The Hobgoblin

Real Name: Roderick Kingsley

Identity/Class: Human mutate, technology user

Occupation: Criminal, fugitive;
Ravencroft administrator, author, motivational speaker; CEO of Kingsley Limited and it's subsidiaries Vaughn-Pope Cosmetics and others, fashion designer

Group Membership: Formerly Avengers/Axis of Evil (Absorbing Man/Carl Creel, Carnage/Cletus Kasady, Deadpool/Wade Wilson, Dr. Doom/Victor Von Doom, Enchantress/Amora, Jack O'Lantern, Loki, Mystique/Raven Darkholme, Sabretooth/Victor Creed);
New York's Century Club (Wilson Fisk, J. Jonah Jameson, Harry Osborn, Norman Osborn, George Vandergill, others);
    Legion Accursed (Abomination, Absorbing Man, Anaconda, Baron Mordo, Batroc, Blastaar, Blob, Crimson Dynamo (Bukharin), Diablo, Dr. Doom, Dr. Octopus (Octavius), Electro (Dillon), Enchantress (Amora), Executioner (Skurge), Graviton, Grim Reaper (Williams), Juggernaut (Marko), Kang, Kraven (Sergei Kravinoff), Living Laser, MODOK, Mole Man, Rhino, Silver Samurai, Titania (MacPherran), Ultron-11, Vanisher, Vulture (Toomes), White Queen (Frost), Wizard (Wittman), Wrecker (Garthwaite), sixty-eight unidentified others);
Sinister Six (Bombshell/Lori Baumgartner, Electro/Francine Frye, Iron Spider/Aaron Davis, Sandman/Flint Marko, Spot/Johnny Ohnn);
Sinister Syndicate (Electro/Francine Frye, Hydro-Man/Morris Bench, Scream/Donna Diego)

Affiliations: Answer (unidentified), Arcade, Beetle (unidentified), Blaze (unidentified), Blue Streak (unidentified), Bombshell (Lana Baumgartner), Bruin, Cobra (Klaus Voorhees), Devil-Spider, Eightball (unidentified), Gibbon (unidentified), Ceres Goldstein, Allene Green, Hitman (unidentified), Hobgoblin (Claude), Hob-Heroes (Anti-Venom/unidentified, D-Man/unidentified, Gin Genie/unidentified, Havok/unidentified, Hindsight Lad/unidentified, Missile Mate/John Myers, Queen Cat/Lily Hollister, Razorback/unidentified, Rocket Racer/unidentified, Water Wizard/unidentified, Whizzer/unidentified, Wildstreak/unidentified), Killer Shrike (unidentified), Kingpin (Wilson Fisk), Leather Boy (Larry), Mauler, Magneto (Max Eisenhardt), Melter (unidentified), Moonstone (Karla Sofen), Mysterion, Ringer (unidentified), Scorpion (Mac Gargan), Steeplejack (unidentified), Sterling (unidentified), Taskmaster (Tony Masters), Tinkerer (Phineas Mason), Tumbler (unidentified), Unicorn (unidentified);
   formerly Bitterhorn, Arnold Samuel "Lefty" Donovan, Willis Gottfried, Green Goblin (genetic construct), George "Georgie" Hill, J. Jonah Jameson, Sgt. Johnston, Kris Keating (impersonator), "Kingsley's Kozy Kompanions" (Daphne, Marjorie "Marge" Dufrey, Stephanie, "Sweetie", at least twenty others), Mario, Mephisto, Ned Leeds, Marla Madison-Jameson, Donald Menkin, Norman Osborn, Ringer (Davis), Rose (Richard Fisk), Sgt. Varley, Mary Jane Watson-Parker

Enemies: Apocalypse (En Sabah Nur), Avengers (Black Widow/Natasha Romanova, Cannonball/Sam Guthrie, Captain America/Steve Rogers, Doc Green/Bruce Banner, Hawkeye/Clint Barton, Hyperion/Marcus Milton, Iron Man/Tony Stark, Nova/Sam Alexander, Spider-Woman/Jessica Drew, Sunspot/Roberto Dacosta, Thor/Odinson, Vision, Wolverine/James Howlett), Avengers Unity Division (Havok/Alex Summers, Rogue/Anne Marie, Scarlet Witch/Wanda Maximoff, Thor/Odinson, Wasp/Janet Van Dyne), Lance Bannon, Belladonna (Ravanna), Beyonder, the Black Cat, the Black Widow (Romanova), Blue Boys (several unidentified members), Luke Cage, Calderon, Captain Marvel (Carol Danvers), Jacob Conover, Daredevil (Murdock), Dr. Strange (Stephen Strange), Goblin Knight/Goblin King/Hobgoblin (Phil Urich), Green Goblin/Goblin King (Norman Osborn), Maria Hill, Hudson, Hypno-Hustler (Antoine Delsoin), Iron Fist (Daniel Rand), Iron Man (Tony Stark), Jubilee (Jubilation Lee), Jason Philip Macendale, Medusa (Medusalith Amaquelin), Missile Mate (John Myers), Max Modell, Monster (Carlie Cooper), Ms. America (America Chavez), the Nine Brothers, Nomad (Ian Rogers), Harry Osborn, Liz Osborn, Porcupine (Roger Gocking), Punisher (Frank Castle), the Red Hand, Red Hulk (Robert Maverick), Red Onslaught, Ronnie Schatz, Sentinels, la Sirena, Santellio, Spider-Man (Peter Parker), Spider-Man (Otto Octavius), Spider-Man (Miles Morales), Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew), Tiberius Stone, Storm (Ororo Munroe), the Thing (Grimm), Eugene "Flash" Thompson, Thor Odinson, Unwanted (Bud Adams, Joseph, others), George Vandergill, War Machine (James Rhodes), Norah Winters, X-Men (Angel/Warren Worthington III, Colossus/Piotr Rasputin, Cyclops/Scott Summers, Genesis/Evan Sabahnur, Iceman/Robert Drake, Kid Omega/Quentin Quire, Nightcrawler/Kurt Wagner, Kitty Pryde, Psylocke/Betsy Braddock, Storm/Ororo Munroe), "half the fashion world", most of New York's illegal gambling community, several unidentified Osborn Manufacturing employees;
    formerly Menace (Lily Hollister)

Known RelativesDaniel Kingsley (brother), other unidentified family members (see comments)

Aliases: Formerly Devil-Spider;
    "Blabbermouth", "Bunky", "Butthead", "Charley", "Chuckles", "Fright-Face", "Hobby", "Laughing Boy", "Mr. K", "Ol' Hobby", "Ol' Roddy", "Paleface", "Rod", "Rod-dy", "Roddy", "Roddy-Boy", "Roddyboy"

Base of Operations: The Caribbean Island of Isla Suerte;
   formerly the Kingsley Limited headquarters;
   formerly a building in New York's warehouse district;
   formerly a summer house on Long Island;
   formerly an estate in the Hamptons;
   formerly a dockside warehouse;
   formerly an office in a warehouse owned by the Rose;
   formerly somewhere in Europe;
   formerly somewhere in Belize;
   formerly an abandoned building in Lower Manhattan;
   formerly the Great Neck Maximum Security Facility

First Appearance: (As Kingsley) Spectacular Spider-Man II#43 (June, 1980); (as the Hobgoblin) Amazing Spider-Man I#238 (March, 1983)

Powers/Abilities: Recreating and improving upon Mendel Stromm's goblin serum, Kingsley gained super-human strength (able to lift as much as 9 to 10 tons), speed, reflexes and endurance, while avoiding the madness caused by the serum. It's unrevealed if Kingsley benefits from the curative properties of the serum, but is assumed to be the case. In addition to the powers granted by the serum, Kingsley possesses a shrewd and keen intellect and was a regarded as an aggressive businessman.

   Appropriating the technology and armaments of the first Green Goblin, the Hobgoblin had electricity firing glove-blasters, explosive pumpkin bombs, goblin-grenades (used mostly for the dispersal of various gases, including one capable of disabling Spider-Man's spider senses), and razor-sharp throwing bats. In addition to redesigning and altering the Green Goblin's protective suit, the Hobgoblin had a device wired to his glove-blasters that activated a pre-programmed barrage of blasts.

    The Hobgoblin's main method of transportation is his goblin-glider (also referred to as the bat-glider), an altered version of an earlier glider used by the Green Goblin. Weighing 95 lbs. and capable of a top speed of 110 miles per hour, the goblin-glider can support as much as 400 to 470 lbs., and can be controlled through radio-linked controls in the Hobgoblin's suit.

    The Hobgoblin also used a an armored battle van for a brief period, but seldom used the van after it sustained a great deal of damage.

    Additionally, he has used other forms of advanced technology, including a flaming sword, various explosive devices, trackers, and GPS technology.

    As Devil-Spider, he using agility and technology to support himself.

    He has equipped dozens and villains (and sometimes heroes) with costumed identities, charging a share of the profits they made from their exploits in return.

    Kingsley has written and produced several books and recordings.

Height: 5'11" (as Hobgoblin)
Weight: 185 lbs. (as Hobgoblin)
Eyes: Blue
Hair: Gray

History: (Amazing Spider-Man I#250/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#2/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol. 5 (Hobgoblin) (fb) - BTS) - The more dominant of the two Kingsley brothers, Roderick had his younger brother Daniel unquestionably perform tasks for him (which included having the balding Daniel don a hairpiece and pretend to be Roderick). (see comments)

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 (Hobgoblin)) - A college arts major, Kingsley began his career as a fashion designer, soon building himself up as an industry mogul and billionaire tycoon through ruthless business tactics and legal and illegal means. Kingsley also saw his business grow by ruining the reputations of his rivals and stealing their ideas.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#48 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley attempted to buy out the fashion and cosmetic companies owned by sisters Narda Ravanna and Desiree Vaughn-Pope. When they refused to sell, Kingsley saw that their reputation was ruined by getting a former model employed Vaughn-Pope Cosmetics to allege that their products caused her severe skin damage. The ensuing bad publicity ruined Vaughn-Pope Cosmetics, and in debt to numerous creditors, they were forced to sell to Kingsley.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#57 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley became involved with Marjorie Dufrey. Following a messy break-up, Dufrey learned she was the latest in a long line of women to "cozy" up to Kingsley, only to be dumped when another woman caught his eye.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#43) - While working on fashion designs in his offices late into the night, Kingsley's studio was broken into by the mysterious Belladonna and her goons. Confronted by Belladonna who told him she knew about his stolen ideas, Kingsley stood by as Spider-Man burst into through his skylight and fought Belladonna's men. Defeated by Belladonna and her goons (who departed soon thereafter) Spider-Man lifted a shaken Kingsley through the skylight while the studio filled with gas. Coming to, Kingsley berated Spider-Man for his interference, telling him that Belladonna would have probably stolen a few designs which he could have traced anyway, and instead his studio was ruined. Finishing by saying that Spider-Man is every bit the menace the Daily Bugle makes him out to be, Kingsley was webbed to a chimney by a departing Spider-Man.
   Introducing his new seasonal line at a fashion show the following day, Kingsley was stunned to see his clothing replaced with burlap sacks by Belladonna, who confronted Kingsley before being warded off by Spider-Man.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#48/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 (Hobgoblin)) - Suffering several broken ribs during Belladonna's attack, a humbled Kingsley began to desire the power to protect him from future attacks, starting with the purchase of a firearm. Word of Kingsley's quest for power began to spread among New York's criminal circles.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#48) - Receiving a threatening telephone call from Belladonna (not realizing the mystery woman was actually Narda Ravanna), Kingsley was warned that Spider-Man was on her side and was coming to get him. Seeing Spider-Man through his skylight, Kingsley opened fire on him, failing to realize he fired on a mannequin wearing a Spider-Man suit. Not long after the shooting, a shell-shocked Kingsley explained he shot Spider-Man in self-defense while he was taken into police custody.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#48 - BTS) - Spider-Man suspected that once his survival was confirmed, Kingsley would be released.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#57) - Invited to a party at J. Jonah Jameson's penthouse to celebrate Marla Madison's new position with the Brand Corporation, Kingsley attended with his new beau, Daphne. Confronted by Kingsley's ex, Marjorie Dufrey, Kingsley rebuffed Marjorie's claims that Daphne was the latest of "Kingsley's Kozy Kompanions" and she'd be soon dumped, by telling Daphne Marjorie was drunk and to ignore her.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238//Spectacular Spider-Man II#260/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 (Hobgoblin) (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley was contacted by George Hill, a criminal who, while on the run from Spider-Man, stumbled on a hidden cache of weapons and costuming used by the Green Goblin, hidden inside an old Osborn Manufacturing warehouse. Kingsley was offered the location for a price, eagerly accepting Hill's offer.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238/Spectacular Spider-Man II#260) - Kingsley perused the Green Goblin's hidden lair with Hill, stunned by the technology and the Green Goblin's notes and journals.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238) - After having Hill load everything into his van, Kingsley had the Osborn warehouse burned down. Storing the Goblin's arsenal in a lower Manhattan building owned by Kingsley, Hill assured him that he'd get rid of the van to avoid the theft and arson being connected to him. Agreeing that he wouldn't be connected to Hill or the theft, Kingsley detonated the van with a remote explosive, killing Hill.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#250/Spectacular Spider-Man II#259 (fb)) - Kingsley immersed himself in the Goblin's notes and journals, which, in addition to revealing Osborn's secrets and delving into the full depth of the Goblin's arsenal, provided him with the information to create a variant of the serum that turned Osborn into the Green Goblin.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238) - Changing the appearance of the Green Goblin's suit to reflect a more fearsome appearance, Kingsley donned his new acquisition, christening himself the Hobgoblin.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#239 (fb) - BTS) - The Hobgoblin began raiding other Green Goblin caches hidden in other Osborn Manufacturing locations, ransacking around a half-dozen locations over several weeks.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#239) - In a New Jersey Osborn Manufacturing facility, the Hobgoblin discovered an armored battle-wagon designed by Osborn to serve as a mobile headquarters. Leaving the facility in ruins during his getaway, Kingsley returned to his Manhattan hideaway, musing over his successes and the attention given his escapades in the Daily Bugle.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#239 (fb) - BTS) - The Hobgoblin finished ransacking another of Osborn's hidden lairs in an old warehouse off New York's 23rd Street and Ninth Avenue, before continuing to the last of the Green Goblin's stashes in the back of an old Village theater, off Second Avenue.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#239) - Confronted by Spider-Man, the Hobgoblin fired at him with his glove-blaster, using the momentary distraction to attempt an escape. Using pumpkin bombs, throwing bats, and goblin-grenades against Spider-Man, the Hobgoblin found himself at a disadvantage, and was pulled to the ground by Spider-Man's webbing. Using his glove-blaster to ignite an exposed gas line, the Hobgoblin escaped while Spider-Man stopped the line from setting the surrounding neighborhood ablaze. Remarking on his poor physical state after his brief encounter with Spider-Man, the Hobgoblin realized the Green Goblin must have done something to be able to face their mutual foe as often as he did, and once he learned that secret Spider-Man would suffer.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#244/Spectacular Spider-Man II#85/Amazing Spider-Man I#245/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol. 5 (Hobgoblin) (fb) - BTS) - Recovering from his initial run-in with Spider-Man in a summer house in a remote area of Long Island, the Hobgoblin used the brainwashing technology created by Dr. Gerhard Winkler -- acquired through unknown means -- to control small-time hood "Lefty" Donovan, sending him to gather the chemicals Osborn used to create his Goblin serum and planting an hypnotic suggestion compelling Donovan to become the Hobgoblin.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#244 - BTS) - The Hobgoblin sent Donovan and a gang of hired thugs to ransack the Osborn Company corporate offices. Stealing their company chemical inventory reports for the last six years, Donovan and his men found the desired chemicals in an old Osborn Company storage warehouse. Donovan barely escaped during a police shootout and Spider-Man's arrival, and returned to the Hobgoblin's Long Island base.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#244) - Learning of Donovan's successful theft of the chemicals, the Hobgoblin boasted that with the serum the Green Goblin used he'd be unbeatable.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#245) - Kingsley had Donovan prepare the Goblin serum, but the mixing of the two main compounds resulted in an explosion that scarred Donovan's face. Dragging Donovan outside of the house, Kingsley reentered to remove any obvious Goblin paraphernalia before destroying the house.

   Monitoring Donovan's recovery and emergence as the Hobgoblin, Kingsley noticed the hypnotic suggestions begin to wear off. Taking control of Donovan's glider, Kingsley sent it into a wall, the impact killing Donovan. Taking Donovan's death in stride, the Hobgoblin looked forward to examining his completed analysis of the changes in Donovan's body chemistry to safely duplicate the serum for his own use.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#85 (fb) - BTS) - Using the information received from Donovan's run as the Hobgoblin, Kingsley perfected the serum.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#85) - Giving himself a dose the perfected serum, Kingsley donned his suit and set out after Spider-Man, eventually finding him later that night in the company of the Black Cat. Using razor-bats to injure the Black Cat, the Hobgoblin caught Spider-Man off-guard, showing off his increased strength by tearing of piece of stonework from a building and hurling it at his foe. Moving back to the Black Cat, Spider-Man leapt at the Hobgoblin, fearing for Black Cat's safety while she recovered from injuries caused by Dr. Octopus. Surprised by Spider-Man's power even with his enhancements, the Hobgoblin attempted to hit Spider-Man with his glider, but seeing that Spider-Man and the Black Cat were tripping over each other trying to get to him, the Hobgoblin used the opportunity to make a quick exit.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#249 (fb) - BTS) - Through Osborn's journals the Hobgoblin learned the secrets of several members of New York's Century Club, including J. Jonah Jameson, Harry Osborn, and George Vandergill. Sending them anonymous letters indicating his plans to blackmail them, Hobgoblin built (or paid to have built) a robotic double of himself to aid in his plot.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#250 (fb) - BTS) - At some point Kingsley dumped Daphne and began seeing Stephanie.

(Marvels Snapshots: Spider-Man I#1 (fb)) – Hearing how petty criminal Ronnie Schatz had stolen a suit of super-villain armor, Hobgoblin went looking for him, making sure to order Schatz’s apartment building be burned down.

(Marvels Snapshots: Spider-Man I#1 (fb) – BTS) – Hobgoblin and Spider-Man later battled near an armored truck.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#249) - Sending his robotic Hobgoblin double to the Century Club to meet with the assembled blackmailees, and having his brother Daniel stand-in for him to avoid suspicion, the Hobgoblin secretly observed the events of the meeting. Bursting into the meeting after Harry Osborn exposed the robot Hobgoblin as a fake, the real Hobgoblin was ambushed by Spider-Man, who had also been observing the meet in secret. Disabling Spider-Man's spider-senses, the Hobgoblin prepared to kill Spider-Man with his glove-blasters. His blast diverted by the Kingpin, the Hobgoblin decided to avoid an altercation with the crime boss and he quickly departed, not realizing that the Kingpin threw one of Spider-Man's errant spider-tracers at his glider.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#250) - Finding the spider-tracer on his glider, the Hobgoblin recounted how he'd learned Spider-Man uses his spider-sense to locate the tracers from Osborn's Journals, but with Spider-Man's spider-sense dulled from the gas there was little chance of that happening. Flipping through the journals, Hobgoblin arrived at an entry detailing Osborn's plan to expose Spider-Man's secret identity, the possibilities of which intrigued him.
   Later examining the spider-tracer, the Hobgoblin was confronted by Spider-Man, who'd tracked him using an electronic device keyed to the tracer. Finding himself at a disadvantage against Spider-Man, the Hobgoblin activated an automated ray cannon. As Spider-Man dodged the ray cannon's blasts, the stray beams hit the copies of Osborn's journals. Furious, the Hobgoblin threw a pumpkin bomb at the ray cannons, causing a massive explosion.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#251) - Realizing that the journals were obliterated by the ray cannons and the resulting flames caused by the stray blasts, the Hobgoblin returned his attention to Spider-Man, striking him with a piece of debris. Entering his battle van, the Hobgoblin attempted to run down Spider-Man, and, believing he'd done so, left his ruined hideout in the battle van. Stunned to learn Spider-Man survived by clinging to the bottom of the van, the Hobgoblin attempted to kill Spider-Man by driving the van through several buildings. Surviving that, Spider-Man entered the battle van. Activating the van's auto-guidance system, the Hobgoblin took advantage of Spider-Man's still-disabled spider sense, attacking him with his glove-blasters and goblin grenades. As the attack caused his spider senses to return, Spider-Man turned the fight in his favor, with the Hobgoblin finding himself at a clear disadvantage. As the battle van arrived at a nearby pier and plunged into the Hudson River, the fight came to an abrupt end, the Hobgoblin refusing to heed Spider-Man's warnings that a self-destruct system had been activated, instead fixating on Spider-Man's comment that he was crazy, and that being captured and unmasked would disgrace himself and his family. As the van exploded, the Hobgoblin was separated from Spider-Man, who, surveying the wreckage, found only the Hobgoblin's mask.

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#1/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 (fb)) - Swimming to a nearby pier, the Hobgoblin avoided the police search crews, and took a homeless man's coat to hide his costume. Arriving at a second hideout, the Hobgoblin realized he'd been following from the waterfront by Ned Leeds, a reporter for the Daily Bugle who'd been assigned to hunt down the Hobgoblin following the incident at the Century Club. Ambushing his pursuer, the Hobgoblin administered a truth serum on Ned and realized that having Ned Leeds under his control presented him with a rare opportunity to exploit his position with the Bugle, having him bring him fellow reporter Jacob Conover's files on corporate misdeeds.

(Web of Spider-Man#30/Web of Spider-Man#86/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 (fb)) - The Hobgoblin also exploited Leeds association with Richard Fisk, the son of the Kingpin. Sending Leeds as a stand-in Hobgoblin, he convinced Fisk to become the Rose, expanding the Hobgoblin's "extralegal" enterprises.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#289/Web of Spider-Man#30 (fb) - BTS) - Aware that he was acting as the Hobgoblin, Leeds began rationalizing his dual identity as a way for him to expose the criminal activities of Fisk's father, write the news story of the decade, and make Spider-Man pay for his role in the death of his brother-in-law. Leeds was also made to believe that he'd been responsible for the earlier actions of the Hobgoblin, including the death of Georgie Hill, whom he told the Rose was his informant.

(Code of Honor#3) - Hobgoblin took advantage of the absence of numerous superheroes during the Secret Wars by allying himself with Cobra and the Ringer and embarking on a crime spree. Hobgoblin and the others were later confronted by Daredevil and the Black Widow; the outcome of this encounter is unrevealed.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#254) - The Hobgoblin took remote control of his battle van after the city of New York had it hauled out of the Hudson river, and saw it returned to his dockside warehouse lair.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#255) - Noticing a spider tracer attached to the roof of the battle van, the Hobgoblin laid a trap for Spider-Man, eventually moving onto other projects when he failed to arrived.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#257/Web of Spider-Man#30 - BTS) - Kingsley sent Leeds as the Hobgoblin to meet with the Rose, both pretending this was their first encounter to create a public show of unity between to two to reveal their connection.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#258 - BTS) - Leeds' meeting with the Rose continued, with a demonstration of the Hobgoblin's weaponry.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#259/Web of Spider-Man#30) - Resuming his role as the Hobgoblin, Kingsley went after gambling ringleaders Hudson and Santellio, threatening them unless they gave him ten percent of their take. Returning to the Rose's penthouse, the Hobgoblin informed him of their successful takeover of several major gambling outfits, and asked to recruit several of the Rose's men for a personal attack against Harry and Liz Osborn.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#260/Web of Spider-Man#30) - Following a brief meeting with the Rose, the Hobgoblin went after Harry Osborn, attacking him in his Osborn Manufacturing office. Demanding that Harry tell him where copies of his father's journals are kept (figuring that Norman Osborn surely made copies), the Hobgoblin was blindsided by Spider-Man, who had been patrolling for the Hobgoblin upon hearing of his return.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#260) - The fight continued into the Osborn Manufacturing offices, and eventually into the skies above Manhattan. Spider-Man followed the Hobgoblin by a strand of webbing attached to his glider. Seeing a nearby train, the Hobgoblin flew toward it, believing he'd finished Spider-Man by dropping him into it's path.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#261 (fb) - BTS) - The Rose provided the Hobgoblin with space in his warehouse to store additional costumes and weaponry.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#261) - The Hobgoblin traveled to one of the Rose's warehouse headquarters, where he met with Liz Osborn and Mary Jane Watson, both of whom had been captured by the Rose's men while he fought Spider-Man. Threatening Liz and telling her her kidnapping was part of a transaction between himself and her husband, the Hobgoblin assured him his brusque tactics with Liz were necessary in order to get Osborn to give him the journals.
   Arriving at the agreed upon exchange point in Central Park, Osborn presented the Hobgoblin with the last of his father's journals containing a master list of all of his hideaways, the last entry of which being dated a week prior to his seeming demise. Knocking Osborn unconscious, the Hobgoblin began to read the journal. Meeting with the Rose to discuss several bookies yet to fall under their control, the Hobgoblin rushed out when gunfire rang elsewhere in the warehouse. Seeing the shots were Osborn's doing, the Hobgoblin had little chance to react before facing Spider-Man (who had tracked Osborn to the location). His pumpkin bombs accidentally setting off several propane tanks, the warehouse burst into flames. Losing track of Spider-Man in the commotion, the Hobgoblin went after the journal. After a brief confrontation with Osborn, the Hobgoblin was jumped by Spider-Man, receiving a vicious beat-down in the process. Ultimately let go by Spider-Man in favor of rescuing the trapped Mary Jane, Liz, and Harry, the Hobgoblin destroyed his gear on-site, and retreated to his secondary pier front hideout. Reading the last journal, the Hobgoblin saw that it failed to offer any new information, and in a fit of rage he destroyed it. (see comments)

(Amazing Spider-Man I#275 (fb) - BTS) - Biding his time following his latest defeat, the Hobgoblin saw about improving his arsenal, adding a chest plate able to control remote charges.

(Web of Spider-Man#29 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley had Daniel double as him and confer with Lt. Kris Keating of the NYPD, offering up tips on mob activities in exchange for Keating's compliance with the Hobgoblin's actions. (see comments)

(Amazing Spider-Man I#271) - Kingsley spotted Peter Parker escorting newly signed model Mary Jane Watson to his New York offices. Recognizing Parker as a photographer for the Daily Bugle, Kingsley wondered why Parker was snooping around his building.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#275 (fb) - BTS) - To avoid Leed's wife, Betty, suspecting he was being used in his plans (and to explain his frequent and lengthy absences), the Hobgoblin had Leeds tell her he was working on undercover assignments for the Daily Bugle.

(Secret Wars II#7 - BTS) - The Hobgoblin was one of ninety-nine supervillains recruited by Mephisto's agent Bitterhorn to serve in the Legion Accursed. By shaking hands with Bitterhorn, the Hobgoblin became a conduit to Mephisto's Beyondersbane, and by so much as touching the Beyonder, he would be able to destroy him.

(Secret Wars II#7) - After a period of waiting, the Hobgoblin and the other members of the Legion Accursed were sent after the Beyonder. Confronting him on Thinkers' Island, the Hobgoblin attacked alongside the Vulture, Wizard, and other airborne villains, but were stopped when the Thing threw the Absorbing Man in their path. Unable to reach the Beyonder before the Beyondersbane experienced a meltdown, Hobgoblin and the other villains were returned to their original locations.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#273/Amazing Spider-Man I#278/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 - BTS) - The drugs and brainwashing used on Ned Leeds began to have an averse effect on him, making him prone to anger and irrational behavior, driving a wedge between himself and Betty.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#275) - After a period of last-minute training, the Hobgoblin sought to prove himself against Spider-Man. Traveling to New York's Port Authority bus terminal and taking Peter Parker's friend Sha Shan hostage, the Hobgoblin soon encountered Spider-Man. Finding himself unable to activate his computerized barrage while holding Sha Shan, the Hobgoblin had little success with his pumpkin bombs and glove blasters in the meantime. When his glider became damaged in the fight, the Hobgoblin dropped Sha Shan and prepared the barrage which successfully felled Spider-Man.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#276) - Discovering Spider-Man feigned defeat to draw him closer, the Hobgoblin drew back, hoping to use the distance to his advantage. Instead, Spider-Man covered the Hobgoblin's mask with webbing, forcing him to remove it. The Hobgoblin fled, fearing the disgrace of having his identity exposed.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#276/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3) - Roderick Kingsley (and a lady friend) watched as Flash Thompson defamed the Hobgoblin to reporters, outside Sha Shan's hospital room.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#276) - The Hobgoblin finished work on a device able to dispense a gas able to negate Spider-Man's ability to cling to walls and went after Flash Thompson.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#276/Web of Spider-Man#29/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 - BTS) - Drugging Thompson and outfitting him as the Hobgoblin, Kingsley sent him after Spider-Man. While Thompson and Spider-Man fought, the Hobgoblin had pumpkin bombs and other weapons hidden in Thompson's apartment by Keating. The pumpkin bombs and other paraphanelia were discovered following Thompson's defeat, unmasking, and arrest.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#276) - Hanging his Hobgoblin suit up in his hideout, Kingsley enjoyed Thompson's capture and the freedom he'd enjoy now that the public believed the Hobgoblin was captured.

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 (fb) - BTS) - Tiring of his criminal pursuits and regretting having involved himself with New York's crimelords (whose many rivalries he found banal and petty), the Hobgoblin had Leeds take over nearly all of his activities as the Hobgoblin.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#116 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley met with Mary Jane Watson to discuss having her model an upcoming clothing line.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#116) - Kingsley left Mary Jane's apartment building moments before Peter Parker arrived to visit Mary Jane.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#278) - The Hobgoblin and the Rose discussed the Daily Bugle's coverage of Flash Thompson's arrest and near-death at the hands of the criminal-killing Scourge of the Underworld.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#279 - BTS) - Kingsley met with his models, including Mary Jane, before a runway show held in the Kingsley Ltd. building.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#280) - While toiling in his workshop, Kingsley had Daniel don his hairpiece once more and deal with Mary Jane Watson prior to a runway show rehearsal . Later, after conferring with the Rose about the recent actions of the criminal Jack O'Lantern, Kingsley ran into Mary Jane, and the two went for a brief stroll.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#281) - Learning that the Jack O'Lantern broke Flash Thompson out of prison because he believed him to be the Hobgoblin, the real Hobgoblin sent Leeds after the Jack O'Lantern, attacking him for meddling with Thompson and trying to move in on his operations under the belief that the Hobgoblin was out of the picture.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#283) - Presented with another batch of pumpkin bombs by Daniel, the Hobgoblin tossed them aside telling his brother that the bombs were useless against Spider-Man and a deadlier weapon would be required.

(Web of Spider-Man#24 - BTS) - Traveling to Atlantic City, Leeds as the Hobgoblin and the Rose met with Owen Briosky, the head of all organized crime in Atlantic City, to discuss their plans to control all criminal activities on the East Coast.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#284 - BTS) - Back in New York, the Rose sent Leeds as the Hobgoblin after the Blue Boys and another gang. Leeds later attended a meeting with Rose and his associates where the escalating gang war and the involvement of the Jack O'Lantern was discussed. Kingsley later sent Daniel to meet with Keating to provide information about the Rose and his organization.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#285 - BTS) - Leeds continued to act as the Hobgoblin, forming an alliance with the Arranger and Jack O'Lantern, while continuing to work with the Rose.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#286 - BTS) - Leeds as the Hobgoblin was sent with the Jack O'Lantern to a meeting with other organized crime figures.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#286/Web of Spider-Man#30 - BTS) - When the meeting was busted by the police and Spider-Man, the Hobgoblin saw Spider-Man's involvement as an opportunity to kill his nemesis.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#286 - BTS) - Abandoned by Jack O'Lantern (who realized he was less than a match for the wallcrawler), the Hobgoblin fled the scene while Spider-Man tended to nearby civilians.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#287/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 - BTS) - Finding that his use of Winkler's brainwashing technology had a disastrous effect on Leeds' sanity and temper, Kingsley allowed him to trade information pertaining to an overseas espionage news story with the Kingpin to keep his thrall in line.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#287) - Kingsley threw Daily Bugle photographer Lance Bannon out of his office, chewing him out as he did.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#288/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 - BTS) - Leed's mental condition continued to deteriorate as he attacked Flash Thompson in his Hobgoblin suit, fleeing after his wife, Betty, approached. Kingsley had Leeds return to him by triggering a mechanism in his glider.

(Spider-Man Vs. Wolverine/Amazing Spider-Man I#289/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol. 5 (Hobgoblin) - BTS) - Tired of his dealings with New York's underworld, the Hobgoblin allowed Leeds to pursue his reporting in Berlin, leaking word in various circles that Leeds was the Hobgoblin. Sending a Hobgoblin suit and a faked journal to Leeds' hotel room, Kingsley prompted Leeds' programming, making him to don the Hobgoblin suit and add an entry to the journal. After completing the entry, Leeds was attacked by the Foreigner's assassins (hired by Jason Macendale, the Jack O'Lantern), who savagely beat Leeds and choked him to death. In the aftermath, Macendale used the death of the Hobgoblin to usurp the identity for himself. Amused by Macendale's audacity, Kingsley allowed him to assume the role.

(Web of Spider-Man#29 - BTS) - The Hobgoblin's dockside hideout was abandoned.

(Web of Spider-Man#29/Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#1 - BTS) - In the aftermath of Leeds' death, Kingsley had Daniel meet with Keating on his behalf to discuss the ramifications of his relationship as the Hobgoblin's "weapon manufacturer" and Keating's allowance of the Hobgoblin's recent activities. Their meeting was interrupted by agents of the Rose, who shot Daniel in his shoulder and left him for dead.

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#1 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley found Daniel not long after the shooting and saw that he received life-saving medical attention.

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#2 (fb) - BTS) - Word of the shooting got out, with the public-at-large believing that Roderick had been shot.

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 (Hobgoblin)) - With his brother nearly killed and, for all intents and purposes, his career as the Hobgoblin finished, Kingsley retired to Europe.

(Spider-Man Unlimited I#14 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley eventually relocated to Belize after renouncing his U.S citizenship. Spending most of his time afterwards in Belize, Kingsley returned to the United States several times a year to conduct business.

(Spider-Man Unlimited I#14) - While in New York on a business trip, Kingsley went to the Century Club where he ran into J. Jonah Jameson. Telling Jameson that the only way for the Daily Bugle to recover from it's recent financial difficulties was to take their stock public, Kingsley's suggestion was rebuffed.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#261 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley possibly renewed with American citizenship, or gained a dual citizenship status with the US and Belize. (see comments)

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#2 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley allied himself with longtime Osborn Industries employee Donald Menkin, to plot a takeover of Osborn by Kingsley Limited.

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#1/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol. 5 (Hobgoblin)) - Kingsley and Daniel watched news coverage of Jason Macendale revealing that Ned Leeds was the original Hobgoblin. Remaining calm while Daniel began worrying that an investigation into Leeds would lead to them, Kingsley told Daniel to continuing tending to Kingsley Ltd.'s day-to-day affairs while he handled things. Donning a disguise, Kingsley broke into the Great Neck Maximum Security Facility later that night. Using gas to knock the guards unconscious, Kingsley confronted Macendale in his cell, revealing to him that Leeds was as much a dupe as Lefty Donovan. Incinerating Macendale with a blast from a glove blaster, Kingsley left Great Neck and donned his Hobgoblin suit once more.
   Arriving at Daniel's penthouse, the Hobgoblin told him he wished to renew their old working arrangement and become an active partner in their plot to take over Osborn Industries.

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#2) - Meeting with Daniel in his Lower Manhattan hideout, the Hobgoblin threatened to use the Winkler brainwashing process on him if he showed resistance to his plans. Asked by he'd take up his role of the Hobgoblin again, especially in light of the admission that Ned Leeds was the original Hobgoblin, Kingsley berated his brother, telling him he wasn't ruthless enough when it came to business and would never understand real power.
   Later meeting with Menkin to discuss the means by which they would control of Osborn through dummy companies planning a takeover bid, they were contacted by fellow industrialist George Vandergill, who revealed an awareness of their plot and threatened to reveal it to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Donning the Hobgoblin suit, Kingsley went after Vandergill, ravaging his company, Norchem, and killing forty employees, including Vandergill. Returning to his offices, Kingsley received a phone call from Mary Jane to discuss a return to modeling. Asked about the shooting, Kingsley shrugged it off, instead telling Mary Jane of the expansion of his company in the years since "his" near-death experience. Their brief reunion interrupted by Daniel who needed Daniel to deal with urgent business, Kingsley told Mary Jane to see him on the following Monday and he'd see about finding her modeling work.
   Decimating an Osborn Industries New Jersey refinery with pumpkin bombs, Kingsley watched Betty Leeds announce her desire to see her late husband's name exonerated while revealing his newly discovered research into corporate misdeeds. Quickly donning his suit to ambush her outside of the television studio, the Hobgoblin found Spider-Man in her company, taking on his old adversary and electrocuting Spider-Man as he came into contact with his glider and dumping him in the East River.

(Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3) - Arriving at Betty's apartment, Hobgoblin knocked Betty and her police escorts unconscious with gas and took her to his hideout. Searching her for spider tracers, the Hobgoblin gave them to Daniel to dispose of and waited for Betty to awaken. Asking her for Ned's notes, Betty offered them in exchange for learning the full story of her husband's connection to him. Obliging, Hobgoblin told Betty of his first encounter with Leeds and subsequent brainwashing of him that led to his mental instabilities. Reaching the end of his story, the Hobgoblin demanded Ned's notes, and discovering there were no notes, threatened Betty.
   Before he could act, however, Hobgoblin was confronted by Daniel, brandishing a gun against the Hobgoblin who called him a fool, telling him that for learning of their connection he would have to kill Betty. Believing that Daniel was Roderick (due to his hairpiece), Betty attempted to flee, but wasunable to escape the Hobgoblin's lair. Saved only by the arrival of Spider-Man (who'd been able to track Betty due to the spider tracer hidden inside her tape recorder), the Hobgoblin leapt on his glider and departed. Pursued by Spider-Man, the Hobgoblin fought back, but confronted by an enraged Spider-Man, was beaten. Unmasked by Spider-Man, Kingsley was webbed up and dragged behind his glider by Spider-Man, before being delivered to the police.
   Arrested and indicted for his numerous crimes, Kingsley was taken to the Great Neck Facility and placed in the same cell that held Macendale. Finding a tape recorder, Kingsley heard his words to Macendale that he was "an embarrassment" repeated on a loop, before destroying the recorder.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#261 (fb) - BTS) - Kingsley was given a twenty-five year prison sentence.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#259) - Watching the newly "ressurrected" Norman Osborn promote his book "Surviving the Big Lie" on the Reggie and Katie Mae Show from his cell in Great Neck, Kingsley became outraged that Norman Osborn would be able to run free while he was imprisoned and cut off from his fortune. Demanding to speak to his attorney Willis Gottfried, Kingsley told him that although most of Osborn's journals were destroyed years earlier he'd managed to save one, and would reveal it's location in exchange for a deal with the district attorney. Learning that the DA was interested in meeting with him, Kingsley was escorted out of Great Neck for a late night meeting, only to be ambushed by the Green Goblin who grabbed Kingsley and attempted to escape with him. Following a brief skirmish with Spider-Man, the Green Goblin successfully lifted Kingsley away. Arriving at their destination, Kingsley was introduced to Norman Osborn.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#260) - Osborn asked Kingsley about the journal, noting that he had heard they'd been destroyed in a fire. Offering to pool his resources and power with Osborn, Kingsley found the unstable Osborn less than co-operative. Taken to a Multivex Inc. office, Kingsley became careful not to trigger Osborn's ire. Telling Osborn that Daniel had the journal and was given strict instructions to go public with it (should anything happen to him), Kingsley offered to give Osborn the keys to Kingsley Ltd. in addition to the journal, in exchange for safe passage out of the country. Accepting Kingsley's offer, Osborn presented him with his Hobgoblin suit and armaments and sent Kingsley after Daniel.
   Locating Daniel, Hobgoblin attempted to escape with him but was stopped by Spider-Man. As the two fought, the Hobgoblin accidentally fired a stray glove blast at a pumpkin bomb, fazing the two. As they recovered and the fight resumed, the new Green Goblin shot a tranquilizer dart at Spider-Man, knocking him unconscious. While angry he'd been robbed of his victory, the Hobgoblin took the Green Goblin's entrance in stride, seeing an opportunity to finally unmask Spider-Man.

(Spectacular Spider-Man II#261) - Stopped from unmasking Spider-Man by the Green Goblin (who told him they wouldn't tolerate delays in uncovering the journal) Hobgoblin instead went ahead and kidnapped Daniel, taking Spider-Man with them to unmask later. Returning to Osborn's office, Kingsley was stunned as Osborn saw the Spider-Man's unmasking as being insignificant, realizing that Osborn already knew Spider-Man's secret identity. Impressed that Osborn had already discovered this, Kingsley's mood shifted to fear as Osborn administered a truth serum on Daniel. His mood noticed by Osborn, Kingsley was floored as Osborn revealed that he'd both discovered there wasn't a lost journal, but that he'd also managed a takeover of Kingsley Limited. Engaging Osborn, the Hobgoblin found himself evenly matched against his predecessor.

   Escaping after his wayward glider caused a fire, Kingsley used the money in his secret Swiss bank accounts to finance a getaway to the Caribbean Island of Isla Suerte. While sunning on a beach, enjoying his retirement as best he could, Kingsley wondered if he truly had seen the end Hobgoblin.

(Spider-Woman VI#15 (fb) – BTS) – Hobgoblin sold the Porcupine identity to Roger Gocking. He was shocked when Gocking chose the Porcupine armor.

Marvel Super Hero Island Adventures I#1/3 (fb) – BTS) – Hobgoblin joined the Sinister Syndicate alongside Hydro-Man, Electro, and Scream. They stole the entire vault from Globobank.

(Marvel Super Hero Island Adventures I#1) – Spider-Man attacked the Syndicate, but Hobgoblin covered their escape by using a pumpkin bomb to put civilians in danger.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#698 (fb) – BTS) – Kingsley began selling off the old costumed identities of criminals, franchising them to lesser knowns who agreed to pay him portions of the money they made.as Devil-Spider

(Amazing Spider-Man I#691 (fb) – BTS) – Kingsley adopted the identity of the Devil-Spider and moved to Delvadia to corner the drug trade there. He believed his brother Daniel to be back in the states operating as the Hobgoblin.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#691) – Devil-Spider opened fire on the local gangs, telling them to take messages back to Calderon, the Red Hand, and the Nine Brothers to stay out of his territory. He received a report from his aid that Daniel’s body had been found, dead, and he realized an imposter was acting as the Hobgoblin. Kingsley vowed revenge.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#698 (fb) – BTS) – Before leaving Delvadia, Kingsley found a new criminal to take over the Devil-Spider identity.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#694) – Arriving in New York City from Delvadia, Kingsley pulled out his Hobgoblin mask.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#695) – Kingsley used a GPS he'd placed in his old Goblin Glider, and he found the new Hobgoblin flying overhead with Tiberius Stone in tow.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#696 (fb) – BTS) – Kingsley discovered the Hobgoblin’s identity was Phil Urich, and he broke into the boy’s apartment.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#696) – Kingsley found stacks of Hobgoblin gear and photos of Ben Urich and Norah Winters. Putting a plan into place, he put his old Hobgoblin costume back on. Kingsley attacked Urich at Shadowland, where Kingpin, Tiberius Stone, and the Hand were holding the captive Peter Parker and Max Modell. As they sparred, Kingsley told Urich about his plan to kill Norah Winters. The fight was briefly disrupted when Peter fired one of Spider-Man’s web-shooters at the duo, after which Parker and Modell escaped with a coveted Goblin Key, which could access the secrets of Norman Osborn. The two Hobgoblins decided to team up to go after them together.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#697) – The two Hobgoblins pursued Modell and Parker, but found the were protected by Modell’s force field, and they soon ran into Norman Osborn’s vault, where they were protected. Urich briefly turned on Kingsley, until he reminded Urich that a drone was ready to fire on Norah Winters. The Hobgoblins began trying to break into the Vault, with Kingsley shouting to Parker about the threat against Winters, who was a friend of Parker’s. Spider-Man soon attacked the two villains, and Kingsley responded by setting off the device that would kill Norah, but Modell had gotten to her in time to protect her. Osborn’s old base exploded, having been set to self-destruct by Spider-Man and Modell, and then Spidey fled. Instead of going after the hero, Kingsley knocked Urich out with an electric zap, then dove into the water, using his new costume’s built-in oxygen supply to breathe while Urich was unable to do so. Back above water, Kingsley offered to let Urich stay alive if he paid him a portion of all his future criminal enterprises. He returned to his base, where he received reports that Urich had already uploaded his first payment, then he checked in on the Devil-Spider and other franchises he had set up. Kingsley then prepared to go set up a reputation for the Unicorn in Russia so he could sell the identity.

(Avenging Spider-Man I#22 (fb) – BTS) – Hobgoblin took Mysterio’s identity and gave it to a new villain, who called himself Mysterion.

(Avengers Spider-Man I#22) – When Spider-Man and the Punisher attacked Mysterion, Hobgoblin sparred with Spidey briefly, escaping when Spidey rushed to save Mysterion from Punisher.

(Superior Spider-Man I#15) – Kingsley called to inform Urich that he was behind on payment, and that he now owed interest unless he wanted another villain to take over as Hobgoblin.

(Superior Spider-Man I#24 (fb) – BTS) – Kingsley continued selling costumed identities, including to Blue Streak, Blaze, and Bruin.

(Superior Spider-Man I#25 (fb) – BTS) – Kingsley sold more identities to Steeplejack, Ringer, and Tumbler.

(Superior Spider-Man I#26 (fb) – BTS) – Kingsley sold more identities to Eightball, Mauler, Hitman, Unicorn, Answer, Killer Shrike, Melter, and Gibbon.

(Superior Spider-Man I#24) – Hearing how Blue Streak, Mysterion, and Urich had all been defeated, Kingsley was further infuriated to hear Bruin, Devil-Spider, and Blaze had been tricked by someone (Norman Osborn) posing as Hobgoblin to give their proceeds over to him. He demanded they make extra payments to him.

(Superior Spider-Man I#25) – When Bruin, Blaze, and Devil-Spider fell to a Venom-enhanced Spider-Man (Otto Octavius) and the Avengers (Thor, Spider-Woman, Captain America, Wolverine, Black Widow), Hobgoblin called in Steeplejack, Ringer, and Tumbler. Kingsley was furious to see Menace, Monster, and the Goblin Knight (the new identity of Phil Urich) defeat his three operatives. Kingsley contacted Norman Osborn directly, informing him that he planned to go to war with him.

(Superior Spider-Man I#26 (fb) – BTS) – Kingsley sent Claude, dressed as Hobgoblin, to act in his place in the war against Osborn.

(Superior Spider-Man I#26) – Claude gathered his henchmen and attacked the headquarters of the Green Goblin, but Osborn convinced Claude to join forces against Spider-Man instead. Osborn then, using the name the Goblin King, challenged the Hobgoblin to combat to the death, and he triumphed, killing Claude, whom he thought was Kingsley. Osborn took over Kingsley’s army. Thousands of miles away, Kingsley began brainwashing another man to take his place if necessary.

(Magneto III#11 (fb)) – Magneto found Hobgoblin, seeking to recruit him for a mission, and he restrained Hobgoblin when the villain initially tried to attack him.

(Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#2/Magneto III#11 (fb)) – Magneto showed up in Genosha to fight the Red Onslaught with his gathered villain allies, including Hobgoblin, Jack O’Lantern, Loki, Absorbing Man, Mystique, Enchantress, Deadpool, Dr. Doom, Carnage, and Sabretooth.

(Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#3/Magneto III#12 (fb)) – Pulling Carnage behind him, Hobgoblin attacked the Sentinels that Red Onslaught had launched against him. Red Onslaught intensified his fight against the villains, who were soon joined by groups of heroes, including the Avengers (Black Widow/Natasha Romanova, Cannonball/Sam Guthrie, Captain America/Sam Wilson, Doc Green/Bruce Banner, Hawkeye/Clint Barton, Hyperion/Marcus Milton, Iron Man/Tony Stark, Nova/Sam Alexander, Steve Rogers, Sunspot/Roberto DaCosta, Vision), X-Men (Angel/Warren Worthington III, Colossus/Piotr Rasputin, Cyclops/Scott Summers, Genesis/Evan Sabahnur, Iceman/Robert Drake, Kid Omega/Quentin Quire, Nightcrawler/Kurt Wagner, Kitty Pryde, Psylocke/Betsy Braddock, Storm/Ororo Munroe), Medusa, Dr. Strange, and the Avengers Unity Division (Havok/Alex Summers, Rogue/Anna Marie, Scarlet Witch/Wanda Maximoff, Thor Odinson, Wasp/Janet Van Dyne), Luke Cage, Iron Fist, and Nomad (Ian Rogers). A magic spell was cast that defeated Red Onslaught, but ended up ‘inverting’ the personalities of everyone present, making the villains act heroically and the heroes act villainously.

(AXIS: Hobgoblin I#1 (fb) – BTS) – After being inverted, Kingsley began focusing back on fashion, and had the idea of licensing out super-hero identities instead of villainous ones. He made a legitimate business plan with his publicist Sterling, then authored a book called “Hobnobbin’ With Roderick Kingsley”, with a foreward by Gene Simmons, that detailed how to be a hero. He made a DVD set called “Gobblin’ Up the Profits,” set up a store front with merchandise, and began franchising out super hero identities, including U.S. Ace, D-Man, Rocket Racer, Whizzer, Razorback, Wildstreak, Anti-Venom, Captain Ultra, Hindsight Lad, Havok, and Gin Genie. Releasing his own comic book, Kingsley also began authorizing operatives to dress as Hobgoblin and head out there to stop crimes.

(AXIS: Hobgoblin I#1) – John Myers showed up to a meeting where Kingsley was hosting virtually. After Sterling (who dressed in a Hobgoblin costume for fun) applied Kingsley’s make-up, Kingsley signed many of those present up for his tiered plan to become a hero, then he went out to address a live crowd full of people dressed as heroes. He also launched a series of inspiring talks called ‘Ned Talks,’ named after Ned Leeds, who he considered to be his first heroic makeover. Kingsley showed how he could take down a few Hobgoblin look-alikes. When Lily Hollister showed up, seeking entrance to Kingsley’s headquarters, Roderick authorized letting her in.

(AXIS: Hobgoblin I#2 (fb) – BTS) – Goblin Knight began attacking and defeating many of Hobgoblin’s operatives. John Myers started acting as Missile Mate, and Kingsley started franchising more new heroes, including Water Wizard and Leather Boy (Larry). Kingsley began calling his hq his Hob-Quarters, printing business cards, and he put out a cereal with his name on it. He also published “the Seven Hob’bits of Highly Effective Super Heroes.” When he defeated a villain with a ketchup bottle, the ketchup company wanted him to endorse them. He also costumed an amnesiac Lily Hollister as Queen Cat.

(AXIS: Hobgoblin I#2 (fb)) – During a fight with the Hypno-Hustler, Hobgoblin addressed the media, taking the opportunity to create an anti-bullying message.

(AXIS: Hobgoblin I#2) – When Urich, now calling himself the Goblin King, kidnapped kids, Hobgoblin defeated him and saved the kids, making sure to put the story in the media. As Missile Mate got the kids to safety, Kingsley refused Urich’s attempt to extort him and blew up his building instead. After Kingsley taught more operatives, and yelled at Missile Mate for using violence, he saw Urich attack, but Queen Cat attacked him after Kingsley berated the man. The villains present, calling themselves “Hob-Heroes”, helped fight Urich, who soon flew away. When Queen Cat wondered why Urich had called her Lily, Kingsley reinforced the idea that Urich was her enemy. Hobgoblin then filmed a commercial (also starring the Tinkerer) for his new candy, Everlasting Hob-Stoppers.

(AXIS: Hobgoblin I#3 (fb) – BTS) – When Urich tried to turn Queen Cat against Kinsgley, she instead told Kingsley, also informing him that Missile Mate had betrayed him.

(AXIS: Hobgoblin I#3) – At a public celebration of Hobgoblin’s heroism, a giant balloon of him hung over the crowd while Missile Mate, Queen Cat, Water Wizard, Razorback, D-Man, and Wildstreak flanked him as the Hob-Heroes. As a public official proclaimed “Hobgoblin Day,”, Kingsley removed his mask to accept his award, but revealed himself to be a hologram (which he called a Hob-ogram) when Missile Mate tried to kill him with Urich’s sword. Urich attacked with some new super-villains, including 8-Ball, Killer Shrike, Ringer, and Squid, and Kingsley fought Urich over the crowd, swiftly defeating him. Missile Mate tried using a detonator to kill Kingsley and the Hob-Heroes, but Kingsley detonated his own bomb to seemingly kill the Hob-Heroes himself, causing Missile Mate to surrender. When the authorities closed in, Kingsley revealed that the Hob-Heroes hadn’t actually died, he’d only used holograms to pretend. Steve Rogers then showed up to recruit Hobgoblin to the Avengers.

(Loki: Agents of Asgard I#9) – Hobgoblin assembled with the Avengers to discuss world-wide threats, including a pending battle with Apocalypse. Later, the Avengers fought with the inverted X-Men and Medusa.

(Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#6) – The Avengers assembled at Avengers Mansion to discuss the threat of the inverted X-Men, who were united in world domination plans under Apocalypse.

(Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#7) – The Avengers battled the X-Men, but mutants triumphed.

(Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#8) – Hobgoblin lay wounded in the battle with the X-Men.

(Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#9 – BTS) – The inversion spells were reversed, restoring all the heroic and villainous personalities. The former villain Avengers banded together as the Axis of Evil, and recorded a video for the public, claiming responsibility for all the misdeeds of the heroes during the time they were inverted.

(Deadpool and the Mercs for Money I#3) – Hobgoblin attended an auction held by Deadpool, who was seeking to sell a future-predicting Recorder.

(Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Beats Up the Marvel Universe I#1) – When Allene Green sought to take over the world, she used equipment stolen from Mysterio to send Hobgoblin to the Negative Zone.

(Spider-Woman VI#15 (fb) – BTS) – Porcupine met with Hobgoblin, who was flanked by his army (Blaze, Bruin, Gibbon, Unicorn), as the Tinkerer was nearby. Porcupine wanted out of his contract, wanting to start a new life as a hero. Hobgoblin pretended to agree, but later sent his army after Porcupine.

(Spider-Woman VI#13) – Hobgoblin’s soldiers beat up Porcupine, then he showed himself, reminded Porcupine that he’d broken a contract. Hobgoblin kicked Gocking in the face, then dropped a pumpkin bomb, flying away as it detonated, seemingly killing Gocking.

(Spider-Woman VI#15 (fb) – BTS) – Hobgoblin sold the Porcupine armor to a female operative.

(Spider-Woman VI#15) – Seeking revenge for the murder of Roger Gocking, Spider-Woman went looking for Hobgoblin, who knocked her off her bike with a pumpkin bomb before departing. Spider-Woman battled Beetle, Ringer, Unicorn, and Bruin before Gocking helped her, revealing he was alive, and the criminals went running back to Hobgoblin. When Hobgoblin went to attack Spider-Woman, he found her kissing Gocking, who was still alive. He grabbed Gocking and flew away, laughing.

(Spider-Woman VI#16) – Hobgoblin towed Gocking over open flames in a scrapyard before Spider-Woman grabbed him. Hobgoblin and his soldiers attacked again, and Spider-Woman stole one of their Goblin-Gliders and rushed at Hobgoblin, then Gocking knocked Hobgoblin off his glider, and he fell into an explosion. Soon, Captain Marvel arrived and easily defeated Hobgoblin and his men with a few energy blasts.

(Jessica Jones II#10) – Hobgoblin accepted a contract to kill Maria Hill, and he blew up an LMD of hers with a pumpkin bomb at Alias Investigations. He flew away in triumph.

(Jessica Jones II#10 – BTS) – Hobgoblin was apprehended by Spider-Man a few blocks away.

(America I#6) – Hobgoblin and other criminals paid to attend a death match between Ms. America and la Sirena, hosted by Arcade. When Hawkeye (Kate Bishop) helped stop the fight, Arcade invited Hobgoblin and the other villains to fight Ms. America in the boxing ring, but the villains were soon dispersed.

(Spider-Man I#239 (fb) – BTS) – When Iron Spider sought to recruit villains to work with, Ceres Goldstein recommended Hobgoblin to him, having heard about his impeccable reputation.

(Spider-Man I#234) – Iron Spider (Aaron Davis) assembled Hobgoblin, Sandman, Bombshell (Lori Baumgartner), Electro (Francine Frye), and Spot (Johnny Ohnn), offering them a large pile of cash to assemble as the new Sinister Six. Iron Spider announced a plan to steal a S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier, and Hobgoblin called the idea sexy.

(Spider-Man I#235) – Iron Spider led the Sinister Six to a ship containing old S.H.I.E.L.D. tech and used technology from Ceres Goldstein to track down the Helicarrier on board. They did a bit of recon and realized that a Red Hulk (Robert Maverick) was guarding it.

(Spider-Man I#237) – Hobgoblin tried to cheat the team by sneaking in to steal the Helicarrier himself. He hit the Red Hulk with a sword, but the sword broke and the Red Hulk woke up, grabbing Hobgoblin by the neck. Hobgoblin told Red Hulk about the Iron Spider’s plans.

(Spider-Man I#238) – Hobgoblin met with the Sinister Six as they made plans to move on the Helicarrier, and Bombshell brought her daughter, Lana Baumgartner, who also used the codename Bombshell. Later, they waited as the Red Hulk left, then they rushed in to steal the Helicarrier before Spider-Man (Miles Morales) attacked, knocking Hobgoblin out with one kick. The Red Hulk returned and revealed to the others that the Hobgoblin had sold them all out. The villains soon escaped aboard the Helicarrier.

(Spider-Man I#239) – Aboard the stolen Helicarrier, Sandman abruptly hit Hobgoblin, knocking him out for his betrayal, and then Iron Spider threw him over the side of the ship.

(Ravencroft I#1) – Mayor Wilson Fisk assembled a group of criminals to help him run Ravencroft Asylum, including Hobgoblin, Taskmaster, Scorpion, and Moonstone. They were introduced to Norman Osborn, who was in charge of Ravencroft.

(Ravencroft I#2) – Hobgoblin joked with the other new staff members in the hallways of Ravencroft.

(Ravencroft I#3) – Hobgoblin brought news to the Kingpin in Ravencroft. Fisk led Hobgoblin, Taskmaster, Scorpion, and Moonstone to the sub-basements to find the Unwanted, monsters led by Bud Adams, and they killed many of the monsters.

(Ravencroft I#5) – Hobgoblin and the others killed more of the Unwanted, including the telepath Joseph that they were using to keep control of others. Punisher and Misty Knight walked in to helped deescalate the fight.

(Marvel Voices: Legacy#1/1) - Hobgoblin was defeated by Spider-Man (Miles Morales), Ms. America, War Machine, Jubilee, and Storm.

Comments: Created by Roger Stern (writer), Mike Zeck and John Romita Jr. (pencils), and Steve Mitchell and John Romita Sr. (inks)

    The Hobgoblin has profiles in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe First Edition, Deluxe Edition, Book of the Dead Deluxe Edition, the Master Edition, the Spider-Man 2004 Handbook, and the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol. 5. The two latest handbooks were the first published following Kingsley's unmasking. The First and Deluxe Editions were published prior to the reveal of the Hobgoblin's identity as Ned Leeds. The Book of the Dead, Deluxe, and Master Editions were published during the time when Ned Leeds was believed to have been the original Hobgoblin.

    The Hobgoblin mentions in Amazing Spider-Man I#251 that were his true identity exposed it would disgrace his family. While it's possible he was referring to his brother specifically, it's more likely that Kingsley was thinking of other family members yet to appear on-panel or of his family name.

    It's noted early into this profile that Roderick had Daniel impersonate him on occasion. While the first confirmed occurance of these impersonations was in Amazing Spider-Man I#249, it's assumed Roderick had Daniel do this for him before, possibly even during some of Roderick's pre-Hobgoblin appearances.

    J. Jonah Jameson was shown assigning Ned Leeds the Hobgoblin story in Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#2, which, according to the sources list in the back of the issue, occurred between Hobgoblin's reading of Osborn's journal and his examination of Spider-Man's tracer in Amazing Spider-Man I#250.

    Kingsley made a very rare slip-up while dealing with Liz Osborn and Mary Jane, accidentally referring to the latter as "Miss Watson" during her imprisonment (something the Hobgoblin wouldn't have known). While Mary Jane was not actually signed by Kingsley Ltd. for another ten issues, it's not entirely unlikely that Kingsley would be able to recognize Mary Jane, especially if he was interested in representing her as a model.

    It's unclear whether it's Roderick Kingsley or Ned Leeds under the Hobgoblin's mask in Secret Wars II#7, but, assuming the issue was set at the time of it's release, it's likely to have been Kingsley. Mind you, that's purely speculative and subject to change.

    The Lt. Kris Keating that Kingsley dealt with was an unnamed agent of the Foreigner, who'd killed the real Keating some years prior and assigned over a dozen agents to impersonate Keating afterward.

    In the aftermath of his encounter with Norman Osborn, Kingsley muses that he's finished as both a businessman and, being a fugitive, an American citizen. As with many of the preceeding comments, speculation abounds as to whether Kingsley is referring to his status as a wanted man and that he doesn't intend on returning to US (or ever regaining his citizenship). On the other hand, this might be confirmation that Kingsley regained his US citizenship following his return to the US (or gained dual citizenship between the US and Belize), shortly before he was outed as the Hobgoblin. Whatever the case, his current status as per his most recent handbook profile lists his citizenship solely as Belize.

    It was revealed in the pages of Spider-Man: The Osborn Journal that Norman Osborn, while angry that the Hobgoblin appropriated his technology and equipment, avoided a direct confrontation with him in favor of dealing with reality altering mutant Judas Traveller.

    George "Georgie" Hill's full name was revealed in the Hobgoblin's entry in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#5.

    As an aside, it was the Hobgoblin's attempted blackmailing of J. Jonah Jameson that prompted Jameson to step down as editor-in-chief of the Daily Bugle and promote Robbie Robertson to that position.

Novel Info by Per Degaton:
   In one of Adam-Troy Castro's Sinister Six novels, intelligence communities confirmed Kingsley's residence in Belize, and his lack of participation in the Gentleman's plot.
   In the novel Goblin's Revenge by Dean Wesley Smith, the Chameleon, using information from a computer in Kraven's former possession, finds the location of one more of the Green Goblin's safehouses; the narration notes that this represents the only such location that the Hobgoblin did not find.

Profile by G Morrow.
Updated (2012-2020) by Chadman.

CLARIFICATIONS: Hobgoblin (Roderick Kingsley) should not be confused with


(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 (Hobgoblin) (fb) - BTS) - Small-time criminal George "Georgie" Hill heard of shady fashion mogul Roderick Kingsley's interest in power.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238) - Fleeing a bank robbery with three accomplices, Georgie bailed out of the car when Spider-Man joined the police chase and took out the getaway driver. Fleeing, Hill disoriented Spider-Man with a smoke-bomb and escaped through a manhole. Relieved that Spider-Man turned back rather than follow Him into the sewers, Hill triggered a secret passageway, gaining access to one of the Green Goblin's hidden lairs.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238/Spectacular Spider-Man II#260/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 (fb) - BTS) - Georgie contacted Kingsley with information of his discovery.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238/Spectacular Spider-Man II#260) - Georgie showed Kingsley around the hideout. Pleased, Kingsley told Hill to load up his van with as much of the Green Goblin's gear as it could hold.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#238) - After unloading the van, Hill was told to dispose of it so it couldn't be traced back to Kingsley. Assuring him not to worry, Hill pulled away. Seconds later Kingsley detonated an explosive in the van, killing Hill.

(Web of Spider-Man II#30 (fb) - BTS) - Ned Leeds was brainwashed to believe that Hill was one of his informants, and that he'd murdered Hill to preserve the secret of his identity.

--Amazing Spider-Man I#238 (Web of Spider-Man I#30, Spectacular Spider-Man II#260, Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004

images: (without ads)
Amazing Spider-Man I#238 (from OHotMU:SM 2004 profile), p22, pan1 (main image)
Spectacular Spider-Man II#48, cover (Roderick Kingsley)
Amazing Spider-Man I#251 (From OHotMU A to Z Vol. 5 profile), p7, pan2 (the Hobgoblin's battle van)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition II#5 (Hobgoblin Profile), p58, pan1 (full image of Hobgoblin)
Amazing Spider-Man I#281, p13, pan5 (Vs. the Jack O'Lantern)
Web of Spider-Man#29, p8, pan3 ("Roderick" shot by the Rose's men)
Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3, p28, pan1 (unmasked)
Amazing Spider-Man I#238, p13, pan2 (Georgie Hill)
Amazing Spider-Man I#691, p20, pan2 (Devil-Spider)

Other Appearances:
Spectacular Spider-Man II#43 (June, 1980) - Roger Stern (writer), Mike Zeck (pencils), Steve Mitchell (inks), Dennis O'Neil (editor)

Spectacular Spider-Man II#48 (November, 1980) - Roger Stern (writer), Marie Severin (pencils), Bruce Patterson (inks), Dennis O'Neil (editor)
Spectacular Spider-Man II#57 (August, 1981) - Roger Stern (writer), Jim Shooter (layouts), Jim Mooney (artist), Denny O'Neil (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#238 (March, 1983) - Roger Stern (scripter), John Romita Jr. and John Romita Sr. (artists), Tom DeFalco (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#239 (April, 1983) - Roger Stern (scripter), John Romita Jr. & Frank Giacoia (artists), Tom DeFalco (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#244 (September, 1983) - Roger Stern (writer), John Romita Jr. & Klaus Janson (artists), Tom DeFalco (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#245 (October, 1983) - Roger Stern (writer), John Romita Jr. & Dave Simons (artists), Tom DeFalco (editor)
Spectacular Spider-Man II#85 (December, 1983) - Bill Mantlo (writer), Roger Stern (plot assist), Al Milgrom & Jim Mooney (artists), Tom DeFalco & Danny Fingeroth (editors)
Amazing Spider-Man I#249 (February, 1984) - Roger Stern (writer), John Romita Jr. (breakdowns), Dan Green (finishes), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#250 (March, 1984) - Roger Stern (writer), John Romita Jr. & Klaus Janson (artists), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#251 (April, 1984) - Roger Stern (plot), Tom DeFalco (script), Ron Frenz (pencil breakdowns), Klaus Janson (finished art), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#254 (July, 1984) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Rick Leonardi (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (inks), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#255 (August, 1984) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (inks), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#257 (October, 1984) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (inks), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#258 (November, 1984) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (inks), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#259 (December, 1984) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (inks), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#260 (January, 1985) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein & Brett Breeding (inks), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#261 (February, 1985) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (finisher), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#271 (December, 1985) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (finished art), Jim Owsley (editor)
Secret Wars II#7 (January, 1986) - Jim Shooter (writer), Al Milgrom (pencils), Steve Leialoha (inks), Bob Budiansky (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#273 (February, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (finished art), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#275 (April, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (pencils), Josef Rubinstein (finished art), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#276 (May, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (penciler), Brett Breeding (finished art), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#278 (July, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (plot), Peter David & Jo Duffy (script), Mike Harris (pencils), Vince Colletta (inks), Jim Owsley (editor)
Spectacular Spider-Man II#116 (July, 1986) - Peter David (writer), Rich Buckler (pencils), Bob McLeod (inks), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#279 (August, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Rick Leonardi (pencils), Vince Colletta (inks), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#280 (September, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (layouts), Brett Breeding (pencils/inks), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#281 (October, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (story layouts), Brett Breeding (pencils & inks), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#283 (December, 1986) - Tom DeFalco (writer), Ron Frenz (penciler), Bob Layton (finisher), Jim Owsley (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#284 (January, 1987) - Tom DeFalco (plot), Ron Frenz (storytelling), Jim Owsley (script), Brett Breeding (pencils), Josef Rubenstein (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#285 (February, 1987) - Tom DeFalco (plot), Jim Owsley (script), Alan Kupperberg (pencils), Jim Fern (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Spider-Man Vs. Wolverine#1 (February, 1987) - James C. Owsley (writer), Mark Bright (pencils), Al Williamson (inks), Ann Nocenti (editor)
Web of Spider-Man#24 (March, 1987) - David Michelinie (plot), Len Kaminski (script), Del Barras (pencils), Vince Colletta (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#286 (March, 1987) - Jim Owsley (story), Alan Kupperberg (pencils), Jim Fern & Art Nichols (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#287 (April, 1987) - Jim Owsley (script), Erik Larsen (pencils), Art Nichols (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#288 (May, 1987) - Jim Owsley (script), Alan Kupperberg (pencils), Jim Fern (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#289 (June, 1987) - Peter David (story), Alan Kupperberg & Tom Morgan (art), Jim Fern (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Web of Spider-Man#29 (August, 1987) - James C. Owsley (writer), Steve Geiger (pencils), Art Nichols (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Web of Spider-Man#30 (September, 1987) - James Owsley (writer), Steve Geiger (pencils), Abel, Baker, Fern, Geiger, Williams (inkers), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Web of Spider-Man#86 (March, 1992) - Howard Mackie (writer), Alex Saviuk (pencils), Sam DeLarosa (inks), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Spider-Man Unlimited I#14 (December, 1996) - Glenn Herdling (writer), Joe Bennett (pencils), Joe Pimentel (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#1 (January, 1997) - Roger Stern (writer), Ron Frenz & George Perez (artists), Glenn Greenberg & Tom Brevoort (editor)
Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#2 (February, 1997) - Roger Stern (writer), Ron Frenz, Jerome Moore & Scott Hanna (artists), Glenn Greenberg & Tom Brevoort (editor)
Spider-Man: Hobgoblin Lives#3 (March, 1997) - Roger Stern (writer), Ron Frenz & Bob McLeod (artists), Glenn Greenberg & Tom Brevoort (editor)
Code of Honor#3 (April, 1997) - Chuck Dixon (story), Bob Wakelin, Derick Gross, Paul Lee (painting), Kelly Corvese (editor)
Spectacular Spider-Man II#259 (July, 1998) - Roger Stern (co-plotter), Glenn Greenberg (co-plotter/scripter) Luke Ross (penciler), Al Milgrom (inks), Ralph Macchio ("editor")
Spectacular Spider-Man II#260 (August, 1998) - Roger Stern (co-plotter), Glenn Greenberg (co-plotter/scripter) Luke Ross (penciler), Al Milgrom (inks), Ralph Macchio (Not The Karate Kid)
Spectacular Spider-Man II#261 (September, 1998) - Roger Stern (co-plotter), Glenn Greenberg (co-plotter/scripter) Luke Ross (penciler), Al Milgrom (inks), Ralph Macchio (Green Goblin)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 (June, 2004) - Jonathan Couper-Smartt (writer), Jeff Youngquist (editor)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol. 5 (October, 2008) - Jeff Christiansen (head writer), Jeff Youngquist & Jennifer Grunwald (editor)
Marvel Super Hero Island Adventures I#1/3 (April, 1999) – Michael Stewart (writer), Chris Bachalo (penciler), Art Thibert (inker), Dana Morehead (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#691 (October, 2012) – Dan Slott (writer), Giuseppe Camuncoli, Mario Del Pennino (pencilers), Klaus Janson, Daniel Green (inkers), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#694 (November, 2012) – Dan Slott (writer), Humberto Ramos (pencieer), Victor Olazaba (inker), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#695-696 (December, 2012-January, 2013) – Dan Slott, Christos Gage (writers), Giuseppe Camuncoli (penciler), Dan Green (inker), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#697 (January, 2013) – Dan Slott, Christos Gage (writers), Giuseppe Camuncoli (penciler), Dan Green, John Dell (inkers), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Avenging Spider-Man I#22 (August, 2013) – Christopher Yost (writer), David Lopez (penciler), Andy Owens (inker), Sana Amanat (editor)
Superior Spider-Man I#15, 24-25 (October, 2013; February-March, 2014) – Dan Slott (writer), Humberto Ramos (penciler), Victor Olazaba (inker), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#2 (December, 2014) – Rick Remender (writer), Adam Kubert (artist), Jake Thomas (editor)
Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#3 (December, 2014) – Rick Remender (writer), Leinil Francis Yu (penciler), Gerry Alanguilan (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
AXIS: Carnage I#1 (December, 2014) – Rick Spears (writer), German Peralta (artist), Nick Lowe (editor)
AXIS: Hobgoblin I#1 (December, 2014) – Kevin Shinick (writer), Javier Rodriguez (penciler), Alvaro Lopez (inker), Ellie Pyle (editor)
AXIS: Hobgoblin I#2 (January, 2015) – Kevin Shinick (writer), Javier Rodriguez, William Sliney (pencilers), Alvaro Lopez (inker), Ellie Pyle (editor)
AXIS: Hobgoblin I#3 (February, 2015) – Kevin Shinick (writer), Javier Rodriguez (penciler), Alvaro Lopez (inker), Ellie Pyle (editor)
Magneto III#11 (December, 2014) – Cullen Bunn (writer), Gabriel Hernandez Walta (artist), Daniel Ketchum (editor)
Magneto III#12 (January, 2015) – Cullen Bunn (writer), Roland Boschi (artist), Daniel Ketchum (editor)
Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#6 (January, 2015) – Rick Remender (writer), Terry Dodson (penciler), Rachel Dodson (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#7 (February, 2015) – Rick Remender (writer), Adam Kubert (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#8 (February, 2015) – Rick Remender (writer), Leinil Francis Yu (penciler), Gerry Alanguilan, Jason Paz (inkers), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Avengers and X-Men: AXIS I#9 (February, 2015) – Rick Remender (writer), Jim Cheung, Terry Dodson, Leinil Francis Yu, Adam Kubert (pencilers), Mark Morales, Dave Meikis, Guillermo Ortego, Mark Roslan, Rachel Dodson (inkers), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Loki: Agent of Asgard I#9 (February, 2015) – Al Ewing (writer), Lee Garbett (artist), Wil Moss (editor)
Deadpool and the Mercs for Money I#3 (June, 2016) – Cullen Bunn (writer), Salvador Espin (artist), Jordan White (editor)
Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Beats Up the Marvel Universe I#1 (December, 2016) – Ryan North (writer), Erica Henderson (penciler), Tom Fowler (inker), Wil Moss (editor)
Spider-Woman VI#13, 15-16 (January, March-April, 2017) – Dennis Hallum (writer), Veronica Fish (artist), Devin Lewis (inker), Devin Lewis (editor)
Jessica Jones II#10 (September, 2017) – Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Michael Gaydos (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
America I#6 (October, 2017) – Gabby Rivera, Kelly Thompson (writers), Ramon Villalobos (penciler), Walden Wong (inker), Wil Moss (editor)
Spider-Man I#234-235; 237-239 (January-February; April-June, 2018) – Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Oscar Bazaldua (artist), Nick Lowe (editor)
Ravencroft I#1 (March, 2020) – Frank Tieri (writer), Angel Unzueta (artist), Danny Khazam (editor)
Ravencroft I#2 (April, 2020) – Frank Tieri (writer), Angel Unzueta, Jose Luis Garcia-Lopez (pencilers), Scott Hanna (inker), Danny Khazam (editor)
Marvel Voices: Legacy#1/1 (May, 2021) - John Ridley (writer), Olivier Coipel (artist), Sarah Brunstad (editor)

First Posted: 05/03/2009
Last updated: 03/01/2021

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

Non-Marvel Copyright info
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Special Thanks to www.g-mart.com for hosting the Appendix, Master List, etc.!

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