was raised as any male Atlantean child would be. She was trained to fight, hunt, and kill.
(Iron Man Annual I#10/2 (fb)) - Attuma eventually lost touch with Andromeda, and no longer knew what became of his daughter or even if she still lived. He was unaware that she joined the Atlantean military.
(fb)) - Attuma, determined to fulfill the ancient Atlantean prophecy of
a conqueror coming to Atlantis, amassed an army of thousands and
stormed Atlantis. The Atlantean army successfully held the hordes off
until the jealous Lady Dorma allowed Attuma to enter. The military
forces battled and while Namor’s men grew weaker and ran short on
supplies, Attuma’s men had a steady stream of reinforcements and supplies coming in. Realizing her mistake, Dorma rushed to the surface to get the Fantastic Four.
(Fantastic Four I#33) - Impressed by Namor’s commitment to his cause, Attuma ordered the Globules of Darkness to be unleashed against the Atlanteans, and the army was blinded. Namor challenged Attuma to a hand-to-hand duel, unaware that Attuma had prepared several traps (sub-sonic soundwaves, an ionic ray, titanium wire, and a nutro-nuclear dissolve-bomb) to defeat Namor beforehand, but the Fantastic Four stopped them. When Namor shattered Attuma’s sword, Attuma brought forth two disintegrator rays from his helmet, but Namor turned invisible (due to the Invisible Girl) and stopped Attuma. Namor had Attuma and his forces thrown outside the gates, banished from Atlantis.
(Tales to Astonish I#64/1 (fb)) - Attuma, needing to save face with his armies after his retreat, put together a scheme to gain a small victory against the surface world, hoping to learn more about the surface dwellers as well. He positioned a base just under the ocean’s surface and prepared a generator in which to trap a surface plane.
(Tales to Astonish I#64/1) - Once a plane was trapped, Attuma demanded that a particular surface female, who happened to be the Wasp, be brought to him, and the rest of the plane’s passengers were let go. While the Wasp was held in a paralysis beam, Giant-Man came to rescue her. Attuma proposed an alliance with Giant-Man, who turned him down. Giant-Man and the freed Wasp battled Attuma’s army with their size-changing powers, leading Attuma to believe that all surface men had such powers. He trapped the two heroes in a vault and tried to drown them, but was unsuccessful. Attuma left the surface with a vow to never return.
(Tales of Suspense I#66/1 (fb)) - In an attempt to rule the surface world, Attuma had his forces scour the ocean floors for all traces of Nautilium. With a giant gun he had constructed, Attuma planned to launch the Nautilium to the surface, where it would make oxygen unbreathable for normal humans, allowing Atlanteans to rule the world. There was only enough Nautilium for one shot.
(Tales of Suspense I#66/1) - Iron Man attacked and successfully fought off Attuma’s pincer tank and patrol craft. Attuma attacked Iron Man with a laser gun, but Iron Man disoriented Attuma by swimming quickly around him. By feigning retreat, Attuma trapped Iron Man in a cage, but the hero escaped. Before the Nautilium could be fired, Iron Man destroyed it with a crashing submarine.
(Fantastic Four Annual I#3/ Marvel: Heroes and Legends '96) - Under the influence of Doctor Doom’s emotion charger, Attuma led his forces on a premature attack against the surface world. As soon as their ships broke the surface, Daredevil pushed a Hydra truck into the water. The truck exploded, having been loaded with a powerful vortex bomb, and Attuma’s artillery was destroyed.
(Avengers I#26 (fb)) - Attuma developed a tidal enhancer that would slowly raise the tides and flood the surface world. He set up a base three hundred miles east of Cape Hatteras.
(Avengers I#26) - When a surface woman was swimming above Attuma’s base, he assumed she was a spy and took her captive. Attuma did not recognize the woman, who was the Wasp. The Wasp radioed the Avengers for help, and when Captain America, Quicksilver, and the Scarlet Witch came to investigate, Attuma plucked their aircraft out of the sky with mechanical pincers. Attuma fired a sleep-gun at the Scarlet Witch and defeated Quicksilver in solo combat, Captain America was defeated by Attuma’s forces. When Attuma’s army claimed that Attuma won an unfair victory due to the surface heroes being weakened by the extremely humid air, Attuma ordered the captives be revived to fight him again, this time with oxygen helmets. He battled them until the Scarlet Witch’s hex shattered a pillar, flooding the chamber.
(Avengers I#27) - Now in his natural element, Attuma easily bested Captain America and the Scarlet Witch, though Quicksilver was more evasive. Another hex knocked Attuma to the side and sent Quicksilver rushing to the surface. After his ship was repaired, Attuma submitted to taunts by Captain America and showed the heroes his control center for the tide machine. Hawkeye and Quicksilver attacked, and commandeered a tank with the deadly Y-Ray weapon on it, causing Attuma to flee. While the four heroes headed back for the surface, Attuma attempted to destroy them by using his flood-tide machine to increase the pressure around their ship. The plan backfired, however, and Attuma’s base exploded.
(Tales to Astonish I#88/1) - Attuma led his forces in another attack on Atlantis, and Attuma was forced to retreat by Namor. Attuma, vowing revenge, addressed his armies and made destroying Namor and Atlantis his sole mission. When a robot suddenly landed near Attuma’s base, he assumed it was an attack by Namor and tried to destroy it with a powerful nutro-ray. Realizing that the robot was unprogrammed, Attuma accessed its control box and sent the robot to attack Atlantis.
(Tales to Astonish I#89/1) - Attuma watched as Namor tried several tactics against the robot, and demanded that Namor surrender. After Namor successfully contacted the robot’s alien owners, they took the robot away, and Attuma was forced to retreat yet again.
(Tales to Astonish I#90/1 (BTS)) - Attuma formed an alliance with Warlord Krang and Byrrah. Attuma agreed that if Byrrah could replace Namor’s rule in Atlantis, that he would consider Byrrah an equal. Byrrah was successful in dethroning Namor by beating Namor in solo combat, and by using a hypnosis machine on the Atlantean people.
(Tales to Astonish I#91/1) - Attuma and Krang joined Byrrah in Atlantis’ throne room, agreeing to share the empire once Namor was defeated, so Byrrah sent Namor off to his death. When Lady Dorma reversed the hypnosis effect, the people turned on Byrrah, as did Attuma and Krang. Attuma turned his attentions to destroying Atlantis instead of ruling it, and powered up a gun, his ‘supreme weapon,’ that would do so. When Namor returned and destroyed the gun, both Attuma and Krang retreated.
(Sub-Mariner I#4 (fb)) - Attuma observed as the Atlantean people exiled Namor, and abandoned their city to live elsewhere.
I#4) - When Attuma learned the whereabouts of the
Atlantean people from his scouts, he prepared for battle, determined to
either enslave or exterminate the Atlanteans. As he addressed his
troops, one of them, Gorgul, challenged Attuma’s rule and wanted to
combat him, but Attuma quickly quieted Gorgul with a blow. The vast
army attacked the Atlanteans in great force and the Atlanteans were
quickly overwhelmed. Attuma took Seth, Dorma, and Vashti captive and
enslaved the Atlantean people. He bantered with his court fool,
Saru-San, who continually questioned Attuma’s prowess. When Kor-Konn,
one of Attuma’s soldiers, brought a chained Namor before Attuma, Attuma
was furious that Namor hadn’t been slain. Namor quickly freed himself
and was shocked when he saw the enslaved Atlanteans. Attuma lied to
Namor, saying Namor’s closest friends had been killed. Namor challenged
Attuma to solo combat, and Attuma had no choice since his army had
heard the challenge. Attuma put on his powered armor and began beating
Namor in combat. When Gorgul betrayed Attuma and freed Dorma from her
captivity, he paid with his life, but not before he showed her how to
deactivate the machine that powered Attuma’s armor.
As Attuma prepared to deliver the killing blow, he lost his power and Namor quickly defeated him. The Atlanteans were all set free, and Attuma was imprisoned.
(Sub-Mariner I#37 (fb)) - Attuma obtained the loyalties of Ikthon, an Atlantean scientist, and put together a plan to pretend to kidnap Ikthon.
(Sub-Mariner I#31) - Attuma abducted Ikthon from the Hall of Science, and kidnapped a boatful of surface humans, including Diane Arliss. In a carefully laid trap, he also captured Namor, Stingray, and Triton. Saru-San implored Attuma to kill the three captives, but Attuma refused. He planned to use an earth-borer that Ikthon was developing to start a war with the surface world, and then to frame Namor for the war. Attuma planned to control the world after the surface-men and Atlanteans had defeated each other. Attuma pitted Namor, Stingray, and Triton against each other in an arena, the winner of them being allowed to live, but the three heroes were able to escape and effectively defeat Attuma's forces. Attuma set off the earth-borer, but it exploded.
(Sub-Mariner I#36) - Attuma led an attack on Atlantis on the same day as Namor’s wedding to Lady Dorma. With his army, including Wurta and new Octo-Meks, Attuma battled the Atlanteans, the Lemurians, and Karthon (king of the Lemurians). Attuma’s forces briefly retreated while Attuma utilized his new weapon, a tank that destroyed all the oxygen in the water. Though weakened, the Atlanteans still drove Attuma’s forces off, Attuma having faced Namor in solo combat and failing.
(Sub-Mariner I#37) - Namor discovered Ikthon speaking to Attuma via a viewscreen and was infuriated. Attuma launched another earth-borer, but Namor was able to stop it successfully by throwing it down a pit after Attuma. The borer exploded, burying Attuma in rubble that seemingly killed the villain. Attuma’s battle with Namor delayed Namor long enough to prevent the death of Lady Dorma.
(Sub-Mariner I#56 (BTS)) - Attuma’s forces attacked Atlantis again, but were successfully repelled.
(Defenders I#7 (fb)) - Attuma joined forces with the Red Ghost, who, with scientist Dr. Jennings, exposed several sea creatures to cosmic rays so that the creatures could be controlled. They planned on massing a large army of sea creatures to destroy Atlantis. Attuma built a new citadel beneath the sea. He and Red Ghost planned an attack on Atlantic City, New Jersey.
(Defenders I#7) - Warned by an Atlantean spy in Attuma’s army, Namor, Hawkeye, Hulk, and Valkyrie were there to oppose Attuma’s attack. They disabled several of Attuma’s pincer tanks, and Namor defeated a giant octopus before Namor was defeated by an attack by controlled porpoises. Attuma got Hawkeye and Valkyrie to surrender when Namor’s life was threatened, but the Hulk leapt away. The captive heroes were brought back to the citadel, where Attuma bragged of his new plans before Namor. Namor was then put under Attuma and the Red Ghost’s control after being exposed to cosmic rays. Valkyrie and Hawkeye escaped due to the foolishness of one of Attuma’s guards, Big Grokko, and Namor was pitted against them.
(Defenders I#8) - Hawkeye and Valkyrie were both defeated and subjected to the cosmic rays, a process that took two weeks to complete. Growing impatient, Attuma was pleased to learn that the sea army was now sufficient to launch an attack on Atlantis. They launched an attack of whales, porpoises, squids, and superheroes against Atlantis. When the cosmic ray treatment wore off, Namor, Hawkeye, and Valkyrie, with newly arrived allies Doctor Strange and the Silver Surfer, turned the tables on Attuma and the Red Ghost.
(FF II#13 (fb) - BTS) - At some point Attuma teamed up with Red Ghost to try to pillage the home of the Watcher in the Blue Area of the Moon, but the attempt failed.
(Super-Villain Team-Up I#1 (fb)) - Attuma rescued Dr. Dorcas and Tiger Shark after they were defeated in battle with Namor. The three of them aligned and attacked Hydrobase (home of the human/amphibian Hydro-Men) with a barrage of ionic rays that knocked all but Dr. Jennings unconscious. Attuma duplicated a process that allowed him to breathe oxygen.
(Super-Villain Team-Up I#1) - Jennings contacted Namor, who repelled an attack by Attuma’s hordes, including Saru-San and Kor-Konn. When Attuma, Tiger Shark, and Dorcas attacked, Namor savagely battled them. Attuma and Tiger Shark clumsily sparred with Namor until Dorcas vanquished the hero with an electric burst from a gun of Attuma’s.
(Super-Villain Team-Up I#2) - Saru-San reported to Attuma that Jennings had escaped as the villain trio took Namor captive. Attuma kept the inhabitants of Hydrobase in check by threatening the lives of their children. Doctor Doom stormed the island to rescue Namor, and the three villains briefly considered inviting him to join their alliance. When Betty Dean Prentiss (of the Hydro-Men) led Doom to Namor’s cell, the three villains were there to oppose them. During a brief skirmish, Namor got free and Dorcas murdered Prentiss.
(Super-Villain Team-Up I#3) - An enraged Namor briefly battled Attuma and Tiger Shark before Doom ended their battle with a stun-shock. Doom then spirited Namor away before they could renew their attack. Attuma sent his Octo-Meks out to recapture Jennings, then spent his time torturing Namor’s ally Tamara Rahn for information. When Doom later attacked, he destroyed all the Octo-Meks on the island, and Attuma rushed to marshal his forces for battle. Attuma, Tiger Shark, and Dorcas had almost defeated Doom when Namor attacked again. Namor beat Attuma and Dorcas was seemingly slain by a falling machine. Attuma, his army defeated, was given to the custody of the Hydro-Men, who agreed to jail him. Doom later murdered Saru-San.
(Avengers I#154 (fb)) - Attuma easily escaped from the Hydro-Men, and was reunited with his army. He put together an elaborate plan to get revenge on Namor, destroy Hydrobase, and take over the surface world. He planned to capture and control the Avengers and use them in a battle against Namor. He observed the Avengers for days before acting. Attuma sent Tyrak to infiltrate the Avengers disguised as Triton.
(Avengers I#156 (fb)) - Attuma planned to steal a chloro-beam gun in order to increase Tyrak’s powers immeasurably, giving him a pawn through which to rule the world.
(Avengers I#154) - Acting on Attuma’s orders, two of his soldiers, Mako and Gort, captured the Vision using sonic waves. Lord Arno brought the Vision, whose powers were held in check with an Atomo-collar. Tyrak, meanwhile, captured Captain America, Iron Man, Scarlet Witch, Wasp, and Yellowjacket.
(Super-Villain Team-Up I#9) – While the captive Avengers attacked Hydro-Base and were defeated by Dr. Doom, Attuma took a ship to Maryland to steal the weapon.
(Avengers I#155) - Attuma attacked an underwater Maryland base to steal the chloro-beam gun. Attuma ordered Lord Arno to kill the human divers, and was furious when the divers escaped. Attuma’s hordes pursued them to the surface, where Beast, Whizzer, and Wonder Man were waiting. Attuma was trading blows with the heroes when Sub-Mariner arrived, and Attuma made it look as if the heroes were his allies so Namor would battle them, giving Attuma a chance to escape. He was unaware that Beast stowed away on his ship. He turned to his base in the North Atlantic where Tyrak was waiting.
(Avengers I#156) - Beast was able to radio for help, and the now-freed Avengers with Dr. Doom moved in on Attuma’s base at the same time. Beast was captured and Tyrak knocked out Namor. Doom and the Avengers made it past Attuma’s defenses and battled his army until Tyrak attacked them, though the Avengers used teamwork to quickly defeat him. Meanwhile, Doom blinded Tyrak and stole the chloro-beam device. Namor stopped Attuma from destroying the Avengers, and the Avengers stopped Doom.
(Super-Villain Team-Up I#10 (fb)) - Captain America recounted the Avengers’ battle with Doom, Tyrak, and Attuma.
(Bizarre Adventures I#27 (fb)) - Attuma put together a plot to kidnap surface female mutants, change them into water breathers, and then to use them as breeding stock. Then, eventually, he would have super-powered heirs to carry on his conquering. He prepared psychic dampers for the mutant Marvel Girl, then kidnapped both her and her sister, Sara Grey (who was not a mutant, but who had conceived mutant children). Sara and Jean were both turned into water breathers, then Attuma introduced himself to them. Attuma was not prepared for Jean’s new powers as the Phoenix, however, and she was able to cure both herself and Sara and escape.
(Alpha Flight I#35 (fb)/36 (fb)) – After Namor was asked to abdicate the throne of Atlantis, a ruling council was appointed of Lord Dara, High Priest Shakkoth, Warlord Thakos, and Lord Vashti. Shakkoth started an Atlantean civil war so that he could obtain the throne, so the other three formed an alliance with Attuma and his barbarian hordes in order to survive the civil war. Attuma, seeing this as an opportunity to rule Atlantis, consented. Once the civil war was crushed, the Atlantean military was greatly weakened, and Attuma easily assumed rule of the city. When certain citizens began longing for Namor’s return, Attuma put together a plot that would cause the Atlantean citizens to lose faith in Namor.
(Alpha Flight I#33) - Seeking to set a trap for Namor, Attuma sought to capture his beloved Marrina, and pursued her through the ocean.
(Alpha Flight I#34) - After a lengthy pursuit, Attuma’s craft finally netted Marrina.
(Alpha Flight I#35) - Attuma subjected Marrina to different torturous water conditions in order to get her to speak, not knowing that she was incapable of speech at the time. He verbally sparred with Vashti, Dara, and Thakos.
(Alpha Flight I#36) - Summoned by Byrrah, Namor made his way to Atlantis to confront Attuma.
(Alpha Flight I#37) - Growing impatient that Namor had not attempted to rescue Marrina yet, Attuma chided her. When the news came that Namor was approaching, Attuma was pleased.
(Alpha Flight I#38) - When Namor entreated his former subjects to aid him against Attuma, they refused, preferring Attuma’s more orderly style of leadership and rejecting Namor’s relationship with the alien Marrina. When Namor and Byrrah retreated, Attuma gloated that the Atlantean people were his now. Namor rushed to get the Avengers to help while Byrrah went to get Alpha Flight.
(Avengers I#272 (fb)) – Attuma promised Marrina that he would see both her and Namor dead. He received word that Namor was attacking again, and ordered his armies to attack. As Attuma continued taunting Marrina, Burka brought word that Namor had defeated the armies and that many surface heroes were with Namor.
(Avengers I#272/Alpha Flight I#39) – Namor, Byrrah, Alpha Flight, and the Avengers successfully fought their way into Atlantis, determined to save Marrina and leave the throne to Attuma. Namor and Attuma battled for a time, verbally sparring, while Northstar freed Marrina. Soon, the heroes found themselves surrounded and Attuma gave the orders to kill them.
(Avengers I#272) – The heroes continued battling Attuma’s legions, and Attuma and Namor traded blows again. Attuma realized that Namor did not want his throne back, and was willing to put an end to the battles. The heroes left for the surface, but not before Marrina was shot by one of Attuma’s men. Captain Marvel left Attuma with threats, and Attuma vowed revenge on the heroes eventually.
(Marvel Age Annual I#1) - As part of a short-lived Lethal Legion team, Attuma joined forces with several super-villains in opposing several super-heroes.
(Avengers I#293 (BTS)) - When a Leviathan (who was secretly a savage Marrina) attacked Atlantis, devastation was wrought across the city.
(Avengers Annual I#17 (fb)) - The High Evolutionary framed the Deviant Lemurians for Leviathan's attack. Enraged by this, Attuma led his Atlantean forces into a war with the Lemurians, the first ever between the two races.
(Avengers Annual I#17) - When a contingent of Avengers (Beast, the Captain, Falcon, Hercules, Hulk, Jocasta, Yellowjacket) came to Lemuria in pursuit of the High Evolutionary, they came across the Atlanteans' battle with the Lemurians, and Attuma ordered their ship fired upon. When Hulk and Hercules boarded Attuma's ship, Attuma had them attacked unsuccessfully. Within moments, one of the High Evolutionary's ships arrived and exploded a genetic bomb that spread through the waters. When Attuma and Warlord Kro (leader of the Deviants) discovered that the bomb was intended to render both of their races sterile, they were furious. They agreed to join forces and ally with the Avengers in defeating the High Evolutionary. The Atlantean and Lemurian armies attacked the villain's large base as a diversionary tactic while the Avengers rendered the larger bomb useless. It is to be assumed that the effects of the initial sterility bomb were reversed.
(Iron Man Annual I#10/1) - Attuma entered into an alliance with Lord Ghaur of the Deviant Lemurians and Llyra of the Lemurians (two separate underwater races). He was promised a share in the rule of the world once the elder-god Set was resurrected. Llyra agreed to give Attuma control of her forces to use with the Atlantean forces he already had. Attuma ordered a section of his forces to attack a series of surface ships, but Iron Man and Namor interrupted the attack and defeated his forces. Attuma ordered one of his soldiers to fire the Omega Rocket, their deadliest weapon, but Iron Man stopped it, and the arrival of the U.S. Marines caused Attuma's forces to retreat. Attuma soon received word that Namor had been killed in the battle.
(Iron Man Annual I#10/3) - Andromeda, disgusted by the news of Attuma's attack on the surface world and the reported death of Namor, rushed to Atlantis where she confronted Attuma and revealed to him that she was his daughter. Before they could do more than trade words, Andromeda left and, with Colonel Dakkor, decided to start an Atlantean rebellion against Attuma.
(Avengers Annual I#18) - Attuma divided his attacking forces into four, and appointed Tyrak, U-Man, Lord Arno, and Warlord Krang to lead each of the forces. He also sent Orka the Human Killer Whale, with Tyrak's forces. The four teams attacked four military installations in Cape Canaveral in Florida, Fort Hamilton Army Base in New York, Langley Air Force Base in Virginia, and the Shoreham Nuclear Plant. Each of the armies was defeated by different teams of Avengers within hours. When Attuma received word that his forces had been defeated, he was not surprised, and wondered why Ghaur and Llyra requested his forces be used in this mission.
(X-Factor Annual I#4) - While Attuma led some of his men in an attack on a surface water purification plant that was poisoning their waters, he was shocked to find Jean Grey (Marvel Girl, previously Phoenix) unconscious in the water with Beast near her. Desiring revenge and still wishing to use her as his mate, he instructed his men to kill Beast and took Grey to a room that would support surface life to 'interrogate' her. He dressed Grey in scanty clothing and, when she awoke, told her of his plans for her, but she repelled him with a telekinetic blast twice. Attuma punched through the wall, allowing the ocean's waters to cascade in. As he strangled her, he was shoved aside by the Beast and Andromeda, who'd followed him there. Andromeda demanded the First-Born's Right of Challenge, a right generally only given to male children, but Attuma consented. As they traded blows, Beast and Grey escaped. After Attuma defeated Andromeda, he gird himself in his armor and prepared to slay her. Before he could, Ghaur contacted him telepathically, said Andromeda was needed for Set, and spirited her away. Attuma was furious, and realized he was not a true ally of Ghaur's after all.
Annual I#5) - Attuma led a full-blown attack against New York City and
was opposed by the surface military, the Fantastic Four (with Ms.
Marvel), and Spider-Man. Although Attuma's forces were not as vast as
the Americans', the surfacemen were unprepared for such a savage
assault, and Attuma hoped to gain New York City as a beachhead. After a
long battle, Attuma tipped the odds in his favor by releasing the
monstrous Megasaur to attack the surface. When General Epititus
returned complaining of the futility of the surface attack, Attuma
killed the man for his complaints. Hours later, the surface heroes
finally repelled the Megasaur by disabling his rider. Attuma led his
forces from an Atlantean tank in a final assault when word reached him
that Atlantis had been destroyed. Realizing that Ghaur and Llyra had
done this, Attuma told his forces to retreat, and he was taken away in
restraints by surface military.
(Avengers I#324 -BTS) - Captain America reported to the fractured Atlantean army that Attuma was receiving a fair trial at the United Nations.
(Namor Annual I#1 (fb)) - When the Atlanteans decided to stay out of the Subterranean Wars, Attuma was pleased.
I#121/4) - Attuma led his forces undersea against Andromeda and her
rebel forces, including Xiomara. One of his soldiers, Nautak, was
killed in battle.
(Namor I#45 (fb)) - While attempting to colonize a city, Attuma noted a decrease in food productivity and found it was because of illegal whaling ships from Japan.
(Namor I#45) - Attuma led his forces in destroying several ships. While battling ninjas aboard one ship, Namor attacked, assuming Attuma to be responsible for the whaling tragedy, though Attuma quickly convinced him otherwise. Sunfire attacked, defending the Japanese and battled both Attuma and Namor. When one of Attuma's soldiers aided Namor, Attuma slew the soldier. Attuma fired a harpoon and accidentally hit Namor, and was hit by a blast from Sunfire. Attuma capsized the entire ship and then led his forces away.
(Namor I#52) - No longer in control of Atlantis, Attuma, based in Old Atlantis (near Antarctica) with his barbarian horde, was attacked by Sea Leopard and defeated in combat. Andromeda arrived, looking for Attuma, and was also defeated by Sea Leopard.
(Namor I#53) - Attuma and Andromeda were cast aside while Sea Leopard battled Namor. Once recovered, Attuma and Andromeda put aside their differences and attacked Sea Leopard. When Sea Leopard prepared to deliver Attuma a killing blow, Andromeda swam in front of the blow and received it, to Attuma's shock. Attuma pursued Sea Leopard and attacked again, and was shocked when Andromeda was still alive to renew her attack as well. Namor finally vanquished Sea Leopard. Attuma promised that his people would see Sea Leopard punished. When Andromeda refused to join with Attuma, he swam away, banishing her from his lands forever.
(Hulk/Sub-Mariner Annual 1998) - When Attuma heard that Namor had returned to Atlantis, he and his scientist ally, Zantor, looked for a weapon with which to defeat Namor. They found the Hulk floating in the water, gave him a water-breather elixir (turning the Hulk blue), and withdrew a large amount of his gamma-irradiated blood. Hulk escaped, and Attuma ordered that the blood be tested on Vashti, whom they had captured because the old man had been isolated due to a disease called the Black Tide. The mutated Vashti was set loose to wreak havoc, and Attuma was mutated by the rest of the blood and equipped with feeder tubes and a tank of blood that would keep him mutated. Attuma destroyed large portions of Atlantis and battled Namor and the Hulk until his feeder tubes were ripped free and Attuma collapsed. As an ironic side effect of the battle, the gamma-blood was used to cure the Atlanteans of the Black Tide.
(Defenders II#2) - Attuma led his armies in an attack on Atlantis, where the Atlantean forces, including Namor, Namorita, and Andromeda were all there to oppose him. His forces were more numerous than the Atlanteans. When Namor disappeared (due to the Defenders' curse), Attuma's forces easily conquered Atlantis.
(Defenders II#5) - When Namor burst through Attuma's ranks, Attuma was shocked. He rose from his throne (by which Namorita was held in chains) to attack, but Namor delivered a dozen blows before Attuma could act. When the curse caused Namor to disappear again, Attuma was pleased.
(Citizen V & the V-Battalion I#1-2) - When MODOK and AIM needed to test their new nannite science (which allowed them to control a being through voice modulation), they chose Atlantis. Attuma and the citizens of Atlantis were controlled into attacking the surface, so the V-Battalion sent operatives Goldfire, Iron Cross, Nuklo, and Topspin to oppose them. In time, the Destroyer was able to override the nannites and stopped the battle.
(Avengers III#42) - When Kang prepared to take over the world, he offered sections of his kingdom to anyone willing to claim territory in his name. Responding to this, Attuma led an armada against an attack at Rollo Bay in Prince Edward Island, Canada.
(Avengers III#43) - Attuma's operative, Serestus, used a control crystal to control Torg, a monster Attuma's forces had found in the frozen north, to battle the surface men. The Avengers (Jack of Hearts, Scarlet Witch, Triathlon, Wasp, Yellowjacket) arrived and battled Torg until Triathlon seized the control crystal and Torg was defeated. Attuma led his forces in a retreat so they could regroup.
(Avengers III#44 (BTS)) - Attuma's forces battled the Avengers again (now joined by Hercules and Stingray). Stingray blew up the station that allowed Attuma's forces to breathe on the surface, forcing Attuma's forces to retreat.
(Defenders II#7) - Attuma formed a team called Deep Six, including Nagala, Orka, Piranha, Sea Urchin, and Tiger Shark, to help defend Atlantis from Namor and his allies in the Defenders (Doctor Strange, Hellcat, Hulk, Nighthawk, Valkyrie). When the Defenders attacked, Attuma had the element of surprise and effectively held the heroes off long enough for the curse to transport them away once again.
(Defenders II#11) - The Defenders, with the Silver
their attack, and Deep Six again defended the borders. The Defenders
surprised Attuma by having various heroes attack opponents they would
not have normally battled. When Nighthawk was sent against Attuma, he
laughed at fighting such a weak opponent. Attuma pursued Nighthawk
through the waters for a few minutes, and when he was led back to the
battle site he found his forces all defeated. Namor quickly defeated
Attuma with a series of punches.
(JLA/Avengers I#4) - Attuma lead his armies in a battle against several heroes, including Namor and Marrina, as an ally to Krona, until Aquaman (of Earth-DC) used his powers to control marine life to stop Attuma's forces.
(Hercules III#3) - When Attuma attacked Atlantis again, Hercules (as part of his 12 labors for a new reality series) fought Attuma off and drove him from Florida.
(Sentry II#1) - Attuma attacked NYC with an army of Atlantean warriors and giant, squid-like machines. Attuma sent in another wave when the Avengers intervened with his plans. Surrounded by his warriors, Attuma saw Sentry coming for him. Attuma explained that this attack on humanity was for supporting Namor, but Sentry didn't let him finish his speech and seemingly decapitated him with a quick flying attack.
(Dark Reign: Made Men#1/2 (fb)) - Attuma was shocked when he suddenly reawakened, finding himself in Latveria with his head reattached by Dr. Doom. He learned that he'd received enhanced strength, flight, and the ability to breathe on land. Shocked by Doom's offer an alliance with Attuma against Namor, should Doom's current partnership with Namor fail, Attuma initially refused Doom's offers of technology in exchange for loyalty. Doom gave Attuma an hour to decide if he would accept the offer, arguing that Attuma's followers would finally have stability and credibility.
(Dark Reign: Made Men#1/2) - Attuma spent his hour focusing on his past failures and history. When Doom entered for the answer, Attuma still did not have one.
(Fear Itself I#2) – Attuma picked up one of the Serpent’s hammers and became one of the Worthy, Nerkkod, Destoyer of Oceans. He hit a Pacific oil pipeline, destroying it, as chaos reigned on the world.
(Fear Itself: the Deep#1) – Nerkkod devastated the oceans, killing sea life in New Zealand and sending a tidal wave over Hawaii. He attacked New Atlantis with his horde and easily subdued Namor with his mystic hammer. He taunted Namor, switching between Asgardian and English, and destroyed the city with one mighty blow. Loa rushed Namor to safety, and Nerkkod merely laughed. His horde occupied the broken city, and he appointed Tyrak, Tiger Shark, and Aradnea as generals in his absence while he continued his conquest.
(Civil War: Home Front#3) – Nerkkod attacked the city of St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada.
(Herc#4) – Nerkkod rode a tidal wave over the city of Vancouver, British Columbia.
(Alpha Flight IV#1) – Nerkkod and his army devastated Vancouver while Alpha Flight (Aurora, Guardian, Marrina, Sasquatch, Shaman, Snowbird, Vindicator) did their best to save the citizens. Nerkkod used his hammer to shatter buildings and to knock a news helicopter from the air. Marrina, Guardian, Sasquatch, and Snowbird (as a white dinosaur) did their best to detain him, but he easily held them off before summoning a giant whirlpool to ride on through the city. Guardian teleported Nerkkod to Cape Race, Newfoundland, on the opposite coast, and managed to draw blood from Nerkkod before he passed out from the strain. His army withdrew in his absence.
(Fear Itself I#4) – The Serpent summoned his Worthy mentally, and Nerkkod, after slaying several Atlanteans outside Salmon Arm, British Columbia, felt the rising of the palace of his master, the Serpent.
(Fear Itself: Home Front#4) – Nerkkod attacked St. John’s, Newfoundland, and he blasted several citizens with energy waves from his hammer. He was briefly knocked back by Speedball, who was then able to absorb the energy from Nerkkod’s thrown hammer and redirect it back, slamming Nerkkod with a wave of energy. Nerkkod was thrown back into the ocean. He swiftly returned, beat Speedball back with a series of blows, then destroyed the entire town with a tidal wave. He strode triumphantly away.
(Fear Itself: the Deep#3) – Nerkkod continued his rampage.
(Fear Itself: the Deep I#4) – Nerkkod met with his assembled army and prepared for his ultimate conquest over the oceans. When Namor and his allies (Dr. Strange, She-Hulk, Silver Surfer, Loa) stood against him, he caused the ground to explode with geysers and commanded his army to attack. He successfully battled off the heroes even as reinforcements arrived in the Defenders (Black Panther, Blazing Skull, Cloak, Cloud, Dagger, Devil-Slayer, Gargoyle, Hellcat, Moon Knight, Son of Satan, Stingray). Nerkkod and Namor traded blows, but Nerkkod was actually stunned when Namor’s trident pierced his chest. Loa then used her powers to disintegrate his right arm, depriving him of his hammer. Nerkkod quickly recalled it, regenerated his hand, and rode away on a whirlwind, vowing revenge.
(Fear Itself I#6) – The Serpent gathered his remaining Worthy (minus Hulk and Thing) for final battle with the Avengers at Broxton, Oklahoma, former site of Asgard.
(Fear Itself I#7) – As the final battle commenced, Iron Man brought enchanted weapons, much like the hammers of the Worthy, from Asgard and equipped several heroes with them. Nerkkod was taken down by a savage blow from the enchanted sword of Red She-Hulk. As the Serpent was defeated, the hammers of the Worthy were spiraled away.
(Indestructible Hulk#4) - Attuma seized control of Lemuria and began sending undersea monsters to attack the surface, resulting in thousands of casualties. The Chinese-helicarrier Dreadnought attacked with the Hulk aboard, but Attuma repelled them with new Seabreaker artillery and captured the Hulk.
(Indestructible Hulk#5) - Attuma, planning to attack Atlantis, had Lemurian alchemist Rasa design weapons for him, including Alkahest (a disintegrating acid). Hulk attacked with the Lemurian rebellion forces (including Canor and Mara) and Attuma summoned the massive Kophinbeast, a red sea monster with impentrible skin. Attuma ended up being swallowed by the Kophin, who swam away.
(Avengers Arena#16 (fb) - BTS) - Attuma had two members of the Atlantean royal guard spying for him. Namor ferreted them out and had them killed.
(Squadron Supreme IV#12 (fb) ) - Attuma approached Namor in Atlantis with a truce, wanting to see Atlantis strong again. He offered to accept Namor as King and proposed himself as Warlord. Namor was considering the offer when the Squadron Supreme attacked.
(Squadron Supreme IV#1) - The Squadron Supreme attacked Atlantis, battling Attuma before killing Namor for his crimes and destroying the city. (Namor was later returned to life in a time paradox).
(Nick Fury I##4) - In Atlantis, Attuma was allied with Namor and he battled Nick Fury II, recognizing him as an intruder, and was defeated in an explosion.
Comments: Created by Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, and Chic Stone.
Attuma received entries in OHOTMU, the Deluxe Edition and the Master Edition. Attuma has used an impressive amount of high-tech scientific gear over the years. It has been said that the population of the Atlantean horde exceeds that of the population of Atlantis, though most Atlanteans live in smaller communities (according to the Atlantis OHOTMU entry). Attuma's rule in Atlantis is generally supported by Atlantis's citizens, who are more accustomed to Namor's moody style and his strong loyalties to the surface world. Atlantis's Council of Elders likely remains in place when Attuma rules Atlantis. Attuma's character has remained fairly sufficient over the years, although he has received little character attention or attempts to delve into the character, he is simply the anti-Namor (in a way Tiger Shark isn't), or the strong undersea bad guy for many stories. He also has an impressive collection of costumes, perhaps enough to rival the Wasp. (Outside of his standard 'Bunny' helmet, his big-horned turtle shell costume pictured above is my favorite...)
A data correction in some handbook stated
that Dorcas made Attuma able to breath unassisted by technology on land
at some point.
pointed out by Martin Campbell in OHotMU Update'89#1 and was likely a
reference to the Super-Villain Team-Up storyline with Dorcas and Attuma
which ran through the first three issues of the title. In this
correction was also stated that it was unknown if this alteration to
Attuma was still effective. Later storylines proofed that it was just
Attuma had an entry in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#1, Deluxe Edition#1 and Master Edition#8.
Thank you to Michael
Thanks to Shiryu for reminding us about Attuma in JLA/Avengers.
Attuma is not meant to be confused with
(Web of Spider-man Annual I#4) - General Epititus
was one of the
greatest generals in Attuma's Atlantean army. When Attuma aligned with
Ghaur and Llyra of separate Lemurian races and launched an attack on
the surface world, Epititus was wounded. He returned to Attuma to let
him know that the battle was a mistake, and that the Atlanteans would
be defeated. Attuma killed Epititus for his doubt.
--Web of Spider-man Annual I#4
Mako and Gort
(Avengers I#154) -
Acting on Attuma’s orders, two of his soldiers,
Mako and Gort, captured the Vision using sonic waves. Mako acted as a
distraction and was attacked by the Vision while Gort fired the gun.
(Sub-Mariner I#36) -
Wurta accompanied Attuma in attacking Atlantis.
He laughed as the Atlanteans fled before the Octo-Meks. Wurta sensed
movement in the water just before Namor knocked him unconscious.
(Defenders I#7) - Big Grokko offered the captive
Valkyrie food in
exchange for Valkyrie's willingness to be 'nice' to him. While he was
distracted, Hawkeye grabbed him through the bars and Valkyrie knocked
him out with a punch. They then used his keys to escape.
Worta and Brodar
(Sub-Mariner I#31) -
Worta led a force against the S.S. Horton in
order to capture the ship for Attuma. His soldiers, including Brodar,
secured the prisoners while Worta secured the ship.
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#1, p44, pan1 (main image)
Avengers I#272, cover
X-Factor Annual I#4, p17, pan4
Namor I#53, p16, pan1
Hulk/Sub-Mariner Annual 1998, p26, pan5
Dark Reign: Made Men#1, p11, pan4
Fear Itself: the Deep#4, cover (as Nerkkod)
(General Epititus) Web of Spider-man Annual I#5, p11, pan5
(Mako) Avengers I#154, p3, pan3
(Gort) Avengers I#154, p3, pan4
(Wurta) Sub-Mariner I#36, p11, pan5
(Big Grokko) Defenders I#7, p17, pan2
(Worta and Brodar) Sub-Mariner I#31, p4, pan4
Fantastic Four I#33 (December, 1964) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Jack Kirby (penciler), Chic Stone (inker)
Tales to Astonish I#64/1 (February, 1965) - Leon Lazarus (writer), Carl Burgos (penciler), Paul Reinman (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Tales of Suspense I#66/1 (June, 1965) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Don Heck (penciler), Mickey Demeo (inker)
Fantastic Four Annual I#3 (1965) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Jack Kirby (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker)
Marvel Heroes and Legends '96 (October, 1996) - Stan Lee and Fabian Nicieza (writers), Gene Colan (penciler of Attuma pages)
Avengers I#26, 27 (March, April, 1966) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Don Heck (penciler), Frank Giacoia (inker)
Tales to Astonish I#88/1-91/1 (February-May, 1967) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Gil Kane (penciler/inker)
Sub-Mariner I#4 (August, 1968) - Roy Thomas (writer), John Buscema (penciler), Frank Giacoia (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Sub-Mariner I#31 (November, 1970) - Roy Thomas (writer), Sal Buscema (penciler), Joe Gaudioso (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Sub-Mariner I#36, 37 (April, May, 1971) - Roy Thomas (writer), Sal Buscema (penciler), Berni Wrightson (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Sub-Mariner I#56 (December, 1972) - Mike Friedrich (script), Dan Adkins (plot/penciler/inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Defenders I#7 (August, 1973) - Steve Englehart & Len Wein (writers), Sal Buscema (penciler), Frank Bolle (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Defenders I#8 (September, 1973) - Steve Englehart (writer), Sal Buscema (penciler), Frank McLaughlin (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Super-Villain Team-Up I#1 (August, 1975) - Tony Isabella (writer), George Tuska & Bill Everett (pencilers), Fred Kida (inker), Len Wein (editor)
Super-Villain Team-Up I#2 (October, 1975) - Tony Isabella (writer), Sal Buscema (penciler), Fred Kida (inker), Len Wein (editor)
Super-Villain Team-Up I#3 (December, 1975) - Jim Shooter (writer), George Evans (penciler), Jack Abel (inker), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Avengers I#154 (December, 1976) - Gerry Conway (writer/editor), George Perez (penciler), Pablo Marcos (inker)
Super-Villain Team-Up I#9 (December, 1976) - Bill Mantlo (writer), Jim Shooter (penciler), Sam Trapani (inker) Archie Goodwin (editor)
Avengers I#155 (January, 1977) - Gerry Conway (writer/editor), George Perez (penciler), Pablo Marcos (inker)
Avengers I#156 (February, 1977) - Jim Shooter (writer), Sal Buscema (penciler), Pablo Marcos (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Super-Villain Team-Up I#10 (February, 1977) - Bill Mantlo (writer), Bob Hall (penciler), Don Perlin (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Bizarre Adventures I#27 (July, 1981) - Chris Claremont (writer), John Buscema (penciler), Klaus Johnson (inker), Dennis O'Neil (editor)
Alpha Flight I#33, 34 (April, May, 1986) - Bill Mantlo (writer), Sal Buscema (penciler), Gerry Talaoc (inker), Carl Potts (editor)
Alpha Flight 35-38 (June-September, 1986) - Bill Mantlo (writer), David Ross (penciler), Gerry Talaoc (inker), Carl Potts (editor)
Avengers I#272 (October, 1986) - Roger Stern (writer), John Buscema (penciler), Tom Palmer (penciler/inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Marvel Age Annual I#1 (1985) - Jim Shooter (concept), Kurt Busiek (writer), James Fry (penciler), Keith Williams (inker), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Avengers Annual I#17 (1988) - Walter Simonson (writer), Mark Bright (penciler), Mike & Valerie Gustovich (inkers), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Iron Man Annual I#10/1 (1989) - David Michelinie (writer), Paul Smith (penciler), Michael Gustovich (inker), Howard Mackie (editor)
Iron Man Annual I#10/3 (1989) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Don Perlin (penciler), Don Ald (inker), Howard Mackie (editor)
Avengers Annual I#18 (1989) - Michael Higgins (writer), Ron Wilson (penciler), Mike Gustovich (inker), Howard Mackie (editor)
X-Factor Annual I#4 (1989) - John Byrne (writer/penciler/inker), Walt Simonson (embellisher), Howard Mackie (editor)
Web of Spider-man I#5 (1989) - Gerry Conway (writer), Javier Salteres (penciler), Randy Emberlin (inker), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Namor Annual I#1 (1991) - Mike Thomas (writer), Dana Moreshead (penciler), Phil Hester (inker), Terry Kavanagh (editor)
Marvel Comics Presents I#121/4 (January, 1993) - Karl Bollers (writer), Mark Moretti (penciler), Joe Rubinstein (inker), Terry Kavanagh (editor)
Namor I#45 (December, 1993) - Glenn Herdling (writer), Geof Isherwood (penciler/inker), Mike Rockwitz (editor)
Namor I#52 (July, 1994) - Glenn Herdling (writer), Geof Isherwood (penciler/inker), Dante Bastianoni Brian Garvey (inkers), Mike Rockwitz (editor)
Namor I#53 (August, 1994) - Glenn Herdling (writer), Geof Isherwood (penciler/inker), Mike Rockwitz (editor)
Hulk/Sub-Mariner Annual 1998 (1998) - Chris Cooper (writer), Doug Wheatley (penciler/inker), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Defenders II#2 (April, 2001) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Erik Larson (writer/penciler), Klaus Janson (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Defenders II#5 (July, 2001) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Erik Larson (writer/penciler), Sal Buscema (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Citizen V and the V-Battalion I#1-2 (June, July, 2001) - Fabian Nicieza (writer) - Michael Ryan (penciler), Sean Parsons (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Avengers III#42, 43 (July, August, 2001) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Alan Davis (penciler), Mark Farmer (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Avengers III#44 (September, 2001) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Manuel Garcia (penciler), Bob Layton (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Defenders II#7, 11 (September, 2001, January, 2002) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Erik Larson (writer/penciler), Sal Buscema (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
JLA/Avengers I#4 (2003) - Kurt Busiek (writer), GeorgePerez (penciler/inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Hercules III#3 (August, 2005) - Frank Tieri (writer), Mark Texeira (penciler), Jimmy Palmiotti (inker), Axel Alonso (editor)
Sentry II#1 (November, 2005) - Paul Jenkins (writer), John Romita, Jr. (artist), Mark Morales (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Dark Reign: Made Men#1/2 (November, 2009) - Frank Tieri (writer), Rafa Sandoval (penciler), Roger Bonet Martinez (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Fear Itself I#2 (July, 2011) – Matt Fraction (writer), Stuart Immonen (penciler), Wade Von Grawbadger (inker), Lauren Sankovitch (editor)
Fear Itself: the Deep#1 (August, 2011) – Culllen Bunn (writer), Lee Garbett (penciler), David Meikis (inker), Jeanine Schaefer (editor)
Fear Itself: Home Front#3 (August, 2011) – Christos Gage (writer), Mike Mayhew (penciler/inker), Lauren Sankowitch (editor)
Herc#4 (August, 2011) – Greg Pak, Fred Van Lente (writers), Neil Edwards (penciler), Scott Hanna (inker), Mark Paniccia (editor)
Alpha Flight IV#1 (August, 2011) – Greg Pak, Fred Van Lente (writers), Dale Eaglesham (penciler), Andrew Hennessy (inker), Mark Paniccia (editor)
Fear Itself I#4 (September, 2011) – Matt Fraction (writer), Stuart Immonen (penciler), Wade Von Grawbadger (inker), Lauren Sankovitch (editor)
Fear Itself: the Worthy#6 (September, 2011) – Tom DeFalco (writer), Mario Alberti (penciler/inker), Tom Brennan (editor)
Fear Itself: Home Front#4 (September, 2011) – Christos Gage (writer), Mike Mayhew (penciler/inker), Lauren Sankowitch (editor)
Fear Itself: the Deep#3-4 (October-November, 2011) – Culllen Bunn (writer), Lee Garbett (penciler), David Meikis, John Lucas (inkers), Jeanine Schaefer (editor)
Fear Itself I#6-7 (November-December, 2011) – Matt Fraction (writer), Stuart Immonen (penciler), Wade Von Grawbadger (inker), Lauren Sankovitch (editor)
Indestructible Hulk#4-5 (2013) - Mark Waid (writer), Leinil Francis Yu (penciler), Gary Alanguilan (inker), Mark Paniccia (editor)
Avengers Arena#16 (December, 2013) - Dennis Hopeless (writer), Kev Walker (penciler), Jason Gorder (inker), Bill Rosemann (editor)
FF II#13 (December, 2013) - Matt Fraction, Lee Allred (writers), Michael Allred (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Squadron Supreme IV#1 (February, 2016) - James Robinson (writer), Leonard Kirk (penciler), Paul Neary (inker), Mark Paniccia, Katie Kubert (editors)
Squadron Supreme IV#12 (December, 2016) - James Robinson (writer), Leonard Kirk (penciler), Paul Neary (inker), Katie Kubert (editor)
Nick Fury I#4 (September, 2017) - James Robinson (writer), Aco (pencils), Hugo Petrus (inks), Mark Paniccia (editor)
First Posted: 12/16/2005
Last Updated: 10/16/2017
Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.
All other characters mentioned or pictured are ™ and © 1941-2099 Marvel Characters, Inc. All Rights Reserved. If you like this stuff, you should check out the real thing!
Please visit The Marvel Official Site at: http://www.marvel.com/
Special Thanks to www.g-mart.com for hosting the Appendix, Master List, etc.!
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