The Von Frankensteins
First Appearance in Marvel Comics:
Timely: U. S. A. Comics#13 (Summer, 1944);
Marvel: (flashbacks) X-Men I#40 (January, 1968), (in modern era) Silver Surfer I#7 (August, 1969);
family line: Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#37 (January, 1992)
History: parts adapted from the Book of the Vishanti (c/o Jean-Marc Lofficier, with Roy and Dann Thomas).
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - At the beginning of the Christian era, the region that would become Bavaria was inhabited by the bloodthirsty Franks, who worshipped Wode, a god of frenzy and berserker rage. Any warrior slain in the tribe's fierce sacrificial jousts was chosen to accompany the god upon a demented sky-ride known as the Wild Hunt.
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - After the fall of Rome, those same Franks went on to conquer the land south of the Rhine and make it theirs under the name...France. But the mountainous "Rock of the Franks"--which is the meaning of "Frankenstein"--waited silently, its thirst for blood not yet sated.
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - In the year 948 A.D., a savage warrior named Arbogast von Frankenstein--master of the castle built there--acquired a sinister fame--by slaying knight after noble knight in deadly jousts held on the Castle Grounds.
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - In the year 1440, Frank von Frankenstein--one of the fanatical band known as the Teutonic Knights--converted the "heathens" of eastern Europe at the point of a crimsoned sword. He had many such "triumphs" of religious frenzy over reason...but he was most fiercely resisted by Vlad Tepes, also known as Dracula. (At this time, Dracula was merely a warlord--it was only after his death that he would become the ill-famed Lord of the Vampires). Vlad was a warrior to be feared, even in life. Ultimately the Transylvanian tasted the sweet wine of victory, and Frank and the German knights were impaled on stakes, as was Vlad Tepes' wont.
(Savage Sword of Conan#22 (fb) ) - More violent deaths followed over the year. In 1531, a dragon--the Scheusslischer Lindwurm--arose from the the Katzenborn, where the mountain brook welled up, to terrorize the nearby villages. The cowardly Hans von Frankenstein ordered that a maiden named Annemarie be sacrificed to the beast to placate it. Hans was unaware that the girl was loved by his older brother, Georg, who had ridden off to war. Georg returned and slew the dragon, but was not in time to save Annemarie. As the behemoth lay dying, however, its dreaded sting injected the knight with deadly poison.His name anglicized, Georg has entered certain annals as...St. George. (see comments).
(Savage Sword of Conan#22) - Years later, another dragon arose from the same well. The craven Hans would have sacrificed another maiden, the blond-tressed Cathryn...if puritan adventurer Solomon Kane had not intervened. Kane forced Hans to accompany him into the Katzenborn to fight the dragon. However, Hans was not the warrior some of his ancestors had been, and when the dragon showed up, he dropped his sword. Smitten with the man who had saved her, and fearing for his life, Cathryn descended into the Katzenborn in an effort to help Kane. Solomon found the dragon's weak spot and slew it, but this dragon also struck out with its sting. This time, however, the sting struck and killed not the warrior, but the maiden: Cathryn. Hans eventually went mad with regret. Kane berated Hans for his actions, forcing to accept himself as being responsible for Cathryn's death. Hans eventually went mad from the guilt.
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - As rumors of the curse of the
Frankenstein's grew ever louder, ever wider, the Frankenstein
family sold the castle to the state in 1662.
Having forever left that place of
evil, they led a happy, respectable, and ultimately boring life.
But the Rock of the Franks would not be so easily thwarted...
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - In the year 1673, to Anna Munchmeyer and Johann Dippel, a Lutheran minister--both refugees from the armies of the French King Louis XIV was born a son, whom they christened Konrad.
Konrad Dippel became one of the most notorious alchemists of his time -- a man obsessed with the secret of immortal life.
In 1732, Konrad sold an "Arcanum Chymicum"--a lesser
type of "Philosopher's Stone" which made only low-grade
gold--to the Landgrave of Hesse.
For this minor boon, he received the title to Castle Frankenstein--thus founding a new dynasty of Von Frankensteins.
In 1734, Konrad, the new Baron Von Frankenstein was found dead of unknown causes in a castle chamber locked from the inside. Some assumed he poisoned himself; others hinted at an even darker end.
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - Fearing the fabled curse, his family of
two brothers and five sisters fled to Switzerland. In Geneva, the
began a new life, taking with them Konrad's infant son Alphonse.
Alphonse grew up to become a respectable bourgeois, a member of
the German middle class.
In 1760, during a journey to Naples,
Alphonse's wife gave birth to Victor, the first of their three
Looking into the smiling face of his newborn son,
Alphonse Frankenstein believed that at last the curse of the
Frankensteins was finallly ended.
In truth, it had scarcely begun...
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - V Victor Frankenstein grew to manhood unaware
that he was the grandson of the notorious alchemist and
necromancer Konrad Dippel. Yet blood--most especially blood
accursed--will tell...and so young victor was inexorably drawn to
the same subject of study as his infamous ancestor: Eternal life.
(Monster of Frankenstein#1 (fb) ) - Near the end of the 18th Century, Victor went off to school (in Geneva or Ingolstadt, depending on the source-see comments), where he excelled in chemistry and the biological sciences. During his first two years, he worked himself to exhaustion, yet earned the respect of the finest scientific minds in Europe. With each lesson, he became more and more driven, and became impatient to delve ever deeper into the mysteries of the human body. By the end of his third year, Victor felt he knew more than his teachers did--and thus was prepared to embark upon the darkest voyage into the unknown in the history of mankind. Obtaining pieces of corpses from graves, gallows, or any source he could, Victor worked ceaselessly for nearly six months, dropping out of school, and working out his secluded laboratory. He assembled the pieces into a giant, eight foot tall composite man, whom he brought to life using unknown methods.
Terrified and revolted by his creation, Victor fled his laboratory, running until he collapsed in exhaustion. Victor was found by his old friend , Henry Clerval, who informed him that his younger brother, William Frankenstein, had been murdered, and that William's fiance', June Moritz had been charged. Victor knew that it had been the work of his monster, even as he returned to Geneva to be with his father and his own fiance', Elizabeth. Nonetheless, Victor also knew that he would be thought a madman for his experiments, and even his claims of the monster's existence, and so he said nothing, and allowed June to be hanged for the murder of William Frankenstein.
guilt over this, Victor took a trip into the Alps, where he was
found and confronted by his monster. The monster confirmed his
murder of William, explaining it to be revenge for his own
(Monster of Frankenstein#2 (fb) ) - The monster then told Victor that if he would grant his request to create for him a mate, that he would be free of the monster forever. Driven to the brink of madness by recent events, and fearing for his own life at the hands of the monster, Victor acceded to his request. For weeks, the two of them raided graveyards and other sources to obtain the needed materials. However, when Victor had finally completed his work, and brought the "Bride of Frankenstein" to life, he came to his senses and realized what he had done. Victor stabbed the she-monster to death and quickly fled before the original monster could see what he had done. However, just after the monster discovered the body of his "Bride," Henry Clerval arrived to check on Victor. The monster took vengeance on Victor by slaying Clerval. When Victor returned to his laboratory, he was overcome by this most recent tragedy, and collapsed into a stupor. In this state, he was found by the local constabulary, and charged with Clerval's murder. While imprisoned, the monster came to Victor again, telling him they would meet again on his wedding night.
(Monster of Frankenstein#3 (fb) ) - After several months, Alphonse Frankenstein managed to arrange for Victor's release and cleared him of the murder charges. Victor returned to Geneva, and was reunited with Elizabeth. After a length of time, he finally conceded to Elizabeth's requests, and the two were married. He arranged to spend their wedding night in a distant chalet, accessible only by sea, hoping he could escape the monster. Still, he was unable to relax, and he searched the entire chalet, and then went out to check the docks, armed with his pistol. The monster had indeed followed them; he had swum the entire distance and emerged a mile upshore from the chalet. While Victor searched the docks, the monster took his revenge, and murdered Elizabeth. The monster left, allowing Victor to find her lifeless body.
After several days of morning, Victor returned to Geneva, only to find his father on his deathbed, having been pushed over the edge by the news of Elizabeth's death. Victor was devastated after his father's death, and was subsequently placed in an asylum for an unknown period of time. When he recovered his wits, one thought was focused in his head: to destroy the monster. Victor spent month after month tracking the monster, all the way to the Arctic Circle. There the monster confronted him, as he had planned all along. The monster charged forward to choke Victor, but the ice cracked, and Victor fell into the freezing water. The monster believed him to be dead, and he was, for the most part. Victor was retrieved by Robert Walton, the captain of a nearby ship, but he died several days later. The monster followed Victor's trail to the ship, where he learned that hs creator was at last gone. Not long after this, the monster fell deep into the frozen waters himself, and was believed to be dead.
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - In 1815, writer Mary Shelley journeyed to Switzerland, where she met Ernst Frankenstein, the last of the three sons of Alphonse. Ernst told her of the horrors of his brother's activities, prompting her to write a novel detailing these events.
(Monster of Frankenstein#1-4) - In 1898, the monster was found and inadvertently revived by Robert Walton IV, the grandson of the man who had encountered Victor and the monster a century before. Walton told the monster that there was another living Frankenstein.
(Frankenstein Monster#6) - Apparently, Jason Frankenstein had lived in the original
Castle Frankenstein for some time. He abandoned it under unknown
circumstances in the mid 1870s. In the 1890's, it was taken over
by the Colonel, who found a giant
spider and used the Castle as a base to build an army of mindless
servants. During an encounter between the Colonel and the
Frankenstein Monster, the original castle, or at least part of
it, was destroyed by the pressure of floodwaters.
The fate of Jason Frankenstein is unknown. It is also unknown whether he is a descendent of the original von Frankensteins, the line descendent from Konrad Dippel, or a third line, who was given the name when they took over the castle after Konrad's family left it.
(Frankenstein Monster#9-11) - The monster headed back to Geneva, where he encountered Vincent Von Frankenstein, Ernst's great-grandson. Vincent was served by Ivan, a monstrous hunchback. Vincent set out to find the creature after hearing about his sitings, and convinced the monster to return with him to Castle Frankenstein II. Vincent convinced the monster he could transfer his brain into a more normal looking body, and he convinced Ivan that he would then put his brain into the monster's body. Vincent was not certain whether this was possible, but thought it a great opportunity for the monster if it would succeed, and if it would fail, it would still be great for science.
Vincent, however, miscalculated the dose of anesthetic it would take for the monster, which resulted in a disoriented monster which Ivan was forced to subdue. Fearing that Ivan would kill the monster, Vincent shot and killed him (...or so it would seem). However, Vincent was then shot and killed by his own servant, Betty. Betty had just served as midwife to Vincent's wife, Lenore, who had died giving birth to their son, Basil. Betty had blamed Lenore's death on Vincent, for having left her to instead work with the monster. Betty intended to raise Basil as her own, and to try to free him of the Frankenstein curse. As to the monster, his wandering led him to another icy grave.
(USA Comics#13, Invaders I#31) - In adulthood, Basil was lured back to Germany by the Nazis. Later, in the Swiss Alps, he used ancestral notes to create a new monster, on the model of the original. Basil's earlier work had also produced a number of misshapen people, who would stay hidden for decades. Basil's monster encountered and was defeated by the Allied heroes known as the Invaders, and Basil perished alongside his creation (see Frankenstein monster of World War II (and here's another profile on that version)).
(Silver Surfer I#7) - In the modern era, Basil's son, Ludwig, also experimented with life, resulting in more deformed people, who joined his father's group, and remained in hiding. Ludwig also built the X-Machine, which enabled him to create a virtual duplicate of the alien known as the Silver Surfer--one which served his will. The true Silver Surfer destroyed the duplicate, and Ludwig's servant Borgo tackled him out of the castle, to prevent him from annihilating their people. They were both killed in the fall...or so it would seem....
(Frankenstein Monster#14-15 - BTS,
#16-18) - Veronica Frankenstein, the younger daughter of
Ludwig, learned of the revival of the monster and hired private
investigator Eric Prawn to bring him back to her Swiss chalet.
Little did she know that her assistant (and apparent lover), Werner Schmidt, was secretly an agent of ICON, the
International Crime Organization Nexus, which sought the monster
for their own purposes. After an encounter with ICON in the USA,
prawn coerced the monster (and his friend Ralph Caccone) to
accompany him to meet Veronica. Veronica convinced the monster
that she only wished to atone for the wrongs her family had done
to it, and the monster allowed her to perform surgery on his
larynx, restoring his ability to speak.
During the surgery, Werner signaled to the nearby ICON agents, who sent in the Berserker android, and an army of undead warriors to take the monster. Prawn and Caccone held the agents of ICON off until Veronica (who kept her cool) could successfully finish the surgery. The monster awakened, incapacitated the android, and wandered off into the snow. Werner followed instructions and reactivated the Berserker, and then fled out into the waiting helicopter. Ralph used one of ICON's weapons to blow up their helicopter, killing Werner and the other agent of ICON. Veronica was last seen consoling Ralph, who was upset that he had been brought to such an act of violence.
BTS - The Swiss Castle Frankenstein was inherited by Victoria, the Baroness Von Frankenstein and eldest daughter of Ludwig. Within the castle, she found locked away the creations of Basil and Ludwig Von Frankenstein. The creations came to be known as the Children, and to others as the Children of the Damned (referring, I guess, to the curse of the Frankensteins). Victoria was referred to them as Mother.
(Frankenstein Monster#18) - Meanwhile, the monster had befriended the Berserk android, and the two continued to wander the mountains. They were attacked by the Children the Damned, who by catching them off guard, as well as by shear weight of numbers, managed to destroy the Berserker and subdue the monster. The Children brought the monster to Castle Frankenstein to meet their "Mother", Victoria. The Baroness introduced herself to the monster, and instantly cowed him, telling him he had been very bad for the murders he had committed (centuries ago), and that he must serve her....and the series ended, and this plot was dropped.
(Iron Man I#102 (fb) ) - The monster was residing with Victoria (whom he sometimes referred to as the Daughter of Creation) and the Children when she took in and nursed back to health Bram Velsing, a man who had crossed Dr. Doom, and subsequently had a grotesque mask "bio-fused" to his face. Velsing, however, had plans of his own, and took Victoria hostage, forcing the Monster and the Children to obey him.
(Iron Man I#101-102) - Iron Man was shot down while flying over Yugoslavia and crashed a short distance from Castle Frankenstein II. He was taken back to the castle by the monster and the Children, in hopes that he could stop Velsing, who was now calling himself the Dreadknight. Velsing, however, ambushed and subdued and bound Iron Man and the monster. The Dreadknight then tortured Victoria, trying to force her to give him the notes of her ancestor, Victor Frankenstein (which she didn't have). Torturing Victoria pushed the monster too far, and he broke his restraining chains, freeing Iron Man in the process. Iron Man and the monster subdued the Dreadknight, and Victoria agreed to care for him again.
(Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37) - The monster stayed with Victoria for a time, but eventually left, to go his own way. Victoria learned that Borgo, the former servant of her father, had not perished in his fall from the castle. Instead, he had been crippled, and lived under the care of a local family. Victoria, feeling that her family had been responsible for Borgo's fate, took him in. Once back in the castle, Borgo duped Victoria and the Children into using the X-Machine on him. While he told them it would heal him, it instead made him into the a version of what has been called...the "Frankensurfer." Borgo imprisoned Victoria and the Children in the castle's dungeons, and set out on a rampage. This attracted the attention of Dr. Strange, who freed them, and then battled the Frankensurfer.
BTS - The geneticist Dr. Walston Kraft obtained the allegiance of the not-dead hunchback Ivan's in a plot to create an army of Frankenclones.
(Spider-Man Unlimited I#21 (fb) ) - Ivan located the monster at Castle Frankenstein II, convinced him that Kraft could make him into a real man, and took him to Kraft's Swiss Castle. (Ivan returned to Castle Frankenstein and imprisoned Victoria Frankenstein to prevent her from interfering).
(Spider-Man Unlimited I#21) - Kraft succeeded in making an army of Frankenclones without the monster's knowledge. Spider-Man flew to Alps to cover a story on Kraft and the International Council on Cloning and Genetic Research. Uncomfortable about the whole clone thing (Aren't we all?!!!), Pete knew something was up after running into the monster and Ivan, who threatened him while he was snooping around Kraft's castle. Spidey traveled to Castle Frankenstein, where he found and freed Victoria, and learned what had been going on. Spidey exposed the plot to the monster, and they destroyed Kraft's lab and foiled his plot. The monster left Peter to return to castle Frankenstein.
COMMENTS: Created by Mary Shelly.
First mentioned in Marvel Comics by Stan "The Man" Lee, fully adapted to Marvel Comics by Gary Friedrich and Mike Ploog, full history chronicled by Jean-Marc Lofficier, with Roy and Dann Thomas.
You can get the other side of the history under the Frankenstein monster.
Other Frankensteins's seen in pre-Marvel
stories may or may not exist in the Marvel Universe.
For example, see Return of the Monster, by Prime Eternal.
In addition, Per Degaton points out:
Suspense#20 (July, 1952), Chamber of Darkness#7 (1970), Creatures on the Loose#12 (1971) both feature Frankenstein related stories, although of dubious relation to Earth-616.
I don't know why everyone neglects Veronica Frankenstein. She was last seen in her chalet after the monster wandered off, following its surgery and initial deactivation of the Berserker android. What ever happened to her? And why did she not seen to know that her own sister, Victoria, was alive (or even that she existed), and living a few miles away in their family's Swiss Castle. Perhaps they were half-sisters, and didn't know the other existed--although, how you could not know about another Von Frankenstein living a few miles away from you is beyond me! Veronica's like the red-headed step-child, but without actually being the a step-child!
Victoria originally claimed to be the direct descendent of Victor: his great-granddaughter. I guess she did so to get the monster's attention, because she's since been revealed (or ret-conned) to be a descendent of Ernst Frankenstein, Victor's brother. As far as is known, Victor had no children.
Roy Thomas did a nice job of explaining the two Castle Frankensteins, one in Bavaria, and one in Switzerland. According to the original stories in MoF, Victor went to school at a university in Geneva. The OHotMU details his schooling at the University of Ingolstadt. The MoF stories don't specifically detail where the monster created, but I thought (and let me know if I'm wrong), that the original Mary Shelly novel took place in mainly in Switzerland. So where was Victor's laboratory...was it just on the outskirts of Geneva?
In the original Mary Shelley novel, Victor was in
Ingolstadt when he created the monster. After his work turned out the
way it did, he had a nervous breakdown and was taken back home to
Geneva. The monster, having found some of Victor's papers in the
clothes he stole to wear, followed him there. Later on, when the
monster persuaded Victor to make him a mate, Victor went to an island
off the coast of Scotland.
Roy credited Frank Von Frankenstein's encounter with Dracula in Dracula Lives#2. I checked the issue, which features two Dracula stories, including one with the human Vlad, but didn't see any Frankensteins (just Turks and Creoles). Can anyone tell me where that story comes from?
I'm told that Lindwurm is German for
According to Danny Wind, Scheusslicher (correct spelling) means "horrible."? Katzenborn is the historical name for the place where the brook near Frankenstein Castle lies.
More from Per
Degaton (who credits Jess Nevins
from the Unofficial Chronology of the Marvel Universe): While
there is no proof or only dubious "evidence" that a
figure such as Saint
George ever existed,
stories of the supposed Saint George date back long before 1300.
Information taken from Jess's mini-profile on St. George
Donald Campbell contributes the following:
According to my encyclopdedia, the legend of Saint George saving a maiden from a dragon first appeared in the late 12th century. Legends about Saint George himself were told in the 8th century or earlier.
According to Dr. Strange, Sorcerer Supreme#37, "Saint George" was a member of the von Frankenstein family but it was NOT the same family as that of the creator of the infamous monster. Instead, it was the first von Frankenstein family, who later sold the castle to the state in 1662 AD.
Ronald Byrd adds the following:
The book "In Search of Frankenstein" by Radu Florescu pretty much confirms Roy Thomas's story of "Saint George" (Florescu also discusses the possibility of an earlier Frankenstein battling the mortal Dracula, so this book could have been one of Thomas's prime sources.). There was indeed a Georg von Frankenstein, who died in 1531, and "real-life" legend claims that he did indeed die in the course of slaying a dragon (perhaps "really" a poisonous snake). Thomas never actually said that Sir Georg WAS Saint George, only that he was later REMEMBERED as "Saint George," so later legend-makers (at least in the Marvel Universe, where of course there's no real objection to it having been an actual dragon) may have confused the two. As I mentioned before, some sources (wish I could remember where I saw this) speculate that the story of Saint George and the Dragon is actually a Christianized version of the story of Perseus and the Kraken; the legend-making process often combines elements of different stories. Some people in the Marvel Universe might claim that Thor is simply capitalizing on the myths of the Norse god and is seeking on purpose the sort of status that was bestowed on Sir Georg posthumously.
So, give Roy Thomas credit...
Shedding some new light on the whole Beowulf/Saint George/Perseus situation, Supernatural Thrillers#3 did a story which indicated that the adventures of these three were actually all racial memories of a battle between a worm-like monster and an Aesir (as in the Hyborian Age Aesir) named Niord. At the link above you can see a great image of those three superimposed above the action of the story, Valley of the Worm. (It was reprinted in Kull and the Barbarians#1.)
Still more, from Per Degaton:
Sporr, whose story from Tales of Suspense#11 (1960) got established as a part of Marvel continuity by Hulk Annual#5, got produced in the Frankenstein castle-unfortunately in Transylvania!
The Arbogast Von F story is based on a French comic (Michel Vaillant -
Les Chevaliers de Konigsfeld). I made up the encounter between Frank Von F and
Dracula. I seem to recall there was a passage in the Florescu book that
mentioned the Teutonic Knights and Transylvania that gave me the idea.
If, someday, Marvel does decide to publish that Peregrine/Shamrock mini-series, I think it would behoove them to make Victoria the granddaughter of Basil Frankenstein by an artificially-inseminated Dr. Kitogawa. Because, by his own admission, Ludwig didn't even know he had a niece! And, his birth-mother probably died in the same accident that crippled her husband, both physically and reproductively. So, the existence of a Eurasian half-brother would explain both Victoria's paternal heritage and her sultry hotness (rowr-rowr!).
Furthermore, that half-brother was probably raised in Japan by his maternal grandparents. That is; until he went to college. He probably discovered the truth of his birth-father's side of the family, while visiting Europe as an exchange student. Or, even more likely, chose to study in Europe, as a means of conducting such an investigation!
In any case, the half-brother must have stayed on, in Europe, post-graduation. Probably, because of a girl he fell in love with. And, that girl eventually became both his wife and the mother of two daughters. First-born Victoria; and her younger sister, Nina!
I know, I know! A lot of "ifs" and "probablies." But, like you always say: "Keep it in, until it becomes canon."
There is alsa a Baron Frankenstein and a whole Castle
rebuilt from Europe in the USA, in Blonde Phantom#14's first story,
which are not yet mentioned in this profile.
CLARIFICATIONS: Wode, the god worshipped by the Franks is presumably Odin, aka Odd, Wodan, Wotan, etc.: the allfather of the Norse/Asgardian Gods. From the name Woden is derived the day Woden's Day, which became Wednesday.
Frankenstein's Monster Robot encountered by the
X-Men was an android, created by aliens in the image of the
monster, but none Von Frankensteins were directly involved.
-- X-Men I#40
USA Comics#13 (Summer 1944)
Silver Surfer I#7 (August, 1969) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), John Buscema (pencils), Sal Buscema (inks)
Savage Sword of Conan#22 (September, 1977) - Don Glut (writer), Sonny Trinidad (artist), Roy Thomas (editor)
Invaders I#31 (August, 1978) - Don Glut (writer), Chic Stone (pencils), Bill Black (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Monster of Frankenstein#1-3 (January-May, 1973) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Mike Ploog (artist), Roy Thomas (editor)
Monster of Frankenstein#4 (July, 1973) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Mike Ploog (pencils), John Verpoorten, Roy Thomas (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#6 (October, 1973) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Mike Ploog (artist), Roy Thomas (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#9 (November, 1973) - Gary Friedrich (writer), John Buscema (pencils), John Verpoorten (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#10 (May, 1974) - Gary Friedrich (writer), John Buscema (pencils), Frank Giacoia & Mike Esposito (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#11 (July, 1974) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Bob Brown (pencils), Vince Colletta (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#14 (January, 1975) - Doug Moench (writer), Val Mayerik (pencils), Dan Green (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#15 (March, 1975) - Doug Moench (writer), Val Mayerik (pencils), Klaus Janson (inks), Len Wein (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#16-17 (May-July, 1975) - Doug Moench (writer), Val Mayerik (pencils), Bob McLeod (inks), Len Wein (editor)
Frankenstein Monster#18 (September, 1975) - Doug Moench (writer), Val Mayerik (pencils), Val Mayerik & Dan Adkins (inks), Len Wein (editor)
Iron Man I#101-103 (August-October, 1977) - Bill Mantlo (writer), George Tuska (pencils), Mike Esposito & Pablo Marcos (#102) (inks), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Dr. Strange: Sorcerer Supreme#37 (January, 1992) - Jean-Marc Lofficier, Roy & Dan Thomas (writers), Geof Isherwood (artist), Mike Rockwitz (editor)
Spider-Man Unlimited I#21 (August, 1998) - Christopher Golden (writer), Mike Deodato Jr. (pencils), Joe Pimentel (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
First Posted: 01/06/2002
Last updated: 05/26/2023
Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.
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