Real Name: Adolf Hitler
Identity/Class: Currently energy-based being ; Formerly Human Technology User; Citizen of Germany (legally deceased)
Occupation: Would-be Conqueror, former Dictator
Group Membership: Leader of the Kubekult, the Project, and a Neo-Nazi compound in Idaho
Affiliations: Arnim Zola, Red Skull (allies);
(agents): "Red Hate," anti-government rebels of San Gusto, various storm troopers, Ali, Rachel (unwittingly),
(former) Dr. Kaupfman
Enemies: Laura Brown, Captain America, Sharon
Carter, Dum-Dum Dugan, Falcon, Nick Fury, Fantastic Four, General McAllister
Groves, Human Torch (Jim Hammond), Gabe Jones, Dr. Kaupfman, Man-Wolf, Namor,
Donna Maria Puentes, S.H.I.E.L.D.,
Yousuf Tov, United
States of America, Jimmy Woo, Rachel;
formerly Red Skull
Known Relatives: Arnim Zola (creator), Adolf Hitler (genetic progenitor)
Aliases: Adam Hauser, Nazi X
Place of Creation: Berlin, GermanyBase of Operations: Formerly Arnim Zola's headquarters in Switzerland,
First Appearance: Fantastic Four I#21 (December 1963)
Powers: Originally, the Hate-Monger had no superhuman powers. However, Zola energized his mind so that the Hate-Monger could, upon facing death, automatically transfer his mind from one body to another. The Hate-Monger had access to high-tech weaponry such as the Hate-ray or H-ray. This ray affected the emotional center of the human mind so as to aggravate sentiments of dread, hate, and fear to abnormal levels. The H-ray could even unlocked repressed feelings of this kind. The H-ray could also transmute loving feelings into equal or greater feelings of hate. The H-ray could be utilized in many ways, from a handgun, a satellite, or one could "bounce" it off the moon to blanket any part of the Earth facing the moon at that time.
Later, after his Cosmic Cube-induced rebirth, the Hate-Monger had a variety of superhuman powers. He could instill hate in others and fed off that same hate. He could also appear to different ethnic or social groups as a member of that group, even appearing different to multiple groups simultaneously. He could fire energy-blasts from his eyes. An energy being, he wore a mask to hide his true form and was relatively immune to conventional injury. He was able to "re-grow" the arm that was destroyed by the missile blast.
The Hate-Monger also had the sub-surface missile, which could bore through solid rock thanks to a powerful burst of flame, allowing underground travel through the rock of the ocean floor. Upon arrival, coolant would douse the area around the emergence of the missile, allowing safe exit. The Rabble Rouser had a similar device.
Nazi X had enhanced human strength and durability, but also lacked eyes, ears, or any other obvious sensory apparatus. As such, it was a mindless, rampaging creature. Its brain was protected within a dense, armored shell.
The "Red Hate" armor granted him superhuman (Class 10) strength and durability.
Height: 5' 6"
Weight: 175 lbs.
Hair: Dark brown
(OHotMU 2006#5) - In the last days of World War II the Hate-Monger clone was created by Arnim Zola.(Super-Villain Team-Up#17 (fb) ) - Hitler, after his original body's destruction at the hands of the original Human Torch, awoke in a cloned brain provided by Arnim Zola. Zola, in his own disfigured original body, clasped his hands in celebration at his success. Zola soon created full-grown cloned bodies for Hitler. Eventually, Zola and Hitler refined the mind-exchange techniques so that Hitler could jump from specially prepared bodies easily. Hitler decided to adopt a new identity, that of the Hate-Monger, wearing a purple hood to conceal his identity.
BTS - Much of what the Hate-Monger did in the decades immediately after his awakening in the cloned brain remains unknown. Nevertheless, within those at least forty years since the end of World War II, scientists under the Hate-Monger's employ created the H-ray. Using the H-ray, by the time of the modern era the Hate-Monger had begun a public career espousing class, racial, and religious antagonism in the United States. He came to employ storm troopers to flank him as he spoke in public.
Also at some point towards the beginning of the modern era, the Hate-Monger set his sights on the Hispanic country called San Gusto. He used the H-ray to breed civil strife in that country, directing a revolution.
(Fantastic Four I#21) - The Hate-Monger's public appearances soon gained the attention of the Fantastic Four, whose member the Thing was Jewish. The Fantastic Four happened upon one of the Hate-Monger's demonstrations as the enthralled throng attacked a lone man. The Fantastic Four came to the man's rescue, but the Hate-Monger used the opportunity to blast them with the H-ray. The ray worked as he hoped, as each member of the Fantastic Four was overcome with such hatred for each other that the group parted ways.
Nick Fury, who in the years since his struggles with Hitler in his original body, had become a C.I.A. agent (but not yet an agent of S.H.I.E.L.D.) appeared to the Fantastic Four to ask for aid in dealing with the revolution in San Gusto. He met with Reed Richards who, scoffing at the idea of asking his teammates for help, went to San Gusto alone. Realizing that the Hate-Monger had somehow affected the minds of the Fantastic Four, Fury tricked all of the other members into going to San Gusto, as well.
The Hate-Monger, having kept the Fantastic Four and San Gusto under surveillance, learned of what happened, and used the sub-surface missile to get from New York City to San Gusto. Meanwhile, leader of the Fantastic Four Reed Richards (while in San Gusto) defeated some of the rebels and uncovered one of the Hate-Monger's Hate-ray machines. Finding a passage to one of the Hate-Monger's hideouts, he was taken prisoner. However, Nick Fury arrived to free him, and forced the Hate-Monger to administer a cure for the H-ray. The Hate-Monger then swiftly activated a bulletproof glass partition that he ducked behind, separating him from Fury and Richards. Fury worked on breaking through and sent Richards to administer cures to the other members of the Fantastic Four: Ben, Johnny, and Sue. Soon, Richards found his teammates and managed to administer this cure to them, as well.
Fury managed to penetrate further into the Hate-Monger's hideout, as the Hate-Monger tried to activate a large scale H-ray. The Fantastic Four arrived as Fury engaged the Hate-Monger's men in hand-to-hand combat. The Human Torch, Reed, and Ben aided Fury in defeating the storm troopers, but the Hate-Monger saw the opportunity to blast them with the H-ray pistol again. However, the Invisible Girl yanked on his arm, throwing off his aim so that he hit some of his own storm troopers. Enraged at how he had gotten them into a battle with the Fantastic Four, they shot the Hate-Monger. Reed unmasked the Hate-Monger, shocked to find Adolf Hitler's face.
BTS - The Hate-Monger jumped into another Zola provided body.
(Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. I#9) - In a newly-cloned body, the Hate-Monger next set up base on an island, where he developed his own version of the Chinese Psychotron to deal with intruders, programmed computers containing the minds of all of Hitler's greatest advisors, and built up a stockpile of nuclear weapons to launch upon the world. One of his men was sent to assassinate Nick Fury, which brought SHIELD to the Hate-Monger's island. He was confident that Fury and his men would not be able to defeat him, but he had not counted on the treachery of his chief scientist, Dr. Kaupfman, or that SHIELD agent Laura Brown had infiltrated his staff. Kaupfman shot the Hate-Monger and remained behind to destroy the island, while SHIELD fled. The Hate-Monger, dying, shot Kaupfman in the back, but he successfully destroyed the island with his dying breath.
(Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. I#10) - Shortly afterwards, in yet another new body, the Hate-Monger set up base in a space station orbiting Earth, from which he planned to drop a germ bomb on New York City. Nick Fury boarded the space station but was again captured by the Hate-Monger's men. The Hate-Monger explained to him how killing the population of New York City would turn the people of Earth against one another, leading to them wiping each other out. Fury was strapped to the bomb itself, and ejected to Earth. However, on its way down, one of the Hate-Monger's pilots sent to observe the bomb was startled by a fast-moving object and collided with the bomb, setting Fury free.
(Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. I#11) - In yet another plot, the Hate-Monger planned to use his Hate-Ray to turn the youth of America against its adult population. Fury again invaded the Hate-Monger's space station, and the two grappled, the Hate-Monger being badly beaten. Desperate to escape, he ran into what he believed to be his private chamber, but it was actually an escape hatch. He died in Earth's orbit.
(Creatures On the Loose#34-BTS, 35) - The Hate-Monger began another plot, the Project, in which he had a starship built, with which he planned to retake his space station and blanket the entire Earth in Hate-rays. Included in this project was an unnamed armored mercenary ("Red Hate"). This operation was based in Georgia, in Tallulah Gorge. When John Jameson happened across the gorge, the mercenary and his agents fired on him, and as it was just the right time of day, they soon found themselves fighting the Man-Wolf.
The armored merc attacked and defeated the Man-Wolf, bringing him in to the Hate-Monger's ship. Though annoyed at the intrusion and distraction, the Hate-Monger thought that a study of the Man-Wolf's form might yield the ability to use its power to create an army of similar superhuman warriors under his command. Like a good villain, the Hate-Monger ranted and raved, reviewing his history and his plans, long enough for SHIELD agents, led by Fury and Dugan, to locate and invade his base.
The Man-Wolf broke his bonds and took vengeance on the now-unarmored mercenary, who quickly fell before him. The Hate-Monger himself donned the mercenary's armor and fled into and launched his ship. The Man-Wolf pursued him into the ship, lodging open the hatch in the process. The armor gave the Hate-Monger a definite advantage, and he was soon choking the life from the Man-Wolf. However, as the ship gained altitude, sunlight shined into the ship, beginning the transformation of the Man-Wolf back into John Jameson. Though weakening physically, Jameson's mind won the day, and he flipped the armored Hate-Monger out the hatch door and then closed it. The Hate-Monger managed to hold onto the side of the ship, but as it continued to soar upwards, the great heat melted his armor, and his flaming, unarmored form fell back down to Earth.
(Super-Villain Team-Up#16 (fb)) - The Hate-Monger and his men, with their moon probe, found the Red Skull defeated on the surface of the moon after a battle with Doctor Doom (as seen in Super-Villain Team-Up#12). This marked the first meeting between the Red Skull and the Hate-Monger in the modern era. The Hate-Monger unmasked himself as Hitler, but the Red Skull did not initially believe his claims of being the reincarnated form of his former mentor. Regardless, the Hate-Monger provided the Red Skull with some of his resources and even introduced him to Arnim Zola.
(Captain America I#211-212) - Arnim Zola unleashed Nazi X--an android/genetic creation with the brain of Adolf Hitler--on Captain America and his ally, Donna Maria Puentes. Following a brief skirmish, Nazi-X was incapacitated by its creator Arnim Zola. Later, Nazi-X was strapped to a gurney in preparation to transfer its brain into the body of Captain America.
Zola's plan to put Hitler's brain into Captain America's body was foiled by Donna Maria, who hurled a vial from Zola's lab counter at him, which reacted with the volatile chemicals he was using, engulfing both Zola and Nazi X in flames. Cap and Donna Maria escaped from Zola's castle, leaving the madmen to their fates.
(Captain America I#227-228 - BTS) - The Hate-Monger aided the Red Skull in the latter's construction of the Death's Head Satellite. "It was the supreme modification of my Hate-ray -- and I gave it to you freely!" Though the Red Skull managed to transform the crew of the S.H.I.E.L.D. heli-carrier into pawns of the Red Skull, Captain America managed to destroy the Satellite.
BTS - The Red Skull and the Hate-Monger relocated to the former Isle of Exiles, where they began to plan new plots. They captured many Israeli commandos sent to hunt them down, and put them to work as slave labor. For added fun, they had a specially-made dining run constructed above the dungeon where the slaves were kept; the floor of the dungeon was made of (presumably bulletproof) glass, so the Red Skull and Hate-Monger could see the slaves fulminate against them as they ate exquisite, gourmet meals.
One of the Israeli commandos sent to hunt down the Skull and Hate-Monger was Yousuf Tov. Tov was assigned to hunt down the Red Skull and Hate-Monger as Nazi war criminals. Intelligence had indicated that the Skull and Monger had an immense clandestine project in progress, involving scientists recruited from S.H.I.E.L.D., A.I.M., and the Soviet bloc. However, instead of being placed into forced labor as happened with another agent named Rachel, Tov was pampered by his captors, although he was kept on a short leash; a neuro-detonator was implanted in his neck as a fail-safe.
(Super-Villain Team-Up#16) - After suffering derision from the other prisoners who called him a traitor, Tov was shown the purpose of the secret project: the creation of a Cosmic Cube. The Skull, noting that information had to still to be extracted from S.H.I.E.L.D. and A.I.M., requested that Tov put his skills and security clearances into gaining it. Also, the Skull, realizing that the Cosmic Cube could only be wielded by one person, knew that his alliance with the Hate-Monger had a very temporary and conditional quality to it. He offered Tov the chance to act as his secret trump card by doing away with the Hate-Monger at an opportune time.
Tov refused the Skull's offer, so the Skull gave him a small taste of the pain the neuro-detonator could bring. Later, Tov employed a ruse; reading the newspaper while under the eye of one of the Skull's guards, Tov keeled over, seemingly in excruciating pain. The guard, who had not activated the neuro-detonator, presumed it had malfunctioned, and not wanting Tov to die before his master had made full use of him, neutralized the device. After the device was neutralized, Tov attacked the guilt-ridden guard, as he had only feigned the pain.
Escaping the Skull's mansion, Tov stole a gun from another guard and went to the slave pens. He shot the lock off of the cage door. However, the other prisoners, assuming Tov's loyalties lay with the Skull and Hate-Monger, refused to join him, assuming his action represented some sort of ruse or trap. Undeterred, Tov continued his escape attempt. When one of the Skull's guards shot Tov in the arm, the other prisoners realized the sincerity of Tov's actions and attacked the Skull's minions. Tov made it to the docks, where he stole a boat.
Hours later, Tov saw a ship flying the U.S. flag. Boarding it, Tov received a rude surprise when he saw the Red Skull and Hate-Monger onboard. In fact, the ship belonged to them, serving as a ruse to help recapture any of their enemies who attempted to escape the Isle of Exiles. Brought back to the Isle, the other prisoners saw Tov as he was led back to incarceration.
(Super-Villain Team-Up#17 (fb)) - Rachel was punished for her part in the escape attempts; the SS lightning bolts were carved into her cheek. Weeks later, however, she managed to strangle a guard with a makeshift rope made from her hair and spittle, managed to steal a boat, was caught in a storm, but washed up alive on shore. She contacted S.H.I.E.L.D.
However, Rachel did not realize that the Hate-Monger had secretly guided her actions through an enslaved psychic named Ali. The Hate-Monger intended to use her as his trump card to eventually aid him in defeating the Red Skull when the time came, as the Hate-Monger knew only one hand could wield the Cosmic Cube.
(Super-Villain Team-Up#17) - Thanks to an armed raid on an AIM base, the Hate-Monger and Red Skull kidnapped Dr. George Clinton, who had helped created the original Cosmic Cube. Showing Clinton their equipment, they explained that while Clinton had created MODOK, a giant biological computer out of a man, to manipulate the myriad variables needed to create a Cosmic Cube, they had another idea. Namely, they would use normal human brains hooked in series as a bio-computer. Clinton, horrified, knew that the information overload would burn out these brains. The Skull noted that they had a supply of replacements, showing Clinton a slave pen, which included Tov.
Rachel, meanwhile, had bitterly and fervently contacted S.H.I.E.L.D. to attack the Isle of Exiles, but she did not know exactly what Tov had discovered; as the Skull, Hate-Monger, and Arnim Zola used a device to extract information from Clinton's mind, they began the process of creating the Cosmic Cube. A S.H.I.E.L.D. strike force soon flew for the Isle of Exiles.
When informed of the arrival of the S.H.I.E.L.D. planes, the Skull ordered two specially constructed, virtually impregnable secondary adamantium hemispheres to be formed into a dome over the island (as well as later ordering decoy doubles of himself and the Hate-Monger to be deployed). However, the S.H.I.E.L.D. agents used an Overkill Horn confiscated from Hydra to pierce the dome and infiltrated the Skull's buildings.
In the ensuing confusion, the Hate-Monger managed to slip away. He had engineered Rachel's escape to produce just such a diversion. Going down to Arnim Zola, who stood outside the locked chamber where the creation of the Cosmic Cube process took place (which could only be opened by both the Hate-Monger and the Red Skull together), the Hate-Monger revealed his plan: He intended to use the mind-transference techniques that had enabled him to survive the destruction of his original body at the hands of the original Human Torch to transfer his mind into the matrix of the Cosmic Cube, becoming the Cube itself.
Meanwhile, Rachel destroyed what she thought was the Red Skull (in fact a decoy) and saw Tov had been used for part of the bio-computer, his brain damaged by the process. Still, she carried him away with her before S.H.I.E.L.D.'s final firebombing of the Isle of Exiles.
Later, in a subterranean chamber underneath the Isle, the Red Skull held up the Cosmic Cube. Looking at it, he told of how he had discovered the Hate-Monger's plan and had concealed from him that they had not been able to isolate the omni-dimensional x-element that served as the core of the Cube's power. They had only managed to create the outer shell of a Cosmic Cube, which, once complete, served as an inescapable prison for anything inside. That said, the Skull left the non-functioning Cosmic Cube on his desk -- with the Hate-Monger's mind trapped inside.
(Captain America I#299) - The non-functioning Cosmic Cube lay in a storeroom in the Skull's headquarters, the Skull House. Captain America, dying of old age, walked by the door to the room and thought he heard a voice. After a moment, he walked on, deciding it was nothing, leaving Hitler's trapped mind screaming for escape.
(Captain America I#446 (fb)) - At some point, Hitler's face disappeared from the non-functioning Cosmic Cube. The Red Skull surmised that he had gone mad or had his consciousness somehow subsumed by the Cosmic Cube. He gave it little thought.
(Captain America I#446 (fb)) - The Kubekult, fanatics who had discovered the fate of the Hate-Monger, acquired the Cosmic Cube and (using stolen A.I.M. technology) managed to spike it with energy such that it had flashes of full power.
(Captain America I#446-448 - BTS) - The Kubekult was briefly spiked with energy, resulting in a world where the Nazis won World War II and Hitler was in charge. After some battles, Sharon Carter was able to steal the cube and gave it to Captain America. The Red Skull trapped Cap in the cube, pitting his will against Hitler's. Cap ultimately escaped from the cube, forcibly extracting himself and shattering the cube, apparently killing the Red Skull.
(Captain America III#19 - BTS) - The Red Skull, having internalized the Cosmic Cube, was tricked by Captain America into entering the anti-matter beam of Galactus' original ship. As he was disintegrated, the Skull made two wishes of the cube's power:
BTS - Apparently returned through the second wish, the Hate Monger took charge of a Neo-Nazi camp in Idaho. They then kidnapped General McAllister Groves while he was on vacation, and used his ID clearance to infiltrate a biological weapons facility. There they stole Anthrax missiles for future use, while leaving the African-American General's ID behind with the word "Rebirth" written on it.
(Captain America III#25) - The Hate Monger's men captured Nick Fury, who had infiltrated their compound. When Captain America and the Falcon went to investigate, their ship was attacked by the Neo-Nazis, and the two heroes were gassed unconscious. The Hate Monger then made his dramatic reappearance.
(Captain America III#26) - Captain America and the Falcon were chained up while the Hate Monger explained his plans to spark World War III. The Anthrax missiles would be launched into Europe and the Middle East, decimating millions. At the same time, General Groves would be blamed for the crisis, resulting in a race war within the U. S. The Hate Monger then spray-painted a swastika on Captain America's shield and dumped Cap in a cellar prison, where the captured Nick Fury was being held. Cap and Fury eventually escaped and made their way to where the Hate Monger was launching the missiles.
(Captain America III#27) - Captain America fought the Hate Monger and placed the villain's arm, along with his desecrated shield, under the launch flame of the missile. The flame burned away the Hate Monger's arm and the painted swastika. After disabling the missiles, Cap chased the Hate Monger, who escaped by shedding his costume in a river.
BTS - The Hate Monger "regrew" his arm and regrouped with the Red Skull aboard the captured S.H.I.E.L.D. Heli-carrier.
(Captain America III#45) - In Stonewater, Louisiana, the Hate Monger (under the guise of Adam Hauser, a union representative from New York City) incited striking workers to attack and slaughter a group of visiting Mexican teachers, telling the rioters that they were losing their jobs to the illegal immigrants. Later the Hate Monger conferred with the Red Skull.
(Captain America III#46-48) - In a variety of guises, the Hate Monger appeared to many ethnic and social groups in Stonewater, inciting them to riot. He led a mobs defeat and capture of Nick Fury. He also gathered those with telepathic potential and planned, along with the Red Skull, to amplify their hatred through S.H.I.E.L.D.'s PSI devices, resulting in mass riots and destruction across the U. S.
Having captured Fury and Captain America, the Skull and Hate Monger revealed their plan to the heroes. Namor appeared and attempted to rescue the heroes, only to have his rather large temper make him easy prey for the Hate Monger's powers. The Hate Monger then attempted to force Cap to give into his hate, but Cap overcame these attempts, resulting in an overloading of the PSI devices and the apparent destruction of the Hate Monger.
Comments: Created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Clarified by Peter Gillis
The Squid's comments:
Speaking of obvious invoking: Adam Hauser : Adolf Hitler
Prime Eternal's comments:
The Hate-Monger's space station is better known to comic readers as Samarobryn; it was also used by Egghead in Avengers I#64 and Sub-Mariner I#14, NASA in Avengers I#210, and the Thunderbolts in Thunderbolts#12. (see comments under the Weathermen)
The Hate-Monger's appearances in Nick Fury are some truly bad comics. Throughout, artist Frank Springer attempted to emulate Jim Steranko's work on the series, most noticeably with the two-page spreads that would appear in every story, and the attempts at psychedelicism and surrealism. But nothing, absolutely nothing can compare to issue #11, where the young people of America conquer the country, like something from the movie Wild in the Streets. For, you see, the American people are helpless against their own youth. You can tell this story was written before the Kent State shootings.
The fast-moving object that startled the Hate-Monger's man in Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. I#10 was, quite possibly, Santa Claus.
Kyle Smith's comments:
Hate Monger is not be confused with:
The Project, run by the Hate Monger, has no known connection to:
Profile by The Squid, Per Degaton, Prime Eternal, Snood, and Kyle Smith
This unnamed mercenary was the primary operative of the Hate-Monger in the Tallulah Gorge, Georgia based Project. Posing as a gas station attendant, he warned John Jameson to stay away from the Gorge. When Jameson went there anyway -- seeking solitude as he prepared for his nightly transformation -- the merc led his men to fire upon him. Soon, they were fighting the Man-Wolf, but the merc managed to take him out with the butt of his rifle. Thinking the Hate-Monger might be interested in this beast-man, the merc brought the Man-Wolf inside the Project. The Man-Wolf attacked them again, and again was knocked out by the merc's rifle butt. Waiting for the Hate-Monger, they threw the Man-Wolf in a cell, but by morning, he was Jameson again. That evening, they took him to the edge of a cliff where they planned to shoot him and dump his body. Jameson's new hippie friend, Joel Stevens, provided a distraction to allow Jameson to get away, but the merc killed Joel and then put on his armor and went after the Man-Wolf.
In his armored form, he recaptured the Man-Wolf, and this time brought him before the Hate-Monger. However, it wasn't long before SHIELD stormed the base. The Man-Wolf broke free, and the merc (who had taken a stun blast as SHIELD burst in) was soon at the receiving end of his anger, and his claws.
--Creatures on the Loose#34 (35
He's unnamed, but I chose the name "Red Hate" as a hybrid of Redneck and Hate-Monger. It sure sounds better than the Neck-Monger!
Fantastic Four I#21 (December, 1963) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Jack Kirby (pencils), George Roussos (inks)
Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. I#9-11 (February-March, 1969) - Gary Friedrich (writer), Frank Springer (pencils), Frank Springer (#9, 11) & Johnny Craig (#10) (inks), Stan Lee (editor)
Creatures on the Loose#34-35 (March-May, 1975) - David Kraft (writer), George Perez (pencils), Frank McLaughlin (inks), Roy Thomas (editor)
Super-Villain Team-Up#16 (May, 1979) - Peter Gillis (writer), Carmine Infantino (pencils), Bruce Patterson (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Captain America I#211-212 (July-August, 1977) - Jack Kirby (writer/pencils), Mike Royer (inks), Jack Kirby (editor)
Super-Villain Team-Up#17 (June, 1980) - Peter Gillis (writer), Arvell Jones (pencils), Bruce Patterson (inks), Jim Salicrup (editor)
Captain America I#299 (November, 1984) - J.M. DeMatteis (writer), Paul Neary (pencils), Roy Richardson (inks), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Captain America I#446 (December, 1995) - Mark Waid (writer), Ron Garney (pencils), Danis Rodier (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Captain America III#25-27 (January-March, 2000) - Dan Jurgens (writer), Andy Kubert (pencils), Dan Green (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Captain America III#45-48 (September-December, 2001) - Dan Jurgens (writer/pencils), Bob Layton (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Last updated: 06/28/05
Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.
All other characters mentioned or pictured are and © 1941-2099 Marvel Characters, Inc. All Rights Reserved. If you like this stuff, you should check out the real thing!
Please visit The Marvel Official Site at: http://www.marvel.com
Back to Characters