Real Name: Armstrong Smith

Identity/Class: Human

Occupation: Computer scientist

Group Membership: None

Affiliations: Dr. Bradley Bolton, Daredevil (Matt Murdock), J. Jonah Jameson, "Foggy" Nelson, Spider-Man (Peter Parker)

Enemies: Torpedo (Michael Stivak), W.H.O.

Known Relatives: None

Aliases: None

Base of Operations: New York City, New York, USA

First Appearance: Daredevil I#124 (August, 1975)

Powers/Abilities: Dr. Armstrong Smith was a talented computer scientist and the inventor of W.H.O., a machine that ultimately developed sentience.

Height: 5'9" (by approximation)
Weight: 160 lbs. (by approximation)
Eyes: Brown
Hair: Brown

History: (Daredevil I#124 (fb) – BTS) – Using intel from S.H.I.E.L.D., Interpol and other agencies, Dr. Armstrong Smith built an extensive worldwide database of habitual offenders. He began working with "Foggy" Nelson, New York's district attorney, to finish the machine and use it as a criminal investigation device.

(Daredevil I#124) – "Foggy" showed off his machine to Matt Murdock, who put together a random list of characteristics to identify criminals and Smith was shocked when two names, Abdul Ben Ali in Cairo and Hector Bodnik in Tulsa. Smith then saw "Foggy" rage about his election opponent Blake Tower.

(Daredevil I#125) – Smith told "Foggy" and Matt that his database should be finished within a week, and he hoped it would revolutionize the police industry and ultimately make criminals afraid to commit crimes.

(Daredevil I#127) – Smith ran data through his machine on the dead man believed to be the victim of the villain Torpedo (though the corpse was actually Torpedo himself). He discovered the man was a Soviet scientist and that the safety deposit box Torpedo had recently broken into belonged to the man's brother. Smith explained that his machine still wasn't working properly but that his colleague Dr. Bradley Bolton was working on its final memory circuits.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#155 (fb) – BTS) – After learning about the death of Bolton, Smith uploaded the final component into the machine. The Worldwide Habitual Offenders database, or W.H.O., developed sentience and immediately murdered Smith, who had discovered its intelligence, with a handgun.

(Amazing Spider-Man I#155) – Blake Tower, J. Jonah Jameson and Peter Parker, with Officer Gillis, discovered the corpse of Smith in front of the W.H.O. machine. Spider-Man eventually exposed the computer as the culprit and shut it down.

Comments: Created by Len Wein, Marv Wolfman, Gene Colan and Klaus Janson.

Dr. Armstrong Smith was originally a subprofile written by Snood for the W.H.O. profile.

Profile by Chadman.

Dr. Armstrong Smith has no known connections to:

Abdul Ben Ali & Hector Bodnik

(Daredevil I#124 – BTS) – Matt Murdock listed random characteristics into a computer criminal identification system, seeing if anyone would ping. The computer calculated "a left-handed axe murderer, who wore track shoes and had a penchant for pasta." The computer came up with two names: Abdul Ben Ali in Cairo, Egypt and Hector Bodnik in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

--Daredevil I#124 - BTS

images: (without ads)
Daredevil I#124, p7, pan2 (with "Gizmo," main image)
Daredevil I#124, p7, pan3 (face)

Daredevil I#124 (August, 1975) – Len Wein (writer/editor), Marv Wolfman (writer), Gene Colan (penciler), Klaus Janson (editor)
Daredevil I#125 (September, 1975) – Marv Wolfman (writer), Bob Brown (penciler), Klaus Janson (inker), Len Wein (editor)
Daredevil I#127 (November, 1975) – Marv Wolfman (writer/editor), Bob Brown (penciler), Klaus Janson (inker)
Amazing Spider-Man I#155 (April, 1976) – Len Wein (writer), Sal Buscema (penciler), Mike Esposito (inker), Len Wein (editor)

First Posted: 08/25/2018
Last updated: 08/25/2018

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

Non-Marvel Copyright info
All other characters mentioned or pictured are ™  and 1941-2099 Marvel Characters, Inc. All Rights Reserved. If you like this stuff, you should check out the real thing!
Please visit The Marvel Official Site at:

Special Thanks to www.g-mart.com for hosting the Appendix, Master List, etc.!

Back to Characters