Real Name: Justine Hammer

Identity/Class: Human (Monégasque) technology user

Occupation: Heiress, criminal mastermind

Group Membership: CEO of Hammer Industries;
formerly the Hood's army;
former leader of the Masters of Evil (Aqueduct, Bison, Black Mamba, Blackwing, Boomerang, Cardinal, Constrictor, Cyclone (Pierre Fresson), Dragonfly, Eel, Flying Tiger, Gypsy Moth, Hydro-Man, Icemaster, Joystick, Klaw, Lodestone, Machinesmith, Man-Ape, Man-Killer, Quicksand, Scorcher, Shatterfist, Shockwave, Slyde, Sunstroke, Supercharger, Tiger Shark )

Affiliations: Arms Merchant, General Babbage, Don Fortunato (see comments), Grim Reaper, Jonas Harrow, Hydra (Horst Eisele, others), John King, Madame Masque, Mandarin, Owl (Leland Owlsley), Razor-Fist (Douglas Scott), Spymaster, Steelcorps, Wizard;
formerly Detroit Steel (Doug Johnson III), Sasha Hammer, Ezekiel Stane

Enemies: Robert Baldwin, Black Widow (Natasha Romanova), Citizen V (Dallas Riordan), Iron Man (Tony Stark), Raft guards, Silver Sable, Stark Resilient (Bambi Arbogast, Tim Cababa, Walter Macken, Leonard Pimacher, Rescue/Pepper Potts) Thunderbolts (Amazon (Man-Killer), Atlas (Eric Josten), Blackheath (Plantman), Charcoal, Citizen V (Helmut Zemo), Cyclone (Pierre Fresson), Harrier (Cardinal), Hawkeye (Clint Barton), Jolt, Mach-2 (Abner Jenkins), Meteorite/Moonstone (Karla Sofen), Skein (Gypsy Moth), Songbird (Melissa Gold) ), War Machine (James Rhodes), Wild Pack

Known Relatives: Justin Hammer (father, deceased), Sasha Hammer (daughter)

Aliases: None

Base of Operations: Mobile;
formerly an estate in Symkaria;
formerly Mount Charteris in Burton Canyon, USA

First Appearance: Thunderbolts I#3 (April, 1997)

Powers/Abilities: Justine was well-versed in unarmed combat, an expert with advanced technologies and a cunning leader and criminal organizer. She used a cybernetically-controlled cloak, which could be moved and reshaped by her thoughts. In stiffened form it could become hard enough to impale an opponent or wrap them up in constrictive sheets of cloth. The cloak also enabled her to levitate, to emit a blinding light, and to teleport herself and/or other persons and material. She only needed a small part of her cloak to teleport herself.

Height: 5'11"
Weight: 161 lbs.
Eyes: Blue
Hair: Black with white streaks


(Thunderbolts I#69 (fb) - BTS) - Justine always had to prove herself to her father Justin Hammer and never got anything from the money he had.

(Invincible Iron Man#33) - Justine had a daughter with the Mandarin.

(Thunderbolts I#69 (fb) - BTS) - She eventually created the Crimson Cowl persona to succeed with the help of the superhuman community, where he failed.

(Thunderbolts I#3 (fb) - BTS) - Crimson Cowl's Masters of Evil (Cyclone, Flying Tiger, Klaw, Man-Killer, Tiger Shark) were hired by Don Fortunato (see comments) to take over the warehouse of a rival boss.

(Thunderbolts I#3) - At the warehouse the Thunderbolts aided Black Widow against Crimson Cowl's Masters of Evil, but in mid-fight Crimson Cowl appeared, blinded everyone and teleported her team away.

  Crimson Cowl and her Masters of Evil, still working for Fortunato, guarded a high-tech weapons trade with the Arms Merchant. Zemo had learned of the assignment and attacked Crimson Cowl and her Masters of Evil with the Thunderbolts. Crimson Cowl once again blinded everyone and then teleported her team away.

(Thunderbolts I#25 (fb) ) - Crimson Cowl offered Eel and other villains membership with the Masters of Evil.

(Thunderbolts I#33 (fb) ) - The Masters of Evil led by Crimson Cowl moved into Mount Charteris.

(Thunderbolts I#18) - Crimson Cowl sent Cyclone out to find the Thunderbolts and lure them into a trap. He succeeded, but instead of beating up the Thunderbolts, Crimson Cowl offered them membership with her Masters of Evil. Before she let them go to think about her offer, she threatened to tell all their enemies the whereabouts of the Thunderbolts, in case they didn't want to join her Masters of Evil.

(Thunderbolts I#19 - BTS) - Crimson Cowl sent out the Masters of Evil (Cyclone, Flying Tiger, Klaw, Man-Killer, Tiger Shark) to get an answer from the Thunderbolts. They interfered into the Thunderbolt's fight with Charcoal, which angered the heroes.

(Thunderbolts I#20) - Crimson Cowl led her team in the theft of fresh printed money from the Western Currency Facility in Forth Worth. The Thunderbolts attacked them, but where defeated by the Masters of Evil. Dreadknight (Hawkeye in disguise) came to the Thunderbolts' aid against the Masters of Evil. When the police arrived, Crimson Cowl couldn't teleport her team away because her cloak was damaged. Instead Klaw helped them to get away.

(Thunderbolts I#0) - After the Crimson Cowl vowed to notify the Thunderbolts' enemies of their whereabouts, they began by telling HYDRA. Crimson Cowl watched the news of Hawkeye taking leadership of the Thunderbolts and their defeat of the Hydra assassin team led by Horst Eisele.

(Thunderbolts I#23) - Klaw wasn't happy that Crimson Cowl constantly underestimated the Thunderbolts, but she didn't and sent Man-Killer to get a report from Cyclone on the Thunderbolts. Later that day the news reported of the Thunderbolts' escape from the Jury. Crimson Cowl watched the news and was shocked when Hawkeye announced that the Thunderbolts would go after her Masters of Evil.

(Thunderbolts I#24) - Crimson Cowl tested a Weather Modulator in Robinette, Nebraska. Her team was attacked by the Thunderbolts, but Cowl's plan succeeded and she teleported her Masters of Evil away after the Weather Modulator was activated. She caught Citizen V when she tried to destroy the Weather Modulator.

(Thunderbolts I#25) - Crimson Cowl activated with the Central Control Unit in Mt. Charteris Weather Modulators all over the world. With several new members among her Masters of Evil she watched the chaos brought upon Earth by their plan. Crimson Cowl was surprised when Moonstone (aka. Thunderbolts' Meteorite) appeared to join her Masters of Evil. Though Crimson Cowl wanted to believe her, she had Moonstone incarcerated in a cell with power-dampening shackles, to ensure success of the Masters' current plan. From inside the Masters' aicraft the Comman Level, Crimson Cowl contacted several world leaders and demanded a trillion dollars from them to stop the machines. Moonstone exposed the Thunderbolts (who had been disguised as some of the Masters of Evil) to Crimson Cowl to gain her trust. While the Masters of Evil fought the Thunderbolts, Crimson Cowl took off with a smaller vessel (the main part of the control unit) with Moonstone, Sunstroke and Dragonfly. While Cowl continued her extortion plot, Moonstone freed herself from the shackles and then caught Crimson Cowl after knocking out Sunstroke and Dragonfly.

(Thunderbolts I#42 (fb) ) - Within seconds Crimson Cowl teleported Dallas Riordan out of her Citizen V uniform into a non-functioning replica of her cloak.

(Thunderbolts I#25 - BTS) - Moonstone brought Crimson Cowl to the Thunderbolts, who were all surprised when Crimson Cowl was revealed as Dallas Riordan, their former liaison.

(Thunderbolts I#69 (fb) - BTS) - After Justin's death Justine inherited his fortune and moved to Symkaria.

(Thunderbolts I#39 - BTS) - After Dallas revealed to the Thunderbolts that she was Citicen V, Crimson Cowl's cloak appeared and teleported her away.

(Thunderbolts I#40) - The cloak brought Dallas to Crimson Cowl's new home. Some time later Crimson Cowl appeared to tell Dallas that she wanted the V-Battalion and the Thunderbolts to fight each other, to weaken them for her own attack on them.

(Thunderbolts I#41 - BTS) - Imprisoned at Crimson Cowl's home, Dallas counted the seconds between meals and eventually used this knowledge to escape her cell.

(Thunderbolts I#42) - Dallas as Citizen V attacked Crimson Cowl. Citizen V used an electrical cable to deactivate Crimson Cowl's cloak and then ran after her through the whole complex. Crimson Cowl managed to get to a vessel on a platform, but Citizen V caught up to her and got hold of the Cowl. Crimson Cowl flipped the platform's railing and released the cloak. Citizen V, still holding onto the cloak, dropped into a river far below.

(Thunderbolts I#64) - Crimson Cowl teleported into Cardinal's cell at Seagate Penitentiary. She offered him revenge on Hawkeye for his daughter's (Meteorite) death if he joined her Masters of Evil. She promised to kill Hawkeye for him and he agreed to help her. Crimson Cowl teleported Cardinal out of prison and introduced him to her new Masters of Evil (Black Mamba, Cyclone, Gypsy Moth, Hydro-Man, Machinesmith & Man-Killer), who should capture Plantman for her.

(Thunderbolts I#65 - BTS) - Crimson Cowl's team failed and most of them (Cardinal, Cyclone, Gypsy Moth & Man-Killer) joined Hawkeye when they learned that Crimson Cowl needed Plantman as a trigger for a toxn inside them.

(Thunderbolts I#67 (fb) - BTS) - Cowl's former Masters of Evil revealed to Hawkeye that she lived in Symkaria.

(Thunderbolts I#67) - Justine Hammer was visited by Silver Sable, her Wild Pack and Hawkeye's Thunderbolts team (Amazon (Man-Killer), Blackheath (Plantman), Cyclone, Harrier (Cardinal), Skein (Gypsy Moth) & Songbird). When Sable revealed that she came there to arrest Justine, she knocked out two Wild Pack members and teleported with Silver Sable away (imprisoning her in the process) only to return as Crimson Cowl seconds later with her remaining Masters of Evil (Black Mamba, Hydro-Man, Machinesmith) to fight Hawkeye and his Thunderbolts.

(Thunderbolts I#69) - Crimson Cowl's team defeated the Thunderbolts and imprisoned them at Justine's estate. She then turned to Blackheath, who turned catatonic, but Justine didn't need him conscious anyway and took him to the lab, where Machinesmith already waited to work on him to find out how to activate the bio-toxin Justin Hammer had set up in all his employees and other members of the superhero community. Crimson Cowl oversaw Machinesmith's progress when suddenly Blackheath released a pollen to negate the bio-toxin. The Thunderbolts attacked and Skein ripped apart Justine's costume, leaving her naked, and used the cloth to wrap up Machinesmith.

(Thunderbolts I#71 - BTS) - After her defeat at the hand of the Thunderbolts, Crimson Cowl's home was invaded by Dum-Dum Dugan and SHIELD's Elite Agents.

(Thunderbolts I#73 (fb) ) - Still naked, Justine was put into one of her own cells by the Thunderbolts.

(Thunderbolts I#73 - BTS) - Skein stitched most of Justine's cloak back together for Silver Sable.

(Civil War: Front Line#9/2) - Incarcerated at the Raft, Justine planned her escape along with Grim Reaper and Razor-Fist. At the arrival of Robert Baldwin (the former Speedball) she took a piece of her old cloak, she had hidden in her mouth, and teleported herself into the main control room to release all prisoners. The prison break was stopped by Robert Baldwin, but Justine escaped. (see comments)

(New Avengers#33) - Crimson Cowl attended along with Madame Masque, Jonas Harrow and Wizard the Owl's auction of a Deathlok replica in Hell's Kitchen. The auction was attacked by the Hood and his aid John King, who revealed to the potetional buyers that from this point on every criminal activity had to be permitted by the Hood. Crimson Cowl didn't know the Hood.

(Marvel Zombies 4#1) - Crimson Cowl was standing behind the Hood when he was contacted by Black Talon about acquiring a zombie virus.

(Dark Reign: The Hood#4 (fb) - BTS) - Crimson Cowl loaned one of her cloaks to the Hood when he tried to limit the use of his regular cloak because he was afraid to fall under Dormammu's control.

(Dark Reign: The Hood#4) - Crimson Cowl told Controller about Hood borrowing her cloak.

(Dark Reign: The Hood#5) - Crimson Cowl witnessed the Hood defeating Force on the Fresh Kills Landfill on Staten Island, New York.

Comments: Created by Kurt Busiek, Mark Bagley & Vince Russell.

At the time Thunderbolts I#3 was published Don Fortunato was on the rise in the New Yorker underworld and he worked together with Hydra, like Black Widow surmised.

I think Justine took the chance to escape the Raft in Civil War: Fron Line#9/2 unlike most others, who were stopped by Baldwin.

There was a Crimson Cowl seen in Hawkeye IV#4 (January, 2013) at an auction for a secret SHIELD tape. She kept her identity secret. Since Justine was seemingly slain by her daughter and Ezekiel Stane it is unknown who this Crimson Cowl was, but maybe Justine wasn't slain and it was still her. We will see!

Thanks to Mike McDermott for pointing out a recurring snafu.

Profile by Markus Raymond.

Crimson Cowl has no known connection to:

images: (without ads)
All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe#3, p10 (main)
(original source Thunderbolts I#69, p1)
Thunderbolts I#67, p18, pan1 (head shot)
Thunderbolts I#69, p19, pan2 (stripped)

Thunderbolts I#3 (June, 1997) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Vince Russell (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#18-20 (August-November, 1998) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Scott Hanna (#19) & Jonathan Holdredge (#20) (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#0 (1998) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Al Milgrom (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#23-25 (February-April, 1999) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Scott Hanna, Bob Wiacek (#25) & Al Vey (#25) (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#33 (December, 1999) - Kurt Busiek (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Scott Hanna (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#39-40 (June-July, 2000) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Scott Hanna (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#41 (August, 2000) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Greg Adams (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#42 (September, 2000) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Mark Bagley (pencils), Al Milgrom (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#64-65 (July-August, 2002) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Patrick Zirchner (pencils), Al Vey & Grant Nelson (#65) (inks), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Thunderbolts I#67 (September, 2002) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Patrick Zirchner (pencils), Sandu Florea (inks), Tom Brevoort & Andrew Lis (editors)
Thunderbolts I#69 (October, 2002) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Jean Jacques Dzialowski (pencils), Al Vey (inks), Tom Brevoort & Andrew Lis (editors)
Thunderbolts I#71 (November, 2002) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Manuel Garcia (pencils), Al Vey (inks), Tom Brevoort & Andrew Lis (editors)
Thunderbolts I#73 (December, 2002) - Fabian Nicieza (writer), Chris Batista (pencils), Rich Perrotta (inks), Andrew Lis (editor)
Civil War: Front Line#9 (December, 2006) - Paul Jenkins (writer), Steve Lieber (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
New Avengers#33 (October, 2007 - February, 2008) - Brian Michael Bendis (writer), Leinil Yu (artist), Tom Brevoort (editor)
Marvel Zombies 4#1 (June, 2009) - Fred Van Lente (writer), Kev Walker (penciler/inker), Bill Rosemann (editor)
Dark Reign: The Hood#4-5 (October-November, 2009) - Jeff Parker (writer), Kyle Hotz (artist), Bill Rosemann (editor)
Invincible Iron Man#25
Invincible Iron Man#26
Invincible Iron Man#27
Invincible Iron Man#28
Invincible Iron Man#29
Invincible Iron Man#31
Invincible Iron Man#33
Invincible Iron Man#506
Invincible Iron Man#509
Invincible Iron Man#511
Invincible Iron Man#512
Invincible Iron Man#514
Invincible Iron Man#515
Invincible Iron Man#517
Invincible Iron Man#519
Invincible Iron Man#521
Invincible Iron Man#524
Invincible Iron Man#527

Last updated: 11/13/13

Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.

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