Real Name: Ivan Petrovich Bezukhov

Identity/Class: Human mutate technology user (World War I, World War II, 1945-1950s, pre-modern to modern era);
   citizen of Russia (formerly Soviet Union)

Occupation: Criminal; former spy, mercenary, chauffeur, soldier, technician, scientist

Group Membership: None;
   formerly S.H.I.E.L.D, former affiliate of the Champions

Affiliations: Avengers (Black Widow/Natasha Romanoff, Crystal/Crystalia Amaquelin, Deathcry, Hercules, Quicksilver/Pietro Maximoff), Emerson Bale, Black Widow (Natasha Romanova), Oksana Bolishinko, Captain America (Steve Rogers), Lt. Paul Carson, Champions (Angel/Warren Worthington III, Black Widow/Natasha Romanoff, Ghost Rider/Johnny Blaze, Hercules, Iceman/Robert Drake), Angela Cleaver, Senator Craig, Daredevil (Matt Murdock), Sgt. Doyle, Richard Fenster, Danny French, Debbie Harris, Hawkeye (Clint Barton), Imperial Dreadnoughts, Iron Man (Tony Stark), Lucretia Jones, Nikita Khruschev, Lenya the dog, Dr. Lichenstein, Captain Lumas, Moondragon (Heather Douglas), Franklin "Foggy" Nelson, Night Raven, Karen Page, Ralph, Red Guardian (Alexi Shostakov), Taras Romanoff, Sabre the dog, Seraph, Shanna the She-Devil (Shanna O'Hara), S.H.I.E.L.D. (Nick Fury, Valentina de Fontaine, Sekerak, others), Jason Sloan, Spider-Man (Peter Parker), Josef Stalin, Sterling, Geoffrey Sydenham, Nathaniel Taggert, Winter Soldier (James Barnes), Wolverine (James "Logan" Howlett)

Enemies: A.I.M., Amazons, Angar the Screamer, Astrologer, Benny, Kerwin J. Broderick, Buck, Cheech, Commissar (Alexi Bruskin), Darkstar (Laynia Petrov), Damon Dran, Frank, Freddy, Gladiator (Melvin Potter), Griffin (Johnny Horton), Gregor, Hydra (Baron Von Strucker, El Jaguar, Man-Killer, others), Itch, Joe, KGB (Andre, Fyodor, Katrinka, Zamatev), Kraven the Hunter, Edward Lansing, Man-Bull, Mister Fear (Larry Cranston), Mr. Kline/Assassin/Emil Borgdsky, Owl (Leland Owlsley), Ox (Raymond Bloch possessed by Karl Stragg), Project Red Guardian IV (Dr. Yuri Kiev, Red Guardian android), Purple Man, Rampage (Stuart Clarke), Ramrod, Red Skull (Johann Shmidt), Scorpion robot, Snow Leopards (Ilya Koblev, Ioakim Koblev, Issa Koblev), Titanium Man (Boris Bullski), Wally, Watchlord, Yi Yang, Ho Yinsen

Known Relatives: Mrs. Bezukhov (wife, dead), Yuri Petrovich (son, Crimson Dynamo), unidentified sister (presumed dead)

Aliases: Ivan Petrovitch

Base of Operations: Mobile;
   formerly San Francisco, California;
   formerly New York City, New York;
   formerly Russia

First Appearance: Amazing Adventures II#1 (August, 1970)

Powers/Abilities: Ivan Petrovich spent years as a trained Soviet asset, with advanced military and combat training. After being mortally wounded in combat, he was given a serum (one also given to Natasha Romonova, Alexi Shostakov, and others), he was healed from his wounds and his life was extended by decades, keeping him looking young and fit. Ivan is an expert in aggressive driving, in espionage, in computers, and in the use of many weapons, including guns and explosives. He also has contacts in espionage and government all over the world.

Later in his life, Ivan (who was potentially going mad due to the serum) pooled together the resources of many billionaires and he built a giant space-worthy Helicarrier called the Dreadnought, one equipped with nuclear warheads. He staffed the ship with men, including many dressed in Imperial Dreadnought suits. Ivan began using nannites to manipulate and control others. In time, Ivan built himself a massive cybernetic body, equipped with personal shields, concussive blasts, flight, and super-strength. Ivan orchestrated his own murder and then had his head, brain, and spinal column transferred to the robotic body.

Height: (Human) 6'4"; (cyborg) 7' (both by approximation)
Weight: (Human) 220 lbs.; (cyborg) variable (both by approximation)
Eyes: Brown
Hair: Black (sometimes gray)

(Daredevil I#88 (fb)/Marvel Fanfare I#1/Shadows & Light I#1/Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1 (fb) ) - In 1928 during an attack by the Imperialists on Stalingrad, Ivan searched the abandoned city for his dead sister, and instead found a woman holding a child. The woman dropped the child into Ivan's arms from a burning building, and then died in the fires. Ivan spent years raising the child as his own daughter. She was named Natalia Romanoff.

(Champions I#10 (fb) - BTS) - During World War II, Ivan Petrovich served on the front lines near Leningrad in the Russian conflict against the Germans.

(Champions I#10 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan launched a career as a technician and a scientist. He married, and fathered a son, Yuri. They made their home in Moscow.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1 (fb) ) - In 1938, when Natalia was 10, Ivan needed to go off to military service for a time. He approached Taras Romanoff, wanting someone to look after Natalia while he was gone, and not wanting to use the state orphanages. Given the power of Natalia's last name, Romanova (the female version of Romanoff), he hoped to utilize powerful connections. Ivan was shocked when Josef Stalin himself approached, and said he had a school in mind for Natalia. Natalia was placed in the Red Room, where over the next few years she learned combat and espionage. In 1940, Ivan visited her with Logan, who had been training her in the facility. Ivan bragged that Natalia now considered him her father. Ivan soon heard that Logan killed Taras Romanoff on a military assignment, and Natalia let him go afterwards, then she went off to live in the wilderness. Months later, Ivan found her, having defected from the military, and he comforted her, saying he would do whatever it took to keep her alive. They began accepting covert war assignments.

(Uncanny X-Men I#268 (fb) - BTS) - Hydra, under the leadership of Baron Strucker, kidnapped Natalia, determined to turn her into a soldier. Ivan, seeking to rescue her, tracked Hydra to Madripoor, where he was attacked by the Hand.

(Uncanny X-Men I#268 (fb)/Wolverine: Origins#16 (fb) ) - Logan (the future Wolverine) and Captain America both fought back against the Hand, saving Ivan. Later, at Seraph's Bar, Ivan told them of Natalia's abduction. The two heroes helped Ivan save Natalia, and Logan was shot and seemingly killed in the rescue. Captain America helped get Ivan and Natalia to the American consulate, but they discovered the agent there, Geoffrey Sydenham, had sided with Strucker and Hydra. Cap and Ivan were bound and Strucker ordered Natalia to kill them both, but Logan intervened, shockingly alive, and freed Ivan and Cap, who helped defeat the villains, Ivan using a gun. Seraph drove them to the airport and Ivan returned Natalia to Russia.

(Daredevil I#88 (fb)/Marvel Fanfare I#1 (fb)) - Ivan spent the following years seeing Natalia raised, the perfect student and athlete, and the perfect spy.

(Solo Avengers I#7/2 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan saw Natasha take ballet lessons from master teacher, Oksana Bolishinko.

(Champions I#10 (fb)) - After the death of Josef Stalin (in 1953), things in Russia began to change. Ivan was having a day out with his wife and son, who wanted to go to the zoo, when American agents approached him, offering him vast sums of money to defect from Russia and offer his talents to America. Ivan refused, stating that he wanted to change Russia from within. Ivan sent his wife and son to Moscow to live for a time, wanting to keep them safe. Lenya the dog was left behind with Ivan.

(Champions I#10 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan was told that his wife and son had been killed in a car accident. He grieved deeply.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1 (fb) - BTS) - In 1956, Ivan was terribly wounded in a gang battle.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1 (fb) ) - Natalia rushed to Ivan's side with water to give him comfort. Soviet asset the Winter Soldier showed up, offering them both a chemical compound that would heal Ivan and prolong both of their lives, in exchange for their new loyalty to Russia. Ivan said no, but Natalia agreed, and the chemical was given to both of them.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#2 (fb) - BTS) - Continuing to train as an operative in the Red Room, Natalia became a valuable military asset while performing as a trained ballet dancer for the public, becoming world renowned. Eventually she was introduced to Alexi Shostakov, who gave her the nickname Natalia, a name she started using more frequently. They began altering her memories. She also became romantically involved with the Soviet asset, the Winter Soldier. During this time, Ivan remained active in the military.

(Champions I#7 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan worked with Alexi Bruskin, the Commissar, who helped train Natasha.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#2 (fb) ) - In 1957, Ivan returned after Natasha became engaged to Alexi to congratulate her, and he found her breaking up with the Winter Soldier. Natasha confessed to Ivan that she wasn't sure how true her memories were any longer.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#2 (fb) ) - In 1963, Natasha was told that her husband, Alexi, the Red Guardian, had been killed in an explosion. Ivan was present when Nikita Khruschev considered sending Natasha as an operative to America, using the code name the Black Widow. Ivan promised to watch out for her.

(Black Widow VI#6 (fb) ) - The Red Room's Headmistress assigned Black Widow to kidnap the scientist Ho Yinsen from a funeral. Ivan agreed to be the driver, and Natasha snapped at him in frustration over how he responded to the mission. At the funeral, Natasha knocked Yinsen unconscious, and let Ivan retrieve the body.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#2 (fb) ) - In America, as a Russian spy, Natasha and Ivan worked for several employers. She had trysts with Iron Man and Hawkeye at various times, and Ivan found himself growing jealous.

(Daredevil I#88 (fb)/Marvel Fanfare I#10 (fb) ) - Natasha defected for the United States, and Ivan was the only one who knew her plan. Ivan chose to go with her.

(Amazing Adventures II#1/2) - Black Widow asked Ivan, who was working as her chauffeur, to drive her to a dangerous area of town. He worried about her as she headed off on her own.

(Amazing Adventures II#2/2 - BTS) - Ivan drove Natasha to Spanish Harlem at her request.

(Amazing Adventures II#3/2) - Ivan drove Natasha home from a meeting, and she changed in the back seat, reminding Ivan not to watch her.

(Amazing Adventures II#5/2) - After seeing a teenage boy attempt suicide, Ivan forced the boy into his cab and took him back to Black Widow to get help. The boy talked about being forced by the Astrologer to commit crimes. Just then, the Astrologer's men attacked the apartment, and Ivan helped Natasha fight back. In the end, the boy sacrificed himself to take out one of the criminals, and both perished in a fall.

(Amazing Adventures II#6/2) - Ivan woke up from a nap in the car to find Black Widow sparring with two men who turned out to be policemen, Captain Lumas and Sgt. Doyle, who wanted to ask her questions about the Astrologer. The police predicted that Astrologer would be robbing the blood bank next, so Black Widow and Ivan went there, and she changed while reminding Ivan not to look. They battled Astrologer's men, and Ivan was quickly knocked unconscious. Astrologer and his men escaped, and Ivan drove Natasha home.

(Amazing Adventures II#7/2) - Black Widow and Ivan got news that Dr. Lichenstein, the blood specialist, had been kidnapped by the Astrologer. Ivan, after working out and watching old movies, wanted to help Black Widow shake off her funk. He asked Lumas for help. Seeing Astrologer's thug Freddy in the street, Ivan violently questioned the boy and learned where Astrologer's hideout was. He called Black Widow to meet him there, but then was delayed by a traffic accident. He arrived in time to pull Black Widow from the water; she'd rescued Lichenstein, but Astrologer had been killed in the conflict, and she wondered if everyone around her was doomed to die.

(Amazing Adventures II#8/2 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan was kidnapped by Watchlord, an armored man with telekinetic powers who hated Russians, and his two thugs, including Joe. They tricked Ivan into recording a message for Black Widow, luring her into a trap.

(Amazing Adventures II#8/2) - Watchlord captured Black Widow and bantered about his hatred of Russians as he strung Ivan up. He set the building on fire to kill them both, then left to kill more Russians. Black Widow used her Widow's Bite to free Ivan, then he freed her, and they went after the Watchlord. In the subsequent battle, Ivan downed the henchmen and Widow defeated Watchlord; she chose not to kill him, but he seemingly died in a landslide anyway.

(Daredevil I#81) - After a helicopter crashed and Black Widow landed underwater, Ivan saw Daredevil rescue her. Ivan accompanied them to a bank for a financial consultation. When the Owl robbed the bank with his men, Ivan covered for Black Widow as she fought back, and Daredevil soon joined the fight.

(Daredevil I#82) - The Scorpion (actually a robot built by Mr. Kline) attacked Ivan, who called to warn Black Widow even as he fell unconscious, but the robot soon apprehended her as well. Ivan's unconscious body was left at Matt Murdock's home to lure Daredevil into a trap. Later, the Scorpion was defeated, but many believed he died in battle and Black Widow was blamed.

(Daredevil I#83) - Ivan woke up in Matt Murdock's home, disoriented, and learned that Natasha had been arrested. Ivan lashed out in fury, accidentally striking Murdock before he calmed down. Natasha was put on trial and aggressively questioned by Foggy Nelson, but the charges were dropped when the Scorpion was revealed as a robot. Ivan drove Natasha away.

(Daredevil I#84) - Ivan and Natasha took a skiing vacation in Switzerland, when "Emil Borgdsky" asked to see Natasha for dinner. "Emil" claimed to be able to restore sight, so Natasha invited Matt Murdock there, and Ivan witnessed them growing closer and romantic. "Emil" was soon revealed as Mr. Kline and was defeated.

(Daredevil I#85) - On the flight back to America, Ivan grew jealous of Matt and Natasha's romantic connection. After they met fellow passenger Nathaniel Taggert, the heroes saw Gladiator and his men, including Benny, Wally, Buck, Frank, and Cheech, take the plane hostage. Ivan fought back, defeating a few men before they threatened hostages, then he held Natasha back from the fight. Ivan was briefly tied up with Natasha while Daredevil defeated the criminals. At the airport, Matt hurt Natasha by running to kiss his old flame, Karen Page. Ivan comforted Natasha.

(Daredevil I#86) - Ivan attended the engagement party of Matt and Karen, and comforted Black Widow, who planned to move to San Francisco to start her life over. When the Ox/Karl Stragg attacked the party, Ivan tried to stop Natasha from going in, and she told him he would never realize what love was, but agreed to leave, knowing Matt must come to her if he wanted to salvage their relationship. Later, Karen broke up with Matt officially, then returned to California.

(Daredevil I#87) - Ivan helped Natasha unpack in the San Francisco home she planned to live in for the next year, spending her inheritance on the rent. When Matt came to visit, Ivan was frustrated and sarcastic with Natasha, who reinforced that Matt would be sleeping in a different room than she. Ivan worried later when Black Widow went out on patrol, and disapproved of her meeting with Matt for dinner. That night, a man named Danny French, claiming to be an old friend of Black Widow, stopped by to see her, but Ivan told him she wasn't home. Later, Ivan gave Natasha the news about French, and she was distressed.

(Daredevil I#88) - When Black Widow stormed in angry, Ivan worried over her. When Daredevil came in, Ivan confided in the hero the truth about how he knew her. When he expressed worry over French, Natasha heard and she left, determined to handle things on her own. Ivan grew increasingly worried and, after taking a call for Matt from Larry Cranston, he rushed out to find Natasha himself. Ivan used a tracking device and found Daredevil battling the Purple Man; covering his nose to avoid the purple gas, Ivan helped Daredevil defeat the villain and his gang, then they escaped on a hover-craft, realizing they didn't know where Black Widow was. Daredevil felt ashamed, realizing he'd needed Ivan to save his life.

(Daredevil I#89) - Ivan, spooked by Matt's super-human abilities even though he was blind, gave Matt a phone message. Natasha opened up to Matt about Project Four, and he later told Ivan.

(Daredevil I#90) - When Daredevil and Black Widow arrived home, Ivan confronted Natasha, demanding answers on Project Four, and she finally explained how she'd worked with French on a spy assignment she'd engaged in years before. Natasha was genuinely scared of Project Four and what might happen. Larry Cranston and Jason Sloan arrived to offer Matt a job.

(Daredevil I#91) - Ivan informed Matt that Natasha had left, maybe for good.

(Daredevil I#92) - Ivan encouraged Matt to stop pouting and help him look for Natasha, but he grew frustrated when Matt lied to him, saying he knew nothing about Project Four. Ivan took his car to look downtown and spent the day pursuing leads, to no avail. Back at home with Matt, Ivan heard a local reporter posit that Daredevil was Murdock himself, distressing the hero. Ivan finally found French's office, by violently questioning his allies, and he began to search the place.

(Daredevil I#93) - Ivan returned empty-handed, and saw that Daredevil had brought back the Black Widow, unconscious, after she'd been brainwashed and sent against the hero. Matt finally came clean to Ivan about Project Four, revealing that French had been blackmailing Widow, and Ivan was furious that it had taken the hero so long to be honest.

(Daredevil I#94) - Ivan worked on his car until Black Widow woke up, disoriented. When Daredevil showed up with Danny French, Ivan initially wanted to hit French. They learned that Damon Dran, the villain behind it all, had used Project Four to make himself indestructible, and that he was overpowering the National Guard. On their way to fight Dran, Ivan grew frustrated when French confessed his feelings for Natasha aloud. Danny French soon sacrificed himself to stop Dran, dying in the process.

(Daredevil I#95) - Ivan went with Natasha to the grave she prepared for French, and she wondered if she'd had feelings for the dead man. As they drove away, they were driven off the road by Itch and Man-Bull. Ivan knocked Itch out with a punch, but then he was badly wounded by Man-Bull; Natasha carried him home so he could get help.

(Daredevil I#97) - Matt grew worried when Ivan was still sleeping two days later, but Natasha assured him that Ivan was strong and would heal on his own.

(Avengers I#110) - Ivan was healing when Hawkeye dropped by, looking for Black Widow.

(Daredevil I#99) - Ivan finally woke up, though he felt very weak. He saw Hawkeye waiting to confront Black Widow and Daredevil, who had just returned with Lt. Paul Carson. Ivan soon went back to sleep.

(Daredevil I#101 (fb) - BTS) - Natasha chose to join the Avengers, moving back to New York, and leaving Ivan and Daredevil behind.

(Daredevil I#101) - Daredevil returned home and saw Ivan wondering about Natasha when suddenly Black Widow showed up, embracing DD. Angar the Screamer caused a brief hallucination of DD turning into a monster, then Angar rushed off, promising to return. Ivan and Natasha soon heard from Carson that Murdock had been kidnapped by Angar, and she rushed off to help.

(Daredevil I#103) - Ivan was working on his car when Peter Parker arrived to interview Black Widow. Soon Ramrod attacked, destroying much of the house, and Spider-Man helped stop him.

(Daredevil I#104) - Ivan delivered the mail to Matt and Natasha.

(Daredevil I#104 - BTS) - Kraven the Hunter attacked the house, knocking out Ivan and tying him up. When Ivan awoke, a note stated that Black Widow had been kidnapped, and that Daredevil would find her at the zoo.

(Daredevil I#104) - Daredevil untied Ivan, then rushed off to find Black Widow. He soon rescued her. Days later, Ivan drove Matt and Natasha to a party at the home of Kerwin J. Broderick.

(Daredevil I#108) - With Moondragon hanging around the house, Ivan decorated the tree for Christmas, then heard on the news from Lucretia Jones that Foggy Nelson had been shot. Matt and Moondragon departed for New York City, and Natasha cried, confiding in Ivan that she felt her relationship with Matt was over.

(Daredevil I#114) - Black Widow was unable to reach Matt to say goodbye. She cried to Ivan, then rushed off to clear her head.

(Daredevil I#115) - Ivan searched the newspapers for jobs.

(Daredevil I#116 (fb) - BTS) - When they could no longer pay their rent, Natasha and Ivan moved out. Ralph, the landlord, took over the lease. They lived in Ivan's Rolls Royce for a time.

(Daredevil I#117) - Ivan went to Paul Carson for help with finding the missing Black Widow. They soon found her teaming with Shanna the She-Devil and Daredevil to fight the Owl.

(Daredevil I#120 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan and Black Widow took a plane to New York City, and a large group of masked gunmen tried to hijack the plane.

(Daredevil I#120) - With the help of Daredevil, Black Widow and Ivan, wielding a high-powered rifle, defeated the hijackers at the airport, but the two left Ivan to explain things to the police himself. That evening, Ivan put on a suit reluctantly to attend a party with Matt and Natasha, hosted by Foggy Nelson and his fiancée Debbie Harris. Hydra agents attacked, knocking out Ivan and the others with gas guns. S.H.I.E.L.D. arrived to help.

(Daredevil I#121) - As they settled affairs with S.H.I.E.L.D., Ivan subtly reminded Daredevil to switch back to Matt. Ivan kept an eye on Foggy in case Hydra attacked again, and kidnapped Nelson.

(Daredevil I#122 (fb)) - Hunting down Hydra, Ivan and Black Widow took down a half-dozen agents after a multi-block, multi-story chase and fight.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#3 (fb) ) - Black Widow was confiding in Daredevil about how trust was difficult for her as her memories had been altered before as Ivan listened. He informed them that Mr. Hyde and Owl were robbing a bank. Ivan complained about having come to America to be with Natasha, yet now he was just acting as her chauffeur and she was in love with a hero who didn't deserve her.

(Daredevil I#123) - With Black Widow missing, Ivan grew frustrated and demanded that S.H.I.E.L.D. (including Agent Sekerak) do something. Ivan followed them to the Hydra base at Shea Stadium, where he used tech to shut down Man-Killer's exo-skeleton after she hit him. Hydra was soon defeated.

(Daredevil I#124) - Ivan drove Black Widow away after she said goodbye to Daredevil yet again, determined to begin her own hero's journey.

(Champions I#1 (fb) - BTS) - Nearly out of money, Natasha applied for a job teaching Russian at UCLA. Ivan went with her to the interview.

(Champions I#1) - At UCLA campus, Ivan was reassuring Natasha about her potential when a group of Hippolyta's Amazons attacked. Ivan was quickly knocked unconscious.

(Champions I#4 (fb) - BTS) - Black Widow joined with Ghost Rider, Hercules, Angel, and Iceman in forming the super team, the Champions. Ivan moved into the team's headquarters with them.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#3 (fb) ) - Black Widow met with the Champions, excited about the new team, and Ivan watched with jealousy as she flirted with Hercules.

(Champions I#4) - When Natasha was gone for too long, Ivan started to worry, but then he, Angel, and Iceman were attacked by a mind-controlled Black Widow and Hercules, as well as a group of super-powered mutates, all led by the evil Edward Lansing. Ghost Rider returned and the heroes held off Hrecules as Ivan battled the mutates, but Black Widow over-powered Ivan and began badly beating him. As Natasha choked Ivan, he cried out for help, and it broke her mind control, allowing her to turn against Lansing and defeat him.

(Champions I#5) - When Black Widow considered formalizing her team membership, Ivan expressed concern, reminding her that her times with the Avengers and Daredevil resulted in deep personal pain, but Black Widow wanted to stay, and Ivan conceded, knowing it would be his job to pick up the pieces later. After they watched Hercules play football with college students, Ivan and Natasha met for dinner with Hercules and Angel, and they discussed heroics. Ivan joined the team when they fought the super-villain, Rampage, and he was knocked aside by the villain.

(Champions I#6) - The team argued over how to handle Rampage, and Ivan took another punch from the villain. Ivan was taken to the hospital for his injuries, and later released, told he was very lucky.

(Champions I#7) - The Champions were meeting with Richard Fenster when someone fired a bomb through the window. They disabled it, then Ivan took it to study, and when he opened it up, he discovered a black pearl with a pre-recorded message that invited them into a trap. Realizing who the sender was, Ivan was horrified when Black Widow rushed off to confront a man on the roof across the street. She found the man who'd trained her, Alexi Bruskin, the Commissar, but then the Titanium Man attacked.

(Champions I#8) - Ivan learned from the Champions, Richard Fenster, and Emerson Bale that the Commissar and Black Widow had been taken away by the Titanium Man. Realizing the villain Rampage had intel, Ivan demanded answers and Rampage revealed that the man behind it all was called the Outcast. Ivan couldn't believe it and punched Rampage, who fired off a massive weapon burst, and Hercules narrowly protected Ivan. Rampage fell nearly dead, muttering again how the Outcast had planned it all for revenge. Ivan punched the wall in anger, frustrated that the Champions professed to care about Black Widow as much as he did. When Angel considered disbanding the team, Ivan stormed off in disgust. Ivan built a tracking device for the black pearl, then went with Iceman to find the Commissar.

(Champions I#9) - Ivan and Iceman tracked Black Widow and the Commissar to Venice Beach, and Ivan shouted furiously at Iceman for not moving quickly enough; Iceman reminded Ivan they were on the same team. They saw Crimson Dynamo, Titanium Man, and Griffin return with Hercules, Angel, and Ghost Rider as unconscious captives. Ivan rushed inside to find the Widow, and he helped defeat Darkstar. Griffin attacked with the Crimson Dynamo, who unmasked as Ivan's son, Yuri Petrovich.

(Champions I#10) - Yuri told Ivan and the others the truth about what had happened with him. His mother hadn't been killed in a car accident, but had instead been assassinated. Yuri himself had been taken captive by "Americans" who raised him in "West Germany", forcing him to train over years as an agent. Nine years later, Yuri was able to "escape" and return to Russia, where he learned Ivan had defected, and Ivan grew to believe his father had been behind things all along. Yuri in time became the Crimson Dynamo and he came to America with Titanium Man and Darkstar, then recruited Rampage and Griffin, in a plot of revenge against his father as well as other defectors, Black Widow and Commissar. As Yuri ranted, Titanium Man was killing American soldiers in attacking planes, and Yuri was horrified, rushing out to handle events. While he was gone, Ivan pressed Commissar to reveal the truth, and Ivan learned that Commissar had been behind it all along, making his men pose as Americans, kill Ivan's wife, and raise his son right there in Russia, even organizing Yuri's escape, manipulating Yuri into hating Americans. Yuri returned and refused to hear the truth, striking Natasha and Ivan, but Darkstar turned against Yuri, trying to force him to face reality. The Champions escaped their cell, then a fight broke out, with the villains falling one by one. Commissar attacked Yuri, who turned back on him, and in the end, Commissar committed suicide with a hand grenade. Darkstar restrained Crimson Dynamo and let Ivan choose what to do with him. Realizing he didn't even know his son any longer, Ivan didn't know what to do, so Darkstar simply let Yuri go. As Crimson Dynamo flew away, Ivan asked the Champions to trust his decision.

(Ghost Rider II#23) - Ivan and the Champions bid farewell to Ghost Rider.

(Champions I#14 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan got a call from Nick Fury, who called him on a mission, asking him to keep it secret.

(Champions I#14) - Ivan bid farewell to an emotional Black Widow, and the Champions, as well as Darkstar, saying he was going off to Russia to find his son, but instead he went off on an assignment with S.H.I.E.L.D.

(Marvel Fanfare I#13 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan was captured by Damon Dran and brainwashed, assigned to lure Black Widow into a trap.

(Marvel Fanfare I#10 - BTS) - S.H.I.E.L.D recruited Natasha to go after Ivan, assuming he had either been kidnapped or had defected to Russia.

(Marvel Fanfare I#13) - Black Widow was captured by Dran. When she escaped, Ivan, drugged and hypnotized, ordered her to stop as he attacked her. Ivan fought the control though and pulled his punch, allowing Black Widow to knock him out. When he awakened, he turned his gun on a group of soldiers who were attacking Black Widow, and she realized he was beginning to shake off his brainwashing. With Ivan at her side, Black Widow delivered a remote warning to Nick Fury, saving him from an assassination attempt at the hands of one of Dran's assassin. Dran's ship self-destructed, and Black Widow got Ivan to safety, though she realized it would take weeks to help him overcome his brainwashing.

(Daredevil I#188) - Ivan was crying at a showing of Casablanca when Black Widow collapsed after a mission, confessing she'd been poisoned in a fight with ninjas and was sure to die within the week. (She was later cured).

(Marvel Team-Up I#141) - Ivan drove Natasha to a dangerous neighborhood so she could help Daredevil solve a murder, though Ivan felt she shouldn't be involved.

(Solo Avengers I#7/2 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan was having a beer when he heard Natasha's old ballet teacher, Oksana Bolishinko, was in the hospital in Russia.

(Solo Avengers I#7/2) - Ivan went to Natasha, reminding her that the KGB would be after her if she went to Russia.

(Marvel Graphic Novel#61: Black Widow: The Coldest War (fb) - BTS) - Nick Fury sent Natasha in to intercept an espionage plot aboard the yacht of a man named Sterling. Ivan waited in the car.

(Marvel Graphic Novel#61: Black Widow: The Coldest War) - Natasha climbed out of the river and Ivan drove her home, hearing about how the mission went. Ivan drove her to a party at the home of Senator Craig, doing his best to shake off a car tailing them. Ivan donned a tux and accompanied Natasha to the party. Natasha was approached at the party by Zamatev and Katrinka, KGB agents who ordered their men Fyodor and Andre to seize her; Ivan helped her fight them off, but Zamatev produced a photo showing that the Red Guardian, Natasha's deceased husband, was alive. At Natasha's home, the agents gave her more proof that Red Guardian was alive, stating he had survived his latest brush with death and had been in medical treatment ever since. The agents told Natasha she needed to steal a memo for them or Red Guardian's life could be in danger. After the agents left, Ivan swept for electronic surveillance then asked Natasha to open up to him, but she was quiet and later left, returning only after Ivan was asleep. The next day, Natasha delivered the stolen memo to the KGB agents, and they revealed they had recorded her theft, and now used that the blackmail her into stealing the Master Matrix chip used by S.H.I.E.L.D. to create LMDs; Ivan was lifting weights, and he used one to hit Zamatev as the agents departed. Natasha stole the chip, and Ivan used his strength to rip open an escape hatch for her. The two of them went to Russia together, with Natasha holding the chip in a briefcase set to explode. Zamatev and Katrinka took them to a remote cabin where the Red Guardian seemingly waited, but the Guardian was soon exposed as a Russian LMD, called Project Red Guardian IV. Ivan told Natasha he was sorry, but she stated she had to know, then they fought the agents there. When the LMD grabbed Ivan by the throat, Natasha overloaded it with electricity and disabled it. Natasha ordered Ivan to go to the British embassy while she finished defeating the agents.

(Fury/Black Widow: Death Duty) - Investigating the mysterious Night Raven, Natasha called Ivan and asked him to turn up missing agent Angela Cleaver, a former agent of T.R.A.C.E., who was now in a wheelchair. Ivan found her hiding out in a cabin in remote Louisiana and he burst through her window when her dog, Sabre, briefly attacked him. Ivan introduced himself as a S.H.I.E.L.D. agent, and Cleaver opened up about her history with Night Raven and Yi Yang. Enemy agents attacked, killing Sabre, and Ivan narrowly got Cleaver to safety, killing several of the agents. After Ivan called to report to Black Widow, he was knocked unconscious by the Snow Leopard (Issa Koblev). Ivan was taken to Russia and strung up. Black Widow and Night Raven arrived and found him, but Snow Leopard attacked; an agent named Gregor showed up as Yi Yang revealed herself, and a building fire seemingly resulted in the death of Snow Leopard. Ivan freed himself and left the burning building unharmed, quelling Natasha's worry. Later, in Siberia, Ivan, Natasha, Gregor, and Night Raven attacked Yi Yang's base. Two more Snow Leopards revealed themselves and a massive fight broke out. Ivan nearly rolled his eyes when S.H.I.E.L.D. finally showed up to help. Ivan indulged on vodka during the cleanup.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#3 (fb) ) - When Black Widow was elected as the leader of the Avengers, Ivan was angry and sullen. She asked for his help with the team, but he stated, "Your journey is over. You have had many adolescences, many adulthoods, many maturities, and in the end, you have decided to be one thing-this thing... My job, my fellow immortal, was to watch over you. And wait for-for you to be happy. I wonder, Natalia, if that was what I was waiting for all this time? Instead of making a life of my own?" Then he left, despondent.

(Avengers I#385 (fb) - BTS) - On a top-secret mission, Ivan began looking into mysterious energy disturbances, due to A.I.M. experiments, only reporting in to Natasha.

(Avengers I#384 - BTS) - Natasha received a call from Ivan with the dire news. She promised to meet him the next night.

(Avengers I#385) - Natasha met with Ivan, embracing him and using his full name of Ivan Petrovich Bezukhov. Ivan, who had grey hair, reported there had been a concerning energy surge in the Northwest Territories. Black Widow said she would take the Avengers to investigate, and she asked Ivan to go home and stay safe. After she left, he was attacked by a powerful Red Skull in a golden armor; Ivan was knocked out and apprehended. Later, in a pit in Canada, the Avengers found Ivan unconscious at the feet of the Red Skull.

(Avengers I#386) - Ivan (his hair black again) woke up to see the Avengers (Black Widow, Crystal, Hercules, Quicksilver) battling the Red Skull. Ivan asked them to leave him behind and said the Red Skull was too dangerous. Natasha fought the villain solo but ended up letting him go to save the lives of her friends. Ivan comforted her when she doubted herself. Later, at Avengers Mansion, Deathcry carried Ivan in for medical help.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#3 (fb) ) - Ivan bid a final farewell to Natasha, finally honest with her about his intentions. He told her, "You never understood...I didn't want to be your father. Or your guardian. Or your uncle. Or your friend. I wanted more than that." And she replied, "If I didn't understand... it's because I wanted the father, the guardian, the uncle and the friend." Ivan stated, "Well, then, now I know-there's our dialectic. Our clash of opinions finally defined. Ha ha ha! At least now I know-why I kept hurting myself." And he left.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#4 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan began gathering assets. With growing resentments toward the west building in Russia, he pulled together many billionaires and they funded his projects. He built a Dreadnought, a ship capable of downing a S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier, and he launched it into orbit with a full staff, many of them equipped as Imperial Dynamos, meant to emulate the Crimson Dynamo design. He put an Imperial Eagle design on the ship because it reminded him of Natasha, and he stocked the ship with nuclear warheads, stealing them as he could, prepared to wage war on the world as any of his benefactors needed. He considered recruiting Natasha one last time, but planned revenge if she refused. He also designed a superior cybernetic body for himself to dwell in, immortal.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#4 (fb) ) - Black Widow met with Ivan, confiding her fears and frustrations once the Avengers were believed dead. Ivan invited her to join him in his new operation in Europe, go back to being his "little Natasha." He warned her that this was her last chance, and then he kissed her, uninvited. Natasha pulled away in disgust, shouting "No!", then told him that she didn't feel that way for him. Ivan responded, "You think of me like you think of Mother Russia. A nice, warm feeling. As long as you can play the field. You have no idea how you've hurt me all these years. Watching you pick favorites as the old certainties fell apart. It was like...an icepick. Through my heart."

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#4 (fb) - BTS) - With the kiss and the word "icepick" Ivan had infected Natasha with nanites he had designed. Those she came in contact with would be infected. At a time of Ivan's choosing, he would be able to use those nanites to make the people around Natasha's loved ones attack them. Ivan ordered his men to steal an orbital bomber, one whose tech would allow the Dreadnought to fight Asgardians or to pierce through dimensions.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1 - BTS) - Natasha stopped the men from stealing the bomber. Ivan launched his "Icepick" plan against her into active mode.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1) - Ivan rushed to Natasha's apartment, informing her the Icepick Protocols had been initiated. He then seemingly blew up in front of her.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#4 (fb) - BTS) - Ivan had his head and spinal column removed from his corpse and placed into his new cybernetic body.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1) - Natasha rushed to the morgue and found Ivan's body had been beheaded. Horrified, she vowed to discover who was behind this, and she realized the Icepick Protocol meant everyone she loved was in danger because she'd been unintentionally infecting her loved ones with nanites over the years.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#3 (fb) - BTS) - Natasha discovered some of her loved ones had been murdered by those around them, the nanites controlling husbands to kill wives and mothers to kill children. She got an antidote to the nanites after she saved Nick Fury from being attacked by others.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#3) - Black Widow stopped Mockingbird from killing Hawkeye, then she helped Hercules stop women in a bar who were attacking him, both events triggered by the nanites. Natasha used intel from H.A.M.M.E.R. and went into the atmosphere, where she found a Soviet Dreadnought, a massive ship built with imperialist ideals, staffed with Imperial Dynamos. She suddenly pieced the truth together and looked into the ship, seeing Ivan in his new robotic form and realizing he was behind it all.

(Black Widow: Deadly Origin#4) - Ivan showed himself to Natasha after she broke into the Dreadnought. He bragged about his master plan, having fooled her, and he said that he was hoping she'd revisit all her failed relationships before he finally let her die. Natasha accused Ivan of going mad, likely from the chemical that had prolonged his life, and she said he'd become the villain he had always despised. Still bragging, Ivan invited Natasha to sit on his lap, and hinted that his cybernetic body was still "fully functional". Natasha taunted Ivan, saying he'd done all of this only because she'd rejected him, and she said she only became a full person when he finally left her side. Betting he wouldn't kill her unless she was humbled like he wanted, she left the room and he raged after her, demanding she submit. They battled on the Dreadnought in the darkness, and Ivan fired a concussive blast that shut off gravity in that section of the ship. Natasha reminded Ivan that he had children, and said if he turned off the nanites, she would get him professional help, but he only grew angrier and attacked. Natasha used her own counter-nanites to disable Ivan's Icepick Protocols and his control of his ship. She blew apart Ivan's new body, blasting apart his brain and seemingly killing him, then she evacuated his ship and blew up the Dreadnought.

(Black Widow V#3-4 (fb) - BTS) - Imus Champion harvested the brain of Ivan Petrovich and extracted memories of Black Widow's past from it to use against her.

(Black Widow V#5) - Imus kept Ivan's brain in a jar even after he had downloaded all his memories. When Black Widow found Imus he jokingly offered Ivan's brain to her in exchange for hers. During their battle Black Widow tossed the jar at Imus' head and broke it with a kick, destroying Ivan's brain in the process.

Comments: Created by Gary Friedrich, John Buscema, and John Verpoorten.

Ivan's hair was consistently black through all of his appearances (though he had gray temples at some points) except for Avengers I#385, when it went completely grey for one issue; let's presume he dyed it briefly as a disguise. He was also called Ivan Petrovich (sometimes spelled Petrovitch) consistently through all of his appearances until Avengers I#385, when he was given the last name of Bezukhov.

Given Marvel's sliding time scale, Ivan's origins become complicated. The years given when he finds Natasha as an infant in the fire vary, from 1942 to 1928. Given her appearances during World War II as a child, the year 1928, used in Black Widow: Deadly Origin, makes sense. The perpetrators behind the attack on Stalingrad in this story were changed to Russian Imperialists instead of German Nazis. I organized the order of his flashbacks as best as I could. Natasha has a much more robust history in Russia that has been explored, including her activities as a spy, in the Red Room, as a ballerina, as a secret agent, and as connected to others, including Wolverine and the Winter Soldier, but Ivan was presumably serving in the military for much of this history. In addition, Natasha has a number of adventures as a spy in the Iron Man and Avengers stories before Ivan is introduced into the mythos.

In reading this character's appearances chronologically, so many panels made me cringe: Natasha changing in the backseat and teasing Ivan about not looking, Ivan brooding as he watched Natasha grow intimate with Daredevil, his consistent presence as the father figure who needed to protect her despite the fact that she was the more powerful and effective of the two almost constantly, and Ivan's casual disregard of the revelation that his son Yuri was alive. The Deadly Origin series was the perfect culmination of Ivan's story, explaining all the inconsistencies about him while nicely concluding his story and freeing Natasha from his background presence. Of course, Ivan could easily still be alive given the serum that kept him alive all those years.

In Deadly Origin Ivan's brain was apparently destroyed by Black Widow when she blew right through his robotic body, but it was seen whole again in Black Widow V#5. How it became whole again is unknown.
--Markus Raymond

Thanks to Markus Raymond for adding Black Widow V#3-5 and a few of the images.

Profile by Chadman.

Ivan Petrovich should not be confused with:

Mrs. Bezukhov

(Champions I#10 (fb) - BTS) - Many years ago in Russia, Ivan Petrovich Bezukhov married, then later fathered a son, Yuri. His family made their home in Moscow.

(Champions I#10 (fb) ) - After the death of Josef Stalin (in 1953), things in Russia began to change. Ivan was having a day out with his wife and son, who wanted to go to the zoo, when American agents approached him, offering him vast sums of money to defect from Russia and offer his talents to America. Ivan refused, stating that he wanted to change Russia from within. Ivan sent his wife and son to Moscow to live there for a time, wanting to keep them safe, and they left the family dog, Lenya, behind. Soon, gunfire killed Mrs. Bezukhov as Yuri was taken away.

--Champions I#10 ([Champions I#10 (fb)], 10 (fb)


(Champions I#10 (fb) ) - Years ago in Russia, Ivan Petrovich Bezukhov kept the family dog, Lenya, as his wife and son, Yuri, went off to Moscow.

--Champions I#10 (Champions I#10 (fb)


(Daredevil I#116 (fb) - BTS) - When Natasha Romanova and Ivan Petrovich could no longer pay their rent, Ralph, the landlord, asked them to move out, then he and his mother moved in.

(Daredevil I#116) - When Daredevil showed up in Ralph's mother's room in the middle of the night, Ralph rushed to check on her, explaining to the hero why he was living there.

--Daredevil I#116 ([Daredevil I#116 (fb)], 116

Agent Sekerak

(Daredevil I#123) - Sekerak was among the S.H.I.E.L.D. agents who took down a Hydra cell under the charge of Nick Fury, alongside allies Daredevil, Black Widow, and Ivan Petrovich. Sekerak was put in charge of the clean-up operation.

--Daredevil I#123

images: (without ads)
Black Widow: Deadly Origin#3, p23, pan1 (in cybernetic form)
Daredevil I#103, p4, pan3 (Ivan, face)
Champions I#10, p7, pan3 (with family)
Amazing Adventures II#6/2, p5, pan4 (turtleneck Ivan)
Daredevil I#94, p20, pan1 (Ivan the chauffeur with dying Danny French)
Champions I#9, p13, pan2 (Ivan in action)
Black Widow: The Coldest War, p5, pan4 (chauffeur again)
Fury/Black Widow: Death Duty, p26, pan3 (Ivan, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D.)
Avengers I#385, p3, pan1 (grey hair)
Black Widow: Deadly Origin#4, p18, pan3 (firing concussive blast)
Black Widow V#5, p13, pan2 (Ivan's brain)
Champions I#10, p7, pan4 (Mrs. Bezukhov)
Champions I#10, p8, pan1 (Lenya)
Daredevil I#116, p7, pan3 (Ralph)
Daredevil I#123, p18, pan1 (Sekerak)

Amazing Adventures II#1/2 (August, 1970) - Gary Friedrich (writer), John Buscema (penciler), John Verpoorten (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Amazing Adventures II#2/2 (September, 1970) - Gary Friedrich (writer), John Buscema (penciler), John Verpoorten (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Amazing Adventures II#3/2 (November, 1970) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Bill Everett (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Amazing Adventures II#4/2 (January, 1971) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Bill Everett (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Amazing Adventures II#5/2 (March, 1971) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Bill Everett (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Amazing Adventures II#6/2 (May, 1971) - Roy Thomas (writer/editor), Don Heck (penciler), Sal Buscema (inker)
Amazing Adventures II#7/2 (July, 1971) - Roy Thomas (writer/editor), Don Heck (penciler), Bill Everett (inker)
Amazing Adventures II#8/2 (September, 1971) - Roy Thomas, Gerry Conway (writers), Don Heck (penciler), Bill Everett (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#81-82 (October-November, 1971) - Gerry Conway (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Jack Abel (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Daredevil I#83 (December, 1971) - Gerry Conway (writer), Alan Weiss, Barry Windsor (artists), Bill Everett (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Daredevil I#84-85 (January-February, 1972) - Gerry Conway (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Syd Shores (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Daredevil I#86-95 (March, 1972-January, 1973) - Gerry Conway (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Tom Palmer (inker), Stan Lee (editor)
Daredevil I#97 (March, 1973) - Gerry Conway, Steve Gerber (writers), Gene Colan (penciler), Ernie Chua (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Avengers I#110 (April, 1973) - Steve Englehart (writer), Don Heck (penciler), Frank Giacoia, Mike Esposito (inkers), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#99 (May, 1973) - Steve Gerber (writer), Sam Kweskin (penciler), Syd Shores (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#101 (July, 1973) - Steve Gerber (writer), Rich Buckler (penciler), Frank Giacoia (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#103-104 (September-October, 1973) - Steve Gerber (writer), Don Heck (penciler), Sal Trapani (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#108 (March, 1974) - Steve Gerber (writer), Bob Brown (penciler), Paul Gullacy (inker), Len Wein (editor)
Daredevil I#114-115 (September, November, 1974) - Steve Gerber (writer), Bob Brown (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#116 (December, 1974) - Steve Gerber (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#117 (January, 1975) - Chris Claremont, Steve Gerber (writers), Bob Brown (penciler), Roy Thomas (editor)
Daredevil I#120-123 (April-June, 1975) - Tony Isabella (writer), Bob Brown (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker), Len Wein (editor)
Daredevil I#124 (July, 1975) - Len Wein (writer/editor), Marv Wolfman (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Klaus Janson (editor)
Champions I#1 (October, 1975) - Tony Isabella (writer), Don Heck (penciler), Mike Esposito (inker), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Champions I#4 (March, 1976) - Chris Claremont (writer), George Tuska (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Champions I#5 (April, 1976) - Tony Isabella (writer), Don Heck (penciler), John Tartag (inker), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Champions I#6 (June, 1976) - Tony Isabella (writer), George Tuska (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Champions I#7 (September, 1976) - Tony Isabella (writer), George Tuska (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Champions I#8 (October, 1976) - Bill Mantlo (writer), Bob Hall (penciler), Bruce Patterson (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Champions I#9 (December, 1976) - Bill Mantlo (writer), Bob Hall (penciler), Bob Layton (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Champions I#10 (January, 1977) - Bill Mantlo (writer), Bob Hall (penciler), Frank Giacoia (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Ghost Rider II#23 (April, 1977) - Jim Shooter, Gerry Conway (writers), Don Heck (penciler), Don Newton (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Champions I#14 (July, 1977) - Bill Mantlo, John Byrne (writers), John Byrne (penciler), Mike Espisito (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Marvel Fanfare I#10 (August, 1983) - Ralph Macchio (writer), George Perez, Bob Layton, Luke McDonnell (pencilers), Brett Breeding (inker), Al Milgrom (editor)
Marvel Fanfare I#13 (March, 1984) - Ralph Macchio (writer), George Perez (penciler), Brett Breeding, John Beatty (inkers), Al Milgrom (editor)
Daredevil I#188 (November, 1982) - Frank Miller (writer), Klaus Janson (artist), Denny O'Neil (editor)
Marvel Team-Up I#141 (May, 1984) - Tom DeFalco, Jim Owlsley (writers), Greg LaRocque (penciler), Mike Esposito (inker), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Solo Avengers I#7/2 (June, 1988) - Bob Layton (writer), Jackson Guice (penciler), Bob Layton (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Marvel Graphic Novel#61: Black Widow: The Coldest War (April, 1990) - Gerry Conway (writer), George Freeman (penciler), Ernie Colon, Mark Farmer, Mike Harris, Val Mayerik, Joe Rubinstein (inkers), Terry Kavanagh (editor)
Uncanny X-Men I#268 (September, 1990) - Chris Claremont (writer), Jim Lee (penciler), Scott Williams (inker), Bob Harras (editor)
Fury/Black Widow: Death Duty (February, 1995) - Cefn Ridout (writer), Charlie Adlard (artist), Richard Ashford (editor)
Avengers I#384 (March, 1995) - Bob Harras, Terry Kavanagh (writers), Mike Deodato Jr (penciler), Tom Palmer (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Avengers I#385 (April, 1995) - Bob Harras, Terry Kavanagh (writers), Mike Deodato Jr, John Buscema (pencilers), Tom Palmer (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Avengers I#386 (May, 1995) - Bob Harras, Terry Kavanagh (writers), Angel Medina (penciler), Scott Koblish (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Shadows & Light I#1 (February, 1998) - Gerard Jones (writer), Gene Ha (artist), Joe Andriani (editor)
Wolverine: Origins#16 (October, 2007) - Daniel Way (writer), Steve Dillon (artist), Axel Alonso (editor)
Black Widow: Deadly Origin#1-4 (January-April, 2010) - Paul Cornell (writer), Tom Raney, Jon Paul Leon (pencilers), Scott Hanna (inker), Bill Rosemann (editor)
Black Widow V#3-5 (August-October, 2010) - Marjorie Liu (writer), Daniel Acuna (artist), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Black Widow VI#6 (October, 2016) - Mark Waid (writer), Chris Samnee (artist), Jake Thomas (editor)

First Posted: 02/02/2019
Last updated: 02/02/2019

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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