Real Name: Cyttorak

Identity/Class: Mystical entity, god/demon, magic user

Occupation: Currently would-be conqueror;
  possibly a former former godhead

Group Membership: Wager of the Octessence (Farallah, Balthakk, Ikonn, Raggadorr, Watoomb, Valtorr, Krakkan)

Affiliations: Cain Marko (avatar), Crimson, Guardians of the Temple of Cyttorak, Xorak/Outcast;
    creator and master of various elves;
    power source to the Juggernaut and
Stevie Wojciehowicz;
    invoked by several mystics, including Ancient One, Azrael, Demon (Tyrone Lewis), Doctor Doom (Victor Von Doom), Doctor Strange (Stephen Strange), Dormammu, Kaecilus, Baron Karl Mordo, Augustyne Phyffe, Jacob Roark, Umar, Nicodemus West, Zom;
    formerly Colossus, Hongdo Park, Jin Taiko, unidentified (former avatars)
    presumably Gaea;
    see also the Catalogue of Correspondences for Gaea from Ian McNee's reading of the First Tarot

Enemies: Ancient One, Thor, Professor X, X-Men, Iron Man, Spider-Man, Nova (Frankie Raye), the Serpent (Asgardian)

Known Relatives: None (see comments)

Aliases: None

Base of Operations: Crimson Cosmos;
    presumably earlier ancient Korea (see comments)

First Appearance: (Mentioned) Strange Tales I#124 (September 1964);
    (temple molded in his image seen) X-Men I#12 (July 1965);
    (actual appearance) Dr. Strange III#44 (August 1992)

Powers/Abilities: Cytorrak exists as a deity with spectacular magical power. He has provided power to the titanic strength to the Juggernaut through an enchanted ruby, as well as provided indestructible bands (the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak) to Dr. Strange to use as a shield or to restrain enemies. As regards the ruby, it has withstood being thrown into orbit by the Juggernaut, as well as reentry when it was bumped out of orbit by Nova.
Stevie managed to use the Cyttorak Ruby to spectacular effects unimagined by Marko-starting with using it to blast Marko. He used it to make it so that he could monitor events far away with his computer (presumably he utilized the ruby to enable him to access the feed of security cameras), as well as using the ruby to relay a message to the East Coast using a non-operational computer on the West Coast. Furthermore, he could alter mirrors so that the original Human Torch’s flame was reflected-and enhanced-back against him. Even stranger, Stevie could animate inanimate objects, which could also turn intangible. These object included wax statues, some which resembled monsters, others that resembled Spider-Man, Doctor Doom, Cable, etc. However, the animated statues tended only to have diluted copies of the original’s abilities, and tended to move slowly.

(New Excalibur#14 (fb)) - Cyttorak existed as a being somewhere between (or inclusive of both) deity and demon (see comments) who received worship on Earth until under unknown circumstances he was banished from the Earth. He took up residence in the Crimson Cosmos, where time did not pass.

(New Excalibur#14 (fb)) - Seeking to end his exile, Cyttorak created a gem torn from his own chest (possibly his own heart), the Crimson Ruby of Cyttorak.

(Iron Man III#22 (fb))- Approximately one thousand years ago, a gathering of eight great magical beings took place. These beings-- Cyttorak, Balthak, Ikonn, Raggadorr, Watoomb, Valtorr, and Krakkan-- disagreed as to who had the greatest power. Hence, they settled on the wager of the Octessence. Each being created an artifact with a fraction of their respective power, which would transform the first human who made physcial contact with it into an Exemplar, a living personification of the power. Using outside agents, to construct temples to house the artifacts, the magical beings planned that the first mortal to find the artifact would trigger a spell that would quickly draw others to the remaining artifacts, creating eight Exemplars. Then would come the Ceremony of the Octessence, where a gathering of the Exemplars would attend the construction of a great magical engine, which would overwhelm the wills of all human beings. After the enslavement of humanity, each Exemplar would rule an eighth of humanity, with subsequently a war between all Exemplars in which only one would be left standing. Cyttorak managed to build a temple in a Southeast Asian country. He had a thrall demon named Xorak protect this temple for him.

(X-Men I#33 (fb, BTS))- At some point in the past, the great adept the Ancient One encountered and engaged in battle with Xorak near Cyttorak’s temple.

(X-Men Unlimited I#12 (fb))- "Centuries ago" (possibly before or after the aforementioned battle between the Ancient One and Xorak), a group of renegade monks tried to summon Cyttorak but instead brought his "most destructive aspect" to Southeast Asia. An adept named Gomurr, who served as the apprentice to "one of the most disreputable conjurers on the continent" opposed this avatar of Cyttorak. Gomurr received the aid of Tar, his friendly rival, as well as an "Initiate of the Ebon Vein." Gomurr and Tar, collaborating, succeeded in forcing this aspect of Cyttorak within the Crimson Gem of Cyttorak. Tar later attained the title of the "Proctor of the Crimson Dawn", but Gomurr would later hold this office.

(New Excalibur#14 (fb)) - A Korean man touched the Crimson Ruby of Cyttorak and was transformed into a Juggernaut, Cyttorak's agent on Earth.

(New Excalibur#15 (fb) - BTS) - Jin Taiko became the Juggernaut, presumably by killing his predecessor, and served Cyttorak well for decades.

(New Excalibur#15 (fb) - BTS) - When Taiko's village began to worship a being other than Cyttorak, Cyttorak demanded that Taiko raze the village and slaughter everyone around, but Taiko refused. Cyttorak thus arranged Taiko's replacement.

(X-Men I#12 (fb) - BTS)- During an American police action in Korea, soldiers-- and stepbrothers-- Cain Marko and Charles Xavier met up. The loutish Marko decided to avoid an attack by the Communists by hiding in a cave. Xavier followed him in, not out of cowardice, but in order to convince him to rejoin the struggle, for Marko would face a court-martial should his actions reach the attention of the commanding officers. The learned Xavier recognized that the cave contains the Temple of Cyttorak. Marko saw a ruby, remarking that it appeared to be living. He picked it up, despite Xavier’s warning him not to, to read the now famous inscription: "Whosoever touches this gem shall posses the power of the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak! Henceforth, you who read these words, shall become forevermore a human juggernaut!" Cain’s transformation began as the Communists’ constant shelling of the cave (I guess it did not afford such a great hiding place after all --Per Degaton) caused it to collapse. Xavier escaped, and while Marko did not, he survived due to his newfound power.
(New Excalibur#14 (fb) - BTS) - Cyttorak had actually intended Charles Xavier to become the next Juggernaut.

BTS- Probably the destruction of the Temple of Cyttorak and the subsequent incapacitation of the Juggernaut served to throw a monkey wrench in the Wager. No other Exemplars would appear until years later, after the Juggernaut had clawed his way through the rubble, made his way to America, and battled the X-Men-- led by Xavier-- several times. Also, Marko, unlike the other Exemplars when they were created, did not initially lose his will to his power source, but retained his full individuality.

(New Excalibur#15 (fb) - BTS) - Cain Marko slew Taiko and then slaughtered his village for Cyttorak.

(Dr. Strange III#44 (fb))- After feeling an odd buzzing in his head-- odd in that while he had been drinking heavily, this buzzing came earlier than most similar inebriating occasions-- Juggernaut returned home to put on the Juggernaut armor. An odd insect-looking thing entered his room, and turned into a large pool of light that drew him into the Crimson Cosmos.

(Dr. Strange III#44)- Inside the Cosmos, Juggernaut met up with Dr. Strange freeing him from a crystal, and related how he had come to be there. Strange informed Marko that he summoned Juggernaut to aid his escape, due to Juggernaut’s tie to the Crimson Cosmos. Cain stated that he lost his mystic ability (other than his superhuman strength) at some point earlier (probably due to his having hurled the ruby of Cyttorak into orbit in Marvel Team-Up#150) but that he would try to persuade Cyttorak to allow them all to leave. The two found Cyttorak, who had imprisoned Strange's comrade Nova, forcing her to give him adulation. He intended that Nova would serve as his priestess, as Cytorrak had created ebullient elves to serve as his worshippers. He also intended to press Dr. Strange into service as a priest. Strange confronted Cyttorak, informing him of the mission that he and Nova had before they were drawn into the Crimson Cosmos, as well as the crucial nature of that mission. The Juggernaut hid in a corner, recognizing the ruby affixed to Cyttorak’s head. Strange informed Cyttorak as to how he had, by invoking Cyttorak’s name, enhanced Cyttorak’s renown. Cyttorak decided to let Strange leave as long as he continues to invoke him. However, the Juggernaut took Cyttorak by surprise and ripped the Ruby off of his head, and started attacking him, intending that no one could stop him again with Cyttorak neutralized. He continued his attack on Cyttorak until Dr. Strange attempted to stop him, and then attacked Dr. Strange. Although he started to feel a slight vertigo, Marko continued with his plan, but Nova managed to free herself and blast the ruby from Marko’s hand. Strange levitated the ruby away from Marko-- and onto Cyttorak’s forehead. Cyttorak revived, and revealed that Marko’s plain amounted to pure tomfoolery, as Cyttorak himself served as the ultimate source for the ruby’s power, and thus, Marko’s power. Despite his brief apparent victory over Cyttorak, Marko simply cut off his own power source. Cyttorak went on to say that, despite the Juggernaut’s presumptuous antics, he would allow Marko to continue to wield his power, ostensibly to continue to spread Cyttorak’s fame. Cyttorrak returned all the human beings back to their original locations.

(Doctor Strange III#49) - Cytorrak was one of the entities who confronted Strange about his invocation of him for power, seeking to conscript him into service during the War of the Seven Spheres. Strange instead invoked the Enchantment of Emancipation, refusing to serve Cyttorak  and any other being in their war. As a result, Strange lost the ability to call on any of these principalities for power.

(Doctor Strange III#89 or so - BTS) - Having participated in the War of the Seven Sphere, Strange regained the ability to invoke the various principalities for power.

(X-Men Unlimited I#12)- The Juggernaut having been attacked by Onslaught earlier (Uncanny X-Men I#322), was placed in the Crimson Cosmos (X-Men II#54). Dr. Strange discovered this. Within the gem, a demoness called Spite showed Marko an illusion where Cain was crippled before he gained the Juggernaut powers, but Gomurr the Ancient freed Marko from this false scenario. Gomurr had Cain relive the latter’s past, as a delinquent child and his causing the accident that killed his father, Dr. Kurt Marko. Spite, however, again projected to the Juggernaut illusions to persuade him to stay in the Crimson Cosmos. Spite, however, had simply manipulated Marko. Cyttorak desired to inhabit Cain's body and leave his dimension. Cyttorak and Cain battled each other. Cyttorak brutalized Cain severly, but Cain chose not to surrender. Gomurr and his friend Tar arranged things so that Juggernaut could now utilize Cyttorak's power against him. Cain defeated Cyttorak and exited the Crimson Cosmos with more vitality than before.

(X-Men II#88 - BTS) - When certain charlatans had attempted to steal the Juggernaut’s power by using a false second gem of Cyttorak (see Uncanny X-Men#361), the Juggernaut attempted to reabsorb his power from this second gem. However, he somehow was possessed by Cyttorak in the process. A being named Ejulp, dispatched by Juggernaut's confederate Black Tom, teleported the X-Men to aid the Juggernaut. Juggernaut's power was so heightened that he began shearing through dimensional boundaries. In this dimension, when Professor X and Wolverine made physical contact with eacher other, Xavier merged into Logan’s body. Nightcrawler and Kitty Pryde returned to find a larger Juggernaut tearing through a dimensional wall.

(Uncanny X-Men I#369 - BTS) - When Wolverine leapt into the mouthpiece of Juggernaut's headpiece, Logan and Xavier separated from one another. They found an entity pretending to be Cain Marko, but discovered the real Cain Marko hiding under the staircase. Xavier attempted to restore Cain's self-respect. The false Juggernaut happened upon them, but, upon this duplicate making contact with the true Cain Marko, Marko had his Juggernaut power returned to him and vanquished the entity controlling his mind.

(Thor II#17 - BTS) - The Juggernaut started to feel his powers mysteriously increasing, and felt an irresistible urge to go somewhere. He easily shrugged off an attack by Thor, but Thor persisted with the struggle.

    Observing this elsewhere, Loki enquired of the Flame of Truth about the Juggernaut. The flame recalled to Loki how Cyttorak empowered Marko, to which Loki responded that he had not heard the name of Cyttorak mentioned for quite some time. The Flame further informed Loki that not only did Cyttorak and his confederates have human followers, but that across the Earth humans had recently begun to receive psychic calls drawing them to artifacts of these entities to become Exemplars. Two of these exemplars, Bedlam and Conquest, arrived to aid the Juggernaut in his battle against Thor. They teleported the Juggernaut away.

(Peter Parker, Spider-Man II#11 - BTS) - Spider-Man discovered the Exemplar Stonecutter creating a large machine underneath the Daily Bugle building. He encountered all the Exemplars, including the Cytorrak-controlled Juggernaut. Parker escaped, and recruits Iron Man, Thor, and Professor X (in astral form) to aid him against the Exemplars. The adventurers managed to destroy the Exemplars’ device, but the Exemplars went to the North Pole to construct a new one.

(Juggernaut: The Eighth Day) - The entities behind the wager of the Octessence having decided to implement the creation of the seven other Exemplars, the Juggernaut once again was caught in Cyttorak’s machinations, as Cyttorak tormented him in his mind. At the North Pole, Thor, Iron Man, Spider-Man, and Xavier were trapped, but Xavier managed to delve into Marko’s mind to aid him in opposing Cyttorak. This helped to break the mental dominance that Cyttorak had managed to reassert on Marko. Marko then decided of his own will not to serve the Octessence entities and to oppose the other Exemplars. He made sure to neutralize one called Bedlam fast so she could not fell him with her psychic attacks. Cain then broke the Exemplars’ engine, the God Machine, freeing the heroes. Cain and the others battled the Exemplars. Bedlam, now revived, took care of Marko, while Stonecutter activated the engine. Cain and Stonecutter locked in a bearhug so tight no external force could affect them, and Cain forced Stonecutter into the God Machine, which hurled the eight Exemplars off to different sections of the Earth, finishing the struggle.

(Avengers III#24,25, Generation X#60,61, X-Men Forever#1-6, Cyclops I#1, X-Men Annual 2001, Amazing Spider-Man II#36, Deadpool III#61, Deadline#1 UX410-413, Chamber#4, UX416, 417-420, X-Men Unlimited I#44, UX I#421,422, 425,426, 429, [430], 431-435 - all BTS) - As vengeance for opposing his will, Cyttorak caused the Juggernaut's powers to slowly fade.

(Uncanny X-Men I#435, 436 - BTS) - Cyttorak granted the power and form of the Juggernaut to the youth Ed Starkweather. Marko had previously encountered this young boy, who had attracted the attention of the X-Men by torturing animals. This new Juggernaut attacked Cain while he and the She-Hulk were enjoying the afterglow of some sweet love. Marko--who had only half of his original power--fought back savagely against his attacker, who had twice his power. When their brouhaha caused massive property destruction, Jen (She-Hulk) convinced him to use his head instead. Cain ripped off the new Juggernaut's helmet, causing him to revert to his normal form, whom Cain recognized. The message was not lost on Cain, as he saw the Juggernaut for what he was "an angry kid in a muscle suit."

(Defenders III#5) - Dr. Strange used the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak to restrain the Dr. Strange of the Dormammu-generated altered reality of "Earth-5113."

(New Excalibur#14 (fb) - BTS) - Cyttorak empowered Hongdo Park, a laborer from Seoul -- who had run into a bout of bad luck and was willing to try anything -- as a new Juggernaut.

(New Excalibur#13) - Cyttorak guided Cain Marko -- whose powers had faded significantly -- to the Temple of Cyttorak, then dispatched the Guardians of the Temple of Cyttorak to confront him.

(New Excalibur#14) - Marko entered the Temple of Cyttorak and attempted to renew his powers by contact with the Crimson Ruby of Cyttorak, but Cyttorak formed a mystic barrier around the gem. Cyttorak then summoned his new Juggernaut to challenge Cain, who would either prove his worth or die and be replaced. Cain attempted to avoid the conflict and pleaded with Cyttorak to just let him have the gem, but Cyttorak refused and told him that Charles Xavier was his intended recipient years ago.

(New Excalibur#15) - Cyttorak taunted Cain with the knowledge that Cain had been his second choice but then admitted to Cain that his anger and hatred had made him strong and a perfect agent of destruction. Cyttorak's new Juggernaut then attacked him with a sword, wounding him, but Cain then grabbed the sword in his hand, broke it off, and stabbed the new Juggernaut with it. Cyttorak goaded Cain to kill his would-be replacement and regain his lost status, but Cain paused, and then the rest of Excalibur arrived. Cyttorak shared with them how Cain had killed his predecessor and slaughtered his village under Cyttorak's direction. Excalibur left Cain in the Temple, and Cain -- one way or another -- obtained the Crimson Ruby, taking it with him as he departed.

(World War Hulk#2) - Learning that the Hulk was assault the Xavier Institute, the Juggernaut used the Crimson Ruby to contact Cyttorak, promising rampage and destruction if Cyttorak gave him the means to reach the Hulk. Cyttorak opened a magical portal that sent Marko to the Xavier Institute, but the Hulk made short work of him.

Cyttorak in his Crimson Cosmos (World War Hulk#3) - Marko contacted Cyttorak again, and Cyttorak reminded him that he was an avatar of destruction and that he was restricting himself, such as by focusing on protecting Xavier. Marko told Cyttorak that he wanted to trash the Hulk and prove to the world that he was still the Juggernaut, and Cyttorak told him he must embrace his true nature completely, and that there would be no turning back.
    Garbed in his full armor, the Juggernaut again confronted the Hulk, matching him blow for blow, but Xavier distracted him, warning that their struggle was undermining the mansion's foundation, at which point the Hulk sidestepped him, and the Juggernaut's forward momentum sent him into the nearby lake.
    The Hulk was gone by the time the Juggernaut returned.

(Captain Britain and MI13#3) - When Peter Wisdom opened a mystic vault to free Merlyn, he also freed Cyttorak and several other malevolent demonic creatures.

(Uncanny X-Men I#542) - Magik transported herself, Colossus and Kitty Pryde to the Crimson Cosmos and stood before Cyttorak. They humbly told him that his Juggernaut, Cain Marko, now served the Asgardian fear god, the Serpent. Cyttorak offered the ruby to the three. Colossus willingly touched it and was transformed into the new Juggernaut.

(Uncanny X-Men I#543) - Cyttorak took away the power he had originally bestowed on Cain Marko, severely weakening him despite being augmented by the Serpent's hammer. The three left the Crimson realm.

(Journey Into Mystery I#627 (fb)) - Cyttorak spoke out fiercely against  the Asgardian fear god, the Serpent, at the Devil's Advocacy meeting comprising various demons and powerful entities (including Mephisto, Blackheart, Shuma-Gorath, Dormammu and Marduk Kurios).

(Uncanny X-Men II#20) - Magik purged the link to Cyttorak's power from Colossus using her Soulsword against her brother in her domain of Limbo.

(Dark Avengers II#182 (fb) - BTS) - Cyttorak sensed Cain Marko's presence via a small portal generated by Man-Thing (aided by Satana) and granted Marko the power of the Juggernaut once again.

Comments: Named by Stan Lee;
    temple created Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, and Alex Toth;
    visualized by Roy Thomas and Geof Isherwood.

    Strange Tales I#124 had Doctor Strange mentioning, but not using the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak. Their employment was first depicted the following issue, when Baron Mordo used them to contain the Ancient One.

    Cyttorak’s classification remains imprecise. The Ancient One referred to him as a demon in X-Men I#33, but at various times Cyttorak has been referred to as a deity. On the off chance that Cyttorak either exists as a god or a demon who degenerated from godhood, I have listed Gaea as his "mother", due to Gaea’s serving as the eventual mother for all the gods. Also, as to where that temple he erected lies on the map, the original stories stated Korea, but as this may now be a topical reference, the location may be changed. Xorak also appeared in the present in X-Men I#33, now called the Outcast. That story marked the first appearance of the Crimson Cosmos. A probably out-of-continuity appearance of Cyttorak took place in Marvel Adventures#14 (May 1998). Spite, in a later Juggernaut one-shot, was described as the sister of D’Spayre. How Spite came to the Crimson Cosmos was revealed in the Juggernaut one-shot: D'Spayre had banished her there a thousand years ago. Although ostensibly indestructible, the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak were broken by the Hulk in Incredible Hulk I#450 and by Namor in Marvel Team-Up II#8.

    The Crimson Ruby of Cyttorak, as it is almost always referred to, is more properly designated the Crimson Crystal of Cyttorak, as revealed during some point in the 8th Day storyline. However, I strongly suspect that the primary reason for this designation is alliteration--Snood.

For more information on the other Exemplars.

Per David Sexton

The names of Ed Starkweather, Hongdo Park and Stevie's last name were revealed in Cyttorak's profile in OHotMU Update 2010#1.

Mystic beings (such as demons) can gain power in 3 ways...
  1. Entities can steal energy from an unwilling source by consuming the source entirely or by draining a portion of energy from the source. This exchange is one-way. The entity takes energy.
  2. Entities can be given spiritual energy unconditionally in the form of worship. Statements of worship come in the, "I believe..." format. Worshippers may also petition for favors, etc., but this form of prayer is an affirmation of their belief and of the entities existence. The worshippers expect nothing in return. This exchange is also one way. The entity is given energy. 
  3. An entity may grant energy to a petitioner in answer to an invocation or prayer. The mere act of being asked gives the entity power and so to encourage this action, some spiritual beings will grant power to an individual who invokes their name in the proper way. The entity may chose to ignore the request. I would theorize that the spiritual energy or "mystic potential" present in the petitioner plays a part in how often requests are granted. The invocation or prayers of an individual who has large amounts of spiritual energy would provide the entity with a more enticing exchange and they would be more inclined to answer them.

X: Men: The Jewels of Cyttorak (summary courtesy of Mark O'English)

Centuries ago, in the Temple of Cyttorak that Cain Marko would later visit, that statue held two gems, one in each outstretched hand: an Emerald, and a Ruby.

Cyttorak managed to touch the minds of some of the younger monks there (the elder monks knew of Cyttorak and guarded against his return, while the younger were uninitiated) and drew a younger monk to try to touch it. One of the elders fought him to keep him from doing so, and in the process accidentally hit the emerald. It exploded, incinerating the monks present and causing the chamber to collapse. The gem itself, while channeling energies from Cyttorak, was shattered into three pieces. One remained in the rubble, and the other two were dispersed into space and time.

In the 1845, mountain man Albert Jonathan found one of the time/space lost fragments in the Idaho wilderness, and picked it up. Realizing something evil was now living with him in his head, he resisted it and decided to spend the rest of his life alone in the mountains in a cabin there. Thanks to the gem, that life turned very long, and in present day he still lived there.

In the 1950s, US soldier named Service, first name unrevealed, I think, was drawn by Cyttorak to find the emerald fragment in the temple. However, a monk in the area had previously warned him of an evil within gems there, and Service never touched it, instead wrapping it in canvas and sealing it in a box. In present day, on his deathbed, he showed it to his sons Robert and Gary, and warned them of it. Gary laughed him off, grabbed the gem, and Juggernauted, though to a lesser degree (over 500 miles away, Cain Marko went into serious pain at that moment, but when he faced a certain direction, towards Service, though he didn't know that, the pain lessened. So, Cain went thataway.). An evil little voice in Robert's head urged him to seek out the other two pieces, one west, one south. He headed west, found Jonathan in Idaho, and took the gem (again Juggernauting a bit larger still), leaving him to die.

The third gem piece had somehow ended up in New Orleans, in modern day, in the possession of a mob boss, Wingate Toole, who kept it stored (it doesn't appear that Wingate had powers from it, though he he had a mental connection, at least). Sensing something (Robert) coming for him, he sought an alliance with the Assassins Guild there, but Bella Donna killed him, and Robert soon arrived and claimed the last piece, Juggernauting even more to the same size as Cain.

Meanwhile, of course, the X-Men had been chasing the rampaging Cain (and then working with him), and Gambit was involved in the Nawlins stuff, and they all came together at the Service estate in upstate NY, where Robert and Jugs fought for the combined power of the ruby and the emerald (and probably bad news for the world in the form of Cyttorak). In the end, Wolverine's claws broke the restored emerald back into three pieces (Robert Service depowered and died shortly thereafter, by the by), and then the three pieces again dispersed into time and space. One went 200 years into the future into a coral reef near Key West. One went 20 years into the future into the concrete foundation of a Kansas City construction site. One went two weeks into the future, into an NYC trash bin.

Spider-Man: Emerald Mystery (summary courtesy of Mark O'English)

The green glowing gem fragment in the NYC garbage is seen by one Bobby Miller, who worked for detective Barb Lightner. Its also seen by petty thief Charlie David, who shoots Miller and touches the gem. David pretty much gains the ability to control the mind of anyone who meets his eyes (he will go on to do this with hundreds of people at a time), and begins using random people off the street to commit bank robberies for him; they'd awake with no memory of it afterwards. After Spidey and the police stopped a few (the controllees become popularly referred to as "zombies," though to be clear they're just mind-controlled, not dead), he starts using armed people to do this, and eventually announced himself through letters to the paper, calling himself The Jewel and threatening mass chaos (20 people shooting guns at each other in the Central Park skating rink is the first case). Spidey and the police stopped most of his robberies and his mass chaos effects (including a huge public assault on the Daily Bugle), and eventually figured out (with Barb Lightner's help) that The Jewel had taken over the penthouse of the Crown Plaza hotel as his new home. Ultimately, Spidey stole the fragment, and when the Jewel went after it, Barb Lightner shot the fragment and it went boom, again vanishing off into time and space. The Jewel himself was left screaming and powerless, with eyeless black sockets instead of eyes. Spidey later talked to Xavier and got the earlier backstory. The whole "zombie" terror spree lasted just over a couple weeks from first zombie robbery to the Jewel's defeat.

    Thanks to Catherine Yronwode and her THE LESSER BOOK OF THE VISHANTI website, I was able to easily find some occasions in which Cytttorak's name was used by Dr. Strange for his spells. The invocations which produced an effective spell could mean that Cyttorak was BTS. I added many other spells invoking the Cyttorak to Yronwode's list; nonetheless, the list is not complete, and some spells have been translated from Italian to English. Feel free to let us know what is missing or incorrect, specifying the issue, the caster, the effects of the spell and all the information useful to describe and understand it. Unless otherwise specified in this list, the spellcaster was Dr. Strange.---Spidermay

Strange Tales#124: Strange banished Zota's spell on Cleopatra invoking the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

And now, by the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak...
let your spell be lifted...
let the veil of ages fall away!

Strange Tales#125: Mordo imprisoned the Ancient One conjuring the Crimson Circle of Cyttorak

The Crimson Bands of Cyttorak conjured by Dormammu imprisoning and insolent lackey.Strange Tales#126/Doctor Strange II#3 (fb): Dormammu conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak and imprisoned one of his lackeys. 

Strange Tales#128: Conjure Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

I call upon the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak to encircle the intruder--
in a trap of doom!

[Demon created a polihedron which imprisoned Strange's body without astral self.]

Now may the Crimson Bands grow smaller--smaller--
dwarfing all that exist within their fatal embrace!!

[and so the Bands did, Strange's body became as little as a head.]

Strange Tales I#132:
    Kaecilus, Mordo's disciple, conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Let the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak surge forth,
seeking the one who is near.
    ... then banished them
Let the Crimson Bands thus be dissolved!

Strange Tales I#133: Exclamation: 


By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak...


Strange Tales I#135: Control: To Teleport Another

By the seven rings of Raggadorr --
By Cyttorak's Crimson Bands!
I send thee through the unseen door --
Go thou where my spell command!

Strange Tales I#142: Exclamation thought in astral form by Strange

The Vishanti be praised!...
Each passing second is more precious than the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak themselves!

Strange Tales I#143: Conjure: Cloak or Amulet

Cloak or amulet, wherever ye may be --
May the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak
Reveal thee to me!
Strange Tales I#150: The Ancient One banished Marduk's Sacred Griffin
By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak,
by the shadowy shades of the Seraphim,
I command thee -- begone!
Strange Tales I#151: Conjure Visions of the Past
Flaming Lamp of Lucifer!
By Cyttorak's Crimson Bands!
Reveal the image I do seek --
Umar so commands!

[Note: Umar used the spell with the Lamp of Lucifer.]

Strange Tales I#152: Banish Hostile Demons

By Raggadorr's Seven Rings!
By Cyttorak's Crimson Bands!
Let yon demons feel Valtorr's Stings --
So Dr. Strange commands!

Strange Tales I#152: Exclamation: By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak...

Zom tries to ensnare Strange with the Seven Bands of CyttorakStrange Tales#157: Zom conjured the Seven Bands of Cyttorak. The seven, long, parallel wires (see picture) surrounded Strange and Ancient One. Should the Bands have met and touched, the two would be doomed. The Bands were tightened by Zom, but Strange managed to severe them with a spell invoking the Shades of the Seraphim, gaining some seconds of breath. Zom used the wires mutating the Bands in a Spell of Distortion: the Mystic Maze of Madness.

Strange Tales I#158: Restore Cloak

By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak --
by Hoggoth's Hoary horde --
by the dreaded demons of Denak --
my cloak now rise -- restored!!

Strange Tales I#165: Conjure: Flaming Whip

By Cyttorak's seventh crimson band --
Let this flaming whip ensnare your hand!

Doctor Strange I#171: Strange conjured a Scarlet Sphere of Cyttorak encircling a phantom created by Dormammu. Without effect, the Crimson Globe had to render the fantasm helpless, but he shattered the sphere with its fiery sword.

Doctor Strange I#175: Banish: Rings of Negativistic, Nihilistic Force

By the seven Bands of Cyttorak --
by whom all things are held --
by the dark-souled Demons of Denak --
now be these bands dispelled!

Defenders I#1: Strange conjured the Bands of Cyttorak to protect Namor's defenseless body

Marvel Premiere I#8: Conjure a Spiral of Demon-Destroying Energy 

Now do I name Raggadorr and Cyttorak as well!
Let Ikonn & Watoomb join their ranks and thus shall the growing spiral swell!
'Round and about me let it whip gathering matter in its grip! Stab out, spiral, lash out force!

Now shall these energies take their course!

[Note: Dr. Strange created of an illusion of himself, which Dagoth attacked and seemingly strangled, but then the real Strange bound Dagoth in the Rings of Raggadorr as Strange escaped with Gordon and Blondine.]

Defenders I#13: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak 

Doctor Strange II#7: Conjure The Circle of Cyttorak

In the name of the Eternal Vishanti, grant me the Circle of Cyttorak!

Doctor Strange II#9:
    Strange conjured Crimson Bands of Cyttorak and captured Orini

Seven rings has Raggadorr --
indigo to deepest black --
but Oshtur grant me something more --
Crimson Bands of Cyttorak!

    ... then banished them

Vanish away now, Bands of red --
the need for you has likewise fled!

Doctor Strange II#12: Exclamation: By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak!

Tomb of Dracula#44: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange II#15: Exclamation: By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak...

Defenders I#38: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak 

Doctor Strange II#23: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange II#25: Exclamation: By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak!

Doctor Strange II#26: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange II#27: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange II#28: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Defenders I#57: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak 

Doctor Strange II#34
    Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

    Strange conjured the Crystals of Cyttorak

Defenders I#119 ((fb) = before Defenders#69): Strange conjured the Sphere of Cyttorak 

Doctor Strange II#40: Azrael conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange II#42: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Defenders I#82: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak 

Doctor Strange II#45: Strange conjured the Bands of Cyttorak

Defenders I#105: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak 

Doctor Strange II#55:
    Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Seven rings has Raggadorr --
indigo to deepest black --
but Oshtur grant me something more --
Crimson Bands of Cyttorak!

[Note: already used in Doctor Strange II#9.]

    Strange conjured the Bands of Cyttorak to banish D'Spayre


Stringetevi Bande di Cyttorak, e uditemi.
Raggruppatevi tanto strette.
Che, per volere del Dr. Strange, possa questo D'Spayre svanire!!

Italian version


Heed me Bands of Cyttorak, and ensnare.
By Doctor Strange's voice's sound,
group so tightly bound,
that have him vanish: D'Spayre!!

Attempt at retranslating

Defenders I#109

Per le Scarlatte Bande di Cyttorak
che tennero incatenato Polymeth.
Io evoco elementi di lotta primaria
per mantenere contenuto questo scontro.

Italian version

By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak,
which bounded Polimeth to chains.
I conjure winds, fire and rains
to hold this battle back.

Attempt at re-translating the spell-- Spidermay


Doctor Strange II#57: Strange conjured a Sphere of Cyttorak imprisoning a cursed wand inside it. The floating sphere kept the wand at distance from Margali Szardos, enabling her to be free from its evil influence. Passing from a plane of the existence to another didn't affect the sphere which was estinghushed by Strange leaving a floating, fading, unharming crimson flame around the wand.

Sfera di Cyttorak, trattieni entro di te questo oggetto maligno.
E salva la posseduta!

Italian version


Sphere of Cyttorak, restrain inside you this evil wand.
And save the possessed one.

Attempt at re-translating


Doctor Strange II#58: Strange conjured the Crimson Shield of Cyttorak to protect Morgana Blessing. A crimson sphere surrounded Morgana while Strange battled Hannibal King, then he banished the sphere when he understood that King was not evil.

Doctor Strange II#60: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange II#62:
    Strange conjured the Bands of Cyttorak. A crimson ring held back Dracula only for some moments.

Che le possenti mani di Oshtur e le bande di Cyttorak mi concedano il potere e la furia di forzare indietro il mio nemico!

Italian version


By the mighy hands of Oshtur,
by the Bands of Cyttorak,
give me the fury and power
to force my enemy back.

Attempt at re-translating



    Strange conjured the Crystal of Cyttorak because Dracula had shattered a Shield of Seraphim with only one blow. The Crystal resisted some moments more, then Strange let the Crystal fade.

Moon Knight#36: Banish Demons

Let the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak encircle thee with sorcerous might...
then bear thee to oblivion...beyond the darkest void of night!

Doctor Strange II#77: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Strange Tales II#19: Banish demon

In the name of the Hosts of Hoggoth I cast you out!
Cyttorak's bands bar your way--
and the Seraphim shield the innocents here!

[Jacob Roark, trying to defend his grandsons.]

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#1: Dormammu conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Thor Annual#14: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#6: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak to defeat Mephista, but her counter-spell created a green fire which easily burned the Bands away.

In this dark plane,
unknown to men,
where mansion flew,
beyond's Earth's ken,
may Devil's Child be now held back--
by the Crimson's Bands of Cyttorak!

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#7/1
    Strange banished Agamotto invoking Cyttorak

By Faltine and Ikonn and dark Valtorr,
by Seraphim, Denak and Raggadorr--
by Dormammu, Watoomb and Cyttorak--
Agamotto be now hurled back!

    Mordo conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak (fb) 

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#17/1: Banish

Out of the light--to battle the black--
come, Crimson Bands of Cyttorak!
Drive this creature, fierce and Stark--
back into the outer Dark!

Black Knight II#3: Morgana conjured the Circles of Cyttorak and enwrapped Strange and the Black Knight. The Circles were broken by the Ebony Sword

Black Knight II#4 Banish: Fomorians

Mentre lo scudo protettivo di Seraphim trattiene le legioni delle cose-demoni...
che questi Fomor dinanzi a me siano incatenati...con i rossi legami di Cyttorak...
e che la mia magia possa scagliarli per sempre nei reami oscuri del terribile Denak!

Italian version

While the protective shield of the Seraphim holds the demon-things' pack...
let these Fomorians before me be chained...with the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak...
and let my magic hurl them in the dark realms of the dreadful Denak!

Attempt at re-translate--Spidermay


[Strange sent the Celtic god-demons back in the portal from which they came.]

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#20/1

May the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak and Raggadorr's Roving Rings--
bind up the shattered amphora which once was the prize of kings!

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#21/1

May the three Vishanti and crimson Cyttorak 
now grant me power o'er these Dark Hordes--
that they all be hurled back!

Namor the Sub-Mariner Annual#1: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Marvel Super Heroes III#14: Augustyne Phyffe conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#25: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak hurling them against Hotamitanio, but he was unharmed.

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#27/1: Strange banished a Possessor from his own body

May the Crimson shaft of Cyttorak pierce my mortal frame from without!
Yet harm it not, but merely drive--the interloper out!

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#37: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#40: Strange created a sphere made of Crimson Bands and entrapped D'Spayre.a scarlet sphere of Cyttorak

May the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak encircle D'Spayre around--
till he be cut off from human sense--from sight and touch and sound!

[Note: in meaning and receiver, it is similar to the one in Doctor Strange II#55.]

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#41: Strange conjured a Scarlet Sphere of Cyttorak (see picture) to congeal an evil N'Garai essence.

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#48: Banish

Creature che la vista ripugna senza indugio,
erraste nel lasciar della notte il rifugio.
Prima che nel vuoto le vostre grida vengano udite
per Valtorr, Cyttorakk e Satannish vi ordino sparite!

Italian version

Creatures utterly repelling the human sight,
you did err leaving your hideouts in the night.
Before the void could hear from your shouts a single tone
by Valtorr, Cyttorakk and Satannish I say begone!

Attempt at re-translating the spell


Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#49: Emancipation Incantation

Satannish, Watoomb e Raggadorr
Ikonn, Seraphim e Cyttorak
Agamotto, Oshtur e Munipoor
Hoggoth, Faltini, Valtorr e Denak!
Voi che ho nominato e voi che ho omesso
voi che minacciate la mia amata libertà udite questa sentenza: ciò non sarà permesso.
Le vostre pretese su di me rigetto
le richieste di servitù devo rifiutare
per la vostra saggezza ho grande rispetto
ma per essa è troppo alto il prezzo da pagare!
Il sentiero che percorro deve essere solo mio.
Ascoltate queste parole: che il mio destino lo decida io.

Italian version

Satannish, Watoomb and Raggadorr
Ikonn, the Seraphim and Cyttorak
Agamotto, Oshtur and Muniporr
Hoggoth, the Faltine, Valtorr and Denak!
Those whom I named plus other I'v omitted
whose who threatened my cherished liberty
hark to this irrevocable decree:
such enslavement will not be permitted
your claims on my person I now reject
all demands of servitude I must deny
for your wisdom and might I've the utmost respect
but the price for its use is far too high
better the path I walk be mine alone
hear now these words: let my fate be my own!

Original version


Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#54/1: The Ancient One conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak

Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme Annual#4/2

Let this way be proof 'gainst all attack
by the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak!

Doctor Strange & Doom Triumph and Torment: Doctor Doom conjured the Bands of Cyttorak

Defenders II#6: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak and restrained Hulk

Defenders II#7: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak and restrained Hulk (again)

Defenders II#10: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak and imprisoned Rhino

Juggernaut: Eigth Day#1: D'Spayre hurled a draining magic strike at the Juggernaut, focusing it with the Crimson power of Cyttorak.

Defenders III#1: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak to bind Wong who was possessed by Nightmare

Crimson Bands of Cyttorak bind my assailant.

Defenders III#5 (fb) - BTS: Strange conjured the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak using them against wicked Strange under Dormammu's control

Fantastic Four III#7: Strange conjured a Cyttorak's Cage

Stan Lee meets Doctor Strange#1 (fb)

Per le bande cremisi di Cyttorak,
ti ridurrò a un uovo alla coque!

Italian version

By the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak,
I'll turn you into an egg a-la-coque!

Attempt at re-translating the spell-- Spidermay


She-Hulk II#16/17: Crimson conjured the Bands 

Mighty Avengers#9: Doctor Doom entrapped Iron Man using the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak. The Bands corrupted Iron Man's armor energetic stream. A mighty ram of Sentry had Doom break the spell.


Profile by Per Degaton with small updates by Grendel Prime

Cyttorak has no known connection to:

Stevie Wojciehowicz

I have not mentioned every appearance of the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak or of the ruby, as Cyttorak’s behind-the-scenes participation, while obvious, usually amounts to nothing otherwise substantial. If you wish, you can read the Juggernaut’s entry at the Marvel Villains’ Footnotes’ page. However, there remains a rather unusual appearance of the ruby that merits mention. A spoiled little boy in the Midwest named Stevie also got his hands on the ruby of Cyttorak. The Juggernaut had earlier hurled the ruby into space in Marvel Team-Up#150, to keep it away from his enemies, but the ruby returned to Earth when Nova, in Excalibur#25, bumped it out of orbit. It landed in the Midwest and into Stevie’s hands when he went on a geology outing with his class. Acting as if he though of himself as Arcade’s son on the wrong side of the sheets, Stevie lured the original Human Torch and Captain America to an amusement park, where they were ambushed by the animated wax statues and the Great Lakes Avengers. After defeating the Great Lakes Avengers the Human Torch and Captain America became aware that the same offender who had lured them to the amusement park had duped the Great Lakes Avengers as well using a faked video of Captain America sent by computer. Although the brat wanted to steal Captain America's shield, the Captain had taken the expediency of switching it for the one found on the wax Captain America when he realized what was up. (Avengers West Coast II#64 [November 1990]). The last page of the story revealed how Stevie had used the ruby of Cyttorak at some point after his discovery of it, but before his ruse with the Human Torch and Captain America, to defeat the Juggernaut, although Stevie had the aid of the Hulk in defeating Marko. A footnote explained that no published story has depicted the incident where the Hulk aided Stevie in defeating the Juggernaut, and to my knowledge this remains true.

Presumably, the Juggernaut retrieved the ruby from Stevie at some point before Uncanny X-Men I#322 (where he was attacked by Onslaught), as Marko remained in the X- Men's care as a result of the events in that issue until X-Men II#54, which showed him somehow having the ruby in his possession.














images: (without ads)
Strange Tales I#126/2, p5, pan3 (the Crimson Bands of Cyttorak conjured by Dormammu imprisoned and insolent lackey)
Strange Tales I#157/2, p3, pan3 (Zom tries to ensnare Strange in the Seven Bands of Cyttorak)
Doctor Strange Sorcerer Supreme#41, p7, pan3 (a Scarlet Sphere of Cyttorak conjured by Strange)
Avengers West Coast II#64, p22, pan1 (Stevie Wojciehowicz defeats Juggernaut)
Uncanny X-Men III#542, p10, pan1 (3 before Cyttorak)

X-Men I#33 (June, 1967) - Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (pencils), John Tartaglione (inks), Stan Lee (editor)
Avengers West Coast II#64 (November, 1990) - Terry Kavanagh (writer), Chris Wozniak (pencils), Dan Bulanadi (inks), Howard Mackie (editor) - Stevie only
Dr. Strange III#49 (January, 1993) - Len Kaminski (writer), Geof Isherwood (pencils), Bob Petrecca & Don Hudson (inks), Mike Rockwitz (editor)
X-Men Unlimited I#12 (September, 1996) - John Francis Moore (writer), Steve Epting & Ariel Olivetti (pencils), Kevin Conrad & Ariel Olivetti (inks), Kelly Corvese (editor)
X-Men: The Jewels of Cyttorak (December, 1997) - Dean Wesley Smith (writer)
X-Men II#88 (May, 1999) - Alan Davis & Joe Casey (writers), Alan Davis (pencils), Mark Farmer (inks), Mark Powers (editor)
Uncanny X-Men#369 (June, 1999) - Alan Davis & Terry Kavanagh (writers), Adam Kubert (pencils), Tim Townsend (inks), Mark Powers (editor)
Iron Man III#22 (November, 1999) - Kurt Busiek & Roger Stern (writers), Sean Chen (pencils), Rob Hunter, Mark Morales, Mark Nelson & Eric Cannon (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Thor II#17 (November, 1999) - Dan Jurgens (writer), John Romita Jr. (pencils), Klaus Janson (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Peter Parker, Spider-Man II#11 (November, 1999) - Howard Mackie (writer), John Romita Jr. (pencils), Scott Hanna (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Juggernaut: The Eighth Day (November, 1999) - Joe Casey (writer), Terry Shoemaker (pencils), Scott Hanna (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Avengers III#24-25 (January-February, 2000) - Kurt Busiek (writer), George Perez (pencils), Al Vey & Dick Giordano (#24) (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Generation X#60 (February, 2000) - Jay Faerber (writer), Terry Dodson (pencils), Rachel Dodson (inks), Jason Liebig (editor)
Generation X#61 (March, 2000) - Jay Faerber (writer), Kevin Sharpe (pencils), Craig Russell, Rodney Ramos & John Czop (inks), Jason Liebig (editor)
Spider-Man: Emerald Mystery (October, 2000) - Dean Wesley Smith (writer)
X-Men Forever#1-6 (January-June, 2001) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Kevin Maguire (pencils), Andrew Pepoy (inks), Mark Powers & Ralph Macchio (editors)
Cyclops#1 (October, 2001) - Brian K. Vaughn (writer), Mark Texeira (pencils), Jimmy Palmiotti (inks), Mike Marts (editor)
X-Men Annual 2001 (2001) - Joe Casey (writer), Ashley Wood (artist), Mark Powers (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man II#36 (December, 2001) - J. Michael Straczynski (writer), John Romita Jr. (pencils), Scott Hanna (inks), Axel Alonso (editor)
Deadpool III#61 (February, 2002) - Frank Tieri (writer), Jim Calafiore (pencils), Jon Holdredge (inks), Mike Marts (editor)
Deadline#1 (June, 2002) - Bill Rosemann (writer), Guy Davis (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Uncanny X-Men#410-412 (October-November, 2002) - Chuck Austen (writer), Ron Garney (pencils), Mark Morales (inks), Mike Marts (editor)
Uncanny X-Men#413 (November, 2002) - Chuck Austen (writer), Sean Phillips (artist), Mike Marts (editor)
Chamber#4 (January, 2003) - Brian K. Vaughn (writer), Lee Ferguson (pencils), Norm Rapmund (inks), Mike Raicht (editor)
Uncanny X-Men#416-420 (February-May, 2003) - Chuck Austen (writer), Kia Asamiya (artist), Mike Marts (editor)
Uncanny X-Men#421-422 (June, 2003) - Chuck Austen (writer), Ron Garney (pencils), Mark Morales (inks), Mike Marts (editor)
X-Men Unlimited I#44 (May, 2003) - Chuck Austen (writer), Romano Molenaar (pencils), Danny Miki (inks), Brian Smith (editor)
Uncanny X-Men I#425-426 (August, 2003) - Chuck Austen (writer), Philip Tan (artist), Mike Marts (editor)
Uncanny X-Men I#429-433 (October, 2003 - January, 2004) - Chuck Austen (writer), Philip Tan (artist), Mike Marts (editor)
Uncanny X-Men I#434 (January, 2004) - Chuck Austen (writer), Takeshi Miyazawa (pencils), Craig Yeung & Scott Elmer (inks), Mike Marts (editor)
Uncanny X-Men I#435-436 (February, 2004) - Chuck Austen (writer), Ron Garney (pencils), Mark Morales & Dan Green (#436) (inks), Mike Marts (editor)
Defenders III#5 (January 2006) - Keith Giffen & J.M. DeMatteis (writers), Kevin McGuire (artist), Andy Schmidt (editor)
New Excalibur#13-15 (
January-March 2007) - by Frank Tieri (writer), Jim Caliafiore (penciler), Mark McKenna (inker), Nick Lowe & Mike Marts (editors)
World War Hulk#2-3 (September-October, 2007) - Chris Gage (writer), Andrea Divito (artist), Will Panzo (assistant editor), Andy Schmidt (editor)
Captain Britain and MI13#3 (September, 2008) Paul Cornell (writer), Leonard Kirk (penciler), Jesse Delperdang (inker), Will Panzo (assistant editor), Nick Lowe (editor)
Uncanny X-Men I#542-543 (October-November, 2011) - Kieron Gillen (writer), Greg Land (pencils), Jay Leisten (inks), Nick Lowe (editor)
Journey Into Mystery I#627 (November, 2011) - Kieron Gillen (writer), Richard Elson (art), Ralph Macchio (senior editor)
Dark Avengers II#182 (December, 2012) - Jeff Parker (writer), Neil Edwards (pencils), Terry Pallot (inks), Tom Brennan (editor)

First Posted: 07/20/2002
Last updated: 09/18/2013

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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