protar_race-otu3-fullPROTAR raceprotar_race-otu-def76-faces

Classification: Living mechanical/robotic extraterrestrial race 

Location/Base of Operations: Formerly the planet Protaris, in the Regreb system, Milky Way galaxy

Known Members: None identified

Affiliations: Moondragon (Heather Douglas);
    formerly X3Z/Omega the Unknown, James-Michael Starling, and two unidentified prototypes intermediary between the Protar and X3Z;
    see comments

Enemies: Hellcat (Patsy Walker), Richard Rory, James-Michael Starling, Valkyrie (Brunnhilde), X3Z/Omega the Unknown;
    unintentionally the Sreneskians;

Aliases: The robots, "steel assassins" (cover of Omega the Unknown#1), "Robby" (from Hellcat)

First Appearance: (Unidentified) Omega the Unknown I#1 (March, 1976);
(identified) Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14 (March, 1984)

protar_race-otu1-scan-jmsPowers/Abilities: The Protar were a mechanoid race in humanoid configuration. 

    They lacked any facial features and instead possessed a central faceplate that glowed with energy.

    The Protar had superhuman strength (perhaps lifting 2 tons; they appeared to be roughly comparable in strength to Omega) and durability. They could be incapacitated by biospheric energy blasts, such as those possessed by Omega and James-Michael Starling, and they could be recharged partially or fully by electrical energy. 

    Incapacitation and/or partial recharging apparently limited their intellectual and reasoning abilities, leading them to be more single-mindedly violent and less articulate. 

    They apparently could project a scanning beam from their faceplates to analyze the energies and nature of others.

    The used saucers for space and in-atmospheric flight.

     Many Protar carried a blaster pistol, which they stored in a side belt-holster, as their primary weapon.

    Occasional Protar used a blaster rifle.

Traits: The Protar's primary goal was to find a way to continue their race's existence and knowledge in an organic form to survive (at least) perceived impending extinction. They were willing to sacrifice this goal to prevent harm to other races. 

    Making logical decisions, the Protar were somewhat fanatical in pursuing those goals.

Type:  Bilaterally symmetric mechanoid bipeds (humanoid configuration, except faces)
: Two (on head; solid red color seen)
: Four (plus opposing thumb)
: Unrevealed (none, if their "boots" are their feet; possibly five to match the configuration of their hands if they do wear boot coverings over feet)
Color: Purple to dark gray
Average height: Approximately 6'10" (some images looked comparable to the 6'2" Omega, some looked significantly larger, such as the diagram below showing the progression from mechanoid Protar to fully organic life)

protar_models(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - The planet Protaris’ living mechanical inhabitants discovered that, as they had reached the end of their evolution, they would be unable to adapt to the radically changing conditions and climate of their world...

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - that within a relatively short number of years, the Protar would find it uninhabitable.

Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - The Protar planned to create a new organic race...

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - ...through bioengineering....

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - that would be be able to adapt to perpetuate their culture. 

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - The Protar believed that humanoid though processes and emotional responses were in many ways very different from their own, and so they believed it necessary to learn all they could about humanoid civilizations in order to program the minds of their humanoid creations properly.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - They constructed a number of prototypes of living, sentient beings, each more truly humanoid than the previous one,...

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - ...and each in the form of a different sentient being whom the Protar knew to exist on another planet.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - The Protar sent each prototype in turn to the respective world with analogous life forms, starting with the least humanoid one. As each model was to think itself a real part of the world on which they had placed it, both the models and the inhabitants of the planets on which the models were placed would be unaware of their true natures and involvement in their project. 

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - The the Protar would test each prototype to determine how it would function in a society and environment unlike their own. 

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - Each prototype would learn about its adopted culture, and then transfer its experiences "up the chain" to the next, more advanced prototype.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - The X3Z (Omega; translated from the Protarian alphabet and system of numbering) model was created on Protaris and sent to Srenesk, a planet uniquely suited to teaching him concepts of morality and nobility.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - The X3Z model acclimated to planet Srenesk and joined its protective Warrior Caste.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS / Omega the Unknown I#1 (fb) - BTS) - The final, purely biological model, human facsimile James-Michael Starling, was sent to Earth where he was raised in an isolated environment in Pennsylvania's Appalachians by a pair of androids in human form (although James-Michael believed them to be his real parents).

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - All information from prior models was passed to model X3Z.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - Considered the pinnacle of his warrior caste, X3Z (his name on Srenesk has not been revealed) was chosen...protar_race-def77-protaris-endstage

Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - the elders of Srenesk...protar_race-def77-shipsonsrenesk

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - ...for the honor of being the first of their people to receive the power of manipulating biospheric energy, tapped from Srenesk's life force.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - Checking in on X3Z, the Protar appreciated that such power was too great for X3Z or any being to control, and that there was the added danger that X3Z would pass on the power to their last model and destroy their work. 

    The Protar resolved that X3Z must be removed from Srenesk before he received the power, or else both he and the final model would be able to destroy their worlds..."and we, who sought to form an ideal race, will have created monsters instead."

    However, despite their efforts, the Protar did not arrive in time.

(Defenders I#77 (fb)) - After the Srenesk completed their treatments, a Sreneskian rushed in, announcing that they were attacked by creatures from beyond (the Protar, who were mistaken for conquerors), who had suddenly cut through their defenses, and that they didn't have time to mobilize against them. 

    The Sreneskian Mentor resolved that their super-warrior would battle the invaders instead, and he instructed X3Z to use the force of the bio-sphere to bring their attackers down from the sky.

(Omega the Unknown I#1) - X3Z battled the Protar on Srenesk in a "tumult raging about this last of his superior breed," physically picking up and smashing some with their own energy cannon. 

protar_race-otu1-weapon(Defenders I#77 (fb)) - As X3Z readied his power, the alteration in the biosphere grew bolder, more disruptive, until chaos raged around the world, the force of the world being drawn into him, until the energy -- the creative force -- could no longer be disciplined, no longer held in check...

(Omega the Unknown I#1) - Ultimately, the energies within X3Z were released through omega-symbol-like energy patterns in his palms, "ravaging, mindless, uncontrollable." 

(Defenders I#77 (fb)) - X3Z's power, as anticipated, overwhelmed him, destroying all Sreneskians (and their civilization) but himself, who was at the eye of the storm; the Protar also survived.

(Omega the Unknown I#1) - As X3Z, distraught at the energy release's effects, dropped to a knee, one of the Protar subdued him with a blast from behind.

(Omega the Unknown I#1 (fb) - BTS) - X3Z was bound in energy manacles.protar_race-otu1-sreneskdevastated.jpg

(Omega the Unknown I#1 - BTS) - After having a vision of X3Z's fight with the Protar during his sleep, the 12-year-old James-Michael Starling was in a car accident where he discovered that the truth about his "parents" when the decapitated robotic head of his mother spoke to him before melting (both parent's forms melted, leaving no evidence of their presence). 

    Distraught, Starling lapsed into a coma.

(Omega the Unknown I#1 / Defenders I#77 (fb)) - Awakening, X3Z heard the Protar noting that he was locked into his Srenesk identity, that X3Z believed they were the ones to have destroyed this world, and that his power had been passed to the final model. 

(Defenders I#77 (fb)) - The Protar declared that the project was ended and that they must destroy both X3Z and the final model. 

(Omega the Unknown I#1) - X3Z broke free, fought his way past the Protar, and reached a (presumably Srenesk) ship, from which he departed Srenesk, incinerating nearby Protar in the ship's plume. 

(Omega the Unknown I#1 (fb) - BTS / Defenders I#77 (fb)) - Having learned the Protar intended to destroy him and James-Michael, X3Z traveled to Earth to protect the boy.

(Omega the Unknown I#1 (fb) - BTS) - James-Michael was admitted to New York's Barrow Clinic, where he woke up from a coma after one month. 


(Omega the Unknown I#1 (fb) - BTS) - One of the Protar arrived on Earth. Presumably seeking X3Z, in instead located James-Michael Starling in the Barrow Clinic.

(Omega the Unknown I#1) - The Earth-based Protar broke into James-Michael's room, analyzing him thusly "the correct target...yet it has altered its matter. I shall kill it anyway.

(Omega the Unknown I#1) - Having apparently either tracked James-Michael and found him at the time of the attack or having pursued the Protar to him, X3Z  arrived and battled the Protar. 

    The Protar caught X3Z's wrist in mid-swing, punched X3Z down, and fired a blast from its optic sensors into X3Z while reaching for its blaster pistol. 

     Rallying, X3Z kicked the Protar in the chest, knocking its blaster from its hand, before getting back on his feet and punching down the Protar. 

    However, the Protar fell close to its blaster pistol, which it grabbed and fired at X3Z. Although X3Z dodged this blast, the Protar then rose to its feet and took aim.



    Seeking to save the life of the mysterious caped man who had come to his rescue, James-Michael unexpectedly fired blasts through omega-shaped sites on his palms, incapacitating the Protar.

    X3Z took the Protar and departed before Dr. Barrow arrived.

(Omega the Unknown I#2) - Still carrying the Protar, X3Z watched through a window as Dr. Barrow ran a battery of tests on James-Michael. protar_race-otu3-kill

    As X3Z walked away, X3Z was taunted and then shocked into unconsciousness by the criminal Electro, who carried away the Protar, seeking to use it for his own purposes. 

    Later, seeking his aid in repairing the Protar he had claimed, Electro incapacitated X3Z with a blast and towed him away in an airship.

(Omega the Unknown I#3 (fb) - BTS) - A Daily Bugle headline article, featuring a picture taken by Amber, identified X3Z as Omega.

(Omega the Unknown I#3 (fb) - BTS) - Electro took Omega to his subway base and bound him in electrified chains, which sapped his strength.

(Omega the Unknown I#3) - After Omega revived, Electro told him the only way he could get the chains off was if he consented to restore the robot. 

    In response to the threat and taunts, Omega kicked Electro back, knocking him into the Protar, which fell into the tracks. Electricity from the third rail reactivated the robot, but Electro nailed Omega with an electrical blast before seeing the results of his actions and thanking him.protar_race-otu3-destroyed

(Omega the Unknown I#3 (fb) - BTS) - Electro and the Protar made a deal, with Electro providing further power to revive the Protar for a limited time, with a promise to give him a stronger charge to maintain him longer and to let him take action against Omega; in exchange, the Protar was to first aid Electro in a mission. 

(Omega the Unknown I#3) - After explaining their deal, Electro and the Protar left Omega in his chains. 

(Omega the Unknown I#3 - BTS) - Electro and the Protar took over a telethon, with Electro demanding to take all of its donations for himself. Meanwhile, Electro focused past his pain to shatter his electrified manacles. protar_race-otu3-shattered

(Omega the Unknown I#3) - After Omega burst through a door, the Protar turned and charged him, but Omega hefted it into the air and hurled it into a large video camera, shattering its faceplate and incapacitating it. Omega subsequently defeated Electro as well.

(Omega the Unknown I#10 - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z hardcover#8: Omega) - Omega died approximately two months after his arrival on Earth.

(Defenders I#75 - BTS) - Richard Rory and Amber Grant asked the Defenders' Valkyrie and Hellcat to help them locate the missing James-Michael Starling, who had taken a bus with his friend Dian Wilkins to the house of his "parents."

(Defenders I#76 (fb) - BTS) - Needing transport, Valkyrie and Hellcat sought aid from the Avengers and Fantastic Four; only the Wasp was available, and she joined them, piloting an Avengers Quinjet.

(Defenders I#76 - BTS) - <A week after James-Michael's disappearance> - Amber, Richard, Hellcat, Valkyrie, Wasp, and Ruth Hart headed toward the site of the car crash from which James-Michael had first publically appeared.

(Defenders I#76 (fb) - BTS) - A fleet of Protar seeking Omega traveled to Earth. protar_race-otu-ship-def76-beamdown2

(Defenders I#76) - The contingent aboard the Avengers quinjet spotted the Protar fleet.

(Defenders I#76) - A Protar reported to the fleet commander that they had located the prime subject, although he noted that its proportions were altered, smaller and more compact; this was actually James-Michael in his parents' house in the Pennsylvania Appalachians. 

    Due to the energies and power levels within James-Michael, they mistakenly believed him to be X3Z. Resolving that he must be destroyed, the commander directed all units to the target area. 

(Defenders I#76) - As the Protar fleet headed toward Starling's house, the Avengers quinjet followed them; unaware of the fleet's connection to James-Michael, Wasp considered these alien ships to be the higher priority.protar_race-otu-def76-vdef

    Sensing that the robots had found them, James-Michael fled with Dian, but as soon as they were outside of the house, Protar began traveling down a beam of energy from a ship. 

    One of the Protar noted that he had sighted the subject but then realized that this model was completely organic yet it held the previous model's identified energy. 

    As the Protar raised its weapon, resolving to terminate the model and seek answers after the threat had been removed, James-Michael lashed out, destroying the Protar with an energy blast from his hand. protar_race-otu-def76-blastval

    As other Protar continued to beam down, another Protar confirmed that this was the same energy that had destroyed their first agent on Earth, but that the power level was more than doubled; it instructed the others to terminate the subject at all costs. 

    As Amber had spotted James-Michael, the Wasp then flew the Quinjet by and dropped off Hellcat and Valkyrie, who joined the fight against the Protar. Feeling that there were too many of the Protar to stop and that he had brought this upon all of them, James-Michael began to panic, and, at Valkyrie's urging, Dian led him inside the house. 

    A Protar blasted the distracted Valkyrie; although she partially deflected the blast with her sword, Dragonfang, she was stunned. Resolving that though she was not the prime target, Valkyrie must be terminated so nothing stood in their way, the Protar prepared to finish her off; however, the Wasp arrived in time to blast the Protar, giving the Valkyrie time to get back to her feet and rejoin the fight. Due to the overwhelming odds, Wasp and Valkyrie sent Hellcat to send out a general SOS from the Quinjet. 

    As a Protar that had gotten past the heroes attempted to break into the Starling house, Valkyrie hurled Dragonfang through its chest, dropping it. Soon after a trio of Protar blasted Valkyrie simultaneously, while another stunned Wasp with a swat of its hand. 

    Returning to the struggle after receiving no response to her SOS, Hellcat snatched an energy rifle out of one of the Protar's hands and threw it to Richard Rory so he could help out. However, as it had no trigger, Richard could not figure out how to operate it, and one of the Protar blasted Hellcat as she was trying to coach Rory. protar_race-def77-lvbreakdown

    Having been monitoring cosmic developments on Earth and having heard Hellcat's summons, Moondragon then arrived; quickly learning the situation telepathically from Hellcat, Moondragon confronted the Protar leader, denying him entrance into the house unless he stated his business there. 

    Acknowledging that he had no quarrel with Moondragon (whom he addressed as "priestess"), the Protar commander noted the mission to be imperative. Before anything further could be discussed, there was a flash of light.

(Defenders I#76 (fb) - BTS) - Having become increasingly distraught, James-Michael's energies linked up to the corpse of Omega, and the two exchanged places.

(Defenders I#76 (fb) - BTS) - When the light faded, James-Michael was gone, and Omega's corpse lay in his place. las vegas beatdown by dibbuk

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - James-Michael reappeared in the Las Vegas room in which Ruby had held Omega's after she and Dybbuk had stolen it from the morgue in hopes of mastering his power.

(Defenders I#76 - BTS) - Sensing the absence of the energy they had tracked was no longer present, the Protar departed immediately to retrack the energy, with the commander informing Moondragon that explanations would be postponed.

(Defenders I#76) - When Amber, Hellcat, Ruth, Rory, Valkyrie, Wasp, and Dian entered the house, they saw Omega's corpse, and Dian told them what she had seen.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - The Protar tracked James-Michael's energies to Ruby's Las Vegas room. The Defenders followed the Protar to Las Vegas, but they did not know exactly where to find the Protar, and so they wandered the streets.

(Defenders I#77) - One of the Protar broke down the door into Ruby's room, noting, "Target sighted! Immediate liquidation will follow!"

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - Reacting to a perceived threat to Ruby, Dybbuk punched the Protar...

(Defenders I#77) - ...inadvertently knocking it back through the wall and into the streets as the Defenders passed by. As the Defenders engaged Ruby and Dybbuk, James-Michael slipped away and fled down an alley. 

    When a Protar ship appeared overhead, James-Michael panicked and reflexively released his biospheric energy, blasting the ship out of the sky and forcing it to crash into a building. protar_race-def77-mindmeld

broken    Moondragon investigated the downed ship, noting its machinery to be of an extremely sophisticated design, which impressed her with James-Michael's powers. 

    As she departed, wondering what part these robot pursuers played in this scheme, who had sent them, and why, she heard one of the Protar repeating, "Stop...stop...stop..." 

    Returning to investigate, she examined the Protar and realized that while it was both metallic and mechanical, it was alive but dying (and not a robot). 

    Seeking to offer the creature comfort, Moondragon touched its mind, and she discovered the truth; realizing they had all been "terribly, terribly wrong" and that the Defenders may have doomed the planet, she concluded that only she could save she rushed away, the Protar continued, "stop...stop...stop..."

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - James-Michael continued to blast the Protar ships out of the sky, his power levels escalating progressively in the process. 

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - Moondragon caught up to James-Michael, and he either directly pinned her to the ground, or his growing energies did so on their own. 

(Defenders I#77 - BTS) - After the Wasp unwittingly shattered Ruby's head, seemingly destroying her, Dybbuk teleported away with her, and the Defenders sought the missing Moondragon, finding pieces of saucers scattered throughout the rubble.protar_race-def77-jms-lvassault

(Defenders I#77 - BTS) - The Defenders soon located James-Michael, and his irrational rage led him to attack them as well.

(Defenders I#77) - James-Michael blasted the last Protar ship out of the sky, believing the "robots" had intended the Defenders as distraction; but after the ship crashed atop the Avengers Quinjet, Hellcat told James-Michael that Dian and his other friends had been in the Quinjet.

    Reclaiming the mental power she had previously granted Hellcat, Moondragon recovered sufficiently to stop James-Michael from destroying the last of the Protar and instead linking their minds. 

    Moondragon thusly shared with James-Michael the entire mission and benevolent goals of the Protar, as well as the danger the Srenesk had instilled into Omega and through him into James-Michael.protar_race-def77-mindmeld-jms

    Overwhelmed, James-Michael prepared to use Earth's full power to destroy the Defenders, threatening to destroy the whole planet, but when he realized he would be killing his friend, Dian, too, he -- unable to not release the power he had summoned -- turned it back on himself, apparently killing him. 

    Moondragon departed, intending to bury the remains of both James-Michael and Omega among the stars.

The last of the Protar presumably died as well...

Comments: Created by Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes and Jim Mooney.

    If Protaris was becoming uninhabitable, and the Protar had space travel technology, why didn't they just relocate? As mechanical beings, they shouldn't have had as many requirements as organic/flesh and blood creatures...perhaps their existence was somehow contingent on their native world, and being off-world limited their survivability, lifespan, intelligence, etc....which might explain their urgency and unwillingness to explain themselves.

    In Defenders I#77, when he was being powered by the Srenesk, it is noted that the living robots rushed to retrieve their "X3Z (Omega)."
    Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14 further clarified that X3Z was translated as Omega from the Protarian alphabet and system of numbering. 
    Interestingly, Omega typically means the final level of something, while X3Z was really the penultimate model (with James-Michael the ultimate model)...however, perhaps it referred to the final prototype, with the James-Michael being the first of the new race.

    Having created James-Michael and sent him to Earth, I'm not sure why the Protar were so confused about who he was. Each time Protar initially encountered him, they considered him to be X3Z, somehow having changed his size. 

    Omega considered that he still had his Protar ship in Omega the Unknown I#4. It was never shown again to the best of my knowledge, so...where is it?

    I, for one, would like to learn more about X3Z's predecessors in the steps from Protar to humanoid. At least two were shown.

    The names of the Protar (and planet Protaris) and the Sreneskians (and planet Srenesk) were revealed in Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14's Omega entry. Also revealed in that entry was the star system Regreb, obviously an anagram for (and homage to) Gerber.  Probably wouldn't have been so obvious if they had instead called it Nesserk.

   Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega entry notes that the Protar were organic metal, like Colossus, when they were actually both living and mechanical. Whether their metal was organic is unrevealed. 

    Given the images and the volume of information about them, it is strange that neither the Protar nor the Srenesk received profiles in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe's Appendix to Alien races, while others who only appeared in a few panels received such profiles. I suppose it comes down to interest, experience, etc. of those who write the profiles.

    As mechanoids, it is possible that the Protar were members of the Turgentine Technenium, of which Skeletron was a part...

    Further images of the Protar's arrival on Srenesk are shown here.

Profile by Snood.

The Protar should be distinguished from:


protar_race-otu-ship-interior-def76 protar-ships-avquin-scale    The Protar used saucers for interplanetary and interstellar travel, as well as travel within a planet's atmosphere.

     The saucers contained computers and scanning equipment and carried at least five, if not significantly more, Protar.

     The saucers could project a beam to a planetary surface via which Protar could descend or ascend in a controlled fashion.


(Defenders I#77 (fb)) - Protar used their saucers to travel to Srenesk in an attempt to prevent the Sreneskians from instilling biopsheric power within X3Z (later Omega) as they knew he would be unable to control.

     However, they were mistaken as alien invaders, and in the ensuing conflict, they ironically precipitated X3Z's power overload and the genocide of the Sreneskians.
(Omega the Unknown I#1 - BTS) - The saucers transported an unspecified number of Protar to Earth's vicinity, and one of their number was sent down to Earth to investigate X3Z where he/it was eventually destroyed.

(Defenders I#76) - Protar later traveled to Earth in saucers, and they apparently traced the biopsheric energies they associated with X3Z to James-Michael Starling, within whom X3Z's power had been replicated.

     These Protar saucers were spotted by Hellcat and her associates, who followed them.

     They flew to the Starlings' mansion in the Pennsylvania Appalachians
, beaming down to confront Starling. 

     After Starling teleported away to Las Vegas, the Protar returned to their saucers and re-tracked the energies.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - Hellcat and her associates followed the Protar ships to Las Vegas.

(Defenders I#77) - As the Protar saucers reached Las Vegas and approached Starling, the distraught youth progressively blasted each of the Protar saucers out of the sky, causing them to crash to the ground.

--Defenders I#76 (77

Note: With all of the Protar tech left behind, it must have been gathered by some government or other group.
     Despite the image on the cover of Defenders I#76 shown to the left, the saucers were not shown to fire energy blasts.

blaster pistol

protar_race-otu-def76-blaster-sightsprotar_race-otu-def76-blaster-side     The Protar carried blaster pistols as their primary weapons.

     They may have had variable settings:

          A trio of simultaneous blast-strikes stunned the powerful Brunnhilde the Valkyrie
          A straight-on blast from behind knocked out X3Z (later Omega)
          A glancing blow hurt but did not incapacitate or injure the normal-durability-Hellcat.

     They had a sighting and perhaps scanning function.

Omega the Unknown I#1

blaster rifle

protar_race-otu-def76-rifle-mostfullprotar_race-otu-def76-rifle     Occasional Protar carried a blaster rifle, which presumably delivered a more powerful blast than the pistol.

     The blaster pistols did not have a visible trigger, at least one that Richard Rory could quickly identify. It is unrevealed whether they could just be fired at-will when a Protar was holding them, or if perhaps they drew on and projected energies from the Protar.

--Defenders I#76



     The planet Protaris was part of the Regreb star system, in the Milky Way galaxy

     At least a portion of their population apparently lived in domed buildings within ravines, with the buildings closing packed around roadways.

(Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - The planet Protaris’ living mechanical inhabitants discovered that, as they had reached the end of their evolution, they would be unable to adapt to the radically changing conditions and climate of their world...

(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14: Omega) - that within a relatively short number of years, the Protar would find it uninhabitable.

(Omega the Unknown I#1 / Defenders I#77 (fb) - BTS) - The Protar attempted to create a fully organic race to continue their existence on other world. When this program risked catastrophe, a number of Protar departed Protaris, and a number followed their unwittingly dangerous creation, X3Z to Earth, where they were ultimately destroyed by their ultimate creation, the organic James-Michael Starling. 

--Defenders I#77

Note: The names of the Protar, the planet Protaris, and its star system, Regreb, were revealed in Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14's Omega the Unknown entry.

images: (without ads)
Omega the Unknown I#1, pg. 2, panel 1 (with cannon-like weapon);
        pg. 8, panel 2 (Protar with fallen Sreneskians);
    #3, pg. 8, panel 2 (energized);
            panel 4 (glowing; kill!);
        pg. 13, panel 4 (thrown);
            panel 5 (shattered faceplate);
Defenders I#76 cover (ships in color);
        pg. 7, panel 1 (commander and ship interior);
        pg. 8, panel 1 (scale compared to Avengers quinget);
            panel 5 (initial group beaming down to Earth);
        pg. 9, panel 2 (pistol/sights);
            panel 6 (multiple Protar on Earth and beaming down);
        pg. 12, panel 1 (Protar with rifle);
            panel 3 (battling Brunnhilde & Hellcat);
        pg. 15, panel 1 (blasting Brunnhilde);
            panel 3 (Hellcat grabbing rifle);
        pg. 17, panel 1 (faces)
    #77, pg. 2, panel 6 (breaking into Ruby's Las Vegas base);
        pg. 3, panel 4 (punched through wall by Dybbuk);
        pg. 6, panel 4 (broken);
            panel 5 (Moondragon mind meld with Protar);
        pg. 10, panel 3 (JMS taking out Protar ships);
        pg. 12, panel 7 (Moondragon mind-melding Protar & JMS);
        pg. 13, panel 1-2 (Protaris; orbit and city);
            panel 4 (Protar to organic being planned stages);
        pg. 14, panel 5 (Protar saucers departing Protaris);
        pg. 15, panel 4 (Protar saucers arriving on Srenesk)

Omega the Unknown I#1 (March, 1976) – Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes (writers), Jim Mooney (art), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#2 (May, 1976)
 – Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes (writers), Jim Mooney (art), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#3 (July, 1976)
– Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes (writers), Jim Mooney (art), Marv Wolfman (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#4 (September, 1976)
– Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes (writers), Jim Mooney, Pablo Markus (art), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#5 (November, 1976)
– Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes (writers), Jim Mooney (art), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#6 (January, 1977)
– Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes (writers), Jim Mooney, Mike Esposito (art), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#7 (March, 1977)
– Scott Edelman (writer), Jim Mooney (art), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#8 (May, 1977) – Roger Stern (writer), Lee Elias (penciler), Jim Mooney (inker), Archie Goodwin (editor)
Omega the Unknown I#9 (July, 1977)
Steve Gerber (writer, editor), Mary Skrenes (writer), Jim Mooney (art)
Omega the Unknown I#10 (October, 1977)
Steve Gerber (writer, editor), Mary Skrenes (writer), Jim Mooney (art)
Defenders I#75 (September, 1979) Ed Hannigan (writer), Herb Trimpe (penciler), Mike Esposito (inker), Allen Milgrom (editor)
Defenders I#76 (October, 1979) – Steven Grant (writer), Herb Trimpe (penciler), S. Mitchell (inker), Allen Milgrom (editor)
Defenders I#77 (November, 1979) – Steven Grant (writer), Herb Trimpe (penciler), Milgrom, Mitchell, Stone (inkers), Allen Milgrom (editor)
Defenders I#78 (December, 1979) Ed Hannigan (writer), Herb Trimpe (penciler), Mike Esposito (inker), Allen Milgrom (editor)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#14 (March, 1984)  Mark Gruenwald (head writer, editor, designer), Eliot R. Brown (typesetter, technical writer), Peter Sanderson, Mark Lerer, Dan Fingeroth (writers), Kirk Lassiter (Omega penciler), Josef Rubinstein (inker, embellisher)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Deluxe Edition I#19 (December, 1987) - Peter Sanderson (writer, researcher), Wayne Boring (Omega entry penciler), Josef Rubinstein (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)

Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z hardcover#8 (2011) - Jeff Christiansen (head writer/coordinator), Stuart Vandal, Mike Fichera, & Madison Carter (coordination assistants); Sean McQuaid, Michael Hoskin, Ronald Byrd, David Wiltfong, Chad Anderson, Chris Bigs, Eric J. Moreels, Mark O'English, Al Sjoerdsma, Jacob Rougemont, Gabriel Shechter, Anthony Flamini, Rich Green, Markus Raymond, Andrew Goletz, Rob London, Mike O'Sullivan, & Jeph York (writers), Wayne Boring (Omega artist), Jeff Youngquist & Jennifer Grunwald (editors)

First posted: 11/03/2021
Last updated: 11/03/2021

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

Non-Marvel Copyright info
All other characters mentioned or pictured are ™  and 1941-2099 Marvel Characters, Inc. All Rights Reserved. If you like this stuff, you should check out the real thing!
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