Real Name: Beatrix Keener

Identity/Class: Human technology user

Occupation: Professional criminal

Group Membership: Serpent Society (aka Serpent Solutions) (Anaconda, Asp, Black Mamba, Black Racer, Boomslang, Bushmaster/Quincy McIver, Copperhead/Davis Lawfers, Cottonmouth/Burchell Clemens, Death Adder/Theodore Scott, Eel/Edward Lavell, Fer-de-Lance, King Cobra, Princess Python, Puff Adder, Rattler, Rock Python, Sidewinder/Gregory Bryan, Viper/Jordan Dixon);

formerly Army of Evil

Affiliations: Baron Zemo (Helmut Zemo), Constrictor (Payne, son of Frank Payne), Killer Shrike, Kingpin (Wilson Fisk), Ringer;
formerly romantically involved with King Cobra, Thunderball;
former Slither, Viper (Madame Hydra)

Enemies: Arcade, Battlestar, Black Ant, Captain America (Steve Rogers), Captain America/Falcon (Sam Wilson), D-Man, Diamondback, Diamondback LMD, Eel of Blessed Waters, Falcon (Joaquin Torres), Force Works (Century, Scarlet Witch, Spider-Woman, US Agent), Free Spirit, Iron Fist (Danny Rand), Jack Flag, Kraven the Hunter (Sergei Kravinoff), Lindsay McCabe; Misty Knight, Moon Knight, Nighthawk (Kyle Richmond simulacrum), Rat of 12 Plagues, Rogue, Sabretooth (Victor Creed), Sidewinder, Spider-Man (Peter Parker), Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew), Taskmaster

Known Relatives: None

Aliases: None known

Base of Operations: Various Serpent Society headquarters and Serpent Citadels

First Appearance: Captain America I#341 (May, 1988)

Powers/Abilities:  Coachwhip is armed with sharp segmented metallic whips on both wrists. These can be (and usually are) strongly attached to her gauntlets so that they can not be quickly removed by foes. The whips can be electrified (presumably via the heavily insulated gauntlets) with variable charges sufficient to at least stun humans; Coachwhip has said that she can generate 20,000 volts.

Height: 5'10"
Weight: 135 lbs.
Eyes: Unrevealed
Hair: White


(Captain America I#342 - BTS) - Viper (Madame Hydra) concocted a plan to invade the Serpent Society from within, and use its members to dump a mutagenic toxin into the drinking water of Washington D.C. She recruited Fer-de-Lance, Black Racer, Puff Adder, Copperhead, Coachwhip, Boomslang, Rock Python, and Slither to help her with this.

(Captain America I#341/2) - Others having already infiltrated the Society, Coachwhip invaded the Serpent Society's Citadel from outside.

(Captain America I#342) - Fer-de-Lance and Coachwhip located Diamondback and Sidewinder in the Citadel's communications room, but Diamondback managed to knock Fer-de-Lance out. Rather than face Coachwhip, Diamondback activated Sidewinder's cloak and teleported herself and Sidewinder away. Viper set Puff Adder and Coachwhip to stand guard over the four Serpents who would not follow Viper, and succeeded in convincing Cottonmouth to join them. However, Diamondback and the Captain came to the rescue of the others, and Coachwhip was knocked out.

(Uncanny X-Men Annual#13) - Cobra accepted a commission from Ghaur (Deviant leader) and Llyra (Atlantean) to retrieve items of arcane mystic power; he split the Society into squads. Anaconda, Black Mamba, Rock Python, and Coachwhip went to Lima, Ohio, where an American Indian totem was buried. When members of the X-Men investigated the teams fought one-on-one; Rogue played crack-the-whip with Coachwhip. The X-Men retrieved the item and the serpents returned home.

(Captain America I#355) - With Puff Adder and Rock Python, Coachwhip attempted to steal Sam Wilson's Falcon suit. Battlestar intervened, giving the Falcon time to don his costume, and he quickly knocked out Coachwhip.

(Captain America I#365/2) - Coachwhip was present at a Serpent Society meeting when Cobra announced that a mystery man (Loki) had teleported into the Society's Bronx headquarters. Cobra asked the group to keep an ear out for information about the stranger.

Coachwhip in action

(Marc Spector: Moon Knight#10) - When various supervillains started a riot in New York, Coachwhip went looking for trouble and joined up with Killer Shrike and Ringer. The trio soon encountered Moon Knight. Ringer proved to be a detriment to the team, accidentally entangling Shrike, which allowed Moon Knight to force him to flee. Now facing her opponent solo, Coachwhip attempted to fry Moon Knight with her whips and was on the verge of succeeding when a bystander sprayed her with a garden hose, causing he gauntlets to short out; the charge from the short knocked Coachwhip out.

(Captain America I#367/2) - Bushmaster told Cobra they'd had to spring Coachwhip after some difficulties. Coachwhip was present at a noon meeting of the Society the next day where Cobra announced that he felt that he'd been underperforming as their leader and now intended to correct that and lead them to new heights as King Cobra.

(Captain America I#380 - BTS) - Coachwhip began a romantic relationship with King Cobra, referring to him as "love" or "cutey pie."

(Captain America I#380) - When the captive Diamondback was tried by the Society for treason, Coachwhip acted as prosecutor and was part of the majority which voted for her death. Coachwhip was with King Cobra when Black Mamba and Asp barged in to object, and quietly left them to talk, musing that "they'll get theirs."

(Captain America I#381) - After Sidewinder rescued Diamondback, King Cobra ordered Diamondback and Sidewinder's execution, with a doubled annual bonus to anyone who brought in their corpses. He ordered Black Racer, Rattler, and Coachwhip to Sidewinder's apartment.

(Captain America I#382 - BTS) - After Diamondback invaded the Serpent Society's headquarters, Black Racer, Rattler, and Coachwhip were recalled.

(Captain America I#382) - King Cobra led Black Racer, Coachwhip, and Rattler against Captain America, Paladin, Asp, Diamondback, and Black Mamba in the Society's headquarters. Coachwhip went after Mamba and the semi-conscious Diamondback, and began frying both with her electrified whip. Diamondback threw an empty hypodermic needle at Coachwhip, hitting her in the forehead and putting her down. Captain America saw Coachwhip and much of the Society hauled away by Guardsmen.

(Captain America I#434) - In a small town in Arizona, Fer-de-Lance and Rock Python were robbing a bank when they were stopped by Jack Flag. King Cobra interrupted, with Anaconda, Coachwhip, Cottonmouth, and Puff Adder. Flag announced he wanted to join the Society; Anaconda knocked him unconscious and they took his body along when they helicoptered back to their base. As an initiation test King Cobra sent Jack to steal something a painting for him, not telling Flag that he was stealing from Mr. Hyde. The next morning at the Sandhaven Community Center, Coachwhip was present when Jack Flag showed up, having successfully completed an initiation test which King Cobra had sent him on (expecting him never to return).

(Captain America I#435) - King Cobra auditioned Jack as his eventual replacement as King Cobra, forcing him to run a gauntlet of the Society serpents, including Coachwhip. The fracas was ended when several people interrupted, including Free Spirit. Coachwhip, lacking her gauntlets, carried her whips loose in her hands to fight Free Spirit but lost, rendered unconscious via a choke hold. Spirit then used Coachwhip's costume and whips to infiltrate the Society.

(Captain America I#436 - BTS) - Coachwhip slowly recovered.

(Captain America I#437) - Coachwhip rejoined the Society and they had Jack Flag and Free Spirit cornered when Force Works (an Avengers' offshoot) came to the pair's aid; within four minutes the Serpent Society was defeated. They were taken into custody by the team.

(Captain America IV#30) - Coachwhip was present in the Society's underground New York-area headquarters when Captain America and Diamondback (really an LMD) awoke chained to a pillar after having been captured by other members of the Serpent Society.

(Captain America IV#31) - Coachwhip was there while King Cobra taunted Diamondback, promising to punish her for her betrayal. Sixteen hours later, Cap escaped; King Cobra summoned the rest of the Society and Coachwhip was one of many to respond; she was knocked out by the Captain. S.H.I.E.L.D. subsequently took Coachwhip and the rest of the Society into custody.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#562) - With several of her fellow serpents (Puff Adder, Rattler, Rock Python) and in the company of other criminals, Coachwhip patronized a Bar With No Name in New York City, where she and the others watched the Basher challenge Spider-Man to a fight via YouTube. Bets were placed on prospective results of the fight, and that night, she returned to the Bar to watch the fight on TV (not only did one Spidey show but two did, leading to accusations that the bets were rigged). See was still at the Bar later when Spider-Man showed up there.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#563) - Coachwhip and the other criminals in attendance battled Spider-Man, but stopped when the bartender reminded them that the Bar With No Name was a sanctuary for those being hunted by the law - which currently included Spider-Man. Spider-Man then pressed the bar's occupants for information on the Bookie; the bartender gave him a lead and he left.

(Secret Avengers I#29) - Coachwhip hung out in an alley in Bagalia.

(Secret Avengers I#30) - Coachwhip made out with Thunderball at the bar known as "The Hole".

(Secret Avengers I#30 - BTS) - Like everyone else in Bagalia she got possessed by the Abyss.

(Secret Avengers I#31 - BTS) - The Abyss-possessed villains moved to Bagalia's borders as the Secret Avengers tried to stop them.

(Secret Avengers I#32 - BTS) - The Abyss was vanquished and the Avengers let the villains go free, having no authority in Bagalia.


(Captain America: Sam Wilson#4) - Coachwhip was at a meeting of Serpent Solutions, the rebranded Serpent Society, in a conference room with Captain America (Sam Wilson) as captive. Captain America, who had temporarily been turned into a wolf/human hybrid, had just been captured by Serpent Solutions members Black Racer, Copperhead, Cottonmouth and Diamondback.

(Captain America: Sam Wilson#5) - Coachwhip was present when Viper (Dixon) monologued to Captain America (Wilson) about how Wilson was destroying America and Serpent Solutions' businesses. Viper ended the monologue by shoving Cap, who had been paralyzed by Asp and was bound to a chair, out a window. He was saved from certain death by the new Falcon (Torres), who was then confronted by Serpent Solutions, including Coachwhip.

(Captain America: Sam Wilson#6) - Serpent Solutions went after Falcon (Torres), but eventually everything went wrong. Falcon survived a bite by Cottonmouth, Diamondback turned on them, Misty Knight and D-Man joined the battle and Captain America got back on his feet again. Their defeat on Wall Street at the hands of the heroes caused their stock to drop and bankrupt Serpent Solutions.

(Captain America: Steve Rogers#13) - Baron Zemo met with Serpent Solutions to ask them to join his Army of Evil. Coachwhip was one of the members joining him.

(Iron Fist IV#74) – The Serpent Society (Asp, Boomslang, Coachwhip, King Cobra, Puff Adder, Viper) teamed with the new Constrictor (Payne) to arrange a sale of the Book of the Iron Fist to Choshin. Days later, Choshin attacked with his army, including the Rat of 12 Plagues and the Eel of Blessed Waters, at the same time as Iron Fist and Sabretooth did.

(Iron Fist IV#75) – After a massive battle, Constrictor abandoned the team and the members of the Serpent Society were left unconscious.

(Amazing Spider-Man V#18 (fb) - BTS) - Coachwhip was among the animal-themed villains captured by Taskmaster and the Black Ant on behalf of Arcade and Kraven the Hunter, then placed inside Central Park after being in stasis for a time.

(Amazing Spider-Man V#18) - Hunter-Bots controlled by Arcade's clients at the Plaza Hotel advanced on the villains in Central Park, including Coachwhip.

(Shang-Chi II#2) - Presumably representing Serpent Solutions Black Racer, Puff Adder and Coachwhip attended an auction for a Cosmic Cube held by the Iron Eighty-Eight triad in Macau.

(Spider-Woman VII#18) - Coachwhip and Puff Adder served worked with one of Wilson Fisk's Thunderbolts Units and were ordered to capture Spider-Woman after using her friend Lindsay McCabe as bait. They were beaten up and Spider-Woman escaped with Lindsey.

(Avengers VIII#55) - One day the members of Serpent Solutions (Anaconda, Asp, Black Mamba, Bushmaster, Coachwhip, Copperhead, Cottonmouth, Death Adder, Fer-de-Lance, King Cobra, Princess Python, Puff Adder, Rattler, Rock Python, Slither, Viper) fell under the influence of Mephisto and went from floor to floor in the building their offices were located and murdered everyone. With dozens of sacrifices stacked up Serpent Solutions prayed to Mephisto to open a portal to Hell for them. Nighthawk (a Kyle Richmond simulacrum created by Mephisto) took them all down single-handedly.

Comments: Created by Mark Gruenwald (writer), Kieron Dwyer (penciler), Al Milgrom (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)

   Coachwhip was given the name "Keener" in Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Teams (2005). This may have come from someone's attributing the name of a person answering the phone in the Stuyvesant Arms Serpent Citadel to Coachwhip (this was Captain America I#382); however, she was out of the building at the time at Sidewinder's apartment. Maybe a relative?


   In Captain America I#434, many of the Serpents are lying at the pool unmasked. This woman (left) was there - she appears to have Coachwhip's visor and general build, and in the following issue (#435) Free Spirit knocked out Coachwhip and disguised herself as her, complete with a long white wig. So... the original Serpent Society OHOTMU Update appearance lists her with white hair - maybe she dyed it red for a while and wore a wig when in costume?

He was probably one of the many unidentifiable villains seen at the end of Amazing Spider-Man V#16 (April, 2019) trapped in energy cages on a mountainside in South Africa, but we don't know for sure.

She received a first name in Jack Flag's entry in OHOTMU A-Z HC#5.

Update by Markus Raymond: Secret Avengers.

Thanks to Ron Fredricks for the cleaned up images.

Profile by SQUEAK

COACHWHIP has no known connections to

images: (without ads)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition Update 89#6, pg47 (main image)
Marc Spector: Moon Knight#10, pg13 p2 (action shot) Captain America I#434, last page, p3 (redhead)

Captain America I#341-342 (May-June, 1988) - Mark Gruenwald (writer), Kieron Dwyer (penciler), Al Milgrom (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Uncanny X-Men Annual#13 (1989) - Terry Austin (writer), Mike Vosburg (penciler/inker), Bob Harras (editor)
Captain America I#355 (July, 1989) - Mark Gruenwald (writer), Rich Buckler (penciler), Al Milgrom (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Official Handboook of the Marvel Universe Update '89#6 (November, 1989) - Peter Sanderson (writer), Kieron Dwyer (penciler), Josef Rubinstein (inker), Terry Kavanaugh (editor)
Captain America I#365 (December, 1989) - Mark Gruenwald (writer), Mark Bright (penciler), Don Hudson (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Marc Spector: Moon Knight#10 (January, 1990) - Charles Dixon (writer), Sal Velluto (penciler), Keith Williams (inker), Danny Fingeroth (editor)
Captain America I#367 (February, 1990) - Mark Gruenwald (writer), Mark Bagley (penciler), Don Hudson (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Captain America I#380-382 (December, 1990-February, 1991) - Mark Gruenwald (writer), Ron Lim (penciler), Dan Bulanadi (inker), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Captain America I#434-437 (December, 1994-March, 1995) - Mark Gruenwald (writer), Dave Hoover (penciler), Dan Bulanadi (inker), Mike Rockwitz (editor)
Captain America IV#30-31 (October-November, 2004) - Robert Kirkman (writer), Scot Eaton (penciler), Drew Geraci (inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#562 (August, 2008) - Bob Gale (writer), Mike McKone (penciler), Andy Lanning (inker), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man I#563 (August, 2008) - Bob Gale (writer), Mike McKone (penciler), Marlo Alquiza (inker), Stephen Wacker (editor)
Secret Avengers I#29-30 (September-October, 2012) - Rick Remender (writer), Matteo Scalera (penciler/inker), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Captain America: Sam Wilson#4-5 (February-March, 2016) - Nick Spencer (writer), Paul Renaud (artist), Tom Brevoort, Katie Kubert (editors)
Captain America: Sam Wilson#6 (April, 2016) - Nick Spencer (writer), Joe Bennett (pencils), Belardino Brabo (inks), Tom Brevoort with Katie Kubert (editors)
Captain America: Steve Rogers#13 (May, 2017) - Nick Spencer (writer), Ro Stein & Ted Brandt (artists), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Iron Fist IV#74-75 (January-February, 2018) - Ed Brisson (writer), Mike Perkins (artist), Mark Basso, Jake Thomas (editors)
Amazing Spider-Man V#18 (May, 2019) - Nick Spencer (writer), Humberto Ramos (pencils), Victor Olazaba (inks), Nick Lowe (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man V#22 (July, 2019) - Nick Spencer (writer), Humberto Ramos (pencils/inks), Victor Olazaba (inks), Nick Lowe (editor)
Shang-Chi II#2 (August, 2021) - Gene Luen Yang (writer), Dike Ruan (artist), Darren Shan (editor)
Spider-Woman VII#18 (February, 2022) - Karla Pacheco (writer), Pere Pérez (artist), Nick Lowe (editor)
Avengers VIII#55 (June, 2022) - Jason Aaron (writer), Javier Garrón & David Curiel (artists), Tom Brevoort (editor)

First Posted: 06/13/2007
Last updated: 03/12/2023

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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