Real Name: Arthur Pendragon
current citizen of Otherworld
British citizen @ 6th Century;
Arthur is believed to have been a fictional character by people of the modern era
Occupation: Former King of the Britons
Group Membership: Knights of the Round Table
Black Knight (Sir Percy of Scandia),
Black Knight (Dane Whitman), Captain Britain (Brian Braddock), Green Knight, Interloper, Iron
Man (Tony Stark),
Lady of the Lake (Niamh),
soldiers and people of Camelot;
the father of Percy of Scandia;
formerly Lancelot, Merlin Demonspawn
Enemies: Sir Accolon,
D'Arcy, Dr. Doom, Dragon of the Moon, Dreadknight, Sir
Gilles, Sir Guy of Gascombe, Hawkes, Hobkin, Kang the Conqueror, Kevin MacCaul,
Mordred the Evil,
Morgan Le Fay,
and the other Nether Gods (Mandrac,
possibly Gog, Maegog,
Neutron Knights, Le Ponneau the Pirate, Simon the
Sir Guy Wanderell;
a band of Travelers ("Gypsies"); the French, Goths, Irish, Normans (Sir Robert de Quincy), Picts, Romans, Saxons, Tartars (Mohar Jinn, Timultor), Vikings (Leif and others);
White Stag, the Loathly Lady, Lucius, the Green Knight, Culhwch, Olwen
Known Relatives: Uther Pendragon (father,
deceased), Igraine (mother, deceased),
Guenevere (wife, deceased); Sir Dandel (father of Percy, deceased), Lady
Evaine (mother of Percy, deceased),
Mordred (son by Morgause),
Anna (alleged twin sister); Morgause, Morgan Le Fay, Elaine (half-sisters);
Ector (foster father), Kay (foster brother),
Conaan (paternal great-great-great grandfather, deceased), Urbien (paternal great-great-grandfather, deceased), Solomon (paternal great-grandfather, deceased), Constantine (paternal grandfather, deceased), Amlawdd (maternal grandfather, deceased),
Gwert (maternal grandmother, deceased),
Aurelius Ambrosius, Maines, Pandragon (paternal uncles, deceased)
Duke Elise (maternal uncle);
Leodegrance (father-in-law), Genievre (sister-in-law), Lot, Nentres, Uriens (brothers-in-law);
Agravaine, Gaheris, Galeshin , Gareth, Gawain, Percy (Black Knight), Ywaine (nephews), Soredamors, Alteria, Clarissant (nieces);
Hoel, Percy's father, Sir Reginald (cousins);
Aeneas, Constantinus, Bran (ancestors, deceased), Vortigern, Llyr (ancestors);
Dafydd ap Iowerth (alleged descendent);
Last Knight (possible future relation);
The incest-factor makes the relationship exceedingly difficult, and you can certainly find more relatives on the internet. See comments for discussion on the legendary sons and daughters of Arthur.
Sir Dandel (father of Percy, deceased), Lady Evaine (mother of Percy, deceased),Edward (son of Percy and Rosamund, presumed deceased), Geoffrey (son of Percy and Rosamund, presumed deceased), Sir Raston (apparently deceased), Black Knight of the Crusades (Eobar Garrington), Nathan Garret (Black Knight, deceased), Dane Whitman (Black Knight) - distant relations, common ancestry;
Aliases: Artur, Artorius (alternate spellings), Once and Future King
Place of Birth: Tintagil Castle, Gorre (Now part of modern Cornwall, England)
Base of Operations: "New Camelot," Avalon,
formerly Camelot Castle, England, @ 6th Century
First Appearance: Uncertain
(Atlas Comics): Black Knight Comics#1 (May, 1955)
(Marvel Comics): Strange Tales I#108 (May, 1963)
Powers/Abilities: Arthur was a highly accomplished swordsman, strategist, military leader, and warrior. Arthur may well have been possessed/enhanced by one of the Pendragon spirits that later augmented the Knights of Pendragon. It is believed that this same spirit went on to possess Adam Crown and the Black Knight (Dane Whitman), and it may also have possessed Dafydd ap Iowerth.
Arthur wielded the virtually indestructible sword Excalibur,
and before that he used the magical sword of the stone. Excalibur's scabbard
enchanted its wearer such that he would lose no blood, no matter how seriously
he was wounded. Morgan stole this scabbard from him, robbing him of its
Prior to this, he wielded the similarly enchanted, but apparently less powerful, Sword of the Stone.
He also possessed certain magical powers, though he may only have been able to access these under certain unspecified condition, including remotely protecting others from magical assault, opening dimensional portals, and resurrection under certain circumstances. In fact, while on Otherworld, it required three beings of magical power to prevent his resurrection; even while in this dead state, mystically bound by these beings, Arthur was able to reach across the dimensional barrier to Earth-616, partially deflecting Necromon's assault on Captain Britain.
(Arthurian legend) - In the years of upheaval after the Roman withdrawal, Britain had become an island of small, squabbling kingdoms. King Constantine was slain by his former seneschal (major domo) Vortigern. Twelve barons decided Vortigern should be king, so Constantine's son and successor, Maines, was killed. Constantine's younger sons, Uther Pendragon and his Aurelius Ambrosius were forced into exile. Vortigern supposedly invited the Saxons into Britain, to aid in repelling the invasions of the Picts.
When Vortigern's people and most notably his sons saw how Vortigern favored the Saxons over his own people, they attempted to expel the Saxons. Hengist and Horsa, the Saxon leaders allegedly descended from Wotan (Odin, or a mortal incarnation of him?), objected and fighting broke out. Vortigern arranged peace negotiations, at which Hengist and his Saxons pulled daggers from their boots and turned on the unarmed Briton lords and petty kings, slaying them all. Vortigern was apparently spared and allowed to retain his lands???
(Arthurian Legend / Official Handbook of
the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)) -
Vortigern, king of Britain, failed repeatedly in his attempts to build a tower stronghold in the Welsh mountains, for the tower's foundations kept sinking. Vortigern consulted his magicians, and they told him he should find a boy without a father, and kill him and incorporate his bones and blood into the foundations of the castle. Vortigern sent out messengers, who came to a town called Kaermerdin (modern Camarthen) and there they saw some lads playing by the town gate. A sudden quarrel broke out between the two lads, whose names were Merlin and Dinabutius. As they argued, Dinabutius announced of being of royal blood and of Merlin never having had a father. Having found what they sought, the messengers dragged the boy back with them to Vortigern. Merlin objected to being killed, of course, and, when threatened with death, he called Vortigern's great magicians liars, and promised to solve the problem of the castle foundations himself. He told Vortigern he saw that the foundations fell every night because there was a pool beneath the earth they were lain on. Beneath the pool were two dragons sleeping that awoke to fight. When Vortigern dug under the foundations, he found the pool and when he drained it, the two dragons awoke and began to fight, one of which killed the other.
"Alas for the Red Dragon, for its end is near. Its cavernous dens shall be occupied by the White Dragon, which stands for the Saxons that you have invited over. The Red Dragon represents the people of Britain, who will be overrun by the White One..."
interpreted this as meaning the red dragon was
Vortigern and the white one the sons of Constantine.
Merlin's prophecy might have been that Vortigern could not escape his fate; he would be killed by the sons of Constantine.
Other sources describe it as Merlin saw this as an omen predicting the reign of King Arthur, who was as yet unborn.
(Arthurian Legend/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)) - Merlin proceeded to warn Vortigern that Aurelius Ambrosius, the son of Constantine, would come to drive out the Saxons and to kill Vortigern. Aurelius Ambrosius, joined by his brother Uther, sought to unite the small kingdoms against their common enemies such as the Irish, the Picts and the Saxons. Merlin then departed Vortigern's presence and went to Aurelius Ambrosius and became his chief advisor. Aurelius succeeded in all the things that Merlin had prophesied that he would, such as driving out the Saxons and indeed, killing Vortigern. Aurelius Ambrosius succeeded Vortigern as King of Britain.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)) - It has been claimed that the occult stones that now make up Stonehenge once stood in Ireland, and that Merlin advised Aurelius to bring them to their current site in Britain. Merlin's magic allowed a party led by Uther Pendragon to move the tremendous stones.
(Arthurian Legend/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)) - During the reign of Aurelius Ambrosius, a comet appeared in the sky. Shortly thereafter, an agent of one of Vortigern’s sons poisoned Aurelius and Uther Pendragon assumed the throne. Merlin told Uther that the comet had signified his rise to power, and Uther continued to drive back the Saxons. Once victorious, he began to call for a wife who would provide him an heir to the throne. He warred for many years against Gorlois, Duke of Tintagel in Cornwall, and became greatly attracted to the duke's beautiful wife Igraine. Merlin, knowing that a great ruler was destined to be the son of Uther and Igraine, agreed to unite Uther with her in return for the care of their firstborn child. Merlin used his magics to give Uther the appearance of Gorlois, and in this form Uther went to Tintagel and made love to Igraine. Earlier that night, before Uther came to Igraine, the real Gorlois was killed in battle. Soon Uther married Igraine, who gave birth to Arthur.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)) - Merlin had Arthur brought up in anonymity by a knight named Sir Ector, and raised alongside Ector's son, Kay. Merlin served as Arthur's tutor, and he also persuaded Uther to construct the Round Table that Arthur and his knights would later use. In the meantime, the island fell to warring once more for not all who were loyal to Aurelius were so taken with his brother. Uther, constantly embattled, grew ill with the stress of his wars, and his health began to fail. By the time Arthur was a young man Uther was near death.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#16: Black Knight (fb)) - In his youth, Arthur was sometimes allied in battle with his distant cousin, the future father of Percy of Scandia.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)) - Uther eventually died without ever seeing his son, and, left without a king, Britain was torn by was over the succession of the throne. Merlin had the nobles of Britain summoned to London for the Christmas season, promising a divine revelation as to the identity of the new king. There appeared a magic sword thrust through a steel anvil, into a marble block. Upon the anvil were inscribed in letters of gold: "Whosoever pulleth out this sword of this tone and anvil is rightwise King born of all England. Kay, newly knighted, fought in the tournament, and Arthur acted as his squire. As they left their lodgings one morning for the tournament field, Arthur in his excitement forgot Kay's sword. As they approached the field, Kay asked Arthur where it was, and when they found out that Arthur had forgotten it, he sent the boy back to fetch it with all due haste. Arthur, trying to be as quick as possible, came across the sword in a stone in the courtyard of an abbey and without a thought, he ran up, grabbed the sword, pulled it out, and ran back to Kay. Kay was surprised at Arthur's speed. He looked suspiciously at the sword and was amazed. He recognized it as the sword in the stone. He showed it to his father, who eventually got the truth from both them that Arthur had pulled it from the stone. Ector called an end to the tournament, and showed the lords of the realm the sword that his foster son had pulled from the stone. Various tests were imposed, but eventually it became clear that Arthur had indeed pulled the sword from the stone and was to be the next King of Britain. Arthur was reunited with his mother, Igraine, who became the Queen mother of Britain.
(Knights of Pendragon II#13 (fb)) - The Hobkin, magical creatures native to Avalon, allegedly used to "kick that Arthur's butt around for laughs."
(Hulk Weekly#44/2 (fb)) - Every time the forces of the Netherworld arose throughout history, a great hero would arise to drive them back. The greatest of all these heroes was King Arthur, whose knowledge went far beyond mortal matters. He pierced the timeless mists of Otherworld, and divined much of Elfin lore and the ways of ancient men. Each time Necromon's hordes threatened the world, Arthur and his heroes, assisted by the wizard Merlyn, were at the forefront of the battle to drive them back, and each time they were victorious. Arthur was presumably imbued with the spirit of one of the Pendragons.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
Deluxe Edition#16: Black Knight (fb)) -
Percy of Scandia was born at the castle of King Arthur in England during the first years of Arthur's reign. When Percy was a child, and Arthur securely in power, Percy and his parents moved to their estate in Scandia, the area now known as Scandinavia.
(Arthurian Legend) - Young king Arthur was faced with difficulties from the beginning. He had to drive the Saxons back. In order to do this, though, he needed to unify the petty kings of Britain to fight the Saxons.
(Black Knight I#1 (text story) / Official
Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)) -
For years Merlin served Arthur as his chief advisor and magical protector. After Arthur broke the magic sword from the stone in battle, Merlin took him to the Lady of the Lake, who gave Arthur the enchanted sword Excalibur.
(Arthurian Legend) - Merlin advised Arthur that the unification of the petty kings was as easy as forming a Round Table where everyone was equal in the eyes of the King and had a voice in the affairs of the realm, or as difficult as beating the rebellious leaders into submission. After this was accomplished, the united forces of Romano-Celtic Britain began the long and arduous task of fighting the Saxons. Twelve Battles of Arthur documented the long, uphill struggle to free the island or at least to drive back the Anglo-Saxon invaders. The battles ended with the climax of the Battle of Badon in which Arthur is said to have worn the banner of the Virgin Mary on his shoulders for the first time.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)/Arthurian Legend)
Unaware that Morgause was his half-sister, Arthur seduced her after the Battle of Bedegraine but before his marriage to Guinevere. That same night, Arthur had a dream of a serpent that sprang from his side, destroyed his land and people, and fought him for its mutual destruction. The nightmare was so vivid that Arthur had it pictured in a painting at a Camelot cathedral.
Merlin translated the vision by claiming that Arthur would have a son born on May Day who would rise up to destroy both him and Camelot. This inspired Arthur to collect all the sons born on that day to nobleman, place them on a leaky boat, and send them out to sea. Mordred was one of those children, but after the sinking of the ship, Mordred washed up on a beach and was nursed to full health by a pious man. He grew to the age of fourteen and returned to his mother to be raised and educated. He was knighted at twenty and hated any knight deemed pure of heart.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb) / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe
Edition#16: Black Knight (fb)) -
Merlin knew he would need a great warrior who could stop the threat of the evil Mordred, but he also knew that Arthur would never believe anything evil of any of his knights, so that merely telling him about Mordred's intent was pointless. Merlin had Percy's parents train him in all known forms of combat.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb)/Arthurian Legend)
After the Battle of Badon came peace, and Arthur began to look about him for a wife. Merlin arranged on Arthur's request for the young king to marry Guinevere, although Merlin, with his prophetic powers, warned Arthur that this marriage would lead to disasters at Camelot. Lancelot, Arthur's most trusted knight, went to fetch Guinevere and bring her back to Camelot. Along the way, they happen to romance each other and fell in love with each other. This courtly romance was doomed from the beginning just as time of peace finally settled on the land.
(Arthurian Legend) - The early part of Arthur's reign was filled with strange and mysterious events as Arthur accepted Christianity into Britain and began to overlook the ancient Celtic rites of his ancestors. The knights were kept busy with numerous quests such as those with the White Stag, the Loathly Lady and the Green Knight. There were such diversions as Culhwch and Olwen and in between times there were mundane events such as tournaments to keep everyone entertained as well. At the same time, Arthur’s evil half-sister, Morgan le Fay, was plotting her brother's demise. Morgan went to great lengths to end Arthur's reign, her plots ranging from creating a False Excalibur to stirring up jealousy between the King and Lancelot.
(Arthurian Legend) - Arthur continued wars against Roman invaders and slew the Roman Emperor Lucius in battle.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb) /
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#9: Morgan le Fay (fb))
Morgan le Fay, Arthur's half-sister, became one of Merlin, Arthur, and the Knights of Camelot fiercest foes, as she wished to rule Britain herself. In addition she objected to the promotion of Christianity and the rejection of the ancient Celtic goddess-worship that she practiced.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#9: Morgan le Fay (fb))
- In one of Morgan's first recorded plots against Arthur, she stole his sword
Excalibur and its magic scabbard. She had both copied and replaced with exact
copies that lacked their enchantments, after which she presented her lover, Sir
Accolon, with the real Excalibur and magic scabbard, telling him that if he
killed a particular knight the next day, he would become her husband and king of
Britain. According to Morgan, this unnamed knight's death would make it possible
for her to kill both King Arthur and her own husband, King Uriens. Accolon
fought the knight the next day, unaware that the armored warrior was actually
Arthur. Armed with Excalibur, Accolon seriously wounded Arthur, who nevertheless
fought back with great courage. Yet Arthur might have been doomed had not the
sorceress Nimue used her magic to force Accolon to drop Excalibur. Knowing
Accolon's sword was Excalibur, Arthur seized it and quickly defeated Accolon,
who then revealed Morgan's plot. Horrified to learn that his opponent was Arthur
himself, Accolon repented before dying of his injuries. Until now Arthur had
fully trusted his half-sister, but now he swore vengeance upon her.
Learning of Accolon's death and the failure of her plot, Morgan herself stole the magic scabbard again and hurled it into a lake.
(Marvel Preview#22) - Arthur brought an injured knight, Beliar, whom they
had found in the forest, back to the Camelot, where he recovered with the aid of
Merlin. Upon recovering, Beliar began to challenge Merlin repeatedly, who
suspected his true nature and warned Arthur about him, though the King ignored
his advice. Beliar became more and more bold, even to the point of trying to
seduce Guinevere and nearly killing Lancelot in a jousting tournament. Finally,
Arthur realized that Beliar was a threat to Camelot and banished him, but he
kidnapped Guinevere when he left.
Arthur and Merlin followed Beliar's trail into an underground cavern, where they met Beliar's father, the arch-demon Asmodiar. The demon forced a battle between Arthur and Beliar, but when Arthur's skilled proved superior, Asmodiar began to magically augment his son's power until Arthur was at his mercy. Merlin pitted his might against the demon's, but found it to be a losing battle. Finally, when the deaths of both Arthur and Guinevere were imminent, Merlin caught Asmodiar off guard by taking Beliar's form, allowing him to attack him from behind and behead him.
Defeated, Asmodiar warned them that he would come again in the future, in a far more subtle form.
(Spider-Man Battles the Myth Monster!#1) - Arthur defeated and denounced the Myth Monster, convincing the people of Camelot that children suffering from ailments were not possessed or cursed. Merlin then used his magicks to imprison the creature within an enchanted amulet.
(New Excalibur#12 (fb) - BTS) - Seven men held the Ebony Blade, each an honorable and good man, but each one was driven mad by the sword and had to be put down.
(New Excalibur#12 (fb)) - The formerly gallant Sir Reginald, Arthur's own cousin, took up the Ebony Blade, and he, too, was driven mad by it and had to be put down. At that point, only Arthur, Percy, and Merlin were deemed noble enough to wield the Ebony Blade. Arthur was irreplaceable as king, and it was felt that if Merlin were corrupted by the Blade there would be nothing on Earth able to stop him. Percy thus took up the Ebony Blade.
(Strange Tales I#108/2 - BTS) - Mogard, a Knight of the Round Table, became jealous of the seeming favoritism Arthur granted Merlin. When Mogard called Merlin a fraud, Merlin animated a suit of armor as his Black Knight to oppose Sir Mogard, humbling him.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb) /
Black Knight Comics#1) -
After the death of Percy's parents, Merlin summoned him to Camelot, where he instructed him to play the role of a timid fop so that no one would suspect how dangerous an opponent he could be.
Knight Comics#1) - Percy received sanctuary in Camelot after telling Arthur that
his lands in Scandia had been seized by the Baron of Emscore. Merlin then gave
Percy the armor and secret identity of the Black Knight.
Later, on a hunt, Mordred's men led Arthur into a trap in which they tried to slay him, but the Black Knight arrived to help Mordred fight them off. After the villains had been defeated, Arthur was grateful and wished to see the face of his rescuer, but the Black Knight explained his oath of secrecy. Mordred then arrived, claiming to have heard the sound of battle, accused the Knight of having attacked Arthur, and assaulted him. Arthur quickly broke up the fight, after which Mordred said, "He is no true knight! Why dares he not lift his helmet?" The Knight replied, "The day you see the face 'neath this helmet...that day you meet your doom!"
Nonetheless, Arthur told the Black Knight he would always be welcome in Camelot and that he would never have to remove his helmet. Arthur dubbed him Sir Black Knight.
(Black Knight Comics#1/3 (fb) - BTS) - Mordred's agents kidnapped King Arthur and imprison him within his own castle.
(Black Knight Comics#1/3) - Mordred accused Arthur of abandoning his kingdom, but Merlin revealed to Percy that Arthur was being held within his own castle. The Knight freed Arthur, and the two of them fought off Mordred's men, and Arthur led the Knight through secret tunnels to return to the throne room. Unable to conceive of the true culprit, Arthur was grateful to Mordred for guarding his throne for him.
(Black Knight Comics#2 - BTS) - Viking warriors invaded a town outside Camelot, overpowering its guards and pillaging it until being driven off by the Black Knight.
(Black Knight Comics#2/2) - With Galahad and Lancelot away from Camelot, Mordred won a series of jousts in a tournament, after which he begged the honor of testing his skill at jousting with that of his king's. Arthur agreed, but Merlin learned that Mordred plotted Arthur's death, and he informed Sir Percy; the Black Knight arrived in time to stop the joust, and he ended the contest by defeating Mordred.
(Black Knight Comics#2/4) - When Arthur led his knights out to celebrate the
time of shearing during the harvest season, Mordred contacted Sir Robert de
Quincy and the Normans he had summoned, telling them that they time was ripe to
strike. Modred plotted that after the Normans conquered Camelot, Arthur would be
seized and Mordred would be named as the new king; at some point Mordred
intended to betray de Quincy and take all of England for himself. The Black
Knight rallied the warriors of Camelot to hold off this assault, and shortly
thereafter Arthur and his men returned, attacking the Normans from the rear and
driving them off.
Nonetheless, Arthur once again failed to recognize Mordred's motives, and he thanked him for honorably defending the castle.
(Black Knight Comics#3 (fb) - BTS) <June> - Itinerant knights came from across England to enter a battle tournament for great wealth.
(Black Knight Comics#3 - BTS) - Mordred led others in the tournament to focus's on the Black Knight, but he survived the assaults.
(Black Knight Comics#3/2) - Mordred paid a member of a band of traveling
Gypsies to arrange a trap for Arthur during a great hunt for their lions. Warned
of this plot by Merlin, the Black Knight followed the Gypsies into the woods.
Mordred secretly struck down Arthur's horse with a crossbow, unseating Arthur
and leaving him at the mercy of a pair of lions. The Knight came to the rescue,
but as he and Arthur returned to Camelot, Mordred had his men and the Gypsies
ambush them. Nonetheless, the attackers were little match for the combined force
of the Knight's Ebony Blade and Arthur's Excalibur.
Later, Mordred claimed to have been thrown by his horse and injured his head just as he had been about to come to Arthur's aid. Percy taunted him with a song about the horse not dragging him far enough.
(Black Knight Comics#3/4) - Don't have it.
The Black Knight opposed Sir D'Arcy and Simon the Strong.
(Black Knight Comics#4) - Don't have it.
The Black Knight opposed Sir Guy Wanderell.
(Black Knight Comics#4/2) - Don't have it
The Black Knight opposed Kevin MacCaul and also encountered De Montfort (not the character from the Crusader stories).
(Black Knight Comics#4/4) - Don't have it.
The Black Knight opposed Mordred and the Le Ponneau the Pirate.
(Black Knight Comics#5) - Don't have it. "The Dragon of Kenswood Swamp"
The Black Knight opposed Mordred and Sir Gilles.
(Black Knight Comics#5/4) - Don't have it. "The Invincible Tartar"
The Black Knight opposed the Tartars Mohar Jinn and Timultor
(Avengers Annual#20/2 (fb)) - Tyrannus, deposed as an Emperor of Rome, raised and army and sought to conquer England. He was defeated by Sir Percy, the Black Knight, and brought before Arthur and Merlin, who banished him to Subterranea.
(Avengers Annual#22/2 (fb) - BTS, Thor Annual#17/4 - BTS, Doctor Strange III#11/2 - BTS) - The Black Knight and Merlin left Camelot to face Morgan Le Fay. The Maha Yogi impersonated Merlin during this absence.
(Journey into Mystery I#96 (fb)) - The Merlin imposter used his telepathic and clairvoyant powers in place of spells to predict the future for Arthur.
(Strange Tales I#134) - Kang the Conqueror traveled back in time to Camelot, where he overpowered the false Merlin and imprisoned him in a special cell. Kang then challenged Arthur and each of the Knights of the Round Table to single combat, defeating them all with a force blaster concealed within his lance. Per the terms of the challenge, Arthur and the Knights all went into exile, allowing Kang to conquer Camelot without further challenge. Uatu the Watcher, however, recruited the Human Torch and the Thing from the modern era to travel back to Camelot to prevent Kang from altering the course of time. While the Thing fought Kang's forces, the Human Torch freed "Merlin," who then located Kang's ship and destroyed his power energizer, greatly weakening him. "Merlin" then rallied the forces of Camelot to turn against Kang, forcing him to flee.
(Captain Britain I#35/1 (fb)) - Merlyn amused Arthur and his court at a feast with feats of levitation.
(New Excalibur#11) - Merlin was ambushed by a trio of "dragons" (actually
Makluans). A time traveling Excalibur (Captain Britain, Dazzler (Alison Blaire),
Juggernaut, Nocturne (TJ Wagner), Sage, Pete Wisdom) and Dane Whitman, the Black
Knight of the modern era, were led to the conflict by Percy (who had lived
through an alternate timeline (Earth-6120) where Merlin was slain in the
assault, and Camelot and Arthur had subsequently fallen before the assault).
Percy was dropped by a fiery blast, and Dane took up the Ebony Blade; Excalibur
and Whitman helped Merlin regain his strength via distracting the dragons from
him, and then they drove the dragons off. Percy then punched out Whitman and
retook the Blade, telling him never to touch his sword again. The group then
returned to Camelot and shared the warning of the dragons' threat to Arthur. The
King dispatched scouts to locate the dragons' lair (hidden even from Merlin),
and meanwhile they had a celebration of the arrival of their intended saviors.
Arthur was particularly intrigued by Dazzler, enjoying her music and anecdotes,
and he also complemented Braddock, telling him it would be an honor to serve
beside him in the future.
Meanwhile, one of the scouts had found the lair, and his horse brought his corpse back to Camelot.
(New Excalibur#12 (fb) - BTS) - Pete Wisdom got drunk and hit on Guinevere. Arthur was less than appreciative, and after Wisdom tried to stab him with a carving knife, Arthur punched him out. Wisdom passed out in front of Guinevere's door; but Guinevere had been distraught over Wisdom's unpleasantness and had turned to Lancelot for sympathy, leading to the start of their affair.
(New Excalibur#12) - After the "dragons" attacked Camelot, Arthur led his knights in joining Merlin and Excalibur against them. The two Black Knights joined the fight, which seemed doomed to failure. However, having explored the true dragon's lair, Sage returned and revealed the dragons to be Makluans, and she instructed Merlin to conjure some Formosian herb, which caused the dragons to collapse into unconsciousness. Via the Lady of the Lake's magic, Excalibur and Dane Whitman returned to the modern era
(Arthurian Legend) - As Arthur aged, Camelot went into decline. The evil work of Morgan began to take over the once glorious kingdom; the knights became mean, lost their chivalry, turned to fighting between themselves. Merlin, in an effort to save Camelot, suggested a grander quest than any of the others he had previously created, and told the Arthur to send his knights to quest for the Holy Grail. The Grail, which brought healing and eternal life, would be the key to lifting the Arthur's spirits and bringing his health back, and thus also the health of the realm. The knights scattered to the four corners of the earth. Perceval was caught in a wasteland belonging to a maimed king; Galahad, the most innocent of knights, the only man pure enough to sit in the Perilous Seat, vanished on his quest; and flawed Lancelot several times came close to finding the grail but always failed. The Grail was never brought to Camelot.
(Arthurian Legend) - Morgan became credited for disposing of Merlin by manipulating Nimue, Merlin’s lover. Nimue had wished to acquire all of Merlin's powers and secrets and went to great lengths to seduce him, and steal his powers while he whispered in his sleep. Morgan had provided Nimue a spell that would make Merlin hers forever, but the spell imprisoned them both in a crystal cave under an oak tree. She eliminated Merlin for herself on Morgan's behalf.
(Arthurian Legend) - The court of Camelot had declined substantially in morals, and a general malaise surrounded Arthur.
(Spider-Woman I#41 (fb) / Arthurian Legend) - Morgan visited Camelot, during which time she pledged a truth between herself and her half-brother. Arthur and Morgan both overhead Lancelot referring to Guinevere as his love; Arthur loved both them both, Lancelot being his best friend, and so he endured their indiscretion and forgave them, though it broke his heart. Morgan, however, was furious, as she had sought to romance Lancelot herself. Her pledge of peace forced her to stay her hand from striking Lancelot down.
(Spider-Woman I#41 (fb) / Arthurian Legend) - Mordred noticed the relationship between Guinevere and Lancelot from the start and he and his half-brother Agravaine tried to discredit both Arthur and Lancelot. When Mordred found out that Lancelot and Guinevere had gone off on a tryst together, he called together some of his father’s loyal knights and had them barge in on the lovers, and have them both taken prisoner. Lancelot managed to escape. Arthur arrived on the scene from negotiating and fighting wars, having apparently already learned of the affair from Morgan le Fay. Arthur could no longer deny the affair between his champion and his queen. Swords were drawn and blood was spilled. Their crime was in the open now, for all to see, and the king--pilloried by the laws he himself had enacted--was left with no choice but to sentence them both in accordance with those laws. For Lancelot that would mean beheading and for Guinevere to be burnt at the stake. Arthur looked on, stone-faced as Lancelot rushed in on his horse at the last minute, slaying fellow knights and friends in the process and forever shattering the fellowship of the Round Table. Lancelot rescued Guinevere and ran away with her to the Joyous Gard (his castle), where they lived for some time until she entered a nunnery. Arthur had no time to get her back, either by wooing or warfare for on the horizon was war.
(Arthurian Legend) - Arthur left Mordred as regent in Britain--still unaware of his long-term treachery or that he was his son by Morgause--and departed with Gawain to confront Lancelot in France. In Arthur’s absence, Mordred wrote counterfeit letters describing Arthur’s death in order to get himself named as the new King by parliament. Crowned at Canterbury, Mordred exiled the Archbishop of Canterbury for opposing him and then forced himself on Queen Guinevere who barricaded herself in the Tower of London for protection. His agents then informed him that Arthur was on the way back to Britain. Mordred tried to prevent Arthur’s landing, but was forced to retreat back to Canterbury.
(Arthurian Legend) - Arthur was attacked in waves by Romans, Goths, Saxons, Picts, the French, the Irish, and by rebellious subject kings seizing upon the vulnerability of Camelot. It had in a sense already fallen for in the betrayal between Arthur and Lancelot and in the deterioration of the moral values of the men in charge of guarding the once grand kingdom.
(Iron Man I#150 (fb)/Official Handbook of
the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb) / Black Knight I#2(fb))
- In the final year of the reign of King Arthur, there was a tremendous battle in which the Black Knight led Arthur's forces to victory over the forces of Morgan and Mordred. Hoping to prevent Arthur from discovering his guilt, Mordred fled the field of battle. Merlin and the Black Knight led their army to Castle le Fay, on the Northern Irish Coast, hoping to force the she-witch to tell the King the truth. Forewarned of this, Morgan laid a trap to kill any who entered her castle. Merlin detected this and instead imprisoned Morgan in Castle Le Fey, holding her there with a powerful spell that would bring death to her form should she ever leave its walls.
(Defenders I#152 (fb)/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin (fb) - BTS) - The cosmic creature known as the Dragon of the Moon came to Earth and allied itself with Mordred against Camelot. During the final battle between Arthur's forces and Mordred's, Arthur assisted the Eternal known only as the Interloper in defeating the Dragon, banishing it back into outer space.
(Iron Man I#150 (fb)/Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition#8: Merlin) - Merlin fell in love with Nimue/Vivienne, a faerie sorceress. Merlin taught many of his magic secrets to Vivienne, who, tiring of him, imprisoned him within an enchanted cave, where he fell into suspended animation.
(Iron Man I#150) - Arthur and his Knights
encountered the time-traveling Iron Man (Tony Stark) and Dr. Doom. Arthur
listened to their stories and intended to deliberate overnight on how to deal
with them, but Doom escaped in the night and made an alliance with Morgan le
Fay. With Doom having passed judgment for him, Arthur told Iron Man about
Morgan, and Iron Man agreed to join forces against her. Morgan used her stolen
fragment of Excalibur to reanimate the body of every man slain by Excalibur, and
Doom led this army of corpses against Arthur, Iron Man, and the Knights of
Camelot. Arthur rallied his forces against seemingly hopeless odds and led them
into a savage battle. Iron Man, realizing the true threat in the battle,
confronted Morgan and forced her to withdraw her spell. As the reanimated
warriors collapsed around him, Arthur watched as Doom screamed in agony and flew
away (having made a deal with Morgan to save the lost soul of his mother).
Doom and Iron Man subsequently combined their powers and returned to the modern era
(Spider-Woman I#41 (fb) - BTS) - Morgan reenacted the events of Arthur's discovery of the affair between Lancelot and Guinevere, with David Ishima believing he was Lancelot, Lindsey McCabe as Guinevere, and Spider-Woman as Morgan le Fay. It is unknown whether these events involved the spirits of the original participants or not.
(Black Knight I#1 (fb)) - After a year of happy marriage, Sir Percy joined Arthur's knights to ride forth for the final war against Mordred, whose treachery had been at last exposed for all to see.
(Arthurian Legend) - The last battle, The Battle of Camlann, marked the fall of Arthur.
(Marvel Super-Heroes II#17 (fb) / Black Knight I#1 (fb) / Arthurian Legend) - When Arthur repaired to Castle Scandia to plan strategy during a war against Mordred, Mordred's forces, backed by Saxon armies, sworn enemies to King Arthur, ambushed him before he could reach the castle. On the field, Mordred impaled his sire with his deadly lance, but Arthur pushed himself forward on the lance so that its bloodied point came out his back, allowing him to come within reach of Mordred and mortally wound his vile offspring.
(Excalibur: XX Crossing) - Just after his battle with
Mordred, Arthur threw Excalibur into the water for the Lady of the Lake.
However, Sidestep, a time-travel mastery rogue, had brainwashed Jean Grey into
thinking she was Morgan Le Fay, and she prevented the Lady of the Lake from
receiving the sword. However, a time displaced Shadowcat subdued Grey, and the
Lady of the Lake received the sword.
(Black Knight I#1 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe#16: Black Knight I) - The bodies of both Arthur and Mordred were borne away by those few knights of both sides who survived the battle. The dying Mordred ordered his men to bring him to Castle Scandia where they could ambush his other great foe.
(Mystic Arcana: Black Knight#1) - Arthur clung to life and rallied against his foes. Mordred raised his dagger and prepared to strike Arthur, but one of his men slew Arthur instead.
(Arthurian Legend) - With his dying breath, Arthur requested Sir Bedivere, his most trusted confidant, to take Excalibur and toss into far off Lake Benoye and return and proclaim what he saw. Bedivere concealed Excalibur expecting it to be passed on to the next King of Britain and returned to tell Arthur on how it sank in the waters. Realizing that Bedivere had not complied with his wishes, Arthur compelled him to follow his last wishes. Bedivere commenced to Benoye and tossed away Excalibur, after which a hand rose from the waters, saluted him three times, and departed under the water. As Bedivere described these details, Arthur knew his desires had been met. Bedivere stayed with Arthur through the night and at dawn came nine women dressed like queens. Bedivere was frozen at the sight of them. They tenderly lifted the dying king from his rough bed on the ground and bore him off. Bedivere was anxious to see where they were going and followed as quickly as he could. It was as though lead weighted his feet, and he did not catch up with them until the nine queens had loaded Arthur onto a barge and had sailed halfway across the lake with the freed Merlin showing the way to Avalon.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
Deluxe Edition#9: Morgan le Fay (fb) / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
Update '89#7: Topaz (fb)) -
It is unclear what, if any, role Morgan le Fay had in the end of Arthur's reign. However, it is said that she was alongside the mystic sisterhood known as the Sisters of Glastonbury Tor (possibly including of three or four queens) and the Lady of the Lake, who cared for the gravely wounded Arthur after his final battle with Mordred. They conveyed the mortally wounded Arthur to the extradimensional realm of Avalon, part of Otherworld, where he would await the day when Britain once again needed him to return.
(Hulk Weekly#44/2 (fb) - BTS) - After Arthur was buried in Avalon, the dark forces stole his body, taking it to a place of hiding. However they could not contain the hero's restless spirit.
(Rom#37 (fb) - BTS) - Some portion of the spirits of Arthur and his Knights was apparently captured by Morgan le Fay and imprisoned in an ice-like substance at the bottom of the waters flowing beneath a castle in Gwillyn Dale, Wales.
(Rom#37) - Rom observed the figures of the King and Knights when he retrieved his Neutralizer after it had been cast there by the Dire Wraiths. Later, when Rom was nearly overcome by Wraith magic, the King and the Knights escaped their prison and penetrated the darkness that surrounded and drained the Spaceknight. They joined him in slaughtering the Dire Wraiths, but there was no further trace of them when Rom revived later, and he wondered whether he had dreamed the whole thing.
(Hulk Weekly#60/2 / Marvel Super-Heroes (UK)#377/3) - Arthur held aloft his sword once more, stating that the dark powers should beware. He praised the courage which his new allies had shown, then, proclaiming that their foes were everywhere and in every time, he stated he would send Captain Britain home, accompanied by Jackdaw, whose special powers might prove useful. With a wave of his hand, they vanished.
(Hulk Weekly#62/2) - They arrived at the castle to witness the forces of the Netherworld attacking. Necrom, leader of the enemy forces, climbed the side of Camelot, and reaching the top, threw one brave but hapless defender into the void, stating none could oppose him. Arthur stepped forward, and throwing back his hood announced that he opposed the netherlord. The Black Knight brought his ebony blade to bear alongside Arthur's Excalibur, and stood back-to-back with his liege, as Necrom defiantly taunted them.
Merlyn led Arthur to the distant future (see comments).
(Doctor Who Monthly#60) - In the far future, in the final days of the Earth, Arthur led the defense of the last bastion of civilization against the forces of Catavolcus and his Neutron Knights, seeking to keep them from obtaining the Dragon, a powerful fission device. When Catavolcus finally broke through the citadel's outer doors, Arthur ordered his men to retreat to the inner chambers; meanwhile, in the heart of the stronghold Merlin used his mystic powers to summon the time-traveling craft of the Doctor as a means of escape for them all, and activated a countdown sequence on the Dragon. Arthur slew some attackers who had managed to breach Merlin's inner sanctum, and the defenders hastily retreated into the Doctor's TARDIS, which dematerialized even as Catavolcus reached it, scant seconds before the Dragon exploded. They alighted in an unspecified location and era, and the Doctor, who had inexplicably passed out, awoke next to his craft wondering if it had all been a dream...until he briefly caught a glimpse of Arthur, silhouetted against the skyline, holding a gleaming Excalibur aloft.
Comments: Created by unknown parties.
adapted into Atlas by Stan "The Man" Lee and Joe Maneely.
adapted into Marvel by Roy Thomas and Howard Purcell.
Rom#37: Possibly the
reason Arthur's spirit didn't reach out to contact anyone prior to Captain
Britain is because while Necromon's forces held his body, their ally (?) Morgan
had captured and contained his spirit. Once it broke free in Rom#37, it was then
able to reach out to Brian Braddock.
--Loki (plus that's what I had ASSumed, and it seemed to all come together nicely)
It is possible that the Dr. Who issue listed above represents a future incarnation of Arthur, rather than the modern Arthur traveling through time. Loki discusses this:
"Placing the Merlyn appearances alongside the Doctor in the context of his other adventures: Arthur is with him, so unless we decide it's a different version of Arthur, it has to be after the Otherworld saga. But it should be before Merlyn's apparent death, as Arthur is one of the pall-bearers, and unless Merlyn let Arthur in on the ruse (seems unlikely, since he didn't even tell his own daughter) then it had to be prior to the funeral. It seems unlikely that Merlyn would have time to slope off to another reality while the Jaspers stuff was happening, as that required close monitoring. Fortunately publication dates fit nicely for fixing when things happened. The version of Merlyn who appears alongside the Doctor makes his first appearance in #60 of DWM in January 1982. This neatly places it after Captain Britain is sent to Earth-238 (he arrives there in the September 1981 issue of Marvel Super-Heroes), where Arthur and Merlyn have the exchange: "They have a destiny to fulfill elsewhere."; "Aye, perhaps even more important than ours!" This destiny that Merlyn and Arthur have to fulfill could easily describe their defense of the Dragon in the Neutron Knight story. Indeed, since Arthur doesn't seem to have any part to play in the fight against Jaspers, it would be difficult to see what other destiny he might be talking about."I can't see any reason why it couldn't be publication date order. Plus, it just seemed to fit so well with the publication dates and his comments that CB had a destiny to fulfill, perhaps more important than theirs (his and Merlyn's), that I prefered to go with it fitting in in sequence. His appearance in the DWM story isn't so far removed from his appearance in the Black Knight or CB strips either - trim his beard, change his armour, otherwise you were pretty much there.
Recent King Arthur conflicts...
In HEROES FOR HIRE#2, Dane Whitman was brought to Avalon by the Lady of the Lake. She showed him the tomb of King Arthur and explained that his prophesied return was never meant to be an actual resurrection. Instead, a new champion would be chosen to take Arthur's place as Pendragon and Dane was her choice.
- Here's what the Lady of the Lake has to say to Dane when she takes him to Avalon in HFH 2 and shows him a gigantic sarcophagus, among other things:
Lady of the Lake: "Legend tells that Arthur was brought here to be healed of his wounds, to return when needed. For some wounds, however, the best and only
healing is death. Behold the TOMB of King Arthur, Lord of the Britons--Arthur PENDRAGON."
Dane: "But--how can Arthur be DEAD if he is to come again?!"
Lady of the Lake: "Those who told you the tale mistold a part of it. T'was never said that ARTHUR would return but that the PENDRAGON would arise anew at need. Each age has its OWN Pendragon. YOU, Dane Whitman, are to be the Pendragon of THIS age."
[The Lady gives Dane his magical armor, sword, shield and steed, and they talk about these things a bit. Then, in closing, the Lady says...]
Lady of the Lake: "The mortal lands need a new Pendragon, one to champion and inspire them. And Avalon will have need of thee as well. You must find other heroes and be ready against that time of need."
The writer clearly did not know that Arthur had already been resurrected in the Hulk Comic MUK serial (and the Rom appearance MAY have preceded that). Perhaps Arthur is no longer possessed by the spirit of the Pendragon, and maybe she was just referring to his resurrection on Earth.
--Ye olde Snoode
In KNIGHTS OF PENDRAGON, two instances of King Arthur's tomb being seen occur. The tomb was sealed in the first instance, but after the Lady of the Lake appears to Adam Crown (who adopted the Pendragon formerly possessed by Arthur), the tomb appears opened.
Worth noting, but his earthly remains weigh little against his continued existence in the magical Otherworld. Perhaps false remains were left when his true ones were stolen to prevent others from discovering their absence. I'm sure a few dozens explanations can be made, but the bottom line is that Arthur was indeed resurrected. It is possible that he died again, but there is no evidence to support this.
Arthurian Legend compiled by William Uchtman from The Arthurian Companion (Second Edition) by Phyllis Ann Karr, page 541). There's a lot of Arthurian Legend in this profile. I've included everything that didn't directly conflict with Marvel History, but kept it in quotes to make it clear that it is not confirmed as having occurred in the Marvel Universe in this fashion.
In addition there are three excellent essays on Arthurian Legend at the end of Marvel Preview#22:
Throughout the Black Knight series, Mordred
refers to Arthur as his uncle and Morgan as his cousin (or even wife). It really
wouldn't surprise me in the least if Mordred and Morgan truly had taken their
relationship to a new level.
Similarly, he was consistently named Modred, but after the appearance of Modred the Mystic, he was later re-defined as Mordred. I have named in Mordred in each appearance, regardless of which spelling was used in the story.
Arthurian legend, there is no clear indication that Excalibur was the sword
the stone since it was supposed to been created by the Lady of the Lake.
However, a movie version (Merlin, 1996, starring Sam Neil) accounts for this
claiming Uther Pendragon first wielded Excalibur after Merlin received it
the Lady of the Lake and that Uther became unworthy of it. Merlin then
it into stone and endowed it that only the true king of Britain could wield
While this account seems very likely, it’s not part of the actual legend.
same movie depicts the vision of the two dragons in the lake as Merlin’s
prophecy that Constantine’s heirs would rise up against him and retake the
throne from him rather than two actual dragons.
It's not the same sword in the Marvel Universe--Snood.
Excalibur: XX Crossing
This story shows Arthur standing as the
last survivor in a field of battle, which isn't really how it's been described
thus far in Marvel Super-Heroes, the Black Knight flashback or any others. It's
not totally out of the question, but it seems unlikely.
The story that takes place in Excalibur: XX Crossing#1 does not quite fit into the assumed chronology of the King Arthur legend. However, it could very well be the way events happened on Earth-616, as I don't believe the legendary account has been shown in such otherwise. It's also possible that the time-travel took Grey and Pryde back to an already-diverged Earth where Arthur, not Bedivere, returned Excalibur to the Lady, and their actions had no consequence to the timeline of Earth-616. --Madison Carter
I really dislike that story, but I don't yet see any story, even a description in a Marvel Universe entry, that would definitively contradict it.
Still, I like the image, so I'm going with it.
Here's a story from the MU that I can't make
ANY sense out of:
What's the deal with that stuff from the Namor#62 flashback?
(Namor I#62 (possibly a flashback, possibly a dream/delusion--see comments)) - On the island of Avalon, one of the surviving fragments of ancient, pre-Cataclysmic Atlantis, sacred flames prophesized a coming catastrophe. The ancient priest of the sun, too feeble to make the journey, sent his young apprentice Myraddin to take his secret scrolls, his sacred symbols, and his daughter--Igraine--and flee Avalon. They took with them the young Morgan, daughter of Igraine, and sailed from Tingail just as Avalon was consumed in the explosion of an immense volcano.
Upon arriving on the isle of Britain, Myraddin changed his name to Merlin and established his druid worship at Stonehenge. Merlin arranged for Igraine to marry the brutish Gorlois, Duke of the Tin Islands, who adopted young Morgan. Shortly thereafter, however, Gorlois was slain by Uther Pendragon, who took Igraine as his wife, and through her sired a son, Arthur.
Meanwhile, as Morgan grew into a young woman, she followed Merlin to Aran Island and became his apprentice.
I have NO idea. Some of it seems to be based on real world myth, but it doesn't jibe completely with the other origins of Merlin. The story was told by a vision that was supposed to be Kamuu, the last emperor of Atlantis at the time of the Great Cataclysm. Actually, Namor was just beaten into unconscious and was recovering while he had that vision. So it might just have been a dream, rather than a real flashback.
However, assuming it were supposed to be true: How does it fit?
-The dates given seem off, as the story starts 8000 years after the Great Cataclysm. The Cataclysm occurred 18000 BC, which would put their time as 10000 BC (during the Hyborian era), which is nearly 10500 years before Merlin was hanging around Camelot.
Maybe they were referring to another Cataclysm, such as the post-Hyborian one which occurred @ 9500 - 8000 BC. That would put the start of the story closer to the AD side of the calendar, which makes more sense.
Maybe the Avalon they were referring to was actually a chunk of Atlantis that got pulled into Otherworld, or close enough to it that time moved at a different pace?
Maybe the whole deal took place in Otherworld.
-As far as the differences between the history of Gorlois, Igraine, Uther, etc.? I have NO idea, period. I don't know enough about Arthurian Legend to even comment on that. I'd take the Marvel Universe version over the version from Namor's dream.
Another possibility. In the Chaos Engine trilogy, it was made clear that Roma is actually a composite being composed of all of her divergent selves throughout the multiverse. It would make sense that this is true of Merlyn as well, and that this story would be the history of an alternate dimensional counterpart. It makes senses to me that Merlin is the pre-Otherworld version, while Merlyn is the composite being of all Merlins, etc, throughout reality.
KNIGHTS OF THE ROUND TABLE:
The full membership would include:
Aglovale, Agravaine, Agwisance, Bagdemagus, Baudwin of Britain, Bedivere, Bellengerus le Beuse, Belleus, Belliance le Orgulus, Bellinor, Blamore de Ganis, Bleoberis de Ganis, Borre, Bors de Ganis, Brandiles, Brastias, Breunor le Noir, Cador of Cornwall, King Carados of Scotland, Claleins, Clariance of Northumberland, Colgrevance, Constantine, Dinadan, Dinas, Dodinas le Savage, Dornar, Ector de Maris, Edward of Orkney, Epinegris, Florence, Gaheres, Gaheris, Galabarg, Galahad, Duke Galeholt, Galeshin, Galihodin, Galleron, Gareth, Gawaine, Geraint, Gingalin, Griflet, Grummore, Harry le fise Lake, Hebes le Renoumes, Helin le Blank, Helyan of Ireland, Hermind, Hervise de Revel, Ironside, Kainus le Strange, Karados of Estrangor, Kay, King of the Hundred Knights, Lambegus, Lamorak, Lancelot, Lavaine, Lionel, Lovel, Lucan the Butler, Mador de la Porte, Marhaus, Marrok, Meliagrant, Melias de Lile, Meliot de Logres, Mogard, Mordred, Nentres, Nerovens de Lile, Ozana le Cure Hardy, Palomides, Patrise, Pelleas, Pellinore, Percivale, Perimones, Persant, Pertolepe, Pinel le Savage, Plaine de Force, Plenorius, Priamus, Sadok, Safere, Sagramore, Segwarides, Sentrialle de Lushon, Servause le Breuse, Tor, Tristram, Ulbawes, Ulfius, Uriens of Gore, Urre of Hungrary, Vadalon, Yvonet li Avoutres, Ywaine.
Most of King Arthur’s list of relatives here
comes from the book, “The Arthurian Companion – Second Edition” by Phyllis Ann
Carr (Copyright 2001). Others listed here come from “The Illustrated
Encyclopedia of Arthurian Legends” by Ronan Coghlan (Copyright 1991) and “Celtic
Myth and Legend” by Mike Dixon-Kennedy (Copyright 1996). Of course, these names
describe the convoluted family tree of the LEGENDARY King Arthur and not
necessarily the King Arthur of the MARVEL Universe. Several of these personages
just might not exist in the Marvel Universe.
The entry for the Dragon Circle in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update (Issue#2) reports that Dafdd ap Iowerth “is not a reincarnation of (King) Arthur nor is he a direct ancestor of Arthur, who had but one child, Mordred, who himself died childless.”
This may be true in the Marvel Universe, but in Arthurian legend, Arthur did have many sons and Mordred himself did have two sons, Melehan and one unnamed, most likely out of wedlock. After their father’s death in the Battle of Camlann, they tried to seize Britain, but Sir Bors, one of the Knights of the Round Table, killed Melehan and the other was slain by Lancelot himself.
Other alleged children of Arthur from various sources include Borre, Adeluf, Amr, Agravaine, Arthur the Little, Gwydre, Ilinot, Llacheu, Loholt, Morgan the Black, Patrick the Red, Rowland (half-brothers, deceased); and Ellen, Gyneth, Melora (half-sisters, deceased);
Arthur supposedly had a son other than Mordred named Loholt, but it has also been speculated Lancelot might have been the father.
King Arthur’s ancestry is
obviously festooned with a number of both historical and fantastic personages.
Various writers and documenters purport both his mother and father claimed the
Celtic sea-god, Llyr, as an ancestor as well as a lineage back to the Roman
conquest of Britain by the descendants of Aeneas of Troy. Roman Emperor,
Constantius, Emperor of Rome (c.265-337AD) and Votadini Ruler Cunedda (c.430 AD)
appear as ancestors of Igraine. There is one curious name, which appears in the
ancestry of Uther Pendragon: his great-great-grandfather, Conaan (not to be
confused with the Cimmerian barbarian of the Hyborian Age), father of the Celtic
Chieftain, Urbien. It is not clear from the collection of names if this is
supposed to be the same Conaan who is grandfather of the vizier and magician,
Also bear in mind that Arthur's reign in the Marvel Universe was from the latter part of the 5th century and into the early part of the 6th century.
Paternal Line I
Paternal Line II
Maternal Line I
Maternal Line II
Maternal Line III
Helaius (nephew of Joseph of Arimathea)
On the other hand, most of
these names must be taken with a grain of salt because dating the lifetimes of
Arthur’s ancestors with known dated events and personages connected to them
(such as Constantinus, St. Brigid and Joseph of Arimathea) would suggest a
lifespan of seventy to eighty years for the majority of them. The typical
lifespan for men in the Fifth Century AD was only about fifty!
Vortigern's history after the Saxons slews
the British peace negotiators:
At this point, Vortigern either conceded his lands
to Hengist in exchange for his life and was allowed to live with the horror of
what he had wrought, or he was spared and set free to flee to Wales.
--I just can't make sense of either of those two, b/c next thing we know, he is still King of the Britons and building a tower. Maybe the sinking of the tower came before he was driven out by the Saxons? Maybe after being driven out he was found and slain by Aurelius and Uther?
Votigern's tower may have been in Wales; Merlin was born there after all.
<<Around 1770, Thomas Pennant (1726-1798) was traveling through North Wales writing his "Tours of Wales". He wrote about a valley called Nant Gwrtheyrn 'the valley of Vortigern'), close to Nefyn on the Lleyn peninsula.
The source for this name of this valley, which is the only one in Wales named after Vortigern, is not known. Vortigern's legends do take him to north Wales (especially Snowdonia), but never to the Lleyn peninsula itself. But maybe the legend about his death did travel to this area, as there are many more places that are connected with Vortigern in the direct neighborhood.
At least until around the year 1700 a stone grave covered with a turf mound existed there, which was called Vortigern's Grave (Bedd Gwrtheyrn) by the local population. George Borrow, writing in 1862 (Wild Wales), described it as follows: "It was in a wind-beaten valley of Snowdon, near the sea, that his dead body decked in green armour had a mound of earth and stones raised over it". I have no doubt that the valley of Nant Gwrtheyrn was meant here, however the actual distance between Snowdownia and the Lleyn peninsula.
A later visitor, Owen Rhoscomyl in 1905, mentioned that he could still make out "what are reckoned as the foundations of his castle, and a green mound under which his ashes are believed to be buried."
Another site connected with Vortigern was Vortigern's Tower, known locally as 'Vortigern's Castle', which was once marked on the old nineteenth-century parish map. That site is by far too small for a hillfort, but no doubt local legend saw in the small mound the perfect place for Vortigern's Tower. Indeed, a small (and much later) motte castle could very well have been the origin of the mound, which is, however, also seen as Vortigern's burial mound. A better candidate for Castel Gwrtheyrn, or Vortigern's fortress, no
matter the local name, is the hill-fort of Tre'r Ceiri. The close proximity to the sites in northern Gwynedd could hint that it was connected through local legend with the Merlin-legends and Dinas Emrys.
There are also several locations nearby, bearing names familiar to us, such as Carn Fadrun, or the 'fort of Modrun' (she was a granddaughter of Vortigern).
Black Knight Comics#1/1 is reprinted in Fantasy
Masterpieces I#11;#1/3 is reprinted in Marvel Super-Heroes II#12, the series
which Fantasy Masterpieces evolved into;#2/1 is reprinted in Marvel Super-Heroes#13;#2/2 in
Marvel Super-Heroes#14;#2/4 in Marvel Super-Heroes#15;#3/1 in Marvel
Super-Heroes#16;#3/2 in Marvel Super-Heroes#19
Let me know if the rest of the Black Knight Comics are reprinted in other issues of Marvel Super-Heroes or any other comic.
...and since I know someone will bring it up despite my efforts to the contrary, Camelot was also features in What If I#33/2 and What If II#97.
Profile by Snood, Loki, and Will U.
King Arthur Pendragon should be distinguished from
Fantasy Masterpieces I#11, Black Knight story from Black Knight Comics#1, p2, panel 5 (full robe)
Iron Man I#150, p9, panel 4
Excalibur: XX Crossing, p29 (Arthur in battle)
Hulk Weekly #44, p.5, pan7 - Arthur fighting the hordes of Necromon back in the days of the original Camelot
59, p.8, pan 4-6 - Arthur arises and covers himself in flesh
pan 8 - The Black Knight pledges allegiance to Arthur
Doctor Who Classic Comics # (reprinting DWM#60 story in colour), p.2 (of story, not of magazine), pan6 - Neutron Knight story Arthur
Black Knight Comics#1 (May, 1955)
Black Knight Comics#2 (July, 1955)
Black Knight Comics#3 (September, 1955)
Black Knight Comics#4 (November, 1955)
Black Knight Comics#5 (April, 1956)
Strange Tales I#108 (May, 1963)
Journey into Mystery I#96 (September, 1963)
Strange Tales I#134 (July, 1965)
Marvel Super-Heroes II#17 (November, 1968)
Captain Britain I#35/1 (June 1977)
Hulk Weekly #43/2 (26th December 1979)
Hulk Weekly #44/2 (2nd January 1980)
Marvel Preview#22 (Summer, 1980)
Iron Man#150 (September, 1981)
MSH (UK) #377/3 (September 1981)
Doctor Who Monthly #60 (January 1982)
MSH (UK) #383/1 (March 1982)
Rom#37 (December, 1982)
Mighty World of Marvel #13 (June 1984)
Defenders I#152 (February, 1986)
Avengers Annual#20 (1991)
Spider-Man battles the Myth Monster!#1 (1991)
Excalibur: XX Crossing (1992)
Avengers Annual#22 (1993)
Knights of Pendragon#13 (July, 1993)
New Excalibur#10-12 (October-December 2006) "The Last Days of Camelot" - by Frank Tieri (writer), Michael Ryan (penciler), Rick Ketcham (inker), Mike Marts (editor)
Mystic Arcana: Black Knight#1 (September 2007) - Roy Thomas (writer), Tom Grummet (penciler), Scott Hanna (inker), Nathan Cosby (assistant editor), Mark Paniccia (editor)
Last updated: 10/23/13
Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.
Non-Marvel Copyright info
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