KEEWAZI INDIANS

Classification: Human (Native American)

Location/Base of Operations: Keewazi Indian Reservation, Oklahoma

Known Members: Black Deer, Black Eagle (possibly Will Wingfoot; see comments), Chavis, Roberta Elk Step, Miriam, Nicky, Rain Falling West, Rebecca Rainbow, Marjorie Running Bear, Russell Running Bear, Silent Fox, Stalking Fox, Roberta Wingfoot, William Wingfoot, Wynona Wingfoot, Wyatt Wingfoot

Affiliations: Dr. Strange, the Fantastic Four (Human Torch/Johnny Storm, Medusalith Amaquelin, Mr. Fantastic/Reed Richards, She-Hulk/Jen Walters, Thing/Ben Grimm), Ghost Rider (Zarathos/Johnny Blaze), Louise Mason, Bridget O'Neil, Son of Satan (Daimon Hellstrom)
    The Keewazi also pay homage to a number of gods such as Coyote, the Crow and Tomazooma

Enemies: Anung-Ite, Carlton Beatrice, Dryminextes, KhLOG, Miracle Man, Raptor the Renegade, Terminus, Tomazooma robot

First Appearance: (Wyatt Wingfoot) Fantastic Four I#50 (May, 1966);
    (other Keewazi) Fantastic Four I#80 (November, 1968)

Powers/Abilities: None inherent. Some have undergone training to enable them to practice magic.

Traits: The Keewazi Indians are a Native American tribe with social and religious traits unique to their own tribe.

History: (Strange Tales III#1 (fb)) - A long time ago, a Keewazi mother began the legends of the Sage-Wolf, a creature which was said to steal children away from their families. Although no such creature existed, the story was passed on for generations.

(Strange Tales III#1 (fb)) - Silent Fox pursued and finally came into conflict with the creature KhLOG on the reservation, where it had assumed the form of the extraterrestrial Orrgo. With the aid of William Wingfoot, who brought Silent Fox his Hand of the Creator amulet, Silent Fox was able to drive KhLOG off.

(Strange Tales III#1 (fb) - BTS) <Possibly a few decades (see comments), ago> - A Keewazi delegation headed by Silent Fox was visiting New York City on tribal business at the same time Doctor Strange encountered with the "Szenics creature"/"figment" (a manifestation or some other association with KhLΘg) in the town of Mystic, Connecticut. The monster turned out to be the physical manifestation of a rumor started by Terry Szenics (to prove how gullible the working class was) which had been brought to life by the townspeople's imaginations.

(She-Hulk: Ceremony#1 (fb)) - Twenty years ago, the Keewazi met a young opportunistic businessman named Carlton Beatrice, eager to purchase their land for its mineral rights, but William Wingfoot turned him down. While visiting the reservation, Beatrice noticed Wingfoot's mother (or mother-in-law) Roberta Elk Step and her sister Miriam, in a mystical ceremony and learned what he could from their rituals, but Miriam realized that Carlton lacked a soul. After robbing Miriam of her soul and killing her, Carlton fled the reservation to avoid Roberta's wrath.

(Fantastic Four I#80 (fb) - BTS) - The Keewazi became rich when oil was found on their land. They built refineries to harvest the oil.

(Fantastic Four III#29 (fb) - BTS) - The Keewazi used some of their newfound wealth into educating their younger members.

(Strange Tales III#1 (fb) - BTS) - Another Keewazi delegation headed by Silent Fox was visiting New York City on tribal business at the same time Human Torch and the Thing battled a group of alligators who had come up out of the sewers and later, down in the sewers, they fought the Golden Gator who led an army of gator men (a manifestation or some other association with KhLΘg).

 (Fantastic Four I#50) - Wyatt Wingfoot arrived at and enrolled in Metro College, where he was the roommate of Johnny Storm, aka the Human Torch of the Fantastic Four.

(Fantastic Four I#80 (fb) - BTS) - The Red Star Oil Company attempted to purchase the Keewazi's land because of the rich deposits of oil, but Silent Fox, now tribal chieftain, refused to sell.

(Fantastic Four I#80) - The Red Star Oil Company built a robot of the Keewazi's deity Tomazooma to assault the oil refineries in an attempt to drive them out, but Silent Fox saw through their scheme. Wyatt Wingfoot and his friends Mr. Fantastic, the Human Torch and the Thing came to assist the Keewazi against Tomazooma, and after Silent Fox exposed the Red Star Oil Company to Washington D.C., he helped lead the Keewazi into battle against the false Tomazooma, who was destroyed by Wyatt and Mr. Fantastic. The true Tomazooma was seemingly glimpsed in some nearby mist, watching over the Keewazi the entire time.

(Fantastic Four I#138-139) - The Keewazi were menaced by the Fantastic Four's enemy Miracle Man, who had gained magical powers from their neighbours, the Cheemuzwa ("Silent Ones"). Wyatt brought the Thing, Medusa and the Human Torch to the reservation to help, and the Miracle Man was finally taken away to be imprisoned by the Cheemuzwa.

(Marvel Two-In-One#8) - The Miracle Man returned to plague the Keewazi again, transforming the soul of one of the Cheemuzwa into an infant, and the Keewazi reservation into a recreation of Bethlehem circa the birth of Jesus Christ, intending to create a new messiah out of the reborn Cheemuzwa. The Keewazi were all taken over by the Miracle Man's spell, and made to enact roles paralleling those in Christ's birth. The strange phenomena was investigated by both Ghost Rider (Johnny Blaze) and the Thing, and they were able to defeat him. The reservation returned to normal, but the "messiah" child remained. Wyatt adopted the child as a ward of the tribe.

(Marvel Team-Up I#32) - Not long afterwards, Wyatt became possessed by the demon Dryminextes, and the Human Torch came to the reservation to help him, bringing Daimon Hellstrom to assist Wyatt. Dryminextes controlled some of other Keewazi to attack the Torch and Hellstrom, but Daimon was ultimately able to drive Dryminextes from Wyatt's soul.

(Fantastic Four I#192) - Wyatt helped organize a cross-country race in Oklahoma, bringing in Johnny Storm as one racer, and providing Rebecca Rainbow of the Keewazi as another contestant. Rebecca was interested in Johnny, but the Torch was distracted when the Texas Twister interrupted their race.

(Fantastic Four I#193) - Johnny stayed with Wyatt and Rebecca for a while before moving on, and taught some car repair to Rebecca.

(Marvel Two-In-One Annual#6 (fb)) - When the Navaho tribe who bordered the Keewazi were invaded by mining contractors, one of them went to the Keewazi reservation to tell Wyatt that the brothers Jason and Ward Strongbow had gone missing, and had apparently obtained superhuman powers which mirrored an old Navaho legend.

(Fantastic Four I#269 (fb) - BTS) - When Silent Fox passed away, the mantle of chief was set to fall to Wyatt Wingfoot.

(Fantastic Four I#269-270) - Wyatt and some other Keewazi assisted Mr. Fantastic and the She-Hulk when the extra-terrestrial invader Terminus landed at the reservation, and Mr. Fantastic ultimately drove Terminus beneath the Earth. Wyatt decided to put off accepting the mantle of chieften until he had been out among the world a while longer, and departed the reservation with Mr. Fantastic and the She-Hulk.

(She-Hulk: Ceremony#1 (fb) - BTS) - Wyatt finally returned to the reservation, and assumed the role of chieften for his people.

(She-Hulk: Ceremony#1) - Rain Falling West encountered her grandmother, Roberta Elk Step, being transported against her will to meet Carlton asking for a mystical basket to complete his power, but Roberta informed him that it was no longer hers to give. She had sent it to Wyatt's girlfriend, Jennifer Walters, the She-Hulk, to protect from Carlton.

(She-Hulk: Ceremony#2) - Carlton mentally enslaved the Keewazi Reservation into forcing the She-Hulk to relinquish the basket. She restored the wills of the Keewazi by pouring their souls in the forms of wafers into the basket, but Beatrice still held the soul of Wyatt Wingfoot captive. To recover Wyatt's soul, She-Hulk surrendered the basket. Wyatt finally decided to learn the female ("soul") medicine (magic) of his tribe from his grandmother. Wyatt told She-Hulk that he would be away for a time and asked her to protect his people until he returned. She-Hulk agreed, and Wyatt and Roberta rode off but soon disappeared, leaving their horse riderless.

    During their absence, Beatrice had his people arrange for the United States Department of the Interior to rescind the treaty that created the Keewazi reservation, thus forcing the tribe to relocate. Carlton Industries then "legally" acquired the land and the minerals on it. She-Hulk tried to fight off the Carlton Industries forces but was rendered unconscious (Rain believed her to be dead) and her body flown off by helicopter. Soon afterwards, Wyatt (with much longer hair) and Roberta returned, appearing out of thin air just outside the fence surrounding the now-destroyed reservation. When Roberta learned that she no longer had a home, she lost her will to fight and died.

    Two nights later, during a ceremony he performed at new moon, Carlton used the basket to steal the souls of every plant, animal and human on Earth, as Wyatt, Rain and the She Hulk arrived to confront him. Rain was not permitted to help them, but by uniting their spirits, Wyatt and Jennifer defeated Carlton and retook the basket.

    Wyatt accepted the title of chief and promised to one day return his people to their land (something which he apparently did).

(Ka-Zar: Guns of the Savage Land) - Ka-Zar was visiting the Keewazi territory when his people noted a remarkable discovery to him. They found a man whose body had no signs of pesticides, preservatives, additives, or other modern elements of food.

(Sensational She-Hulk#36) - She-Hulk and Louise Mason stopped at the Keewazi reservation to have their mechanics fix Jennifer's flying car as they flew to California for Christmas with Morris Walters. She-Hulk and Louise stayed overnight at the reservation, and She-Hulk and Wyatt engaged in activities that had "no place in a code-approved book."

(Strange Tales III#1 (fb)) - KhLOG manifested itself on the reservation again, this time taking the form of the Sage-Wolf and stealing children from the Keewazi. Wyatt called in the Human Torch and Thing for help, and, joined by Dr. Strange, they confronted KhLOG in its true form, and Wyatt was able to make KhLOG vanish into nothingness by making it assume the role of a serpent which devoured its own tail.

(Fantastic Four I#394) - The Keewazi permitted an archaelogical dig on their land from Empire State University, led by Professor Simon Janson. The Human Torch accompanied the students, as he was pursuing a relationship with Bridget O'Neil, and the She-Hulk was also present to visit Wyatt. A local Keewazi named Stalking Fox warned Professor Janson against unearthing their artifacts, but Janson ignored him, and found a totem which, after being exposed to his blood, transformed him into Raptor the Renegade. Raptor was defeated by the Torch.

(Fantastic Four I#395) - The students finished up their work at the reservation.

(Fantastic Four III#26) - When Doctor Doom's starship flew over Merced Canyon, Wynona Wingfoot and her brother Wyatt were riding horses in the canyon. Wyatt noted that it was completely cloaked from all scanners, and then commented that he might need to send an alert to both the Fantastic Four and the Avengers.

(Fantastic Four III#29 (fb) - BTS) - Searching for a hidden treasure within the Keewazi tribe reservation the Wizard caught the tribe.

(Fantastic Four III#29) - Wynona and Wyatt Wingfoot were captured as well by the Wizard in Silver Rock Springs and interrogated regarding the suppsoed hidden treasure. Despite Wynona and Wyatt's insistence that there was no hidden treasure, the Wizard explained that he had intercepted the Wingfoots' earlier message to the Avengers and Fantastic Four about a mysterious spacecraft that Wizard was certain belonged to the Keewazi guardian Tomazooma. When Wynona argued back at the Wizard, he placed an anti-gravity disc on her chest, causing her to fly far up into the air. Shortly thereafter, the Fantastic Four arrived to rescue Wyatt and at the beginning of the battle, the Trapster reported that Wynona had ditched the Wizard's anti-gravity disc and was falling to Earth fast. She was rescued by Doctor Doom (secretly Reed Richards), who left to participate in the battle against the Wizard's Frightful Four. During the scuffle, Wynona tried to free the other members of the Keewazi tribe but was unable to release the jammed door. Doctor Doom (Reed) once more came to her aid, freeing the captured Keewazi including Wynona's father Black Eagle.

Comments: Created by Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and Joe Sinnott.

The Keewazi are normally said to be located in Oklahoma, but some stories place them in Arizona.

The Keewazi were referred to as the Konohoti in Marvel Two-In-One#8

Will U : "Regarding the coyote and crow gods of the Keewazi and their relationship to actual known mythological deities has a bit of a conundrum. The Keewazi are a fictional tribe and their only known god, Tomazooma, is fictional as well. I didn't find any Native American tribes actually indigenous to Oklahoma (that is, not having been moved there by white settlers), but assuming they are part of the Athapascan linguistic group (which includes the Apache and Navaho), the name of their coyote god would be, guess what Coyote!"

"Here's where it gets interesting: The crow-spirit is not a native totem to the Athapascan tribes. It is to the Iroquois (which includes the Mohawk, Cayuga, Oneida, Onondoga and Seneca Indians) and the Na Dene/Tsimshian tribes native to the Pacific coast. Assuming the Keewazi are a relocated Iroquois (since no Na Dene tribes would be relocated as far as Oklahoma) then their crow-spirit would actually be Crow and Coyote would have a name phonetically similar to Taswiscara."

Wyatt has been said to be descended from the Comanche. The Comanche are from the Shoshone linguistic branch of the Great Plains. Their traits are known for being nomadic, hunting buffalo, being skilled horseman, war-like and extending as far south as Mexico. Keewazi seems phonetically similar to Comanche too.

The word "Apache" means "enemy" in Hopi. There are some Navajo clans of partial Puebloan descent. And, there's even a Pueblo tribe whose name--the Keresan--is remotely similar to "Keewazi!" According to Wikipedia, "Comanche" is supposed to be a Spanish mispronunciation of "Kohmats." The Ute word for "enemies" (similar to the Pueblan root of "Apache").
--Carycomic

In Fantastic Four III#29, Wynona refers to the Keewazi tribe member Black Eagle as her father. Her brother Wyatt's father was William Wingfoot, who was specifically mentioned as being long dead in Fantastic Four I#269, so the question remains: Who is Black Eagle? A somehow resurrected Will Wingfoot? An only thought-to-be-dead Will Wingfoot? A different character entirely? Perhaps Wynona and Wyatt are only half-siblings and do not share the same father? It's possible that Wyatt and Wynona share the same mother but after Will Wingfoot died, Roberta Wingfoot married Black Eagle and the two had Wynona together. It is also possible that Black Eagle could be a Keewazi tribe member who acted as a surrogate father to Wynona following the deaths of Will and Roberta Wingfoot. That is the explanation I chose to go with in this profile, considering that the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Update#1's Wyatt Wingfoot entry listed Wynona as Wyatt's sister, not as his half-sister. With Wyatt being away at college and aiding the Fantastic Four on occasion and the Wingfoot parents being dead, it seems likely that Wynona would have to have been raised by someone else, possibly Black Eagle. A special thanks to Don Campbell for pointing out Wynona's other relatives (Rain Falling West, Roberta Elk Step and Miriam) seen/mentioned in the She-Hulk: Ceremony mini-series!
--Proto-Man

Corrections/Clarifications/Additions by Donald Campbell (all of the corrections have already been made, but I'm listing them here to give Donald his proper credit)

  1. Wyatt Wingfoot was (presumably) more than 20 years old during the events depicted in She-Hulk: Ceremony so Carlton Beatrice must have come to the Keewazi reservation sometime after Wyatt's birth. And since Silent Fox's encounter with "Orrgo" happened before Wyatt was born, that means the "Orrgo" encounter should be listed before Beatrice's interaction with the Keewazi tribe, not after it.

  2. The profile mistakenly states that Roberta Elk Step was Rain Falling West's mother when she was actually Rain's grandmother.

  3. The profile states that it was after the She Hulk was reportedly killed fighting the developers that Wyatt decided to finally accept his position as chief of the tribe to guide them. In actuality, Wyatt had finally decided to learn the female ("soul") medicine (magic) of his tribe from his grandmother. Wyatt told She-Hulk that he would be away for a time and asked her to protect his people until he returned. She-Hulk agreed and Wyatt and Roberta rode off but soon disappeared, leaving their horse riderless. In was during their absence that the treaty to the Keewazi reservation was rescinded and the Keewazi were forced to relocate. She-Hulk tried to fight off the Carlton Industries forces but was rendered unconscious (Rain believed her to be dead) and her body flown off by helicopter.
        Soon afterwards, Wyatt (with much longer hair) and Roberta returned, appearing out of thin air just outside the fence surrounding the now-destroyed reservation. When Roberta learned that she no longer had a home, she lost her will to fight and died.
        Two nights later, during a ceremony he performed at new moon, Carlton used the basket to steal the souls of every plant, animal and human on Earth, as Wyatt, Rain and the She Hulk arrived to confront him. Rain was not permitted to help them, but by uniting their spirits, Wyatt and Jennifer defeated Carlton and retook the basket. it was only after that that Wyatt finally accepted the title of chief and promised to one day return his people to their land (something which he apparently did).

  4. Strange Tales III#1 mentions the fact that on  two occasions Keewazi delegations headed by Silent Fox were visiting New York City on tribal business at the same time as certain bizarre phenomena occurred. It was during their first visit that Doctor Strange had his encounter with the "Szenics creature" in the town of Mystic, Connecticut. The monster turned out to be the physical manifestation of a rumor started by Terry Szenics (to prove how gullible the working class was) which had been brought to life by the townspeople's imaginations. Strange described the encounter as occurring shortly after he had "first assumed the mantle of Master of the Mystic Arts" so it could have taken place decades earlier, possibly even before Will's encounter with "Orrgo.
       

    • The [sub]title "Master of the Mystic Arts" was first applied to Doctor Strange in Strange Tales #120 (1964; "The House of Shadows").

    • Prior to that, he was billed as "Doctor Strange, Master of Black Magic" or simply as "Doctor Strange" with no subtitle at all.

    • AFAIK there's never been any indication that "Master of the Mystic Arts" is anything but an impressive-sounding synonym for "talented sorcerer." If you're noticeably better at it than a novice (as in "Curse me for a novice!"), you're a Master (or Mistress) of Mystic Arts. AFAIK.

    • My guess (and that's all it is) would be that it wasn't until #120 that Lee and Ditko realized that "black magic" is itself usually a synonym for "evil magic" and, obviously, Doctor Strange is one of the GOOD guys (and, after all, in #120 he ended up on TV, where billing is everything), yet calling him just plain "Master of Magic" wouldn't have sounded quite as snazzy, so hey-presto the phrase "Mystic Arts" was created. Again, that's a guess. :-)

    • Ronald Byrd

        It was during their second visit that Human Torch and the Thing battled a group of alligators who had come up out of the sewers and later, down in the sewers, they fought the Golden Gator who led an army of gator men. This encounter occurred when Johnny Storm was dating Dorrie Evans so it definitely took place before Johnny's first meeting with Wyatt in Fantastic Four I#50.
    These delegations were mentioned but not shown in the flashback portion of Strange Tales III#1 so they would get (fb) - BTS listings.

  5. Wyatt Wingfoot's arrival at and enrollment in Metro College in Fantastic Four I#50  might deserve a mention since it is the first published appearance of any member of the Keewazi tribe.

Profile by: Prime Eternal and Will U. Update by Proto-Man (kind of)

Clarifications: The Keewazi Indians are not to be confused with:

  • Waziliah, an extraterrestrial race, @ Silver Surfer III#6

Images:
Fantastic Four I#80, page 18, panel 2


Fantastic Four I#138-139 (September-October, 1973) - Gerry Conway (writer), John Buscema & Joe Sinnott (pencils), Joe Sinnott (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Marvel Two-In-One#8 (March, 1975) - Steve Gerber (writer), Sal Buscema (pencils), Mike Esposito (inks), Len Wein (editor)
Marvel Team-Up I#32 (April, 1975) - Gerry Conway (writer), Sal Buscema (pencils), Vince Colletta (inks), Len Wein (editor)
Fantastic Four I#192 (March, 1978) - Len Wein & Roger Stern (writers), George Perez (pencils), Joe Sinnott (inks), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Fantastic Four I#193 (April, 1978) - Len Wein, Marv Wolfman & Bill Mantlo (writers), Keith Pollard (pencils), Joe Sinnott (inks), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Marvel Two-In-One Annual#6 (1981) - Doug Moench (writer), Ron Wilson (pencils), Gene Day (inks), David Kraft (editor)
Fantastic Four I#269-270 (August-September, 1984) - John Byrne (writer/artist), Bob Budiansky (editor)
She-Hulk: Ceremony#1-2 (1989) - Dwayne McDuffie & Robin D. Chaplik (writers), June Brigman (pencils), Stan Drake (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Ka-Zar: Guns of the Savage Land (1989) - Chuck Dixon (writer), Gary Kwapisz & Thimothy Truman (pencils), Ricardo Villagran (inks)
Sensational She-Hulk#36 (February, 1992) - John Byrne (writer/pencils), Keith Williams (inks), Renee Witterstaetter (editor)
Strange Tales III#1 (November, 1994) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Ricardo Villagran (artist), Mark McLaurin (editor)
Fantastic Four I#394 (November, 1994) - Tom DeFalco & Mike Lackey (writers), Paul Ryan (pencils), Dan Bulanadi (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Fantastic Four I#395 (December, 1994) - Tom DeFalco & Paul Ryan (writers), Paul Ryan (pencils), Dan Bulanadi (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Fantastic Four III#29 (May, 2000) - Chris Claremont (writer), Salvador Larroca (pencils), Art Thibert (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)


Last updated: 09/05/05

Any Additions/Corrections? Please let me know.

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