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Real Name: Krakkan

Identity/ClassExtradimensional magic user

Occupation: Mystic entity; mystic principality

Group Membership: Octessence (Balthakk, Cyttorak, Farallah, Ikonn, Raggadorr, Valtorr, Watoomb)

Affiliations: Conquest (Bridget Malone);
    invoked by Doctor Strange (Stephen Strange), Clea, Dormammu, Magnus and presumably other mystics;
    some association with Set; see also the Catalogue of Correspondences for Set from Ian McNee's reading of the First Tarot

Enemies: Unrevealed;
    spells used against numerous beings

Known Relatives: None

Aliases: Kraken (Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme#1)

Base of Operations: Extradimensional realm;
    possibly active on Earth in what would become Northern Ireland.

First Appearance:
    (Invoked in-story) Marvel Premiere I#7 (March, 1973)
    (Seen) Iron Man III#22 (November, 1999)

Powers/Abilities: Krakkan is an entity who grants magical power to those who invoke him, typically in spells. Krakkan typically grants power to those invoking the Chains of Krakkan, which generally serve to entrap and hold others, often preventing them from utilizing their powers.
Loki defined Krakkan as "an odd, tedious and particularly smelly entity".

head shot

History: Krakkan's origins are unrevealed. He was likely worshipped at some point on Earth, though whether he is closer to god or demon is open to speculation.

(Iron Man III#22 (fb)) - <Millennia ago> Eight great mystics gathered, and a disagreement arose as to which was the most powerful. To settle the argument, they entered into the Wager of the Octessence: Each created a totem, with each totem holding a fraction of its creator's vast power and possessing the ability to transform the first human who touched it into an Exemplar, a living embodiment of that power.

(Thor II#17 (fb) - BTS/Avengers III#25 (fb)) - Krakkan placed his totem, the Kestrel Key of Krakkan, within a cavern in what would become the Northern Ireland.
It was probably in the days that Krakkan walked the Earth, that Loki knew of his existence.

(Thor II#17 (fb)) - <Modern Era> The Kestrel Key of Krakkan attracted Bridget Malone to the hidden cavern. She touched it and was transformed into Krakkan's Exemplar, Conquest.

Comments: Name invented by Gardner Fox. First use in spells by Chris Claremont.
    Form revealed by Kurt Busiek & Roger Stern, Sean Chen, Rob Hunter, Rags Morales, Nelson & Eric Cannon.

It is absolutely right that there exist at least a Key where there are so many locked Chains.

Krakkan, the first time he was named, the balloons were wrong.

First print in the USA: Marvel Premiere I#7 (March, 1973) First print in Italy: L'Uomo Ragno#107 (June, 1974)
Example of correct juxtaposition.
the 2 bottom baloons were inverted the error was duplicated in Italy the correct sequence
Blondine (on the right) was almost unconscious after a cosmic-horrible encounter. She was babbling something about a "she", but the only female on the scene was herself!
What? Is there the microscopic possibility that Krakkan was or was able to take a female form and that "she" called by inter-dimensional means inferior beings for "her" own purposes?
Gordon (at the center) hearing Shuma-Gorath's call lasted the error!
The error was duplicated in the Italian translation. Of course the translator and the editor knew nothing about Krakkan. Given it was the first time he was mentioned, they had no clue.
Please note that Blondine was the reincarnation of a high priestess of Dagoth and agent of Shuma-Gorath, priestess dead thousands of years before. Who knows? She could have had great arcane knowledge, thus knowing about Krakkan.

However, exchanging the dialogues, and correcting the direction of the balloon, everything makes sense, and connects perfectly with the rest of the story.

    Writers say "millennia" all the time, as if they were really an ancient time. It's possible that it was hundreds of thousands of years ago, or even millions or billions.

   Loki, called the entities involved in the Octessence "Cyttorak's brothers." I do not believe there is a blood connection among Krakkan and the others entities, the word "brothers" was probably used with the meaning of "brothers-in-war" or "brothers-in-magic" or other.--Spidermay

Per David Sexton

Mystic beings (such as demons) can gain power in 3 ways...
  1. Entities can steal energy from an unwilling source by consuming the source entirely or by draining a portion of energy from the source. This exchange is one-way. The entity takes energy.
  2. Entities can be given spiritual energy unconditionally in the form of worship. Statements of worship come in the, "I believe..." format. Worshippers may also petition for favors, etc., but this form of prayer is an affirmation of their belief and of the entities existence. The worshippers expect nothing in return. This exchange is also one way. The entity is given energy. 
  3. An entity may grant energy to a petitioner in answer to an invocation or prayer. The mere act of being asked gives the entity power and so to encourage this action, some spiritual beings will grant power to an individual who invokes their name in the proper way. The entity may chose to ignore the request. I would theorize that the spiritual energy or "mystic potential" present in the petitioner plays a part in how often requests are granted. The invocation or prayers of an individual who has large amounts of spiritual energy would provide the entity with a more enticing exchange and they would be more inclined to answer them.

Occasions in which Krakkan's power was used by mystics for their spells.
I'm sure there are some not included here. Please let me know what I missed, preferably specifying the issue, the situation it was used in (by whom, against whom, accomplishing what), and then quote the spell exactly.

Avengers I#240: Dispel: blocking spell:

By Krakkan and Pohldahk and Mehroth unbending.
Let all barriers fall... 'fore this one I'm sending!

(Magnus sent Jessica Drew's astral form to the material plane penetrating Morgana's magic block)

The Order#2: Strange conjured an enchanted door to pass through a wall.

Fiery Balthakk, dread Krakkan,
Join thy powers now in chorus.
Open wide these works of man--
that those within may quail before us!

Profile by Spidermay.

Krakkan has no known connections to:

Chains of Krakkan

Classification: Magic Spell

Creator: Krakkan.

User/Possessors: Doctor Strange, Clea, Ikonn, Norman Osborn, Umar

First Appearance: (Named) Marvel Premiere I#7 (March, 1973);
    used for the first time in Doctor Strange II#45 (February, 1981)

The chains casted by Clea

Version: Conjuration

Powers/Abilities/Functions: The Chains of Krakkan were mostly used to entrap, to bind, or to capture one or more enemies.

Casting Time: Few seconds

Range: Short (30 feet) at least

Components: A mandatory component, probably at caster's choice among:

Duration: Maximum time unrevealed, at least a minute
Primary effects: A chain, material, apparently of iron or metal, entangling the targets. Once conjured, the Chains can also be used by others that can materially interact with them. Apparently, the Chains cannot be dispelled by the caster using a simple command or gesture.
Collateral effects: None.


(Marvel Premiere I#7) - Doctor Strange invoked the Chains of Krakkan surprised by Blondine's ravings while she was unconscious.

Ikonn used the Chains(Doctor Strange II#45) - Clea conjured the Chains of Krakkan entrapping Wong, Sarah Wolfe and Mr. Sanderson with that single spell. She gained precious time, but after seconds the N'Garai servants were free. They were probably helped by their armors, impervious to some spells.

(Doctor Strange II#47) - The Chains of Krakkan were conjured by Doctor Strange and bound the demon Ikonn for the time needed to probe a little part of the demon's memories. However, in that lapse of time, Ikonn was feeding on the power granted to him by his Bell, thus, he easily broke the Chains, and probably could have even before. Moreover, Ikonn used the same Chains of Krakkan against Strange, binding him. It took some seconds, to Strange, to cast another spell, and the Eye of Agamotto to crush the Chains.

(Defenders II#8) - During a squabble with the Grey Hulk, Strange started to conjure the Chains of Krakkan with the purpose to restrain him. However, the spell was not completed, because Namor stopped the two.

(Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme#1) - Doctor Strange invoked the "Chains of the Kraken" surprised by Merlin's apparition.

(Amazing Spider-Man IV#32) - In a vision of a possible future helped by the Emerald Oracle of Ikonn, Norman Osborn invoked the Chains of Krakkan. The Chains were not visible, nonetheless Spider-Man was immobilized.

Comments: Name created by Gardner Fox (writer). Graphically created by Gene Colan (pencils) and Frank Giacoia/Daniel Green/Allen Milgrom/Thomas Palmer/Wendy Pini/Josef Rubinstein/Walter Simonson/Bob Wiacek (inks).

    When, in
Marvel Premiere I#7, Doctor Strange heard Blondine naming Shuma-Gorath, he learned the missing link from his investigation on arcane matters. His consequent exclamation "Yes, by the Chains of Krakkan!" could be a metaphore related to the (arcane) links forming the Chain. It is unrevealed whether the Chains of Krakkan can be also used to discover hidden (and/or difficult to retrieve following logical links) information. In that case the version of the spell would be part of the Divination school.

    Osborn/Oracle's flash-forward in ASM4#32 must be taken with a high level of criticism. Ikonn is renown for his illusions and trickery, so, the reliability of what was seen is very low. Moreover, the happenings were also driven by Norman Osborn's delusions of grandeur, thus utterly inventing things and outcomes.

Version: Enchantment

Powers/Abilities/Functions: The Enchanted Chains of Krakkan can also be used to bind the word given, to strengthen the pacts taken. The consequences of the breaking the vows, the promises, the contracts and so on, are unrevealed.

Casting Time: Few seconds to make the vow, excluding the preliminary part, during which the targets decide the terms of the deal.
Range: Any, provided that the contractors are able to communicate between them.
A verbal component containing the invocation to the Chains. It is probable that the contract would be valid in written form, once written the invocation.

Duration: Until the contract is not resolved or broken by the parts.
Primary effects: Forcing the subscribing targets to follow an agreed course of action. In some cases, the assent could be given keeping silence.
Collateral effects: None

(Doctor Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#24) - Umar and Dormammu reached an agreement, Umar swore to hold her vow upon the Enchanted Chains of Krakkan, as requested by Dormammu.

Comments: Being confirmed this kind of use of the Chains (to uphold a pact), would imply an alignment of Krakkan toward the sphere of Order.

Iron Man III#22, p17, panel 5 (back view)
Avengers III#25, p1, pan2 (head shot)
Marvel Premiere I#7, p12, pan6 (Strange, Gordon and Blondine)
Doctor Strange II#45, p15, pan3 (Clea conjured the Chains of Krakkan)
Doctor Strange II#47, p18, pan2 (Ikonn broke the Chains and re-used them)

Iron Man III#22 (November, 1999) - Kurt Busiek & Roger Stern (writers), Sean Chen (pencils), Rob Hunter, Rags Morales, Nelson & Eric Cannon (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Avengers III#25 (February, 2000) - Kurt Busiek (writer), George Pérez  (pencils), Al Vey (inks), Tom Smith (colors), Breevort & Harras (editors)

Appearances of the Chains of Krakkan:
Marvel Premiere I#7 (March, 1973) - Gardner F. Fox (writer), Craig Russell (pencils), Mike Esposito, Frank Giacoia & David Hunt (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Doctor Strange II#45 (February, 1981) - Chris Claremont (writer), Gene Colan (pencils), Frank Giacoia, Daniel Green, Allen Milgrom, Thomas Palmer, Wendy Pini, Josef Rubinstein, Walter Simonson & Bob Wiacek (inks), Mary Jo Duffy (editor)
Doctor Strange II#47 (April, 1981) - Roger Stern (writer), Gene Colan (pencils), Daniel Green (inks), Mary Jo Duffy (editor)
Doctor Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#24 (December, 1990) - Roy & Dann Thomas (writers), Butch Guice (pencils), Doug Hazlewood (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Defenders II#8 (October, 2001) - Kurt Busiek, Erik Larsen & Eric Stephenson (writers), Ron Frenz (pencils), Al Vey (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme#1 (December, 2016) - Robbie Thompson (writer), Javier Rodriguez (pencils), Alvaro Lopez (inks), Nick Lowe (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man IV#32 (September, 2017) - Dan Slott (writer), Greg Smallwood (pencils and inks), Nick Lowe (editor)

First Posted: 10/15/2007
Last updated: 07/10/2021

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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