Membership: Banshee (Sean Cassidy), Blob, Changeling, Mastermind (Jason Wyngarde), Mutant-Master, Ogre, Unus, Vanisher
Purpose: To subvert America through hate crimes and organized protests
Affiliations: Formerly the Juggernaut
Enemies: Angel (Warren Worthington), Banshee, Beast (Hank McCoy), Cyclops (Scott Summers), Humus Sapien, Iceman (Bobby Drake), Marvel Girl (Jean Grey), Professor X, X-Men
Base of Operations: Formerly a mobile floating
Factor Three's main base in Europe;
a hideaway in New York;
a base within Mt. Charteris, outside Burton Canyon, Colorado;
possibly several other bases across the planet
(Behind the scenes) X-Men I#26 (November, 1966)
(Ogre & Banshee) X-Men I#28 (January, 1967)
(Full team seen) X-Men I#37 (October, 1967)
Powers/Abilities: In addition to their mutant (or other) powers, Factor Three used a number of bases stocked with advanced weaponry. The Mutant Master's primary base was the a giant mobile floating sphere which appeared to be a giant rock, and was invisible to radar. His technology included his androids (armed with hand-held weapons); the Arachnoids (spider-like warriors armed with paralysis and destructive rays); Magno-Disks, egg-shaped flying crafts; the Oblivio-Ray machine, a will-destroying device; a Predicto-Scope, a device for displaying possible future events; a robot armed with a machine gun and a flame-thrower; a small yet lethal explosive device able to be discharged remotely or if tampered with; large telescreens used to monitor the operations of Factor Three and their enemies; a multiple viewscreen monitor; an invisible-force hemisphere; a stun-ray; transparent prison cylinders; sleep-mist; an ultra-high frequency radio generator (which transmitted directly to mutants); a power-inhibiting control helmet; and a shock-ray.
(X-Men I#39 (fb) - BTS) - Coming from the Sirius system, an alien plotted to conquer Earth.
(X-Men I#39 (fb) - BTS) - Using a costume to make himself appear human, the alien created the identity of the Mutant-Master, a mutant seeking to conquer humanity so that mutantkind could rule.
(X-Men I#37 (fb) - BTS) - The Mutant-Master made a plan to conquer the world: They would cause an explosion within a high-level Russian meeting, knowing that the United States would be blamed. The workers at an American missile base would be gassed, and his agents would launch their nuclear weapons at Russia, leading to World War Three, and the destruction of the human race. In the carnage that remained with these two major world powers destroyed, a third factor, Factor Three, would seize power.
(X-Men: Legends "Diary of a Hollow Man" (fb) - BTS) - The Mutant-Master learned of a mutant metamorph and followed his trial to the house of Jack Bolton, which was occupied by the mutant metamorph who had taken Bolton's form. Using a report on Bolivar Trask's Sentinels, the Mutant-Master convinced the metamorph that humanity saw mutants as a threat and would try to destroy them, and that mutantkind should rule the world. Naming the metamorph the "Changeling," the Mutant-Master convinced him to accept the role of his second-in-command in Factor Three, in order to handle his day-to-day operations.
(X-Men I#38 (fb) - BTS) - The Changeling recruited the Blob, Mastermind, Unus, and the Vanisher from among the X-Men's greatest enemies to serve as their fighting force.
(Thunderbolts I#33 (fb) - BTS) - The Ogre was enlisted as an operative of Factor Three.
(X-Men I#28 (fb) - BTS / X-Men: Legends "Diary of a Hollow Man" (fb) - BTS) - Using the Mutant-Master's technology, the Changeling implanted a bomb within the mutant Banshee's headband, forcing him to serve Factor Three under the threat of death.
(X-Men I#28 (fb) - BTS) - The Mutant-Master sent the Ogre and Banshee to abduct Professor X.
(X-Men I#26, 27 - BTS) - The mutant members of Factor Three were detected by Professor X (see comments).
(X-Men I#28) - The Ogre located the secret headquarters of the X-Men. Though the Ogre nearly succeeded in their first attempt, both Banshee and Ogre were captured by the X-Men, and the Banshee revealed how he had been forced to serve Factor Three via the explosives in his headband. Professor X mentally disabled the explosives, allowing the removal of the headband and freeing Banshee from Factor Three's servitude. The Banshee told them that Factor Three was the most dangerous secret organization on the Earth, and that they had the means to conquer the world or even to destroy it.
(Thunderbolts I#33 (fb)) - After escaping, the Ogre returned to Factor Three only to be chastised by the Mutant-Master for his failure and instructed to wait at Factor Three's Mt. Charteris base until the Mutant-Master could return to deal with him further.
(X-Men I#35 (fb) - BTS) - The Banshee started a weeks-long search of the mountains and valleys of Central Europe for the base of Factor Three. He was aided by advanced detection equipment given to him by Professor X.
(X-Men I#29 - BTS) - Professor X locked himself in a room and shut off his thoughts to the outside world while he focused on researching Factor Three.
(X-Men I#30 - BTS) - Professor X was pulled from his research by the Warlock (later Merlin Demonspawn). After the Warlock was defeated, Professor X reminded the X-Men of the threat of Factor Three.
(X-Men I#31 (fb) - BTS) - Cerebro failed to detect any more emissaries of Factor Three in the USA.
(X-Men I#31 - BTS) - Telling the X-Men about Cerebro's findings (or lack thereof), Professor X gave them the weekend off. After they departed, he resumed his vital experiments, pausing only to notify the other X-Men after receiving a mental message from Cyclops.
(X-Men I#32 - BTS) - Completing his experiments, Professor X attempted to restore the Juggernaut, whom he had rendered inert in their last battle. Professor X began to use his Energo-Transformer to drain the Juggernaut's power so he could then cure his embittered mind. However, as he did so, he sensed a new, powerful alien force entering the Juggernaut's mind, adding to his own natural resistance. As a result, the device was destroyed, and the Juggernaut instead gained Professor X's telepathic powers, and Professor was rendered unconscious. The Juggernaut subsequently overpowered the X-Men, but as he prepared to destroy their school and bury them under it, he was telepathically contacted by Factor Three. They revealed that they had caused the explosion which freed the Juggernaut and instructed him to leave the X-Men behind, steal a jet to Europe, and join them. Though irritated by being commanded, the Juggernaut nonetheless decided to follow their instructions to link up with them. He wished to add their power to his so that they could conquer the world.
(X-Men I#33 - BTS) - The Juggernaut continued on his mission
to steal a ship to travel to Factor Three's European base. Learning of Xorak the
Outcast, a resident of the Crimson Cosmos accessed via the Crimson Ruby of
Cyttorak, Cyclops and Marvel Girl used a mystic spell to access the Ruby and
defeat Xorak, after which they caused the Juggernaut to be pulled within the
Ruby as well.
However, while the X-Men were battling the Juggernaut, android agents of Factor Three entered the X-Mansion and kidnapped Professor X.
(X-Men I#34 (fb) - BTS) - The Mutant-Master's androids wrecked Cerebro before departing the X-Mansion to prevent the X-Men from easily locating Professor X.
(X-Men I#34 - BTS) - Factor Three continued to hold Professor X captive.
(X-Men I#35 - BTS) - The Banshee located Factor Three's secret
sanctuary. On approaching he was assaulted by one of its Arachnoids (mechanical
spiders), narrowly surviving its paralysis ray. Banshee fled to the nearby
chalet he had rented and used the equipment given to him by Professor X to
contact the X-Men. However, just as he began to send his message, he collapsed
from the effects of the paralysis ray. Only his message to "Beware the Spider"
went out. No sooner had Banshee collapsed when Factor Three's android Agents 10
& 14 entered his chalet, and they easily captured the unconscious mutant. The
androids reported his capture to the Changeling, who sent some of his Arachnoids
to the USA to learn how much the Banshee had managed to tell the X-Men.
Traveling in a Magno-Disk (which they called a Gravo-Disk), they brought the
Banshee back to Factor Three's base.
As the Arachnoid arrived in Westchester county via a Magno-Disk, it was observed by Peter Parker who was out on a relaxing motorcycle ride. As Spider-Man, Parker investigated, encountering the Arachnoid, which attacked him. Spider-Man destroyed the Arachnoid, but the energies released during their battle were detected by Cerebro and reported as a mutant presence. The X-Men investigated, and--based on the Banshee's message--initially assumed Spider-Man to be the threat. After a brief battle, Spider-Man revealed the Arachnoid that he had fought. Cyclops pondered the question of whether a robot built by a mutant might register on Cerebro's sensors as a mutant.
Meanwhile, Marvel Girl found a note in Professor X's files reporting the communications crystal within the Banshee's helmet. She tried to contact him to no avail as he remained unconscious. Nonetheless, she was able to track his location to a Central European mountain range. When the X-Men returned they decided to follow the trail to try to locate Professor X and defeat Factor Three.
(X-Men I#36 - BTS) - Determining that Factor Three's base was located in the Alps, the X-Men learned that their jet was out of fuel, and they realized that none of them had the money to refill it. While they tried to come up with the money somehow they encountered and defeated Mekano, after which Mekano's grateful father lent them the money for five plane tickets to Central Europe. Shortly thereafter the five X-Men boarded a plane, unaware that their every move was watched by the Changeling from within Factor Three's hollow mountain base in Central Europe.
(X-Men I#37) - The
Changeling studied tapes of the X-Men's
victories over the Juggernaut as the X-Men's plane approached. He dispatched Magno-Disk One after them, and it began assaulting the jet bringing them to
Europe. Realizing that they were the targets of the assault and that they were
thus endangering the other passengers' lives, the five X-Men bailed out. Cyclops
destroyed the Magno-Disk with an optic blast, and the X-Men managed to land
safely. They defeated the first Arachnoid that confronted them, but a pair of
androids then sent two more Arachnoids after them. The X-Men ultimately fell
before the Arachnoids' gas attack, and they were captured by Factor Three and
placed within a force field. The Blob, Mastermind, Unus, and the Vanisher
revealed themselves as members of Factor Three and condemned the X-Men as
traitors to the mutant race. The Changeling and Mutant-Master then appeared as
well, and the Changeling explained that they would be placed on trial with
himself as prosecutor; the Mutant-Master told them that the penalty for their
actions would be death.
The Blob, Mastermind, Unus, and the Vanisher reviewed how the X-Men had opposed them in the past, and the Changeling asked the Mutant-Master to sentence them to death. Before pronouncing his verdict, the Mutant-Master revealed how Factor Three would achieve world domination. He then instructed the Changeling to subject the X-Men to his Oblivio-Ray. After being stunned by an energy blast, the five mutants were hooked into the Oblivio-Ray, intended to sap their wills and make them susceptible to the Mutant-Master's command.
(X-Men I#39 (fb) - BTS) - The Mutant-Master arranged things so that the X-Men would be able to get free to try to stop his plans, hoping that the military would blame the X-Men for the intended attacks in case his plans were thwarted.
(X-Men I#37) - As the Oblivio-Ray was activated, the rest of Factor Three left, and the Iceman formed icicles which melted to short out the equipment, allowing them to escape. One of Factor Three's robots attacked them, but they destroyed its sensory circuits, sending it off on a blind rampage. The X-Men tried to stop the Changeling and Mutant-Master, but found they had already departed. However, the Mutant-Master then appeared to them on a view-screen, telling them that they would be too late to stop his plan from coming to fruition.
(X-Men I#38 (fb) - BTS) - The Blob and Vanisher were sent to Russia, while Mastermind and Unus were kept on standby.
(X-Men I#38) - The X-Men narrowly escaped in a pair of Magno-Disks
as the Mutant-Master blew up Factor Three's European base. From within another
base, the Mutant-Master assured the Changeling that the X-Men's escape would not
threaten their plan. When questioned by the Changeling on how two
fully-operational Magno-Disks had been left behind for the mutants to use, the
Mutant-Master dismissed his concerns. Irritated, the Changeling told the
Mutant-Master that he couldn't succeed without his aid, but the Mutant-Master
silenced him with several near-misses from his mobile platform. The
Mutant-Master then reminded the Changeling of his role as second-in-command. The
terrified Changeling apologized, but the Mutant-Master continued to torment him
with other weapons until he felt satisfied that the Changeling's loyalty had
been ensured. The Mutant-Master then commanded the Changeling to check in on the
Blob, ignoring his concerns that such a communication might be intercepted.
After the Blob had reported that all was going as planned, the Mutant-Master
dismissed the Changeling, who resented his treatment and began to wonder about
his role following mankind's defeat. Meanwhile, the Mutant-Master gloated that
none suspected his true goal, nor could they do anything about it even if they
Angel, Beast, and Marvel Girl traveled to the Russian base, fighting their way past security to confront the Blob, Vanisher, and several Factor Three minions. The X-Men defeated their foes, but the Vanisher teleported away, and the minions exploded, revealing themselves to be androids. The X-Men and the Blob were then captured at gunpoint by the Russians and thrown into a cell together.
Cyclops and Iceman tried to warn the US troops about Factor Three's plans, but they were forced to fight their way out when the military tried to take them prisoner.
Meanwhile, the imprisoned Professor X tried to warn the Changeling that the Mutant-Master intended to betray him, but the Changeling slapped him and threatened to execute him if he did not remain silent. However, the Mutant-Master then appeared, telling the Changeling that only he decided who would live or die, and he dispatched the Changeling from the chamber. From within his base, the Mutant-Master gloated about his assured victory.
(X-Men: Legends "Diary of a Hollow Man" (fb) - BTS) - Becoming suspicious of the Mutant-Master due to increasingly eccentric orders, the Changeling checked his computers, learning that the war they were starting wouldn't just wipe out most humans, it would wipe out everything.
(X-Men I#39 (fb) - BTS) - The Changeling freed Professor X and the Banshee from their restraints.
(X-Men I#39) - Within the American missile base Cyclops and
Iceman neutralized Factor Three's gas weapon and then fought off their agents,
escaping back to their Magno-Disk under a cloud of steam. Back in the Russian
base, the other X-Men broke free and located the bomb within a briefcase. The
Blob grabbed the briefcase, intending to allow it to explode as he figured his
body would be unharmed; but Marvel Girl convinced him that the Mutant-Master
might have made the bomb powerful enough to harm even him to prevent him from
talking in the event of capture. The Angel disposed of the bomb in time, and the
Russians began to suspect that the Americans had truly saved them.
Back within his floating sphere-base, the Mutant-Master was astounded that his plans had been foiled. As he began to wonder where the Changeling was, Cyclops and the X-Men (guided by their Magno-Disks), entered the base and confronted the Mutant-Master. He protected himself from their attacks with a force field until Mastermind, Unus, and the Vanisher returned, though the remaining X-Men then arrived as well. Before the two groups of mutants could begin their fight, the Changeling appeared in the form of Professor X, and he warned them all that the Mutant-Master was the true enemy. The Mutant-Master tried to convince his allies that Professor X was lying, but Professor X showed that the Mutant-Master had deliberately allowed the X-Men to escape when they were at his mercy. The Mutant-Master moved to strengthen his force field, which the others mistook as an attack, and so he abandoned his alliance and attacked the group, forcing them back with his shield and sending his androids to battle them.
As the mutants fought the androids, the Banshee recovered and used his sonic scream to shatter the androids, and the metal costume of the Mutant-Master was destroyed as well, revealing the green, tentacled alien beneath it all. The alien commanded the others to stop, but he was weakened by the Banshee's scream, and Unus battered him as well.
Finally, overcome by agony,
the alien detonated the rest of his androids and committed suicide via a device
in his floating platform that caused an explosion in his brain.
The real Professor X joined the X-Men and the two groups of mutants parted ways.
(Thunderbolts I#33 (fb)) - The four mutant members of Factor Three--Blob, Mastermind, Unus, Vanisher--briefly returned to Mt. Charteris base, where they treated the Ogre as a servant. Having stolen information from Professor Xavier's computers, they planned to track down and capture several mutants Xavier had yet to recruit.
(Thunderbolts I#55 (fb)) - The Ogre and the Vanisher ambushed Humus Sapien, placing a control helmet on him to inhibit his power.
(Thunderbolts I#55 (fb)) - The Ogre spent the next few years studying Humus Sapien, challenging his power, pushing him ever harder, subjecting him to "unholy experimentation," until his powers became so great that he became a danger to all life on Earth. The Ogre eventually discovered that he drew his power by randomly draining the life force of a person on Earth.
(Thunderbolts I#33 (fb) / 55(fb)) - Upon learning of Humus Sapien's power they decided that he was too dangerous to control. The Ogre placed him in cryogenic suspension and vowed to protect the boy in the hopes of redeeming his role in having exacerbated his powers. He kept Humus Sapien's capsule hidden deep within one of the base's sub-basements, with files referring to it only as HS-1.
Comments: Created by Roy Thomas, Ross Andru, and Don Heck.
In X-Men I#27, Xavier mentioned Cerebro having detected a "new mutant menace," presumably indicating the Banshee (whom Xavier had never before encountered), who was nearby, planning an assault on the X-Men. It could also refer to the Changeling (though he was based in Europe), or possibly the Mutant-Master (assuming his technology or alien nature somehow fooled Cerebro).
In the original stories, Factor Three discussed their assaults on the Soviet Union, which is a topical reference. It was never made clear what country they were directly attacking, but I have simply replaced all references to "Soviet" with "Russian."
The Mutant-Master's costume was consistently colored green in issues #37-38, then red in #39.
Factor Three have an entry in Marvel Legacy: The 1960s Handbook.
Profile by Snood.
No known connection to:
X-Men I#37, p11, panel 1 (mutant members)
p13, panel 4 (Changeling)
p20 (Mutant-Master costumed face)
#39, p14, panel 1 + 3 (Mutant-Master suicide/death)
X-Men I#26-27 (November-December, 1966)
X-Men I#28 (January, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (artist), Dick Ayers (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#29 (February, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (artist), John Tartaglione (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#30 (March, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (artist), Dick Ayers (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#31 (April, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (penciler), John Tartaglione (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#32 (May, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (penciler), John Tartaglione (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#33 (June, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (penciler), John Tartaglione (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#34 (July, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Dan Adkins (artist), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#35 (August, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Werner Roth (penciler), Dan Adkins (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#36 (September, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Ross Andru (penciler), George Bell (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#37 (October, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Ross Andru (artist), and Don Heck (inker)
X-Men I#38 (November, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Don Heck (penciler), George Bell (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
X-Men I#39 (December, 1967) - by Roy Thomas (writer), Don Heck (penciler), Vince Colletta (inker), and Stan Lee (editor)
Last updated: 11/15/05
Any Additions/Corrections? please let me know.
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