Real Name: Jurgen Hauptmann

Identity/Class: Human technology user (World War 2 to modern era);
   citizen of Germany

Occupation: Mercenary

Group Membership: Exiles (Angelo Baldini, Franz Cadavus, Jun Ching, Eric Gruning, Ivan Krushki, Gottfried Rothman)

Affiliations: Baron Zemo (Heinrich Zemo), Baron Zemo (Helmut Zemo), Count Nefaria (see comments), Doctor Strange (See Comments), Fixer (P. Norbert Ebersol), Master Man (Max Lohmer), Red Skull (Johann Shmidt), Sin (Sinthea Shmidt)

Enemies: Black Widow (Natasha Romanoff), Captain America (Steve Rogers), Captain America (James Barnes), Sharon Carter, Doctor Doom (Victor von Doom), Falcon (Sam Wilson), Victoria Hand, Maria Hill, Mandroids, Quake (Daisy Johnson);
formerly Red Skull (Johann Shmidt)

Known Relatives: None

Aliases: Butcher of Bavaria

Base of Operations: Castle in Helsingborg, Sweden;
   formerly the Isle of the Exiles, somewhere around the Sargasso Sea

First Appearance: (Seen) Tales of Suspense I#41 (See Comments) (May, 1963); (identified) Captain America I#102 (June, 1968)

Powers/Abilities: He used an iron glove as his weapon of choice. In recent years, he had it re-vamped, allowing him to discharge powerful electric blasts and nanotech viruses through it (see comments).

Height: 6' (by approximation)
Weight: 190 lbs.(by approximation)
Eyes: Unrevealed
Hair: Black

(Captain America I#606 (fb) - BTS) - For unrevealed reasons, Hauptmann owed Heinrich Zemo a debt (see comments).

(Captain America I#103 (fb) - BTS) - Hauptmann was a member of the Exiles, a group of international would-be world conquerors, who were allies of the Red Skull during World War II. Their exploits during the war and activities between then and the modern era are unrevealed.

(Tales of Suspense#41) - After breaking out of prison, the mad scientist known as Doctor Strange gathered a group of international allies--"...the most cunning scientists and power-mad military men on Earth!"--in his plot to take over the world--one of these allies may have been Hauptmann (see comments).

(Captain America I#102-104) - Not too long after recovering from suspended animation since World War II, the Red Skull traveled to the Isle of the Exiles, where he was reunited with his old allies. The Skull had his men kidnap Sharon Carter and bring her to the Isle, forcing Captain America to follow. Cap made his way through the Exiles' armies; but after being surprised by the sudden appearance of the Skull, he was clocked from behind by another soldier. This enabled the Red Skull to apply a strip of "nuclear tape", which would force Captain America to obey him, otherwise it would cause him intense pain--in addition, if the strip were removed, it would trigger a nuclear weapon hidden in Washington, D.C.

   Assuming that controlling Captain America would give him control of the world, the Red Skull prepared to divide the helpless Earth amongst himself and the six Exiles. As they argued, Cap and Sharon Carter broke free and escaped, despite the Red Skull's efforts to stop them. The Skull claimed to have planned to let Cap go, since he still had the nuclear tape's detonator, which could reach Cap at any point on Earth.

   Sure enough, Cap soon returned to the Isle, in hopes of stalling the Skull while the spy agency S.H.I.E.L.D. (Supreme Headquarters International Espionage Law-enforcement Division) located the bomb. Upon arriving on the Isle, each of the Exiles challenged Cap, although none of them could wait their turn to do so. Nonetheless, Cap took them on and eventually defeated them.  The Skull tried to use the detonator against Cap, but by that time, S.H.I.E.L.D. had succeeded in defusing the bomb, thus deactivating the tape.  S.H.I.E.L.D. attacked the Isle, and the Exiles and the Red Skull fled.

(Captain America I#115 (fb), 116-118) - The Exiles learned of the sudden prosperity of an impoverished Mediterranean village and correctly suspected the involvement of the Cosmic Cube. Their agents stole the Cube and gave it to the Skull, who refused to share it with any of them. To demonstrate its power, the Skull used the Cube to temporarily transport Hauptmann alone to "the edge of the Universe," then returned him moments later--Hauptmann was left badly shaken by the experience, and was driven to the point of madness. Afterward, the Skull dismissed the Exiles, then he went after Captain America on his own.

   Seeking a means to gain revenge on his hated enemy, the Red Skull used the powers of the Cosmic Cube to switch bodies with Cap. After allowing Cap to fight off a few attacks by unwitting allies, the Red Skull then sent Cap to the Isle of the Exiles, knowing that they now hated him and would try to kill him. As expected the Exiles attacked the "Red Skull" soon after he arrived on the Isle. However, Cap found a new ally in the Falcon, who helped him fight off the Exiles by sending in Redwing, the Falcon's bird of prey. Cap, in turn (after wisely figuring out that the Skull's "face" was a mask, and that no one would recognize him without it), trained the Falcon to fight, and helped him pick out his "super-hero" name and first costume. Falcon joined Cap in fighting the Exiles, and also inspired the natives of the Isle to rebel against their tyranny. The Exiles fled under a hail of stones.

(Astonishing Tales I#4/2 (fb), 4/2-5/2) - The Red Skull returned to the Exiles, and cowed them into serving him again by telling them that they were nothing without a leader. He then led the Exiles to Dr. Doom's Latveria, where they succeeded in taking over the country while Doom was out vacationing in the Riviera (yep, it's true). They used Doom's own soldiers against him when he returned, gassed him unconscious, and put him on public display in an "adamantine mummy case". However, Doom absorbed the sun's rays into his armor until he had the strength to break free.  The Exiles attacked Doom, but since their natural abilities were just about worthless against super-powered armor, Doom defeated them quickly. Doom then gassed them with hypno-gas, which made them believe that they had become only a few inches tall, and then sent them back to the Isle of the Exiles.

(Captain America I#370 - BTS) - Red Skull kept an image of the Exiles in a room filled with his past glories at his private estate, Skullhouse.

(Iron Man III#6 (fb) - BTS) - Count Nefaria presumably hired Hauptmann to assassinate Tony Stark.

(Iron Man III#6) - Stark teamed up with the Black Widow to try to track down several missing prominent scientists, who were kidnapped by Tuatara, for the Mandarin. While working undercover in one of Sydney's finest hotels, the Widow confronted Hauptmann. Hauptmann used a new, electrified iron glove (see comments), but the fight ended when he smashed it into a punch bowl and was shocked into unconsciousness. Stark was kidnapped during the fight.

(Captain America I#606 (fb) - BTS) - Hauptmann returned to the Isle of the Exiles.

(Captain America I#606) - Helmut Zemo and Fixer traveled to the Isle of the Exiles to hire Hauptmann over a debt he owed to Helmut's father Heinrich (see comments). Hauptmann was drunk and picked a fight at the Biergarten with pretty much everyone. He gave in after Zemo defeated him quickly.

(Captain America I#607) - Zemo sent Hauptmann, armed with a nanotech virus invented by Fixer that he could transmit through his glove, to fight Captain America (Barnes) in front of St. Luke's Hospital and called the police. During the fight Hauptmann infected Barnes with a nanotech virus each time he hit Barnes. The brutal fight ended on the street where Barnes started hallucinating, seeing the police as Nazi soldiers. Hauptmann escaped when Barnes started attacking the police.

(Captain America I#609) - Zemo sent Hauptmann to monitor Barnes' apartment. He informed Zemo when Rogers, Widow and Falcon where inside and told Hauptmann to keep them there. Hauptmann used a rocket launcher to blow up the apartment, then was defeated by the trio after Rogers crushed his iron glove and Hauptmann's hand with it--unfortunately for them, Hauptmann didn't know Zemo's further plans with Barnes.

(Captain America I#610) - Hauptmann was accompanied to a prison transport by Mandroids.

(Avengers IV#16) - Sin sent encrypted intel to lure Captain America to a castle in Helsingborg, Sweden, where the Exiles and Master Man waited for Cap and his allies. Cap took Carter, Hand and Hill with him to investigate. They were soon assaulted by Master Man and the Exiles. During the battle, Carter shot Hauptmann three times through the chest.

Comments: Created by Stan "The Man" Lee and Jack "King" Kirby.

The original Marvel Comics Index lists the Exiles as the unidentified allies of Doctor Strange, in the credits for Tales of Suspense I#41.
"Intro: The Exiles (cameo: at least 11 characters, not identified, but six of whom bear a striking resemblance to the characters introduced and named in Captain America I#102-104; accomplices of Doctor Strange)"

Hauptmann was presumably one of the assassins hired by Count Nefaria. Unlike the others (the Death Squad, Nitro & Whiplash) he didn't return in Iron Man 1999.

Hauptmann, I believe, is German for "Captain." It's also been used as a last name--I'm not sure which it is in this case.

It is Captain indeed, and since Marvel Atlas#1, we know Hauptmann is his last name.

The Exiles have an entry in Marvel Legacy: The 1960s Handbook & OHotMU A-Z Hardcover#4. The first name of Hauptmann was revealed in Marvel Atlas#1.

In Captain America I#112 is a flashback to Cap's first fight against the Exiles. The Doctor Doom vs. Red Skull story from Astonishing Tales I#4-5 was reprinted in Super-Villain Team-Up#15 (November, 1978). In Fallen Son: The Death of Captain America#5 (August, 2007) a flashback to the fight between Captain America & Falcon vs. the Exiles was seen.

Maybe the "debt" that Hauptmann owed Heinrich Zemo was for the use of Zemo's Compund X, which would have slowed Hauptmann's aging, and thus explained how he remained relatively young, despite being from the World War II era.

And in his appearances, Hauptmann always wore his iron glove on his right hand, but in Iron Man III#6, his electrified glove was on his left hand--he also seemed to have shaved his head, too. When he next appeared in Captain America I#606, his glove was back on his right hand, and he'd also grown back his hair.
--Ron Fredricks

Profile by Snood & Markus Raymond.

Jurgen "Iron Hand" Hauptmann has no known connection to:

Hauptmann's "iron hand" has no known connections to:

images: (without ads)
Captain America I#607, p4 (main image)
Captain America I#104, cover (body shot)
Captain America I#117, p7, pan4 (head shot)
Iron Man III#6, p8, pan4 (new iron hand (on left hand) )
Avengers IV#16, p18, pan4 (Hauptmann gets shot)

Tales of Suspense I#41 (May, 1963) - Stan Lee (plot/editor), Robert Bernstein (writer), Jack Kirby (pencils), Dick Ayers (inks)
Captain America I#102-103 (June-July, 1968) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Jack Kirby (pencils), Syd Shores (inks)
Captain America I#104 (August, 1968) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Jack Kirby (pencils), Dan Adkins & Jim Steranko (inks)
Captain America I#115 (July, 1969) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), John Buscema (pencils), Sal Buscema (inks), Sam Rosen (letters)
Captain America I#116-118 (August-October, 1969) - Stan Lee (writer/editor), Gene Colan (pencils), Joe Sinnott (inks), Sam Rosen (letters)
Astonishing Tales I#4 (February, 1971) - Larry Lieber (writer), Wally Wood (pencils), Wally Wood (inks), Stan Lee (editor)
Astonishing Tales I#5 (April, 1971) - Larry Lieber (writer), George Tuska (pencils), Mike Esposito (inks), Stan Lee (editor)
Captain America I#370 (May, 1990) - Mark Gruenwald (writer), Ron Lim (pencils), Dan Bulanadi (inks), Ralph Macchio (editor)
Iron Man III#6 (July, 1998) - Kurt Busiek & Richard Howell (writers), Patrick Zircher (pencils), Jon Holdredge (inks), Bobbie Chase (editor)
Captain America I#606 (August, 2010) - Ed Brubaker (writer), Butch Guice (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Captain America I#607 (August, 2010) - Ed Brubaker (writer), Mitch Breitweiser (pencils/inks), Butch Guice (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Captain America I#609 (October, 2010) - Ed Brubaker (writer), Butch Guice (pencils/inks), Rick Magyar & Andrew Hennessey (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Captain America I#610 (November, 2010) - Ed Brubaker (writer), Butch Guice (pencils/inks), Rick Magyar (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Avengers IV#16 (October, 2011) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Johm Romita Jr. (pencils), Klaus Janson (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)

First Posted: 01/30/2013
Last updated: 02/07/2021

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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