Real Name: Atra
Occupation: Alchemist, rebel, demon-worshipper, would-be world conqueror;
(after death) Atra's corpse was used by the Celestials as a warning to others of the price of hubris
Group Membership: Alchemists of Lemuria; the followers of Father Set
Affiliations: Serpent Men; Set (or so Atra believed...until it was too late)
Enemies: Phraug, Deviant rulers of Lemuria; Set ; the Second Host of the Celestials
Known Relatives: Antilia (daughter, deceased)
Aliases: None known
Base of Operations: Pre-Cataclysmic Lemuria (c. 18000 BCE)
First Appearance: Marvel Team-Up I Annual#5 (1982)
Powers/Abilities: As the greatest human alchemist of his time, Atra possessed a great deal of alchemical knowledge and the skills required to use that knowledge effectively. This expertise was presumably invaluable to the creation of the Serpent Crown. However, exactly what alchemical knowledge and skills he possessed has never been revealed.
When wearing the Serpent Crown, Atra could potentially use any of the wide array of superhuman abilities that it granted its wearers. However, during the limited time that he wore it, Atra only demonstrated the abilities of self-teleportation and the projection of lethal bolts of mystical energy.
The act of wearing the Serpent Crown established a spiritual connection between Atra and Set, one that would have eventually enabled the demonic Elder God to mentally dominate Atra.
Limitations: By the will of Set, Atra could not use the powers that the Serpent Crown had granted him to harm Phraug. This restriction on how the crown's power could be used was presumably possible because the crown was "one with the serpent-god."
As with almost all others who ever wore any of the Serpent Crowns that existed throughout the (Marvel) Multiverse, Atra would (probably) have fallen under Set's mental domination. However, since he was killed only minutes after first donning the empowered crown, Set had no real opportunity to exert any control over the alchemist before his death.
Height: 6' (estimated)
Hair: None (bald or shaven)
Skin: Pinkish-white (Caucasian)
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#7: Appendix: Lemuria) - Millennia ago, Lemuria was a large surface continent and group of islands in what is now the Pacific Ocean.
(Eternals I#2 (fb)) - The Deviants swarmed across the world with their complex weapons, and they conquered it. They built towering cities on island-continents like Lemuria and ruled as kings. They had aircraft and navies of steel which scourged the seas and swept them clean of ancient mankind.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#7: Appendix: Lemuria) <20,500 years ago> - During the time of King Kull's rule over the kingdom of Valusia on the Thurian mainland, the Lemurian continent was ruled by the Deviants, but the Lemurian Isles were still controlled by humans.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe I#7: Appendix: Lemuria / Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) <20,000 years ago> - The Deviants had come to control much of humankind, including the Lemurian Isles, and only Atlantis, then ruled by King Kamuu and Queen Zartra, remained as the last stronghold of human freedom.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) <20,000 years ago> - The ruler of the Deviants of Lemuria was their emperor, Phraug.
(Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (fb) / Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - Also alive at that time was Atra, the greatest human alchemist of the conquered island of Lemuria, and the leader of the humans who plotted to destroy the Deviant Empire.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb) - BTS) - Phraug secretly became a follower of the demonic Elder God Set. The Deviant and the Elder God schemed together to manipulate Atra into creating a powerful mystical weapon for Phraug to wield in the service of Father Set.
(Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (fb)) - The alchemists of Lemuria, led by Atra, formed an uneasy alliance with the Serpent Men in order to create the Serpent Crown, a receptacle of boundless mystical energy.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb) - BTS) - Driven by his hatred of the Deviants and his desire to dominate the Earth, Atra had his circle of alchemists accept help from the Serpent Men, even though they served a demon. In exchange for being granted the power to topple the Deviant Empire, Atra agreed to serve Set and accept him as his god.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb) - BTS) - Although his relationship to Set was initially a pragmatic one, Atra soon became a true believer and fully accepted Set's teachings, including the belief that humans could not have everything in life and that one could not have both love and power because love would weaken the spirit.
(Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (fb)) - Once the Serpent Crown had been cast, Set himself imbued it with his own sinister sentience, making it one with the serpent-god.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - A Deviant guard, presumably sent by Phraug, confronted Atra and his daughter and warned the alchemist that the Deviants knew that he was working on a powerful new weapon. The warrior told Atra to turn the weapon over to the palace before nightfall or the Deviants would find it and take it by force. Atra assured the guard that he would see their "mighty emperor" within the hour and bid the Deviant good day.
Once the Deviant had left, Atra began to rant about the Deviants being fools because they had learned his little secret too late to save themselves or their "thick-headed emperor!" Antilia asked her father what he had done and Atra responded by removing the Serpent Crown from its hiding place while stating that his circle of alchemists had created it with help from the legendary Serpent-Men. When Antilia protested that the Serpent-Men served a demon, Atra replied that he now did as well and that, through the Serpent Crown made in his image, Father Set would grant him power enough to topple an empire!
Antilia stated that consorting with demons could only lead to more suffering and wickedness, and pleaded with her father to not let his hatred of the Deviants come between them. Covertly drawing a large knife, Atra replied that Father Set was not a demon, he was Atra's god, and that the gods required sacrifices of them all. Atra then told Antilia that Set would grant the Serpent Crown its power in exchange for the blood of an innocent or an enemy, and that she had proven to be both! Atra then grabbed his daughter, raised high his knife and told Antilia to "Give my Lord Set my greetings in the next life!" As Antilia cried out, "Father! NO!!" Atra used the knife on his daughter, causing her to scream with pain until she died. Standing over Antilia's corpse, Atra told her that Father Set instructed his followers that they could not have everything in life, that people could not have both love and power because love weakened the spirit and that people had to chose. As he donned the Serpent Crown, Atra stated that he had made his choice and that it would soon be he who ruled the world in the name of the all-powerful Set!
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb) - BTS) - Wearing the Serpent Crown, Atra went to the palace of the Deviant Emperor and killed some (or all) of the tyrant's guards, presumably using the crown to do so.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - Atra used the Serpent Crown to teleport himself
into Phraug's throne room, appearing in a burst of light before the Deviant emperor and a human slave, and
Phraug told the slave that he could leave since "the great Atra" had come to pay him a call. Atra stated that
Phraug should not bother to summon his guards because he had seen to it that they would never hear anything
again, then declared that "today" a new age would begin for humanity as humans would again dominate the
Earth, he would be their king and the Deviants would be his slaves.
Atra then used the Serpent Crown to fire a lethal blast of mystical energy at Phraug while crying out "Die, tyrant!" but was shocked to see that his power had no effect on the Deviant. Amused, Phraug replied, "Of course not, idiot!" and revealed that Father Set would not allow Atra to harm him because the two of them (Set and Phraug) had had Atra create the Serpent Crown so that Phraug could wield its power. In dismay, Atra cried out, "No!! It can't be!!"
(Eternals I#2 (fb) / Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - Meanwhile, the Deviants obeyed Phraug's orders (given just before Atra's arrival) and fired their most powerful weapons at the mothership of the alien Celestials; however, those weapons had no effect.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - Phraug attempted to take the Serpent Crown from Atra, but the human held on to it as he tried to keep it for himself. The two would-be world conquerors ended up both holding onto the crown as they attempted to pull it away from each other.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - The Celestials, especially Arishem the Judge, witnessed this Earth that had fallen into chaos.
(Eternals I#2 (fb) / Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - The Celestials delivered their judgment on this chaotic planet by striking back at the Deviants with a single (atomic) weapon whose terrible power was so great that it shook the entire planet, plunging it into the worldwide disaster known as the Great Cataclysm.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb) - BTS) - Atra and Phraug were still struggling over the Serpent Crown when the Celestial weapon unleashed its immensely powerful explosion, and they maintained their extremely tight holds on the crown even as they died. The Celestials decided that they could use their corpses as a warning to others of the price of hubris so they preserved the skeletal remains in some manner..
(Eternals I#2 (fb) / Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - Tidal waves the size of mountains drowned (much of) the land and all that lived upon it. Lemuria and its sister continents vanished in that one dark day as they and Atlantis sank beneath the raging seas.
(Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)) - When the Second Host of the Celestials departed Earth, the skeletons of Atra and Phraug remained intact amidst the submerged ruins of Lemuria, with each skeleton retaining the same death grip on the Serpent Crown that their living selves had had at their moments of death.
(Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (fb)) - Sometime after the Hyborian Age ended, the water-breathing race known as Homo mermanus appeared in the Atlantic Ocean.
(Sub-Mariner I#10 (fb) / Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (fb)) - After "centuries" had passed, one tribe split away from the rest and went to live in the Pacific Ocean.
(Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (fb)) - During their great migration to the Pacific Ocean, a member
of the tribe who would become the Lemurians discovered the Serpent Crown.
(Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe II#19: Serpent Crown entry) - At some point after the water-breathing Lemurians had established their empire in the Pacific Ocean, one Lemurian discovered the Serpent Crown amid the submerged ruins of the Pre-Cataclysmic Lemurian civilization.
(Spectacular Spider-Man Annual#9/5 (fb) - BTS) - For some reason that has not been revealed, the Lemurians came to regard the location where the skeletal remains of Atra and Phraug continued to grasp the Serpent Crown as a place that had been cursed by the gods. A legend developed that any who touched the crown would die. and the Lemurians began to shun the place. It has not been revealed if this legend had any basis in fact.
(Spectacular Spider-Man Annual#9/5 (fb) - BTS) <"roughly two millennia ago"> - After the destruction of his Golden Serpent idol by the Olympian god Neptune, Set decided that he had to find a new pawn to wear the long lost Serpent Crown.
(Spectacular Spider-Man Annual#9/5 (fb) - BTS / Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe III#5: Naga entry) <"nearly six hundred years ago"> - Under circumstances that have never been revealed, Naga, the emperor of undersea Lemuria, became a worshipper of Set. Seeing Naga as a valued servant with a great potential for conquering the world in his name, Set gave Naga's face reptilian features as a sign of his favor. Set later instructed Naga to claim the Serpent Crown for himself.
(Spectacular Spider-Man Annual#9/5 (fb) - BTS ) - Naga, accompanied by two of his guards and a slave, journeyed to the shunned place where the skeletal remains of Atra and Phraug had somehow been preserved for ages. Once there, the slave was forced to approach the Serpent Crown and retrieve it for Naga. The slave took the crown from the skeletons, breaking their wrists in the process, but the skeletal hands did not relinquish their grasp and the slave's heart suddenly stopped, killing him before he could bring the crown to his master. The guards took this death as a sign that they were not meant to touch the crown, but Naga interpreted it differently, as a sign that "no unworthy man may lay hands on the sacred crown of almighty Set!" Naga then picked up the Serpent Crown himself and the skeletal hands fell away, as if acknowledging him as their master. Naga placed the Serpent Crown on his head and stated that he had become like unto a god himself!
(Marvel Two-In-One#66 - BTS / Thor Annual I#14/6 (fb) - BTS) <"some years ago"> - After merging the Serpent Crowns from two alternate Earths into a single, vastly more powerful crown, Roxxon President Hugh Jones used that crown to take control of the minds of everyone living in the city of Washington, D.C. and placed them in a trance. Jones then took over the Capitol Building and mesmerized every member of the US government. By the time the Thing, Stingray and the Scarlet Witch confronted him in the House of Representatives Chamber, Jones had used the crown to create "ethereal manifestations of every being who (had) ever worn one of the two Serpent Crowns in (his) possession!" One of these duplicates was patterned on Atra but otherwise had no connection to the long-dead alchemist. Jones called these solid spectral images his "regents" and he may have meant for this group to be the first Congress of the Crowns. However, all of these manifestations vanished as soon as Jones was physically separated from the Serpent Crown.
Comments: Created by Mark Gruenwald and Jim Mooney.
The Evolution of the Serpent Crown and Atra
In the beginning, there was the Helmet of Power worn by the would-be world-conqueror who called himself Destiny. Although the villain and his headgear first appeared in Tales to Astonish I#101 (March, 1968), in a story by Archie Goodwin, Gene Colan and Dan Adkins, this character did not name himself and his helmet until Iron Man & Sub-Mariner I#1 (April, 1968). The Destiny storyline ended with his death in The Sub-Mariner I#7 (November, 1968) and Namor battled the Thing to keep the Helmet of Power out of the hands of "ignorant humans" in the following issue.
It was in Sub-Mariner I#9 (January, 1969), in a story by Roy Thomas, Marie Severin and Dan Adkins, that the Helmet of Power's true form was first revealed. After having been brought to Atlantis for safe-keeping by Namor and left alone in a lab, the Helmet of the Ancients caused its outer shell to disintegrate, exposing the seven-headed Serpent Crown that had long been locked within. In Sub-Mariner I#10, Karthon the Quester told Namor how the Serpent Crown had been created by the Royal Alchemists of undersea Lemuria for the tyrant Naga. Soon afterwards, following Naga's death in Sub-Mariner I#13, an undersea fissure sucked in the Serpent Crown and Naga's corpse "which shall be seen ne'er again!"
However, as it turned out, "ne'er" was a fairly short time because writer Steve Englehart brought the Serpent Crown back in Captain America I#180-182 (December, 1974 - February, 1975) and then in Avengers I#147-149 (May - July, 1976). Aside from revealing that other Serpent Crowns existed on many Alternate Earths and that all of the crowns were manifestations of a single serpentine nether-mind, these issues also established that the Serpent Crown had come from the surface continent of Lemuria before that land had been sunk. I can't help wondering if this retcon regarding Lemuria was deliberate or accidental.
After brief appearances in three 1976 Avengers stories written by Gerry Conway, the Serpent Crown remained out of sight until Mark Gruenwald and Ralph Macchio wrote "The Serpent Crown Affair" storyline in Marvel Two-In-One#64-66 (June-August, 1980). The last part of this trilogy confirmed (via Agatha Harkness) that the Serpent Crown was an artifact of Pre-Cataclysmic Lemuria, revealed that the serpent-god connected to the crowns was named Set and introduced a "Congress of the Crowns" that was supposedly made up of "ethereal manifestations" of every being who had ever worn one of the two Serpent Crowns then in the possession of Hugh Jones.
Two years later, in Marvel Team-Up Annual I#5, Mark Gruenwald wrote (and drew the breakdowns for) a revised origin story for the Serpent Crown, one that incorporated the changes made by Englehart's stories. This origin was part of the history of the Serpent People that Doctor Strange recounted to Spider-Man after having sent his astral form through the fabric of time in order to research their origins. Aside from revealing that the Serpent Men were the lowliest of the numerous offspring of Set, one of the most powerful of the race of Elder Earth Gods, Strange also established that the Serpent Crown had actually been created by an uneasy alliance between the Serpent Men and the human alchemists of precataclysmic Lemuria. Strange's summary mentioned the new character of Atra in only these two sentences:
The alchemist Atra was the first to wield the power of the crown. But just as he embarked upon a campaign to conquer the known world, the twin continents of Atlantis and Lemuria sank beneath the sea in a fiery cataclysm!
The image to the left is the only panel from that story in which Atra is depicted. The fact that Mark Gruenwald is credited with doing the breakdowns for that issue indicates that he actually designed Atra's appearance.
Atra next appeared, five years later, in the entry for the Serpent Crown that was presented in The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe II#19 (December, 1987). Writer/researcher Peter Sanderson mentioned the fact that in Atra's time Lemuria was ruled by the evolutionary offshoot of humanity known as the Deviants and speculated that the Serpent-Men and the Lemurian alchemists had allied to create the Serpent Crown in order to overthrow the Deviants who then ruled most of the known Earth. This entry also described Atra as "the greatest of the Lemurian alchemists" but otherwise provided no new information, except for a head shot of Atra, presented to the right.
Atra's most recent appearance was in three of the back-up stories that appeared in the 1989 "Atlantis Attacks" annuals. "The Saga of the Serpent Crown" was actually a detailed history of the Elder God/Demon Set and his interactions with Earth. Chapter 4 of that saga was presented in Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23 and writer Peter Sanderson did an excellent job in taking two very different accounts of the Great Cataclysm and combining them into a single narrative. The six-page story briefly recapped those earlier stories while revealing far more about Atra and his motivation in creating the Serpent Crown than had previously been known. It also introduced his doomed daughter, Antilia. The only negative aspect of this story is the fact that the Atra in this story does look somewhat different from how he appeared in that Marvel Team-Up Annual (i.e., his robe was red instead of green and had different designs on it and he took off his hood before donning the Serpent Crown). Admittedly, these are small differences but why couldn't the artist just have made more of an effort to be consistent?
After showing up as a preserved skeleton in Chapter 6, Atra's final appearance was in Chapter 13 of the Saga of the Serpent Crown. Presented in The Mighty Thor Annual I#14, this chapter recapped the events of Marvel Two-In-One#66 wherein the Thing, the Scarlet Witch and Stingray faced off against Hugh Jones and his "Congress of the Crowns" and won. This recap is essentially accurate and the few scenes that were added are not incompatible with the original story. However, writer Peter Sanderson and artist Mark Bagley also made a few changes that I feel are poor creative choices and one of them was how Atra was depicted in this chapter. Since Atra was not even created until two years after the Congress of the Crowns first appeared, choosing to depict him as one of the "ethereal manifestations" was a retcon and one that I feel was either unnecessary or poorly-executed.
Here are the three options that Sanderson and Bagley had
concerning the inclusion of Atra in Chapter 13:
As you can tell by the image of the ethereal manifestation of Atra that appeared in Thor Annual I#14/6, they went with option #3 and replaced the original robed man (the one who had been standing between the Living Laser and Krang) with a new image of an ethereal Atra. The result is what I consider to be a sloppy retcon. I honestly have no idea why anyone would choose to make a flawed retcon when they had other, better options available.
One final comment and it's REALLY nitpicky of me. At the end of Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7, the skeletons of Atra and Phraug were shown to be still clutching the Serpent Crown, Atra with his left hand and Phraug with his right hand, amidst the sunken ruins of Lemuria. When those ruins were visited over 19,000 years later, in Spectacular Spider-Man Annual#9/5, the skeletons were shown to still be in the same position when the frightened slave approached them. However, when the two skeletal hands were later shown falling away from the Serpent Crown, they were both RIGHT hands which each had four fingers and a thumb. That means that neither hand could have belonged to either Atra or Phraug because it was Atra's LEFT hand that was grasping the crown and Phraug's right hand should have only had three fingers and a thumb on it. Ooops! Since Mark Bagley pencilled both stories and created Phraug, one would think that he would remember these details, but I guess not.
Profile by Donald Campbell.
Atra has no known connections to:
Antilia has no known connections to:
The Alchemists of Pre-Cataclysmic Lemuria have no direct connections to:
The daughter and only known child of the Lemurian alchemist Atra, Antilia was a grown women with long black hair at the time of her death. She apparently loved her father but was rightfully concerned about what his deep hatred of the Deviants might lead him to do.
Antilia was with her father in his sanctum when a Deviant guard confronted Atra and demanded that he turn the powerful new weapon upon which he had secretly been working over to the palace before nightfall or the Deviants would find it and take it by force. Once the guard had left and Atra had begun ranting about how the Deviants had learned his little secret too late to save themselves, Antilia asked her father what he meant and what he had done. Atra responded by removing the Serpent Crown from its hiding place and stating that his circle of alchemists had created it with help from the legendary Serpent-Men. When Antilia protested that the Serpent-Men served a demon, Atra replied that he now did as well and that, through the Serpent Crown made in his image, Father Set would grant him power enough to topple an empire!
Upset by her father's revelations, Antilia then spoke these words: "And you have kept all of this from me, as if I were a stupid child! But I know what you clearly do not, Father! Consorting with demons can only lead to more suffering and wickedness! Do not let your hatred of the Deviants come between us!"
Unfortunately for Antilia, her attempt to reason with her father came too late. Standing with his back to his daughter, Atra covertly drew a large knife while telling Antilia that Father Set was not a demon, he was Atra's god, and that the gods required sacrifices of them all. Atra then told Antilia that Set would grant the Serpent Crown its power in exchange for the blood of an innocent or an enemy, and that she had proven to be both! Atra then grabbed his daughter, raised high his knife and told Antilia to "Give my Lord Set my greetings in the next life!" As Antilia cried out, "Father! NO!!" Atra used the knife on his daughter, causing her screams of pain to fill his sanctum until she died.
Standing over Antilia's lifeless body, Atra told her that Father Set instructed his followers that they could not have everything in life, that people could not have both love and power because love weakened the spirit and that people had to chose. As he donned the Serpent Crown, Atra stated that he had made his choice and that it would soon be he who ruled the world in the name of the all-powerful Set!
Although Antilia may have been the first person to die in Lemuria that day, it was only minutes later that she was joined in death by Atra, Emperor Phraug and almost all the inhabitants (both Deviant and human) of Lemuria, all of whom were killed when the Great Cataclysm caused Lemuria to sink beneath the raging seas.
--Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)
Alchemists of Lemuria
A group of humans who were skilled at alchemy and lived on the Deviant-controlled continent of Lemuria more than 20,000 years ago. The only member of this group whose name has ever been revealed is Atra, their leader, who was then the greatest human alchemist in Lemuria (and possibly the world).
Under Atra's leadership, his "circle of alchemists" formed an uneasy alliance with the Serpent Men, the mortal offspring of the Elder God Set, in order to create a receptacle of boundless mystical power in the form of the seven-headed Serpent Crown. The alchemists and Serpent Men worked together to cast the crown which was then imbued by Set himself with his own sinister sentience, making it one with the serpent-god. However, the crown was powerless until Set granted it his power after a certain type of blood sacrifice had been performed.
What happened to the rest of these alchemists after they cast the Serpent Crown has not been revealed but any who remained on Lemuria were presumably killed in the Great Cataclysm that occurred soon after the crown was empowered.
--Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (fb) [BTS in Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (fb)]
Note: The history of the Serpent People that Doctor Strange once recounted to Spider-Man made no mention of the Deviants ruling Pre-Cataclysmic Lemuria, and some other details differed from those later mentioned in the Saga of the Serpent Crown that Uatu the Watcher told to the Elder Goddess Gaea. Presumably these errors were the result of Strange summarizing what he had learned by sending his astral form through the fabric of time. Or maybe Strange just felt that there were some things that Spider-Man did not need to know.
Given that the Marvel Glossary defines alchemy as an "obscure science which teaches its practitioners how to transmute matter from one state to another using chemicals and gases," it is difficult to imagine what part these alchemists could have played in the creation of the Serpent Crown. However, whatever they did was apparently crucial to the success of the joint project.
--I would imagine the alchemists were required to
create an unconventional material that would best serve as a receptacle
of Set's power.
images: (without ads)
Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#27, page 52, panel 1 (main image)
page 54, panel 5 (head shot)
page 53, panel 6 (donning the Serpent Crown)
page 54, panel 6 (failing to kill Emperor Phraug)
page 55, panel 2 (wrestling with Phraug over the crown)
page 56, panel 4 (dead with Phraug in the ruins of Lemuria)
Spectacular Spider-Man Annual#9, page 56, panel 2 (skeletal hands still grasping the Serpent Crown)
page 56, panel 5 (skeletal hands falling away)
The Mighty Thor Annual I#14/6, page 53, panel 6 (ethereal duplicate of Atra)
Marvel Team-Up Annual#5, page 14, panel 6 (original image of Atra)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe II#19, page 47, panel 1 (Atra's first head shot)
Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#27, page 52, panel 3 (Antilia with Atra and the Serpent Crown)
page 53, panel 4 (Antilia being sacrificed by Atra)
Marvel Team-Up Annual#5, page 14, panel 4 (Alchemists of Lemuria creating the Serpent Crown with Set)
Marvel Team-Up Annual#5 (1982) - Mark Gruenwald (script - plot - breakdowns), Jim Mooney (embellishment), Tom DeFalco (editor)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe II#19: Serpent Crown entry (December, 1987) - Peter Sanderson (writer/researcher), Marc Siry/Kieron Dwyer (artists), Josef Rubinstein (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Amazing Spider-Man Annual I#23/7 (1989) - Peter Sanderson (writer), Mark Bagley (penciler), Keith Williams (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
Spectacular Spider-Man Annual#9/5 (1989) - Peter Sanderson (writer), Mark Bagley (penciler), Bob Lewis (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
The Mighty Thor Annual I#14/6 (1989) - Peter Sanderson (writer), Mark Bagley (penciler), Keith Williams (inker), Mark Gruenwald (editor)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe III#5: Naga entry (November, 1989) - Peter Sanderson (writer/researcher), Terry Kavanagh (editor), Mark Gruenwald (executive editor)
First Posted: 05/13/2020
Last updated: 05/13/2020
Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.
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