CAGLIOSTRO

Real Name: Unrevealed (possibly O-Bengh)

Identity/Class: Human (18th Century and modern era) magic user; Sicilian citizen

Occupation: Sorcerer, alchemist;
    former advisor to King Louis XVI

Group Membership: Black Coats, Brothers of Mercy (including Bel Demonio/Beautiful Demon), the Freemasons, Illuminati, the Knights of Light, the Nine Unknown, the Rosicrucians, the Society of Asiatic Brothers

Affiliations: Jacques DuBois, Cagliostro magical doppelganger, Captain Marvel (Rambeau), Dr. Doom, golems, Marie Laveau (former lover), King Louis XVI, Montplier, a group of gypsies
    possibly
Comte St. Germaine, Grand Master Pinto

Enemies: Baron Blood (Victor Strange), Brother Voodoo, Dracula, the Holy Office of Italy, Karlos, Murgo;
  Jackson Kubbard, Sise-Neg (both impersonated him);
    possibly Marano 

Known Relatives: Lorenza Serafina (wife, presumably deceased/destroyed), Lubya (wife), Miarka (daughter), Taboo, Jackson Kubbard (sons), Lilia Murgo (granddaughter), Lilia Calderu (great-granddaughter), Astrid Mordo (great, great-granddaughter)

Aliases: Giuseppe Balsamo, Allesandro di Cagliostro, Count Cagliostro, Endless One, Olden King of the Gypsies, Al-Thotas

Place of Birth: Kanchipuram (in modern-day Tamil Nadu, India)

Base of Operations: private penthouse at the Plaza Omni Hotel, Manhattan, New York;
    formerly New Orleans @ 1900;
    formerly with a group of gypsies amongst the Carpathian Mountains in Transylvania;
    formerly a cell in Italy (18th Century);
    formerly the Court of King Louis XVI (18th Century);
    see comments

Extent of Education: Extensively self-taught in sorcery

First Appearance: (mentioned) Dracula Lives#1 (1973);
    (seen) Dracula Lives#5/2 (March, 1974)

Powers/Abilities: Cagliostro is a powerful sorcerer, able to perform numerous feats of magic, such as teleporting himself or others, illusion casting, minor restructuring of matter, unleashing energy blasts, forming shields, binding or crushing others with Vapor Claws, preventing the speech of others, etc. He has managed to maintain his youth via several means, including a potion requiring vampire blood, among other things. He can create mindless golems--possessing super-strength and able to change shape--to perform various acts.
    He has an extensive knowledge of magical lore, and can invoke numerous beings of power via incantations or spells, to perform a variety of unspecified acts. He likely possesses telepathy and the capacity for astral projection, and possibly time travel.
    He formerly had access to the legendary Darkhold, and he also has an extensive knowledge of alchemy.

Height: 5'11" (variable)
Weight: 175 lbs. (variable)
Eyes: Brown (variable)
Hair: Black (variable)

History:

see comments for the secret history of Cagliostro

(Iron Man I#149 (fb) - BTS/JML) - Dr. Doom traveled back in time to learn sorcery under an aged Cagliostro.

(Iron Man I#149) - Cagliostro completed his training of Doom, claiming to have imparted "every magick, every spell, every defense, and every assault that my sorcery can offer." In return, Doom gave the sorcerer a chest full of gems, which Cagliostro intended to use to purchase the last of the rare herbs and talismans he needed for his immortality conjurations. Doom warned him to take care, lest eternity become more burden than boon. As Doom vanished via his time machine, Cagliostro proclaimed, "By Shaksa! With power like that, why would such a sorcerer covet my petty spells?!"

 

(OHOTMU 2006 A-Z#2/JML) - The aging king's quest for immortality unleashed a plague, driving his people westward as travelers or Gypsies.
  Cagliostro eventually slew the Egyptian wizard Al-Thotas, usurped his form, name and place in the Immortal Nine, who partook of the life-giving Pool of Blood.

 

 

 

 

(Doctor Strange III#15/2) <1549> - Dracula sent the thief Murgo to filch the Darkhold from the Vatican library. However, Cagliostro slew Murgo and took the Darkhold for himself. Dracula vowed hatred undying on Cagliostro for his actions (see comments).

(JML) - According to records on Cagliostro's, he was born Giuseppe Balsamo in Palermo, Sicily on June 8, 1743. In addition, the records show that he was first schooled at the religious academy of Saint-Roch, then went to study at the convent of Caltagirone. After misleading a goldsmith named Marano into believing that hidden treasures could be located by ceremonial magics, he escaped to Messina, where he allegedly made contact with an alchemy adept named Althotas. They traveled together to Alexandria and Rhodes and later conducted Alchemical experiments with Grand Master Pinto on Malta. Pinto's sponsorship allowed Count Cagliostro, as he now styled himself, to live in great wealth and style.

(OHOTMU 2006 A-Z#2/JML) - In the 1700s, &"Al-Thotas" took in apprentice sorcerer Giuseppe Balsamo, eventually slayed him and took over his body, life and wife, Lorenza.

(OHotMU: Horror 2005/JML) - In the early 18th Century Cagliostro was opposed by the Brother Voodoo of this era.

(Avengers I#187 (fb)) - Cagliostro is seen as one of the possessors of the Darkhold.

(JML) - Cagliostro married Lorenza Feliciani in Italy and became a figure in many European courts, charming princes, kings, and queens, and assuring them that his alchemical secrets could help them swell the royal coffers.

(JML) - Cagliostro moved to France, where he became deeply interested in Freemasonry, and acquired a reputation as a medium and and faith healer. It was per the Freemasons' agenda that he would play out his part in the downfall of the French Monarchy and bring about the French Revolution. He became involved in the Affair of the Diamond Necklace (see comments). Cagliostro was charged by Madame La Motte of stealing the valuable jewelry. This was later dismissed in court.

    Though Cagliostro's spell continued to keep him young, he had to use illusions to hide his youth to avoid the scrutiny of others, such as the watchful eyes of the Vatican.

(Dracula Lives#3/7 (fb) - BTS/Tomb of Dracula II#3/2 - BTS) <1769?> - Cagliostro gave a special potion to sculptor Jacques DuBois, and had him use it to animate a statue and send it to slay Dracula. Dracula defeated DuBois and the statue, though DuBois would plague him again in the modern era.

 

 

(Marvel Fanfare I#42/2) <1784> - Captain Marvel (Monica Rambeau) was sent back in time by Marie LaVeau. Cagliostro at first suspected her to be a demon and attempted to bind her with the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak. Monica escaped the spell and explained that she had been sent back in time to get a sample of blood from Dracula. Cagliostro led her to a ball and directed her to Dracula. Later after Monica's nearly fatal struggle with Dracula, Cagliostro directed her to return to her own time to avoid another such encounter.

 

 

 

 

(Dracula Lives#5/4) [1785]- Cagliostro sent agents to slay Dracula, who slew the assassins after learning who had sent them. Dracula then traveled to the court of King Louis XVI and offered him a small chest of gems and requested a position as one of his advisors. Cagliostro used a spell too kill Dracula's servant, Karlos. Furious, Dracula confronted Cagliostro, who attempted to slay him with magical vapor claws. However, Dracula through off the assault, mesmerized the sorcerer, and prepared to bite him. Cagliostro's wife, Lorenza Serafina, smashed Dracula over the back of the head with a vase. This served only to distract Dracula, and it allowed him to recall his true purpose in confronting Cagliostro. Wishing to pay the sorcerer back in kind for slaying Karlos, Dracula bit Lorenza and drained her blood. Cagliostro tended to his wife, working his magics on her, and after three days he was seemingly rewarded when she recovered.
    Later, back in King Louis XVI's court, Cagliostro taunted Dracula, but the Lord of the Undead responded by revealing that Lorenza had truly died, and she was now a vampire.
    During this encounter, Dracula correctly surmised that Cagliostro had long since parted with the Darkhold.

(Dracula Lives#6/5/Marvel Premiere#13/JML) <July 14, 1789> - Cagliostro left France, seeking a cure for his wife's "ailment." However, he had made arrangements to gain his revenge on Dracula. He sent  Montplier and others to ambush and capture Dracula. However, when the lower class stormed the Bastille, Dracula was unwittingly freed, and he escaped.

(Marvel Premiere#13/JML) - Cagliostro was unaware that he was replaced by the time-traveling Sise-Neg, who took his form and name.

 

 

 

 

 

(Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#8/2 (fb)/JML) - Cagliostro created and allowed the capture of a doppelganger in his native Italy by the Holy Office, as part of the Inquistion. He was charged on the grounds that Freemasonry was heresy, and he imprisoned for life in the Castle of San Leo near Montefeltro. However, he left a magical doppelganger in his cell and escaped. He then went to live with some gypsies, becoming their warlock king.

(OHotMU 2006 A-Z#2/JML) <1791> - The real Cagliostri staked Lorenza after failing to find a cure for her even after consulting the Vatican.

(Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#10/2 (fb) - BTS) <1795> - Cagliostro's doppelganger "died" (perished) in its cell in Italy's papal states, leading his captors to believe Cagliostro to have died, and they reported his death.

(OHotMU 2006 A-Z#2/JML) - For some time Cagliostro returned as the king of the Gypsies for some time. After Sise-Neg left 18th Century France and headed towards the beginning of time in search of power, the true Cagliostro returned to Paris. Discovering Sise-Neg's notes, Cagliostro combined them with ideas he had taken from the Darkhold and other information he had learned from studying the time travel of Dr. Doom, including them all in what would become known as the Book of Cagliostro.

 

 

(Dracula Lives#2/7(fb)//Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#10/2) - At the turn of the 19th Century, Cagliostro came to Haiti--and thence to New Orleans--to  to steal Marie's voodoo secrets, perhaps even to kill her afterwards. Instead, he became her lover, and taught her the secret of his own immortality, which he himself had learned from the Darkhold.
    However, though Marie aged very slowly after this, age she did--for the formula given her by Cagliostro was incomplete, though it is unclear whether this was by accident or design.

(OHotMU 2006 A-Z#2/JML) - In the 1900s Cagliostro rejoined the Gypsies once again. He married Lubya, fathered Taboo and Miarka and then departed for good.
  Over the years, Cagliostro kept to his decadent lifestyle, going from identity to identity, switching names and appearances like a chameleon. Using that time to build up fortune and fame, trying to remain hidden from the enemies he had already made.

(Fear#9/2 (BTS))- In the 1920's, a journal written by Cagliostro fell into the hands of Marko, a stage magician intent on proving himself to be the world's greatest magician. Marko discovered amongst Cagliostro's notes a formula for a shriking serum, and intended to use it on stage to make himself seem to vanish, but his asisstant Waldo Roberts locked him in his dressing room and used the formula instead. Unfortunately, Marko had not found an antidote for the shrinking serum, and Waldo was left in a tiny body.

(Dracula Lives#1/OHotMU A-Z#2 - BTS) - In Manhattan, Jackson Kubbard, who was another son of Cagliostro, falsely claimed to be the reincarnation of Cagliostro, but was revealed to be an imposter by Dracula, who had come seeking his old enemy. Kubbard's claims also drew the attention of Marie LaVeau, who sent her aid, Gaston, to investigate.

 

(Daredevil I#143 - BTS) - Mr. Hyde once sought another of Cagliostro's formulas to gain great power, but Daredevil destroyed the serum (apparently only able to be created once) before he could use it

 

(Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme Annual#2/4 (fb) - BTS) - Cagliostro's supply of vampire blood--which he needed for a potion to maintain his youth--ran out. Posing as a normal wealthy man under his old name of Giuseppe Balsamo, he rented out a private penthouse at the Plaza Omni Hotel.  Learning of the existence of the new vampire in town, Baron Blood (Victor Strange), Cagliostro created some mindless servants, his golems, which he sent out to set a trap to capture him.

(Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme Annual#2/4) - Cagliostro's golems took human form and posed as a pair of male muggers and a female victim, and they then succeeded in surprising and subduing Victor Strange when he tried to save the victim. After taking a sample of Strange's blood, Cagliostro instructed his golems to destroy the vampire. Victor broke free and escaped the chamber, discovering himself in a ballroom in the midst of a large party hosted by Balsamo. Victor tried to expose Balsamo's activities, but found himself unable to speak due to magical spell. Cagliostro then pointed out that dawn was approaching and that Victor should fly away and return to his coffin before being turned to dust. When Victor saw that he had no choice but to agree, Cagliostro teleported Victor back to his apartment.

 

 

 

 

Comments: Adapted to comics by Gerry Conway and Frank Springer.

CAGLIOSTRO, the UNTOLD STORY

    The history in this profile makes a slight break from "the norm" in that it includes history as detailed by a writer from Marvel Comics, Jean-Marc Lofficier in an unpublished story. JML had written a Book of the Vishanti feature on Cagliostro that was to have been published as a back-up in the third Dr. Strange series. For whatever reason, this story never saw print (The material was commissioned, written, and paid for by Marvel). JML was kind enough to share the information with Erik, the author of the Dr. Strange, Sorcerer Supreme website, who put the information in a great profile that you can find under the Friends and Foes sub-section of his site: http://www.drstrange.nl/
    Erik saw that Cagliostro was one of the upcoming profiles for the Appendix and contacted me to make sure the information was included. I agree that it is worthy of inclusion, and so I am including it here. In addition, JML and Erik apparently went through all of the Cagliostro stories and the real world history, and then they decided what to include and what to throw out. I'm of the mind that things should not be thrown out, but rather that we should try to see how everything fits together. So, I have included the comic book information in regular Times New Roman text.
Everything from Erik and JML's profile is in regular Arial text.
   
JML himself had this response, including his full take on things:

    The Marvel Cagliostro is a lot older than the historical Cagliostro (Or the Alexandre Dumas Cagliostro). I was in fact planning to link the origins of Cagliostro, as well as that of other immortals, to that POOL OF BLOOD that made people immortal, which was introduced in TOMB OF DRACULA I#15. You remember the Old Roman (Orphelus) who wanted Dracula to take him there and ended up destroying the Pool of Blood?
    So the "real" Cagliostro did look like that weird Ancient One-looking guy from IRON MAN (the one that trained Dr. Doom). There would have been eight other Immortals -- after THE NINE UNKNOWN -- who drank from the POOL OF BLOOD in some unspecified past, but because of the Roman guy, I'm willing to say it was in the days of the Roman Empire, or maybe the Roman was a new addition to the Nine and the whole thing went further back. I can't recall if I had made up my mind.
    One of the NINE was the man who would one day become Cagliostro (I had not decided on his "real name" other than he was the legendary KING OF THE GYPSIES and wore the TALISMAN OF THE VOIVODES, the holy emblem of Gypsy Royalty), the other was the Roman, another one was the YELLOW CLAW (Roy Thomas and I dealt with that in a CAPTAIN AMERICA story that was partially drawn but never printed), and I left the other 5 men/women mysterious.
Could have been the Marvel Fu Manchu, etc.
    So in short the real Cagliostro is much, much older than Joseph Balsamo. He did once look like the guy Dr Doom met, and that is the way he really used to look like. And Doom met him in the far past. JOSEPH + GIUSEPPE BALSAMO was just one of the many fake IDs he used throughout history to hide the fact he was the same man.  In fact there was no ALTHOTAS. Althotas was Balsamo's old master according to Dumas. In my version of events, Althotas was merely the same man (Cagliostro) in his previous guise, and he just faked it all. So that when old Althotas died, no one would be surprised to see young Balsamo inherit all his powers.  You see? So the whole Joseph Balsamo birthdate, resume, etc. is basically a forgery.
    All that would have been explained in the BOOK OF VISHANTI, and therefore there was no time travel or paradox involving Cagliostro, as you surmised.
It really was Cagliostro/Althotas that killed Murgo to steal the Darkhold in 1459. Occam's razor, my friend! If I tell you Cagliostro was there before, and you
have a choice between time travel and a simple lie on a birth record, you should go with the lie! :-) And also the "clue" about the old-looking geezer -- why assume it was an illusion when it is easier to assume it was the real Cagliostro, and it's the young version who is the fake! Ah ha!
    Anyway, from there you can string it up in chronological order. I think I hinted at other battles between Dracula and Cagliostro between the Murgo incident and their encounter at the French Court just prior to the Revolution.
    Another thing: Cagliostro was already immortal before he stole the Darkhold. He used the Darkhold to acquire more powers, and maybe supplant his need for the Pool of Blood (which must not have been of easy access) with a more handy potion made of vampires' blood. You note the thematic link between the two concepts.
    Under Group Membership, the whole Brothers of Mercy / Black Coats etc. is mostly taken from Paul Féval and Alexandre Dumas. It harks back to the notion of Cagliostro being part of the Illuminati conspiracy (the Rosicrucians too) to bring down the Monarchies. There's nothing in the Marvel Cagliostro that indicates that this was the case with him. I'll leave it up to you to decide if you want to combine the two versions or not. (If you do, corrections: Bel Demonio was "Beautiful Demon", same guy, and add Illuminati, Rosicrucians and the Black Coats in addition to the Freemasons. If you decide to use my notes above add The Nine Unknown.)

    The connection with Saint-Germain (no "e") is dubious at best, I think.
The wives. Actually we have two recorded wives:
    Lorenza Feliciani (from the Dumas + Feval versions)
    Seraphine Feliciani (from Kortzwinkle's FATA MORGANA novel)
If you're interested in a non-Marvel, pulp lit genealogy, check: http://www.coolfrenchcomics.com/wnu0f.htm
But I'd leave it all out except the two wives. I forgot which one was in TOMB OF DRACULA. There were sisters of course. And mediums.
    I think this pretty much covers it all.

In fact, you can view his unpublished story at http://www.marvunapp.com/Appendix/cagliostrosecret.htm

JM

    Maybe the day will come when Cagliostro gets a nice profile in either a Marvel Encyclopedia or in a future Handbook. I can only hope that the above information will be included. The name of Cagliostro's wife--the only one seen in the MU--was Lorenza, and I believe that it was in the Tomb of Dracula II#3/2 that her last name was given as Serafina. I'll stick with that for now.
    --Snood.

    Morgana Blessing revealed to Victor that Balsamo was actually Cagliostro, but she mistakenly described Dr. Strange as having fought him, with a footnote to Marvel Premiere#13 + 14. That struggle did not actually involve Cagliostro, but rather Sise-Neg, who was impersonating Cagliostro.

    Interestingly, the Book of the Vishanti entry in Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#8/2 predicted that Lilia would one day gain vengeance on Mordo. This was not dealt with until Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#84-87, in which Astrid, the daughter of Mordo and Lilia plotted against her father, bringing about his death. Not that he stayed dead, of course...

Cagliostro and Dracula

    The stories in Dracula Lives, as well as the extensive history narrative from ToD II#3/2 dated the beginning of Dracula and Cagliostro's enmity began in the latter half of the 18th Century. Dracula (and the Darkhold)'s history from Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#15/2 established it as having occurred much earlier, in the 15th Century.

    As hinted at in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update '89#2 and the Book of the Vishanti back-up feature, and as confirmed by JML, the next person to possess the Darkhold after Cagliostro was the vampire, Lord Ruthven, followed by Taboo. How Cagliostro lost the Darkhold, however, is unclear.

    Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#15/2 lists a 1775 struggle as Dracula and Cagliostro's last recorded battle.

    Maybe there was some connection between Cagliostro's formula which he gave to Jacques DuBois, and the one discovered by the Grey Gargoyle, Paul Pierre Duval (also a Frenchman!). The date of the 1769 encounter with DuBois is questionable, based on Erik + JML's timeline. Perhaps there were time travel involved there, as well.

    In Tomb of Dracula II#3/2, it is speculated that the event that caused Dracula to appear at the court of King Louis and become an advisor to the King was the notorious Affair of the Diamond Necklace, in which a member of the court, the Comtesse de la Motte, duped Cardinal Rohan into purchasing a fabulously expensive diamond necklace for her under the pretense that it is for Marie Antoinette, the queen. When Rohan was unable to meet payments for the necklace, the jewelers from whom it was bought confronted the queen directly. Instead of hushing up the scandal, Louis had Rohan imprisoned and tried. Rohan was acquitted on all counts, yet he was deprived of his holdings and exiled, showing the despotic and insecure nature of Louis' rule.

Here's a more info, derived from some facts on St. Germaine: http://www.crystalinks.com/germain.html
    In Vienna the Comte St. Germaine took part in the foundation of the Society of Asiatic Brothers and of the Knights of Light, who studied alchemy; and it was he who gave Mesmer his fundamental ideas on personal magnetism and hypnotism. It is said that he initiated Cagliostro, who visited him on several occasions in Holstein to receive directions from him, though there is no direct evidence for this. The two men were to be far separated from one another by opposite currents and a different fate.

    With the co-operation of Savalette de Lange, who was the nominal head, he founded the group of Philalethes, or truth-lovers, which was recruited from the cream of the Friends Assembled. The Prince of Hesse, Condorcet, and Cagliostro were all members of this group.

    Although, on the evidence of reliable witnesses, the Comte St. Germaine must have been at least a hundred years old in 1784, his death in that year cannot have been genuine. The official documents of Freemasonry say that in 1785 the French masons chose him as their representative at the great convention that took place in that year, with Mesmer, Saint-Martin, and Cagliostro present.

    One of many pages available on the life of the real world Cagliostro is here: http://www.themystica.com/mystica/articles/c/cagliostro.html

Profile by Snood,
    with much thanks to Jean-Marc Lofficier and
Erik Elzenaar, Serving the Master of the Mystic Arts at...Doctor Strange... Sorcerer Supreme
http://www.drstrange.nl

The Book of Cagliostro has a small entry in Mystic Arcana: The Book of Marvel Magic.

 

CLARIFICATIONS:
Cagliostro should be distinguished from:

Cagliostro's golems have known connection to:


Book of Cagliostro

    Actually translated from "Il Libro di Cagliostro," the Book of Cagliostro was written after Cagliostro returned to Paris, and combined information from the Darkhold, as well as information from the notes left behind by Sise-Neg whilst he impersonated Cagliostro.

    The Book was eventually entrusted to the gypsies with whom Cagliostro had dwelt with for some time.  The book had passed down from generation to generation of women, going from Miarka (the former mistress of Nikolai Mordo) to her daughter Lilia and then to her daughter, also named Lilia. Baron (Karl) Mordo sought the book to gain the power to oppose Dr. Strange and the Ancient One, and so seduced Lilia (the daughter of his half-sister!). Eventually, Lilia shared the secret location of the Book to Mordo, who then attacked her, stole the tome, and left her for dead. Mordo then learned the secrets of the Book, making himself formidable enough to combat his former master, the Ancient One.

    Lilia survived, and years later she was convinced by Dr. Strange to reveal where Mordo had taken the Book. Seeking out the Book, Strange and Lilia were attacked by the Living Gargoyle placed as its guard by Mordo. Strange used the Book to travel through time, encountering Sise-Neg, who was impersonating Cagliostro at the time.

    Among other things, the Book of Cagliostro detailed how to travel through time.

--Marvel Premiere#12 (November, 1973);
    (Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#8/2, Marvel Premiere#12(fb), 12


images (including ads):
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#8, second story, p3, pan5;
Iron Man I#149, p9, pan5;
Marvel Fanfare I#42, p28, pan2;
Dracula Lives#5, p34, pan3;
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#10, second story, p2, pan4;
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme Annual#2, p49, pan4 and p53, pan5;
Book: Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#8, second story, p3, pan4


Appearances:
Dracula Lives#1 (1973) - Steve Gerber (writer), Rich Buckler (pencils), Pablo Marcos (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Dracula Lives#5 (March, 1974) - Gerry Conway (writer), Frank Springer (artist), Roy Thomas (editor)
Fear#9 (August, 1972) - Mimi Gold (writer), Bill Everett (artist), Stan Lee (editor)
Dracula Lives#2 (August, 1973) - Roy Thomas (writer/editor), Gene Colan (pencils), Dick Giordano (inks)
Dracula Lives#3 (October, 1973) - Gerry Conway (writer), Alfonso Font (artist), Roy Thomas (editor)
Marvel Premiere#12 (November, 1973) - Book of Cagliostro only - Steve Englehart, Mike Friedrich & Frank Brunner (writers), Frank Brunner (pencils), Crusty Bunkers (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Marvel Premiere#13 (January, 1974) - Steve Englehart & Frank Brunner (writers), Frank Brunner (pencils), Crusty Bunkers (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Dracula Lives#5 (March, 1974) - Gerry Conway (writer), Frank Springer (artist), Roy Thomas (editor)
Dracula Lives#6 (May, 1974) - Tony Isabella (writer), John Buscema (pencils), Pablo Marcos (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#143 (March, 1977) - Marv Wolfman (writer/editor), Bob Brown (artist), Keith Pollard (inker)
Avengers I#187 (September, 1979) - Mark Gruenwald, Steven Grant & David Michelinie (writers), John Byrne (pencils), Dan Green (inks), Roger Stern (editor)
Tomb of Dracula II#3 (February, 1980) - Marv Wolfman (writer), Gene Colan (pencils), Tom Palmer (inks), Lynn Graeme (editor)
Iron Man I#149 (August, 1981) - Bob Layton & David Michelinie (writers), John Romita Jr. (pencils), Bob Layton (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Marvel Fanfare I#42 (February, 1989) - Dennis Mallonee (writer), Bob Hall (pencils), Bill Sienkiewicz (inks), Al Milgrom (editor)
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#8 (October, 1989) - Roy Thomas & Jean-Marc Lofficier (writers), Tom Sutton (artist), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#10 (November, 1989) - Roy Thomas & Jean-Marc Lofficier (writers), David & Dan Day (artists), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#15 (March, 1990) - Roy Thomas & Jean-Marc Lofficier (writers), David & Dan Day (artists), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme Annual#2 (1992) - Roy Thomas & Jean-Marc Lofficier (writers), Dave Hoover (pencils), Bob Petrecca (inks), Mike Rockwitz (editor)


Last updated: 02/22/08

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