Real Name: Cronus

Identity/Class: Olympian god/Titan

Occupation: God of time & agriculture; former god of Earth, ruler of Latium (modern Rome) (ca. 1000 BC), ruler of Olympus, ruler of the Titans

Group MembershipOlympian Titans

Affiliations: Callias, Deadpool ("Wade Wilson"), Giants of Olympus, Spider-Man (Peter Parker), the Titans, Zeno

Enemies: Apollo, Ares, Athena, Beetle (Janice Lincoln), Boomerang (Fred Myers), Cyclopes (Brontes, Steropes, Arges), Hercules, Hermes, Hulk (Robert Bruce Banner), Santa Claus and his Elves, Shocker (Herman Schultz), Zeus;
   formerly Deadpool, Spider-Man

Known Relatives: Ouranus (father), Gaea (mother), Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Japetus, Oceanus, Ophion (brothers), Dione, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, Theia, Themis (sisters), Rhea (sister/wife), Zeus, Neptune, Pluto (sons), Hera, Demeter, Vesta (daughters), Chiron (son by Philyra), Plute (daughter by Philyra), Picus (son by unknown mortal woman), Hercules, Apollo, Ares, Hephaestus, Hermes, Dionysus, Triton, Consus, Vertumnus (grandsons), Artemis, Athena, Venus, Eileithyia, Hebe, Bellona, Helen, Neptunia, Pandia, Pomona (granddaughters), Tantalus (grandson, deceased), Brutus, Julius Caesar, Augustus Caesar, Octavius Caesar, King Arthur (alleged descendants, deceased), the Yellow-Crested Titans (names unknown, possible nephews)

Aliases: Saturn, Satur (Roman names), Chronos, Kronus, Kronos (alternate spellings), "Father Time"

Base of Operations: Elysia (presumably);
   formerly Tartarus;
   formerly Latium;
   formerly Elysia;
   formerly Olympus;
   formerly Mount Othrys (place of birth)

First Appearance: (Mentioned) Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#8 (August, 1983); (seen) Hulk vs. Hercules: When Titans Collide#1 (June, 2008)

Powers/Abilities: Cronus possessed superhuman strength (lifting 100 tons) and durability. Like all Olympians, he is immortal: he has not aged since reaching adulthood and cannot die by any conventional means. He is immune to all Earthly diseases and is resistant to conventional injury. If he were somehow wounded, his godly life force would enable him to recover with superhuman speed. It would take an injury of such magnitude that it dispersed a major portion of his bodily molecules to cause him a physical death. Even then, it might be possible for a god of significant power, such as Ouranus or even Zeus, Poseidon and Apollo or for a number of Olympian gods of equal power working together to revive him. Cronus also possesses superhuman strength and his Olympian metabolism provides him with far greater than human endurance in all physical activities. (Olympian flesh and bone is about three times as dense as similar human tissue, contributing to the Olympians' superhuman strength and weight.)

Cronus can also tap into and manipulate extraordinary mystical energies to perform feats of magic. His level of mastery is possibly equaled or at least rivaled by other gods such as Zeus, Odin or Vishnu. He can conjure considerable fields of energy into shields and concussive force and create interdimensional portals for moving between dimensions (such as from Olympus to Earth and other dimensions). He can shapeshift and change his form into various animals such as horses and rams. He can call upon Gaea for additional energies without having to tax his normal godly powers. Contrary to belief, he has no prophetic abilities of his own. His full extent of power is unrevealed, but he may be equal to Zeus in power.

Cronus is armed with a sickle gifted to him by Gaea. It is unknown if the sickle he uses as Saturn was the same (possibly mystically transformed by him) or a different sickle. As Saturn he possessed a chariot drawn by dragons with a baby driver.

Limitations: Like all the Olympian gods, Cronus is dependent on ambrosia for retaining his youth and vigor. He cannot die due to his immortal status, but he is reliant upon ambrosia for his youth and vigor. Without it, he takes on the physical appearance of a being several millennia in age.

Height: 15'2" (variable)
Weight: 1210 lbs. (variable)
Eyes: (Saturn) Blue; (Cronus) brown
Hair: (Saturn) White; (Cronus) gray (formerly black)

(Greek/Roman Myth/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#8/Incredible Hercules#130 (fb) ) - Cronus was the youngest son of Ouranus, ruler and ancestor of a race of an extradimensional race of beings known as the Olympian gods. Ouranus was said to be conceived by Gaea, the primeval mother-goddess spirit who shared her life-force with that of the Earth. Ouranus mated with Gaea and fathered the Titans, the original gods of Greece, who were born physical perfect. Ouranus was greatly pleased by his progeny and mated with Gaea again, and she gave birth to the Cyclopes, three sons born with only one eye each. Ouranus mated with Gaea again and had three more monstrous sons, the Hecatocheiroi, who were born with a multitude of arms. Gaea greatly loved all her children, but Ouranus was greatly embarrassed by the Cyclopes and the Hecatocheiroi and he imprisoned them away in Tartarus, the most dismal section of the extra dimensional underworld later known as Hades, so he would not have to look upon them. (Ouranus and Cronus are not to be confused with the Eternals Uranus and Cronos, the latter of whom is also known as Kronos.)

Gaea grieved greatly for the Cyclopes and the Hecatocheiroi and desired to free them from the underworld. She called upon the Titans for one of them brave enough to overthrow their father and free their brothers from the underworld, but they all refused from fear of him and his power. From among them, Cronus promised to carry out her wishes and took a scythe to slay Ouranus. Cronus overthrew his father's rule of the gods by fatally wounding him. The dying Ouranus prophesized that Cronus would likewise be overthrown by one of his own children. Cronus also slew the Titan Ophion for control of Mount Olympus to establish his seat of power and took the Titaness Rhea as his wife.

As a result of Ouranus' dying prophesy, upon the birth of his own children, Cronus had the infant imprisoned in Tartarus. The offspring he sent there were Hades, Hestia, Demeter and Hera. (Later legends erroneously claimed that Cronus had actually swallowed his children and that they remained alive inside him until released by their brother Zeus.) He also dallied with other goddesses such as Philyra, a minor sea-goddess, who conceived the Centaur Chiron and Plute, mother of the Lydian king, Tantalus. Appalled by the mistreatment of her children Rhea accepted guidance from Gaea and had concealed the birth of Poseidon from him and hid him among the shepherds of Mantineia, an area of land now known as Greece, returning with one of the foal which Cronus consumed without hesitation given Chiron's appearance as a Centaur. Rhea likewise concealed her sixth pregnancy from Cronus and secretly gave birth to Zeus on Mount Lycaeum in Arcadia, another area of land now known as Greece. Rhea gave the infant Zeus to the safekeeping of Gaea, who hid the baby in the cave of Dicte on Aegean Hill on the isle of Crete, where he was tended by various minor goddesses.

While Cronus ruled as king of the gods, he achieved a period of paradise upon Earth without war or death and was eventually worshipped as god of time, having outgrown his worship as an earth-god. As Zeus matured, he gathered a retinue of allies from his siblings, the Cyclops and the Hecatocheiroi as well as a few Titans disenchanted by Cronus. Zeus fought to conquer Olympus in a ten year war which ended with Zeus' victory. He imprisoned most of the male Titans in Tartarus and established himself as ruler of the gods, sharing his dominance of Earth with Poseidon and Hades, who took dominance over the seas and the underworld, respectively.

(Roman legend) - Cronus escaped imprisonment in Tartarus for a time and was exiled to Elysia, the Isles of the Blessed near the Black Sea. He eventually became king of Laurentium in ancient Italy, leaving the throne to his son, Picus, by a mortal woman when he departed Earth for the last time. Laurentium was increased into the city of Latium by his descendant, King Latinus, who turned it over to the Trojan refugee Aeneas, ancestor of the later Roman Emperors, who turned it into Alba Longa, the foundation upon which the city of Rome was built. The Roman Empire called Cronus by the name Saturn, considering him ancestor of all the Roman Emperors, such as Julius Caesar. His descendant, Brutus, later laid siege to Britain and became ancestor to the Sixth Century Celtic ruler, King Arthur.

(Spider-Man/Deadpool#12 (fb) - BTS) - During Saturnalia Saturn often did outlandish things to have a good time.

(Hulk vs. Hercules: When Titans Collide#1 (fb) - BTS) - Cronus ended up incarcerated again in Tartarus.

(Hulk vs. Hercules: When Titans Collide#1 (fb) ) - A band of giants released Cronus from Tartarus when the Hulk assaulted Olympus, granting them the diversion they required. Cronus and the giants began an assault on Olympus, but Hercules and the Hulk led the Gods of Olympus against them. Hercules plunged a sword into Cronus' chest and toppled him back into Tartarus, then resealed the portal.

(Incredible Hercules#130) - Pluto brought Cronus to Zeus' trial for his testimony on Zeus. Cronus told the Jury and everyone else present about his murder at Zeus' hands and the ethnic cleansing of the Titans by Zeus and his kin.


(Spider-Man/Deadpool#12 (fb) - BTS) - For a long time Saturn watched from his heavenly kingdom (presumably Elysia) how humans ruined his holiday by turning it into a holiday for children. He hated how it was co-opted by Santa Claus and his elves.

(Spider-Man/Deadpool#12) - Saturn finally had enough and traveled to Earth on Christmas Eve to take revenge on humanity for ruining Saturnalia. He started by cutting off the head of a man dressed as Santa, who was collecting money for charity. Saturn then continued his bloody crusade by decapitating a bunch of drunks dressed as Santa and Elves, whose heads he used to decorate a tree. Walking through the streets he grew madder with each seconds seeing how people had turned his holiday into one of fat men and commercialism. He used Christmas trees as projectiles during his rampage, impaling a couple in their apartment, and causing everyone else to flee in fear.

(Spider-Man/Deadpool#12 - BTS) - Saturn caused havoc in the streets of New York, destroying cars with Christmas tree projectiles, setting a carriage and its coach on fire and destroying a nativity scene.

(Spider-Man/Deadpool#12) - Spider-Man and Deadpool found the destruction caused by Saturn and encountered the raging Saturn when he kicked baby Jesus, which Deadpool caught, in their direction. Immediately enraged by their red outfits Saturn attacked them and left them for dead after tossing them through a shop window while rambling about how humans had destroyed Saturnalia. Deadpool asked Siri for information on Saturnalia and received a quick rundown on the forgotten Roman holiday.

   Spider-Man and Deadpool caught up with Saturn at the Rockefeller Center where he screamed at a crowd about how he had returned to take back his Holiday and turn it into one for adults again after it had been diluted by Santa Claus and the Elves. When Spider-Man and Deadpool went after him again Saturn grew into a giant, tipped over the Christmas tree at the Rockefeller Center and then picked up a bus to crush Deadpool and Spider-Man. Before he went through with it Spider-Man tried to convince Saturn how Christmas was about people getting together with people they cared about, which didn't calm down Saturn at all. Deadpool though remembered what Siri told him about Saturnalia and the debaucheries conducted during the holiday and told Saturn that there parties, presents, eating and heavy drinking were part of Christmas. Saturn calmed down and Deadpool made a deal with him. If him and Spider-Man were able to convince Saturn that Christmas was as much fun as the Saturnalia back in Rome, Saturn would undo all the damage he had done that day. Saturn agreed to the terms and went drinking and ice skating with Deadpool and Spider-Man. After dancing with the Rockettes and a race with stolen carriages Saturn thanked the two adventurers for proving to him that the spirit of Saturnalia was still alive during Christmas. Saturn then asked for a bit more gambling and Deadpool took him and Spider-Man to an underground casino for super villains where Saturn played blackjack, roulette and craps. Before leaving the casino Deadpool bet Saturn's pinky finger in a game against Boomerang, Beetle and Shocker to take home all the house's money. Saturn agreed to have his pinky finger cut off and not just grow it back afterward in case he failed to strike a lighter ten consecutive times. Saturn had never felt more alive that moment, failed on the third try and got his pinky finger cut off as agreed by Deadpool.

(Spider-Man/Deadpool#12 - BTS) - Saturn undid all the damage he had caused that night including resurrecting his victims that night.

(Spider-Man/Deadpool#12) - Even though he still couldn't believe he had actually lost a finger he thanked Deadpool and Spider-Man for the night and had a coffee with them before he was picked up by his chauffeur in his dragon chariot. Saturn hoped they could do this again the next again.

Comments: Adapted by Greg Pak, Fred Van Lente, Reilly Brown, Carlos Cuevas, Terry Pallot and Chris Sotomayor.

This profile was edited from a first draft bio for Cronus for the Guide to the Mythological Universe website; research culled from Crowell's Handbook of Classical Mythology by Edward Tripp, Mythology by Edith Hamilton and the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe#8 (Olympians entry).

The Romans did not have deeply personified gods as the Greeks. They were a people of deep religious feeling, but they did not have the creativity of the Greeks. They believed their gods were more vague; according to mythologian Edith Hamilton, they could never have created gods each with a distinct personality as the Greeks. They referred to their deities as Numina, or "The Powers," not as Olympians, which is actually a more modern term than a mythological one.

Contrary to usual belief (and DC Comics), not all the Titans sided with Cronus, among them, Oceanus, Tethys, Dione, Mnemosyne, Themis, Theia, Helios, Eos, Selene, Hecate, Prometheus, Eprimetheus, Kratos, Bia, Zealos, and Nike. In the "Hercules: The Legendary Journeys" mythos, Cronus was reportedly slain by Zeus, one of his ribs used by Hercules to slay Zeus to keep him from slaying Xena.

The modern depiction of an infant taking over for an older fatherly figure at New Year's Eve is based on the story of Zeus, the younger more powerful god, replacing Cronus, the older ancestral god stepping down from a place of power. (Which is another reason I dislike the Rankin/Bass holiday special, "Rudolph's Shiny New Year.")

From the name of Cronus, we get the word "chronos" meaning "time.

There was no actual encounter between Santa Claus and Saturn, but Saturn just hated Santa Claus for being the mascot of Christmas. BTW Saturn and his dragon chariot with the baby is a pretty common depiction of Saturn, but I am pretty sure the baby is usually meant to be his next meal and not his chauffeur. Also...Saturn at Marvel is so different from Cronus that it is hard to believe they are the same character, but the same can be said about the mythological counterpart. The nature of the softest reboot ever (courtesy of Secret Wars) helps me personally in this case to just accept the drastic change between appearances.
--Markus Raymond

Profile by Prime Eternal (comics) and Thor2000 (mythology). Update by Markus Raymond (Spider-Man/Deadpool).

CLARIFICATIONS: Cronus is not to be confused with:

Images from:
Spider-Man/Deadpool#12, p13, pan5 (main image)
Hulk vs. Hercules: When Titans Collide#1, p22, pan3 (freed from Tartarus)
Hulk vs. Hercules: When Titans Collide#1, p27, pan1 (vs Hulk)
Spider-Man/Deadpool#12, p19, pan4 (Saturn with chariot)

Hulk vs. Hercules: When Titans Collide#1 (June, 2008) - Greg Pak, Fred Van Lente (writers), Khoi Pham, Paul Neary, Dennis Calero, Eric Nguyen, Reilly Brown, Carlos Cuevas, Terry Pallot, Chris Sotomayor, Bob Layton (artists), Mark Paniccia (editor)
Incredible Hercules#130 (August, 2009) - Greg Pak & Fred Van Lente (writers), Ryan Stegman & Rodney Buchemi (pencils), Terry Pallot (inks), Mark Paniccia (editor)
Spider-Man/Deadpool#12 (February, 2017) - Nick Giovannetti & Paul Scheer (writers), Todd Nauck (artist), Jordan D. White & Nick Lowe (editors)

First Posted: 05/20/2008
Last updated: 12/24/2017

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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